The Rise of Russian Nationalism

The Rise of Russian Nationalism



in the 1800's the Russian Empire was ruled by a czar or King czars had controlled Russia for several hundred years Sarris Russia had a rigid social structure a few privileged people live lives of luxury but the majority struggling just to get by a third of all Russians were Sert's peasants forced to work the land for masters who controlled their lives life in Russia had been this way for centuries but in the 1800s people were growing increasingly dissatisfied most czars ruled as firm autocrats they impose their will on their subjects and showed little concern for people's needs but sometimes the czars had to make changes in 1861 under pressure from all sides Tsar Alexander the second freed the serfs but the action backfired no longer forced to work the land many former serfs moved to the city to work in factories instead of finding prosperity they found overcrowding poverty and disease the czars reform hadn't made the people happier it made them more discontent when Alexander's son and grandson succeeded to the throne they abandoned his reforms and returned to the policy of harsh repression the czars became increasingly unpopular and opposition to the Czarist regime continued to grow then in 1904 war broke out between Russia and Japan both nations wanted to gain control of Manchuria and Korea in East Asia Russia believed it could easily defeat the Japanese at the same time the Russian government saw the war as an opportunity to rally support around the Tsar and distract Russians from their dissatisfaction with things at home but the Russians greatly underestimated Japan's military strength during the russo-japanese war the russians suffered defeat after defeat in 1905 japan destroyed the entire Russian Baltic Fleet many people blamed the tsar nicholas ii for the humiliating losses newspapers and revolutionary leaflets spread the news of the military disasters and fans pent-up discontent created by years of a pressure the workers called a general strike protesters flooded the streets and liberals demanded a constitution amid the turmoil On January 22nd 1905 a young priest led a large group of workers in a peaceful march to the Winter Palace carrying religious icons a plan to present a petition to the Czar but Nicholas the second called in his troops Czarist soldiers opened fire on the crowd killing more than a hundred innocent people and wounding several hundred more this event known as Bloody Sunday sparked the Russian Revolution of 1905 for months Russia was torn by strikes riots mutinies and political assassinations Nicholas feared that the violence would topple his empire toward the end of 1905 he issued the October manifesto in this document he promised basic civil liberties he also announced the formation of a national legislature or Duma that would have to approve all new laws the first Duma met the following year it did not take long for delegates to learn that despite promised reforms nicholas ii was still in charge after 10 weeks nicholas simply dissolved the duma because the majority of those elected had opposed him Nicholas had survived the revolution of 1905 but the people's anger didn't disappear and in just a few short years the people would rise again and the Czar's regime and his empire would come crashing down

One thought on “The Rise of Russian Nationalism

  1. Мать России защищена от погоды Бога, и это имеет большое военное. Да здравствует России!

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