The Story of Robert Kennedy and Sirhan Sirhan

The Story of Robert Kennedy and Sirhan Sirhan


June 5th 1968, Ambassador Hotel, Los Angeles. A young Democratic candidate is celebrating
a crucial victory in the California primary elections. He has lived most of his life in the shadow
of his more famous, charismatic brother. But he has been able to leave his mark on
the American people through his work as Attorney General and New York Senator. Now, he is on his way to the top, on his way
to becoming one of the best Presidents that America ever had. Same night, same place. A young Palestinian immigrant is attending
the celebration. He has survived through war and displacement
in his home country but has succeeded in starting a new life in the US. This night, he is not at the Ambassador Hotel
to celebrate, though. Some may say he is mentally unstable. Some will say he has been manipulated. Whatever the reasons, the facts are undisputed. June 5th 1968, Ambassador Hotel, Los Angeles. Robert Francis Kennedy, aged 42, Senator for
the State of New York and on his way to become the Democratic candidate in November’s presidential
elections, is shot dead by Palestinian refugee Sirhan B. Sirhan. In today’s Biographics we will look at Bob
Kennedy’s remarkable life achievements, at how he fatally crossed paths with his murderer. And at the sinister theories that may explain
one of the most shocking assassinations in American history. ACT I
Bobby Robert Francis Kennedy was born on November
20, 1925, in Brookline, Massachusetts, the third boy and seventh out of a total of nine
children born to Rose and patriarch Joseph P. Kennedy. Smaller and weaker than his older brothers
Joe Jr And John, Bobby was often considered the “runt” of the family, which meant
that at least in his early childhood he was much attached to his devout mother, spending
much of his time going to church with her. But despite having a sweet and pleasant character
he showed early on a disposition to fight against the odds and to let his own voice
be heard. “I was the seventh of nine children, and when
you come from that far down you have to struggle to survive.” Robert – or Bobby, as he was known to his
family – struggled not only at home, but also at school. Due to Joseph Sr’s work-related relocations,
including an appointment as Ambassador to London, Bobby had a hard time in adjusting
to different schools. He eventually attended 12 different primary
and secondary schools in the U.S. and England. But he pulled through, graduating from Milton
Academy and later at Harvard, where he proved his mettle as an accomplished varsity football
player, despite him being a “runt” and playing with a severely broken leg. In 1944, aged 19, Bobby interrupted his studies
to serve in the US Navy, being commissioned to a relatively quiet theatre – the Caribbean
– on anti U-Boot patrolling duties. The ship he served on was named after his
older brother Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr who had been killed in action during the war as a
Navy fighter pilot. This tragedy had suddenly shifted the balance
of expectations among the Kennedy boys. Now, ‘Jack’ was suddenly pushed to the
fore, and Bobby was to be considered a close ‘second in command’. In 1945, with WWII over, Bobby was able to
pursue more pleasing interests and he was dating Patricia Skakel, the daughter of a
railroad clerk turned coal magnate. Until he met and fell in love with one of
his sister Jean’s best friends, a younger girl called Ethel. Who happened to be Patricia’s sister. We have no records, but we are going to guess
Christmas 1945 must have been a pretty awkward one at the Skakels’ …
But Bobby and Ethel made a nice couple, had common interests and even worked together
on Jack’s campaign for the Congress in 1946. This was the first of many occasions in which
the future President would rely on Bobby’s trusted advice and support. In the meanwhile, Bobby returned to his studies
and earned a degree in government from Harvard University in 1948. He completed his education by attaining also
a law degree from the University of Virginia three years later. But, as he recalled on many occasions, he
considered his most formative experiences to be the conversations at the family dinner
table, where Rose and Joe Sr would encourage their children to engage in heated discussions
about history and current affairs. In June 1950, after a brief engagement, Bobby
and Ethel got married. Their first child, Kathleen, was born in 1951,
on the 4th of July – it doesn’t get more patriotic than that. Kathleen would be the first of eleven – yes,
eleven – children. In 1952, Bobby made his formal debut on the
political stage, by managing his brother John’s campaign to be elected as a Senator for the
State of Massachusetts. The campaign was successful and proved that
Bobby had a natural talent to organise and to lead. But the young Kennedy possessed another talent
which would come to the fore in the following year: he was in fact a skilful investigator
and prosecutor, and in 1953 he served briefly on the Senate Subcommittee on Investigations,
chaired by Senator Joseph McCarthy. McCarthy was an old family friend – he had
even dated two of the Kennedy girls – and had hired Bobby to help him on his crackdown
on suspected communist infiltrators. Bobby, however, did not agree with McCarthy’s
brutal prosecution tactics and left the Subcommittee after only six months. He would later author a report condemning
