United Kingdom, Great Britain, England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales… CONFUSED???

United Kingdom, Great Britain, England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales… CONFUSED???


Hi, everyone. In this lesson we’re going to
look at the geography of the United Kingdom and we’re also going to look at some culture
related to all the different terms we use to describe Great Britain, England… All
these different words, when do we use them? So we’re going to break it down and look at
that. Let’s start with the name. The official name
is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, but often we just say “UK” because
it’s such a long country name, so we just say UK. I drew a map. My map is not to scale.
And I tried my best, but it was hard to do it with the pens on the board, so we’re going
to show you a correct map. We’ve got England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. And
the dotted line shows where Northern Ireland ends. This part is part of the United Kingdom;
this part is not. More on that later. So, the UK is a sovereign state or we could
say a sovereign country. This means that they make all their own laws, and they govern themselves.
So, the UK is a sovereign state or a sovereign country. But the reason that’s confusing is
that we… When we’re talking or when we’re describing a place in the world, we talk about
Scotland, England, Wales, and Ireland as being countries. So, you think: “Is…? If the UK
is a country, are Scotland, England, Wales, and Ireland also a country?” Well, they are,
but they don’t make their own laws. So, we have a word for it and we can call them “constituent
countries”. We can say England is a constituent country of the United Kingdom. We can say
Scotland is a constituent country of the United Kingdom, etc. Okay. Now it gets more confusing because when we’re
talking about the UK, we can say it’s made up of those countries – Scotland, England,
Wales, and Northern Ireland. We can also say it’s made up of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland. Great Britain is this land mass, this island shape, here; and Northern Ireland
is part of the land mass, the island of Ireland. So, if we put this bit and this bit together,
we get the United Kingdom. Great Britain has three constituent countries.
Remember, this is Great Britain, Scotland, England, and Wales make up Great Britain.
Britain… Now we’re getting smaller. This is Britain, England, and Wales. So, I can
say: “I’m from Britain”, because I’m from… I was born about here in London, so I can
say: “I’m from Britain”. Now, we have another term called “The British
Isles”. The British Isles is a geographic term, so we use it to describe a place on
the map. And the British Isles would include everything we see here. Actually, perhaps
except these islands. These islands are called Jersey and Guernsey, and they’re closer to
France. But the British Isles could describe everything here in a geographic sense. And
I wasn’t able to draw all the islands, but there’s actually over 6,000 islands up in
Scotland, some down here as well. So, many, many islands. But the trouble with that term, to say the
British Isles is that some people in Ireland don’t like that term to describe… To include
them because it makes it sound like Ireland, it’s British, even though Ireland is independent.
Ireland is a sovereign country by itself. So some people object to calling this the
British Isles. If you do object to calling it the British
Isles, you can say the North Atlantic-I can never say this word-Archipelago. Archipelago.
And this means, like, collection of islands. And the place in the world is in the North
Atlantic. Right. So, now, already mentioned it a bit, but the
Republic of Ireland… The Republic of Ireland is not part of the United Kingdom, and it
is a sovereign state. So, Ireland, they make their own laws there, they have their own
government. They’re a completely separate country and a separate state to the United
Kingdom. Next, it’s important to point out that England
is not the same as saying the UK or Great Britain, because sometimes people can put
the idea together in their head that England represents all of it. Perhaps because the
government is in London, people might think: “Oh, England. You can say England to mean
all the countries, but it’s not correct to say that.” Also, something I want to say about Isle of
Man – this is the Isle of Man; and about the Bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey, which are
down here. So, these islands are not part of the United Kingdom, but we have the same
monarch at the moment – that’s the queen, so we have the same queen as them, but they’re
not part of the UK, and they can make up their own laws and they can govern themselves. And
the laws are different, so they run themselves one way; and in the Isle of Man, they run
themselves in another way. So, I think that in the United Kingdom we’ve got one of the
most complicated ways to describe our geography. When we come next, we’re going to look at
the more cultural differences between the different parts of the United Kingdom. I want to add a note that this… I’m filming