McCarthy’s investigation of alleged Communists in the Army. Bobby did not stop working within the Senate’s
investigating committees. By the end of the 1950s he had become Chief
Counsel for the Senate Rackets Committee, in charge of investigating corruption in trade
unions. This position won him national recognition,
particularly because it pitted him directly against the powerful Jimmy Hoffa, president
of the Brotherhood of Teamsters, the largest truckers’ union. Hoffa was suspected of colluding with organised
crime to further the progress and influence of the Brotherhood and developed a bitter
personal feud with Kennedy, which became apparent in some of the televised Committee hearings. Hoffa would later say of Bobby:
“I used to love to bug the little bastard” Attorney General
In 1960, Bobby resigned from his Chief Counsel position to better dedicate himself to running
John F. Kennedy’s presidential campaign. It was in this occasion that Bobby became
John’s closest confidante and collaborator. In fact, after being elected to the top office,
John appointed Bobby Attorney General in his cabinet. As Attorney General, Bobby gained a reputation
as the President’s loyal and ruthless enforcer and some of his actions are still controversial,
but overall, he won respect for his effective administration of the Department of Justice. Today he is mostly remembered for two endeavours. First, his fight against organized crime. According to author Seymour Hersh, Joseph
Kennedy had enlisted the help of mobster Sam Giancana to support JFK’s presidential campaign. But neither Jack nor Bobby had any interest
in maintaining this relationship. When Bobby increased the number of Mafia convictions
from 35 to 288 over the three years of Jack’s term, the mob were furious. According to Prof Larry Sabato it took the
good offices of Frank Sinatra – good friends with both the Kennedys and the Mafia – to
appease Giancana: the crooner had to perform eight nights for free at Giancana’s club. Bobby’s second achievement was the enforcement
of the 1954 Supreme Court decision on school desegregation, and in general his support
of the Civil Rights movement. In September 1962, Attorney General Kennedy
sent US Marshals and troops to Oxford, Mississippi to enforce a federal court order admitting
the first African American student – James Meredith – to the University of Mississippi. He also collaborated with the President in
proposing the most far-reaching civil rights statute so far in American history, the Civil
Rights Act of 1964, which passed eight months after JFK’s death. Bobby’s collaboration with his President
brother was not limited to Justice. During the September 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis,
for example, he developed the strategy of blockading Cuba as an alternative to military
intervention that could have led to nuclear war. But Cuba also marks one of the shadows in
the Attorney General’s career. After the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion
– a plan to overthrow Fidel Castro using an ill-prepared force of Cuban exiles – President
Kennedy asked his brother to oversee a clandestine mission, Operation Mongoose, dedicated to
removing the Cuban leader once and for all. Bobby invested hundreds of millions of dollars
in building secret bases, training spies and planning increasingly bizarre ways to do away
with Castro for good. Operation Mongoose is known to have made at
least eight failed attempts on the Communist leader’s life, one of which involved CIA
operatives hiring a Mafia hitman, Johnny Rosselli. Considering Bobby’s stance against organised
crime, this further involvement with the mob is controversial to say the least. Another controversial decision involved the
Civil Rights movement. Despite the Attorney General’s sympathies
towards this movement, in 1963 he approved the installation of wiretaps on Martin Luther
King and several of his associates. In this case Bobby relented to lobbying from
FBI director J Edgar Hoover who believed Dr King to be a Communist sympathizer, mainly
because he had spoken up against the Vietnam War. For more than three years the Bureau would
keep King under surveillance and even sent him anonymous threatening letters in the hopes
of stopping his social justice campaigns. Senator
On the 22nd of November 1963 John F. Kennedy was shot in Dallas and we invite you to watch
our video on JFK to learn more about the facts and theories behind that killing. Let’s not lose our focus on Bobby: John’s
death was a devastating blow for him. Not only he had lost a brother whom he loved
dearly, but his years as campaign manager and Attorney General had given him an identity,
which was now struggling to find. He continued his duties at the Department
of Justice under Lyndon Johnson’s presidency until 1964, but the two never got along well
and Bobby quit his job. Instead he ran for the post of US Senator
for the State of New York, launching an effective campaign which won him the November election
by 719,000 votes. As New York’s Senator from January 1965, Bobby
dedicated himself to three main causes: First, he strived to supporting the dispossessed
and the powerless in America, mainly the urban poor populations, the racial minorities and
Native Americans. He sought to remedy the problems of poverty
through legislation to encourage private industry to locate in poverty-stricken areas, thus
creating jobs for the unemployed, and stressed the importance of work over welfare. Then, he sought to advance human rights, both
in the US and abroad. He was an outspoken critic of the apartheid
system in South Africa, visiting the country in 1966 and delivering a memorable speech
to an assembly of progressive students “Each time a man stands up for an ideal, or
acts to improve the lot of others, or strikes out against injustice, he sends forth a tiny
ripple of hope, and crossing each other from a million different centres of energy and
daring, those ripples build a current And finally, he embarked on a personal quest
to end the Vietnam War. Bobby had initially supported President Johnson’s
military escalation in Indochina – until February 1966. This is when he first publicly denounced this
policy and asked for the reduction of the war effort, as well as for the initiation
of talks with the Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese government. He strongly opposed President Johnson’s
authorisation of the carpet bombing of civilian targets in North Vietnam, which he denounced
in another memorable speech in the Senate: “Are we like the God of the Old Testament
that we can decide, in Washington, DC, what cities, what towns, what hamlets in Vietnam
are going to be destroyed?… Do we have to accept that?… I do not think we have to. I think we can do something about it.” ‘Everything is going to be OK’
On March 16, 1968, Robert Kennedy announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential
nomination. He would be running on a very progressive
platform against the other main Democratic candidate, Hubert Humphrey. It was, in the words of author Arthur Schlesinger
Jr., “an uproarious campaign, filled with enthusiasm
and fun… It was also a campaign moving in its sweep
and passion.” In his campaign Bobby built on the themes
that had marked his senatorial term: advancement of human rights, including supporting the
Civil Rights movement, helping the dispossessed in the urban areas and the Native American
reservations and putting an end to the Vietnam War. His candidates were supportive of a broader,
safer, more conservative message, and yet Bobby managed to win critical primary elections
in Nebraska and Indiana. And it was just before speaking at an Indianapolis
rally that Bobby learned of the murder of Martin Luther King. It was the 4th of April 1968, five years since
the former Attorney General had approved of the Reverend’s surveillance by the FBI. That evening Bobby delivered one his most
famous speeches informing the crowd of King’s death and urging them to not react angrily. He concluded by making an appeal for racial
unity in those difficult times. Following King’s death, riots broke out
in more than 100 cities across the US, but Indianapolis remained peaceful. After securing Nebraska and Indiana, Bobby
was looking forward to winning the California primaries in early June. The Democratic candidacy was within his grasp. And so, we are back to the start of our video. It’s the night between the 4th and the 5th
of June 1968, Ambassador Hotel, Los Angeles. Robert F. Kennedy has just announced his victory
at the California primaries to an ecstatic crowd of supporters. After a brief speech Bobby mingled with the
crowd and Hotel staff. According to witnesses, he was moving slowly
through the Hotel restaurant’s pantry. When he reached out to shake the hand of a
busboy, Juan Romero, a young man stepped out from the crowd, raised his arm and after shouting
“Kennedy, you son of a bitch!” he began shooting. That man was called Sirhan Sirhan, a 24-year
old Palestinian refugee. Kennedy was hit three times: in his armpit,
in the back and behind his right ear. Members of his entourage apprehended Sirhan
and slammed him down on a metal table, but he was able to continue shooting, wounding
five other by-standers. As Kennedy’s friends, which included a professional
Football player, struggled to pin down the diminutive Sirhan, he yelled
“Let me explain! I can explain! I did it for my country. I love my country.” Juan Romero knelt to help Bobby, who was on
the floor, bleeding. Kennedy asked
“Is everybody OK?” Romero replied that ‘Yes, everybody’s OK’. Bobby then turned away and said
“Everything’s going to be OK.” Those were his last words. Robert Kennedy died 26 hours later, aged 42. His eleventh child, Rory, would be born six
months later. Act II
Sirhan It’s time now to examine the life of the
man on the other side of the gun. Who was Sirhan Sirhan and what had driven
him to murder Robert Kennedy? Sirhan Bishara Sirhan was a Jordanian citizen
born on March 19, 1944, in Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine, into a highly religious family
of Arab–Christians. He spent the early few years of his life in
his home country and also completed his early schooling there. If you know even a little of Middle Eastern
history, you may have guessed that being a Palestinian child in the late 1940s did not
make for a quiet upbringing, and Sirhan’s childhood was no exception. Following the declaration of Israel as an
independent state and the subsequent declaration of war by the surrounding Arab Countries,
Sirhan and his family would witness violence on a daily basis. In one traumatic experience, Sirhan saw a
man being ripped to pieces during a bombing raid in his neighbourhood. His mother, Mary, said that the image haunted
her son, and he would never be the same. At the age of 12, the Sirhans had the chance
to emigrate to the United States, as part of a special visa programme granted to Palestinian