this in 2017, so things I’m talking about here could change, and that depends on things,
like: “Does Scotland want to have its own independence from the United Kingdom? And
if they have a referendum, if they vote, would they want to leave?” So, at the time of making
the video, this is how things are in the UK, and I’m going to look at what the countries
of the UK share; and after, what’s different about all of them. So, starting here, everybody born in one of
the countries of the UK gets a passport that’s exactly the same; same colour, and on the
passport, it says: “British Citizen”. Now, I’m English and my passport is a burgundy
colour, and says “British Citizen”. But I found out that if you’re Welsh or you’re Scottish,
you might like to buy an unofficial cover for your British passport, so that it looks
like you’ve got a Welsh passport. Now, it wouldn’t be accepted when you go to present
your passport, but perhaps that would… You would like… You’d like that idea of having
a separate passport, so you can purchase such things on the internet, if that’s what you’re
after. Next, we have the same official and national
language, which is of course English, and I’m speaking now in English to you. We have
the same government, and the government is in Westminster, in London; the Houses of Parliament.
So, where the laws are made in Westminster, they are sovereign over all the laws made
in… Okay, I was going to mention it later, but Scotland and… There are some devolved
governments in the countries of the UK, in Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, so
they can make some laws about some issues for themselves, but even… Even though they
have their own government, the government in Westminster in London, is sovereign. So,
what they say has the most power over the other government. Okay? We share the same monarch. At the moment,
that’s Queen Elizabeth II. We share the same flag, which is the Union Jack flag. We use
the same money, which is… We use the same currency, which is the Great British Pound
Sterling. We share the same National anthem, which is: “God Save The Queen.” And in the Olympics, everybody in England,
Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland can compete under Team Great Britain, if they
choose. Now, this is an unusual choice of name for the team of the Olympics, because
if you remember, Great Britain doesn’t include Northern Ireland. So, where do Northern Ireland
compete in the Olympics? Well, they can choose to be part of team Great Britain, or they
can choose to be in Team Ireland, if they want. So, they get a choice. What’s different between the countries of
the UK now? So, we share the same currency-Great British Pound Sterling-but if you go to Scotland
or Northern Ireland (I forgot to write, there – Northern Ireland) they have different bank
notes. So, their money actually looks different or some of their money. In Scotland, you will
often still see English money. If you come down from Scotland with your Scottish
money and try and buy something in a pub or a fish and chip shop in England, you will
be looked at very suspiciously with your Scottish money, and people will be checking it, holding
it up, and they won’t want to accept your Scottish money here. It is legal to accept
it, but it’s not something that we see that often in England, so be prepared for some
suspicious looks, if you want to pay with the Scottish money. What’s different also is… Okay, we all speak
English, but the dialects can be so different that when… If you’re speaking to somebody
up in Scotland or you’re speaking to Northern… Someone in Northern Ireland or Wales even,
they can sound so different, it’s like a different dialect of English. But in some cases it’s
also… In some cases it’s also different language. If you go to Wales, many people
in Wales speak Welsh, and things like their road signs in Wales are in two languages at
the same time. They have two official languages; they have… In Wales, they have Welsh and
they also have English. In Northern Ireland, a percentage of the people will speak Gaelic. Now, they’re… I’m not going to talk about
the cultural differences, but I will say that there is a sense of a different culture or
a different identity that people have in the different countries of the United Kingdom.
So, an English person considers themselves to have a different culture to a Scottish
person, and the Scottish person feels different to a Welsh person. And, again, they feel different
to a Northern Irish person. So, although everybody has the same passport that says “British Citizen”,
there are differences between the country that people are aware of and are often proud
of the differences between their countries also. The countries of the United Kingdom have their
individual flags, which you may see at things, like, football competitions. And together,
when you put these flags on top of each other, they make up the Union Jack flag – that famous
flag that you’re used to saying. However, I must add something, here. It’s not all the
countries. It’s an old flag, so what it represents is the countries a long time ago. And that
was when England, Scotland, and Ireland were in a union, and that’s what the Union Jack