refugees. The young Sirhan did not escape completely
from a life of violence, though, as his father had a volatile temper and would physically
assault him on several occasions. Life in America
Despite being an outsider within a dysfunctional family, Sirhan adapted quite well to American
life. He first attended the Eliot Junior High School
in New York, before the family relocated to California where he enrolled in the Pasadena
City College. Sirhan was academically good and proved his
worth in both school and college. However, despite having the chance to do so,
he never applied for American citizenship and preferred to remain a Jordanian. After graduating from Pasadena, Sirhan drifted
from one job to another, never settling into a career and holding a series of menial jobs. The only career prospect he considered seriously
was horse racing. At one point, he found himself working as
a stable boy at the Santa Anita racetrack. Being only 5 feet 5 inches tall and weighing
115 pounds, he had the perfect physique to become a professional jockey, but his hopes
did not materialise. What did really define him at this stage in
his life was his religious belief. He was an ardent Christian believer and he
experimented with different church denominations, shifting from being a Coptic to joining the
Baptist and the Adventist churches. In 1966, he finally joined the ‘Ancient
Mystical Order of the Rose Cross,’ an American branch of Rosicrucianism. This is a mystical branch of Christianity
which dates back to the teachings of Johan Valentin Andreae, a XVIIth century Lutheran
theologian. Rosicrucians combined early Christian philosophy
with alchemy and even ancient Egyptian mysticism and have been associated with Freemasonry
and Theosophism through the ages. We could talk about Rosicrucianism for hours
on an end, but for the purpose of our story we will only mention that Sirhan’s association
to this movement has been linked to his shift towards religious extremism, nationalism or
even brainwashing. Sirhan and Bobby
So what we have so far is a deeply religious yet alienated young man, with few prospects
in life and a violent upbringing. Was this enough to push him towards murder? And why Bobby Kennedy? What was his relationship with him? Sirhan would declare to journalist David Frost
that he saw Robert Kennedy as a hero, a protector of the downtrodden and the disadvantaged
‘ … and I felt that I was one of those’ But this perception changed in June 1967 with
the six-day war, another victory which the State of Israel had gained against its Arab
neighbours. As a Senator, Robert Kennedy had openly supported
Israel during that conflict. After announcing his candidacy in March 1968
as new Democratic hopeful President, Kennedy made his support of Israel more frequent and
outspoken. At a speech in a synagogue, broadcasted via
radio, Kennedy pledged to support Israel with 50 fighter jets should he become President. Sirhan’s feelings towards the candidate
had grown increasingly hostile since the Six-day war. After hearing the speech, Sirhan had a violent
reaction witnessed by his family, screaming and storming out of the room. On the 18th of May, Sirhan wrote in his diary:
“My determination to eliminate R.F.K. is becoming the more and more of an unshakable obsession…Kennedy
must die before June 5th … die, die, die, die, die.” The 5th of June 1968, it would have been the
first anniversary of the Six-days War. On the 1st of June, witnesses reported seeing
Sirhan at the Lock, Stock, ‘N Barrel gun shop in Los Angeles, where he bought two boxes
of .22-caliber hollow point bullets. On the 3rd of June, he was first spotted by
staff at the Ambassador Hotel, apparently surveying the site where the presidential
hopeful would be expected to wait for the results of the California primaries on the
following day. On the 4th of June, only hours before the
shooting, Sirhan visited the San Gabriel Valley Gun Club to practice at its gun range. And now to the night of the 4th, a few minutes
before midnight. Robert Kennedy was delivering the last lines
of his speech in the Embassy ballroom at the Ambassador hotel, while Sirhan was in the
hotel’s kitchen pantry area, waiting – with a .22-caliber Iver-Johnson Cadet handgun in
his pocket. Ambassador employees Jesus Perez and Martin
Petrusky, remembered Sirhan lingering around the elevator area as Kennedy was still on
stage. You know what happened next: the screams,
the gun shots, Kennedy falling on the floor, while Sirhan was apprehended still yelling
“I did it for my country!”. After the arrest
Sirhan initially refused to speak or identify himself to the police. It wasn’t until the 9th of June that decided
to confess to the crime. But on insistence from his lawyers, he retracted
his confession and pleaded not guilty. The trial took place between January and April
1969 and during court hearings Sirhan behaved erratically. Sometimes he claimed that on the night of
the murder he was drunk and that he had no recollection of killing Kennedy, while in
other occasions he stated that if he had killed him, it wasn’t out of personal hatred but
as an act in service to his Country, Palestine. These discrepancies may have been part of
the defence strategy, based on the concept that Sirhan was suffering from a condition
known as ‘diminished capacity’, a thesis supported by professor of psychiatry at UCLA,
Bernard Diamond. The jury was not convinced, though, and eventually
Sirhan was found guilty of murder on the 17th of April 1969 and sentenced to death. His story may have ended there, but in 1972
the State of California declared the death penalty to be unconstitutional and so his
sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. Sirhan Sirhan has been a convict in the Californian
state prisons since then, first serving time in San Quentin, then Soledad, Pleasant Valley
and finally the Richard Donovan Correctional Facility in San Diego. Over the years Sirhan has not been a silent
convict, far from it. His lawyers have been constantly filing requests
for parole hearings: one of these is held every five years, the last one in 2016, and
they have all been rejected. What is interesting about these hearings,
though, is that they have given the chance to Sirhan, his lawyers and his supporters
to present new evidence supporting the claim that he was not Kennedy’s assassin – or
at least not a willing one – or maybe not the only one. It’s time now to look at these theories. I hope you are not easily offended by the
‘C- word’: Conspiracy. Act III
The Conspiracy The official explanation for the murder of
Robert F. Kennedy is that Sirhan Sirhan had acted alone, because he was mentally instable,
because he wanted to strike at an enemy of the Arab cause, or both. This would make Bobby’s assassination the
first American encounter with Middle Eastern terrorism. Over the years many more theories have emerged,
claiming that Sirhan had not acted alone or that he had been a pawn in the hands of more
powerful and sinister forces. Hypnosis
At the 2011 parole hearing, Sirhan’s attorney Larry Teeter brought forward the hypothesis
that Sirhan may have been hypnotised, brainwashed and conditioned to carry out the assassination
of RFK. He had been identified and selected as a ‘patsy’
or ‘fall guy’, because of his foreign origin and support of the Palestinian cause. These theory is supported also by British
author Peter Evans in his book Nemesis. According to Evans and Teeter, after interrogating
Sirhan the Los Angeles Police Department could not account for a period of three months,
known as the “white fog”, during which Sirhan’s movements were unknown. It was during this ‘white fog’ days that
Sirhan may have been hypnotised by psychiatrist Dr William Joseph Bryan Jnr, who had worked
on the infamous CIA mind-control programme called MKULTRA. This programme was an expansion on two pre-existing
operations run by the CIA in the 1950s, called Project Bluebird and Project Artichoke. Both projects envisage the possibility of
using hypnosis as an interrogation technique or as a way of manipulating a foreign national
– and I stress, a foreign national – to carry out political assassinations. Bluebird, Artichoke and MKULTRA, as outlandish
as they may sound, have all been acknowledged by the CIA and documentation related to them
is freely accessible via Freedom of Information requests. What is chilling is that the official documentation
for Bluebird and Artichoke does not raise any moral considerations around using hypnosis
in interrogations or brainwashing innocent people to turn them into assassins. The main concern is sourcing the right psychiatrist
for the job, because a private practitioner would likely not accept a lowly CIA salary
… Didn’t know that the ‘C’ in CIA stood
for ‘Cheap’ (!) But back to the 2011 parole hearing! Why did the hypnosis theory emerge only then? Well, ironically enough, it was only then
that Attorney Teeter had the idea to have Sirhan hypnotised to retrieve repressed memories
of the assassination. During those sessions Sirhan was able to remember
a detail previously concealed. He remembered meeting a girl in a polka-dot
dress on the night of the assassination “I was fascinated with her looks …. She
never said much. It was very erotic. I was consumed by her. She was a seductress with an unspoken unavailability.” The girl took him to the kitchen pantry and
then pinched him on the arm. This was a ‘trigger action’ which led
him to believe that he was on a weapons firing range – that’s when Sirhan began shooting. But who were the brains behind the whole operation? According to Teeter,
“The assassination was staged by US intelligence for the purpose of continuing the war against
Vietnam and putting the Republican Party in the White House. The assassination was arranged with the CIA,
the FBI and the LAPD. There was a massive cover-up. If he had lived and been allowed to run, Bobby
Kennedy would have been elected president and this was a multi-agency task force to
make sure that the Democrats didn’t take the White House again.” On the other hand, Peter Evans states a completely
different theory in Nemesis. Sirhan had been hypnotised to be at the Ambassador
and take the blame off the actual assassin, a Palestinian terrorist named Mahmoud Hamshari. And Hamshari was himself a pawn, on the payroll
of none other than Greek magnate Aristotle Onassis, Jackie Kennedy’s suitor at that
time. The motive? Personal resentment towards Bobby, who had
foiled a major deal between Onassis and the Saudis in 1953 and was opposed to the Greek
billionaire marrying his sister-in-law. According to Evans, the CIA psychiatrist Dr
Bryan had links to both Hamshari and Onassis, having cured the former for migraine, and
the latter for sexual dysfunction. And finally one of Onassis’ lovers, Helen
Gaillet De Neergaard, reported that he himself had admitted his complicity in the killing
in1974. Oh, by the way, Dr Bryan? He was found dead in a Las Vegas hotel room