represents. You might ask: “Well, why isn’t Wales in there?” That’s because at that time,
Wales wasn’t considered an independent country; it was just part of England back in those
times. And you might also say: “Well, why don’t we
change the national…? The Union Jack, and put a Welsh dragon on it or why don’t we change
it because it includes the whole of Ireland?” That’s a good question. Many people argue
about such things. And perhaps because the Union Jack is such a well-known symbol and
many people… Even people not from the UK would like to buy souvenirs and t-shirts with
the Union Jack on. Perhaps for those reasons people don’t… The government doesn’t think
about changing it. That’s what I think. Let me know what you think in the comments. Moving on to national anthems: “God Save The
Queen” is for everyone; everybody in the UK can sing that as their national anthem. However,
the Welsh also have a Welsh national anthem which they may prefer to sing. This is in
the Welsh language: “Mae Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau”. I have no idea how to pronounce it in Welsh,
but that’s theirs. Scottish people do not have their own official national anthem; yet,
they do have an unofficial one, which is “Scotland the Brave”. England and Northern Ireland do
not have their own separate, individual national anthems, either official or unofficial they
don’t have. Also, all these countries have their own football teams, and they compete
as themselves in the big football competitions. So, considering what’s… What countries share
and what’s different, I want to talk lastly about various questions of identity about:
What does it mean to be an English person, or a Scottish person, versus a British person?
And one way to look at that is to look at the data of the 2011… 2011 census. This
is something that happens every 10 years where the government asks people lots of questions,
and they collect information to see: “How…? How are people changing? How do they live
their lives differently?” And some of the questions in the census ask people about their
identity, so they will ask them: “Do you feel English or do you feel more British?” So,
here are the statistics from that census. Census. Back then in 2011, 60% of English people said
they consider themselves to be English only. So, these people do not consider themselves
British. In their minds they don’t have so much to do with Scotland, or Wales, or Northern
Ireland. Yeah, they’re in the UK, but they don’t consider themselves British, as if we’re
all together in a group. It’s like English first. 62% of Scottish people consider themselves
to be Scottish only. So, that’s slightly more than in England. And this is an interesting thing to think
about because there are people in Scotland who wish for their own independence from the
United Kingdom. So they would like to separate from the United Kingdom, and many of them
would like to join the European Union on their own, and not be part of the United Kingdom.
So a slightly high… We could… We could say, if we… If we compare the percentages,
there, that in Scotland people are slightly more… What would you say? Would it be patriotic
– love of their own country, or nationalistic – loving their Scotla-…? Their country first
before the United Kingdom? And 58% of Welsh people consider themselves Welsh only. Now, that’s kind of a surprise to me because
in my life experiences, those times when I have met Welsh people… Okay, I’m making
it sound like a rare thing. I’ve met many Welsh people, but in my experience they tend
to mention Wales a lot, and the Welsh language, and what it’s like in Wales and how Wales
is different. So I would have thought, based on my experience, that there would be more
people in Wales who consider themselves only Welsh or Welsh first. So, now I want to mention the difference between
who’s… Who’s saying they’re British and who’s saying they’re not British. So, 14%…
Only 14% of white British ethnicity say that they’re British. Okay? So I’ll break that
down. Someone who lives in England, Scotland, Wales, or Northern Island who looks white
and has… As far as I know, haven’t come from somewhere else, only 14% of those people
would say that they’re British. They would put their own English or Scottish or Welsh
first; whereas the younger generation, the younger people of today and more people who
live in cities where it’s a lot more diverse as people who’ve immigrated from other countries,
and their parents before them or grandparents before them, in the cities, a higher proportion
of people will say that they have the British identity. So, just going back to a point about this:
If it’s the 14% is … If you think about it this way: The older… The much older generation,
they were alive during the war. Some of them were… Some of them are still alive. They’re
still living, so they remember a different time, and they remember different kind of
Britain and a different kind of place in the world. So there can be quite big differences
in attitudes between the younger… The younger folk and the older folk over here. So, what you can do now is go and do the quiz
on this lesson, and I’ll see you soon. Bye.