in 1978, either shot himself or was murdered. The case remains unsolved. The brainwashing theory is certainly fascinating,
and we know by the CIA’s own admission that the use of hypnosis to interrogate, or kill,
was in their plans. But something does not add up, and please
note these are our personal considerations: if Sirhan had been programmed to believe he
was at a firing range, shooting at targets if such belief was triggered by the pinch
from the girl in the polka-dot dress why did he shout, “Kennedy you son of a
bitch?”. Why did he shout, “I did it for my country?” If he was a ‘patsy’ all along, acting
mechanically at the tap of some girl in polka-dots, how could he behave in such a competent way
prior to the assassination? He knew where Kennedy was due to speak, he
visited the location, he practised at a firing range and he acquired a .22 caliber gun – a
low powered pistol, perfect choice for shooting in a closed environment such a pantry. Now, this choice of a weapon makes even more
sense if other assassins are there. Other hitmen, even more competent, who want
to avoid the risk of being hit by ‘friendly fire’. Time for our second Conspiracy theory. Multiple shooters
While researching the case for a screenplay, author and reporter Shane O’Sullivan uncovered
new video and photographic evidence suggesting that three senior CIA operatives were behind
the killing. This time, not as shady hypnotists, but as
hitmen involved directly in the assassination. The first agent is David Sanchez Morales,
known for leading covert operations in Latin America. As far back as 1973, Morales had been reported
as saying “I was in Dallas when we got the son of a
bitch and I was in Los Angeles when we got the little bastard.” Referring to both Kennedy brothers, of course. Analysing footage and stills from the night
of the assassination, ‘O Sullivan was able to identify Morales standing at the back of
the ballroom, in the moments between the end of Kennedy’s speech and the shooting. Morales was also spotted alongside another
operative called Gordon Campbell. Morales and Campbell had worked together at
the CIA’s Miami base in 1963. Both had been involved in the planning of
the Bay of the Pigs invasion and were harsh critics of the Kennedys, blaming them for
the failure of that operation. A third senior CIA figure was identified by
looking at the crime scene photos taken by the LAPD: George Joannides, chief of psychological
warfare operations at the Miami base. Whatever the involvement of Morales, Campbell
and Joannides, it is a shared belief that Sirhan was not the only shooter at the Ambassador
hotel. In the last parole hearing in 2016, Paul Schrade,
one of the five other people injured in the shooting, said the evidence clearly showed
a second gunman had been in the kitchen pantry. First piece of evidence, the number of shots. Sirhan’s gun could only carry eight rounds,
and yet a radio reporter recorded the sound of 13 shots being fired in the pantry. This was confirmed by campaign volunteer Nina
Rhodes-Hughes who reported to the FBI that she heard anywhere from 12-14 shots that night. Bobby’s own son, Robert Kennedy Jr is convinced
of this thesis, as he declared to The Washington Post:
“There were too many bullets. You can’t fire 13 shots out of an eight-shot
gun.” Second point: direction of shooting. How could Sirhan have shot Kennedy in the
back and behind the ear if all eye witnesses confirm that he was standing in front of him? Third: distance. Los Angeles County Coroner Thomas Noguchi
found that Bobby’s fatal head wound, with an entry trajectory form behind the ear, had
been inflicted from a distance of 1 inch to 1 1/2 inches. And Sirhan, he had been standing at at least
18 inches’ distance. So, another hitman, closer to Bobby than Sirhan
was, had shot him behind the ear at close distance. Morales? Campbell? Joannides? Or somebody else? According to some witnesses, a security guard
called Thane Cesar, standing behind Kennedy at the time was seen drawing his weapon. Although we should specify, he was not seen
shooting and he later passed a polygraph test that included questions about whether he shot
Kennedy. Can we handle the truth? We have presented only three possible explanations
of who, why and how could have been behind the assassination of Robert Kennedy, Bobby,
a man who could have shone a beacon of hope in a traumatic period of American history. He could have ended the Vietnam War much earlier,
supported the cause of the desperately poor and accelerated the process of integration
brought about by the Civil Rights movement. These progressive goals would be at least
partially achieved by subsequent administrations. But sadly at that time they could have provided
enough motive for US intelligence agencies – or at least for factions within them – to
be involved in Bobby’s killing. And what was Sirhan’s real role in this
event? Was he really the victim of brainwashing,
or perhaps the willing participant of a larger conspiracy, the only one to take the blame? We will stand by to hear from Sirhan’s next
parole hearing in 2021, hoping that the truth will finally emerge. Whether we will be able to handle it, that’s
another question. So I hoped you liked this new, extended format,
please leave your comments as usual. Did you like it? Hate it? But most of all, don’t forget to tell us
what is your theory for Robert Kennedy’s assassination. And as usual, thank you
for watching.

100 thoughts on “The Story of Robert Kennedy and Sirhan Sirhan

  1. Thank you Curiosity Stream for making this possible! Check out and don't forget to use the code "biographics" for 30 days for free here: http://curiositystream.com/biographics

  2. RFK: "Everything's going to be OK.."

    Me: 😭😭😭
    (ALSO) Sirhan most likely "forgot", because he when into a blind rage (you know, a bull seeing red)

  3. Simon they say that everyone has a twin in this world. Well did you know that you look exactly like James Corbett that runs the Corbettreport on youtube? You two need to do a live broadcast together

  4. The Rosicrucian Order, A.M.O.R.C., does not consider itself a religion at all, much less a Christian one, even though Bulwer-Lytton, in his novel, Zanoni, described it as "the most Christian." Rather, it is a system of philosophy and esoteric knowledge.
    Also, while "Ancient and Mystical Order of the Rosy Cross" is an accurate literal translation of "Antiquus Mysticusque Ordo Rosae Crucis," the Order always uses the Latin "Rosae Crucis" instead of the translation "of the Rosy Cross" when referring to itself.
    Rosicrucianism is not a monolithic entity. There are several schools and interpretations. AMORC is only one of them, albeit it is the best known.

  5. How about a bio on the great British actor Jeremy Brett? Arguably the best interpreter (in the classic sense) of Sherlock Holmes.

  6. The killing of Robert Kennedy was the first act of political violence stemming from the Arab-Israeli conflict. The second was 9/11.

  7. Six words, Kennedy assassinations Carlos Marcello New Orleans, I'll let those curious look it up themselves, watch his documentary, once you know enough of the facts, it's hard to deny

  8. It kinda sounds like americans want to have their own Royal families. They seem to like dynastic rulers and for all the prominent "Royal family branches" to be well known to the others. The Count of Clinton, the Baron of Bush… Rosevelts, Kennedy's and so forth all seem to be different branches and every so often, they appoint their King, who then battles an opposing king in an election. It seems like america is trying to establish a limited, semi democratic monarchy.

  9. There are two reliable witnesses that told the police that night that the two of them were on the stairs when a woman (in a polka dot dress) and man came out from the commotion and as they entered where the stairs were and the witnesses hear the woman in the polka dot dress say excitedly; he’s dead. He’s dead. I killed him. I don’t remember the exact words but they were something like that. If you look it up you will find it. The couple that they witnessed were happy about him being dead. There is video on Youtube on this witness telling the story. She said the police just ignored it.

    The video that I’m talking about also showed bullet holes in the walls that account for the 13 shoots being shoot. They have pictures of the holes and it was recorded but later on I believe it was the police that denied it even though they had marked the places in the first place. I really wish I could remember the title of the video.

  10. There should be a Netflix special examination series on MLK, RFK, and other family assassins in U.S. history.

  11. While I have no doubt that someone like Bobby Kennedy might be targeted by the CIA, are we gonna gloss over the fact that the idea of successfuly hypnotizing someone, to the point where they may be forced to commit murder unknowingly, is laughable? Sure, a lot of agencies from a lot of countries have wasted considerable resources researching all sorts of nonsense, all to no avail, but it's the 21st century and we should know better by now.

    Also – great video as always.
    Cheers.

  12. sentenced to death but now to life. guy should talk about all the idiots he met or told. i am afraid the truth is more bang from primer being struck, boom from bullet exiting barrel (if a head was close by it would mute the 2nd boom), ricochets suck but can def injure or kill, or they heard echos

  13. Correct me if I'm wrong but I seem to remember, from back then, that RFK was still short of delegates even after the CA primary. Hubert Humphrey was well ahead of him.

  14. These conspiracy theories drive me crazy! I think Sirhan acted alone. If it was a conspiracy, it would have leaked by now.

  15. Regarding his upcoming parole hearing, where you wonder if he'll finally tell the truth about other shooters and/or people behind the scenes— do you really think those shadow forces will let him speak the truth? Not for a second.

  16. Kennedy – "Is everybody OK?”

    Romero – 'Yes, everybody's OK'.

    Kennedy – “Everything's going to be OK.”

    Those were his last words…

    …gods damn it that's hard to hear.

    i'm not the biggest fan of the Kennedy's but if even Half of his platform's political goals were achieved with less than the same amount of hinky conspiratorial crap his older brothers administration had got into… I think he would have created the 'Second' Camelot, or a Rather highly respected presidential tenure.

  17. The conspiracy giveaway in the RFK assassination is the very presence of Sirhan Sirhan in the kitchen area. Initially, the exit plan was for RFK to leave through the ballroom so he could thank supporters gathered outside. However, this plan was changed following the primary results so that RFK could address the press who were gathered in an area behind the ballroom. RFK was therefore escorted through the kitchen as it was a shortcut to the press area.