100 thoughts on “United Kingdom, Great Britain, England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales… CONFUSED???

  1. The informations was great for me amazing thank you very much. because we should knowns people and speaker original or native. If I am write wrong so I am sorry!!

  2. Thank you so much I learned a lot, your accents is a little bit hard for me understand, but it's good because I can learn much more, thank you again.

  3. I know it is your own style of speaking. But your energy in this video make me tired. You should be more energetic and try to smile more, make your lesson funnier.

  4. Amazing, you filmed this video on 2017 and was uploaded so close to 2019 (december of 2018) 😂 btw i love your channel is one of my favourites 💕

  5. Well, speaking as a citizen of a former British colony, I would have to say this video is very informative and opened my eyes to a lot of things I never realized before. British people no matter where they are from, England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland – have a lot to be proud of.

  6. At 11:20 : THANK YOU, JADE. The naming of the Olympic team representing what I thought of as the United Kingdom was confusing to me. It seemed to be incorrect to name the team "Great Britain", since that is a geographic term, being the name of the largest island in the British isles archipelago. It seemed to be that it should be "team UK". However, it hadn't occurred to me what the situation was for athletes from Northern Ireland. Understanding a bit about the 20th century history of Ireland (the island), and how there came to be Northern Ireland, and the Republic of Ireland, it seems appropriate that athletes from Northern Ireland have the option to choose their team. Team GB seems a correct name.

  7. Please get the basics correct. Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland all have their own parlaments and make their own laws.

  8. This makes me so angry Wales is bilingual nation with Welsh and English having equal legal status. We don't have the same national flags or the same national anthems. Try playing God save the Queen in Wales it will get booed. The Union Flag has no place in Wales as we are not represented on it. I must mention Wales was not recognised as a country by England. The Welsh language and culture goes back to pre Roman times. As a Welshman please take in to account that while overall this is interesting it is compiled through an English person's eyes.

  9. I apologise for going on this rant, but it's important to get things right. Great Britain or Britain is not a nation it is political entity and as a result being British is not a nationality. As far as I am aware you can only have one nationality. So to say you are Scots, Welsh, English or Northern Irish and British is incorrect. If you are Scot's you are Scot etc. I know you can have a dual Nationality, but that is not the same thing. End of rant.

  10. Can you do another video that is about history of UK and Why there is Northern Ireland and Ireland and when they seperated and why Ireland isnt in UK .
    And this video was beautiful so thanks.

  11. This is not a criticism of the video, which was good, but of the geographic argument at 4:44 about people who dislike the term "British Isles". That is such a pathetic argument. That would be like saying the UK isn't European just because it will no longer be in the European Union. It's a geographic term that everyone understands and it doesn't need to be changed.

  12. Meanwhile in our language we only have three words to discribe this territory, Ireland, scottland, and england. there're no words for UK, wales, British isles etc.

  13. love the way you explained such complex geography in a sweet and simple way .. appreciate your efforts as i learned a lot of new things which was unaware of.. thank you

  14. Hi Jade, I have a great doubt, I perfectly know that Simple Present Tense with singular third person, the letter "S" is added, but I really want to know why is this, what is the root of this, what is the reason if is there any, I want to know if that is because of "does" or if "does" has nothing to do with that "s" and simply the "s" is added and that is. I wonder this because when you use "does", the "s" in the main verb dissappears. I have researched on Internet but I have found nothing. Thanks so much

  15. Great Britain = England + Wales + Scotland
    UK = England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland
    Ireland = Republic of Ireland + Northern Ireland
    British Isles = England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland + Republic of Ireland

    Btw ma’am, I don’t understand the one with “Britain = England + Wales” what is that supposed to mean? Scotland should be there.

  16. Because…because they r colonized by people from england, "We r colonized by wankers", "we r ruled by effe wankers"😂😂😂

  17. I find the culture and politics of the British Isles to be quite fascinating. Even the English are divided between Northerners and Southerners.

  18. Most people on the island of Ireland strongly object to the term "British Isles", this historic term arose during Britans' imperial past and does not reflect the modern geopolitical situation on these islands. The Republic of Ireland is not part of Britain, please out of respect for Irish people refrain from using the term "British Isles".

  19. so its kind of like the us they follow the same "federal laws" aka uk laws. but each state can make their own smaller laws that dont go agaisnt the federal laws. makes sense.

  20. Ok so i know what im confused about scotland and england i thought there is nothing to see like this vids

  21. Britain = England + Wales

    Wtf, you mean England and Wales don't you?!

    The Welsh are the So called Native Britons.

  22. Unless I'm mistaken, Britain is not "England and Wales", as you whiteboard implies. It's just shorthand for Great Britain and sometimes used for the UK.

  23. Good video but the 2014 Scottish indyref saw that the younger generations were more likely to vote for independence and this assert their Scottishness over Britishness. You assertion probably holds for England though in my experiences.

  24. Great Britian and Britain are the same thing, England+ Wales are just England + Wales, not Britain

  25. Pretty sure Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have their own parliaments and make their own laws ……….but hey research and doing your homework would be too much hardwork

  26. Great video, but there is a little mistake here:

    "Britain" is a geographical term that means simply the biggest island in the British Isles (it does include the mainland of Scotland). Great Britain is the British mainland, and associated isles (like Anglesey, Isle of Wight, Hebridean Islands, etc).

  27. The concept of the UK being make up of countries shouldn't be that hard for Americans to grasp; we're made up of 50 sovereign republics who do make their own laws. The United States is a union of countries.

    But I'm grateful you're explaining this, because I've always had trouble distinguishing Great Britain, UK, England, etc.

  28. Hello.  I have a British English teacher (from England… I guess???) who says "No youngsters in the U.K. use the term anymore and it is okay to call the U.K. just by England nowadays."  Well, is this even true? Because last I checked, if you visit Scotland and call the locals "English", you would certainly be rewarded with Glasgow Kiss…   So confused…  >o<;

  29. From this American : THANK YOU!!!! The UK is our closest ally, and our historical " motherland", yet this issue of names in context is not understood.
    You did a beautiful job explaining the political & cultural dimensions that encompass the entity that is the UK. The point about the name, used in the Olympics, cleared up confusion I used to have. Excellent!!!! 👍👍👍

  30. It's not confusing at all. A real English person would never describe themselves as coming from the 'U.K' or 'G.B'. They also get pretty pssed off at being described as having a 'British accent'…whatever that is! You can have a Welsh accent, a Scottish accent or an Irish one…but then the English tones become 'British'. Well at least to the 'Commentators' who would rather the English just vanished.

  31. The United Kingdom comprises of the Four Home Nations – England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Scotland and Northern Ireland operate separate legal systems to the legal system that covers England and Wales. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have devolved legislatures that have limited powers to pass laws over devolved matters. England is governed by Parliament at Westminster and for some English this is a rather controversial arrangement…

    In 1277 Edward I invaded Wales and by 1283 the country had been subjugated and annexed to the Kingdom of England. Since then the title Prince of Wales has been bestowed on the eldest son of the reigning Monarch. Edward I turned his gaze north to the Kingdom of Scotland and looked to take the country in order to satiate his imperial ambitions. He saw his chance in 1290 following the sudden death of Alexander III in 1287 and his heir, Margaret of Norway, who died in 1290. This left the country without a King or Queen (Interregnum). During the interregnum there were various competing claims, most notably those of Robert Bruce and John Balliol, to the Throne of Scotland and eager to resolve the succession crisis the Scottish Nobles turned to Edward. Edward judged that Balliol (the great x3 grandson of David I) had the strongest claim to the Crown and Balliol was crowned King of Scotland in 1292. The Scottish Nobles soon recognised that Scotland had become a vassal state of the English. The Scots did not like that and they ousted Balliol in 1296. Although there were numerous conflicts between England and Scotland the Kingdom of Scotland remained sovereign.

    In 1542 Henry VIII was proclaimed King of Ireland and England and Ireland were united. The union, which had been plagued with violence and conflict, was to last until 1921 when London passed the Government of Ireland Act. It was another year before the Irish Free State was declared and six counties in the north decided to remain part of the UK.

    On the death of Elizabeth I, daughter of King Henry VIII, in 1603 King James VI of Scotland, son of Mary Queen of Scots and Lord Darnley, ascended to the Throne of England thus uniting the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England and Ireland. This event is known as the Personal Union of the Crowns. Although James VI (he was known as James I in England) ruled over both Kingdoms they remained separate legal and political entities. James was the first Monarch to be recognised as King of Great Britain. In 1605 a dastardly Catholic plot to assassinate the King, by blowing up the Houses of Parliament, was foiled and to this day we celebrate this on 5th November by burning an effigy of Guy Fawkes one of the conspirator. "Remember, remember the 5th of November, gunpowder treason and plot. I know of no reason why gunpowder and treason should ever be forgot".

    In 1707 Anne Queen of Great Britain, the last of the Stewart Monarchs (the Royal House of Scotland) signed the Acts of Union which united the Kingdoms politically with power being centred on London.

    You should never refer to Northern Ireland, Wales or Scotland as England – this will cause grave offence amongst some. The British Isles refers to the archipelago, but again we don't particularly use this term. The rules are thus – when referencing the whole country it's safe to us the term UK (for most) and when referencing one of the Home Nations you use the name for example Scotland.

  32. Scotland is a country! North Ireland is also a country! Independent of Scotland and Northern Ireland are the matters cant wait!

  33. But in year 2019 the official language of South London is Ganja man, in Leicester it is Hindi, and in Lincolnshire it is Polish.

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