    Sirhan was not a kitchen worker. Indeed, he was not even an employee of the Ambassador Hotel. He had no business being there. Thus, his presence in the kitchen area could not have been a matter of happenstance. Moreover, there is no conceivable reason why Sirhan would have been privy to the change in RFK's exit route, at least not by virtue of his position on the campaign staff. He didn't have one. Indeed, had Sirhan been a mere "crazed lone gunman" acting solely on the voices bouncing around inside his cranium, he most likely would have been waiting to ambush RFK somewhere outside the hotel in the manner of a John Hinckley or Squeaky Fromme. Obviously, someone privy to information regarding the altered exit route led Sirhan to the kitchen area, and not so he could congratulate RFK on his victory in the California primary. The idea that Sirhan acted alone strains credulity to say the very least.  

    RFK's winning of the California primary was not only a strong indication that he would be the Democratic candidate in the upcoming presidential election, but that he would be the next president. This appears to have been a totally unacceptable possibility, and not just for Sirhan Sirhan.

  18. The Cuban Missle Crisis was such an American stage show. We can put missiles on their doorstep in Turkey, but they can't do the same in Cuba? What one-sided BS.

  19. America's unfair favourtism of Israel over the Palestinians is a a major political stumbling block over peaceful negotiations in the middle east

  20. Fun fact it was actually johnson who fought for the civil rights act to be passed the kennedys didnt care about that at first. Johnson though racist himself he knew if something wasnt done there would be a war greater than the civil war on their hands

  21. Simon is so hopelessly biased towards Feminized candidates that it makes for a tough listen.

    Still, the Democrats of the 60's were far more reasonable than the sanctimonious globalists we have now.

  22. As far as a conspiracy to hypnotise Sirhan I thought one could not be hypnotically suggested to do what they find immoral.

  23. The firearm was made by Iver Johnson not "Ivory" also the prosecutor in the trial was Lynn "Buck" Compton a decorated member of the infamous "Screaming Eagles"

  24. Sirhan Sirhan used a 22 because he was 5’5” and 120lbs. What do you expect somebody that little to use, a 357? A .22 is a small easily hidden weapon with very little recoil. Perfect for a wanna be jockey with no training. There was 13 shots because it was a smaller enclosed area and there was an echo. Damn conspiracy theorist’s will be the end of this country!!

  25. I love how, when describing the aftermath of King's assassination, that "riots broke out in over 100 cities." Better put as blacks attacked random whites in over 100 cities. Its just like how they describe what happened after the Rodney King trial. They describe it as race riots. Never mentioning it was just one race, ie blacks, and they killed 11 innocent white people on that dark day in 1992. Way to play down black racism.

  26. I think I heard something about JFK assassination was a mob hit… it's sad… as he lay dying we was asking about everyone else…

  27. The biggest thing about RK is that he learned about life as he got older (particularly after his brother's death) and changed quite a lot of his views as he got to see what was really going on. I think he would have made one of the best Presidents that the USA could ever have hoped for – because he LISTENED. This willingness to find out instead of just bulldoze others with your own opinion, is what made Nelson Mandela such an unexpected and excellent president of South Africa after Apartheid.

  28. Yeah you just cant get around the number of shots. Something else happened other than the official story

  29. polygraphs do not prove the validity of truth or falseness
    they scare the subject and the abuse and threats reap a confession

  30. The editing seems improved over previous videos I've seen. Much smoother and sentence pauses better spaced. Great video.

  31. Clearly the USA should be careful whom to accept as refugees. A Jordanian citizen is not a true refugee. This ungrateful person, took from the USA's resources and kindness and punished the USA in return. This man was an ungrateful person who was brainwashed by "Palestinian" Arab propaganda.

  32. Your channel is full of glib content for the easily led. Nonetheless, I like your linen jacket. The colour suits you, 'Suits you, Sir,' However, I would wear a contrasting coloured shirt to counterpoint the lovely subtle quality of said jacket. And, as for the tee-shirt – well, to produce these 'iffey' videos for money alone. you have to look the part, indeed: 'a place and point in time'. Sadly, you are far too young to understand the signifcance related to the quip from: the days of Sex and Drugs and Rock & Roll. Keep up the good work.

  33. He had 11 children surprising , Probably one record that no American has beaten till this date or may be i am wrong.

  34. I very much liked this approach, but I've liked all the ones you've done so far. However, I have noticed that the directors are letting one or two Simon-slips get by per episode. ("27th century," and "Ivory" instead of "Iver.") As rapidly as he speaks (which I actually enjoy), I can see how some stuff would slip through. 😊

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