The Philosophy and Ideology of Leo Tolstoy

The Philosophy and Ideology of Leo Tolstoy



good afternoon I'm Jeremy Echols and today I'm going to give a talk on the philosophy and ideology of Leo Tolstoy most important period of Tolstoy is life as far as this talk is concerned is his religious conversion and latter although I think it would be helpful contextually to have some biographical information of his earlier life that our time will not permit it so we'll start with his religious conversion after the great success of Tolstoy his war and peace followed with Anna Karenina Tolstoy becomes very depressed and disillusioned with his life and his spirituality and these events would lead him to the final and perhaps most important stage which is his religious conversion and then followed by his ascension into somewhat of a spiritual leader the Tolstoy initially had sought answers from within the Russian Orthodox Church but eventually he came to believe that the church was corrupt and this led him to determine that he needed to develop his own system of beliefs so Tolstoy puts out a nonfiction called a confession and up until this point Tolstoy writes that he has found satisfaction through caring for his family and also through his art which is what he calls his writing after achieving great financial wealth and social status Tolstoy says that life has become meaningless after seeking answers from the church from science from philosophy and other writers Tolstoy finds is eventually he finds his answers in the irrational religious conviction of the simple peasants and that's the way that Tolstoy puts it in a confession the Tolstoy was eventually excommunicated from the Russian Orthodox Church due to his deviation from the Church's doctrine and this was a pain the event within tolls toys life for his family and for his wife and Tolstoy himself another non fiction is very important is the gospel in brief and Tolstoy beliefs here are based on the teachings of Jesus Christ and in particular Jesus Sermon on the Mount which you can find in Matthew the Gospel of Matthew so in this reading Tolstoy combines the four biblical Gospels into one to clarify the teachings of Jesus the Tolstoy rejects pretty much rejects the deity of Christ along with the resurrection and any miracles that Jesus does but he instead attributes five commandments to the teachings of Jesus but not all of which are even explicitly stated by Christ but this is total as implication of what Tolstoy is boiling down Jesus Christ's teachings too so Tolstoy also in the meantime he's practicing asset ISM pacifism he's a vegetarian he also practices chastity even though he's got 13 children but that was prior to his religious converting he abstains from alcohol and tobacco he wears very simple peasant clothes as part of his ascetic lifestyle and he spends much of his time teaching the poor along with his vast number of disciples says his home and Tolstoy attempted to give away all his possessions many times but this was continually thwarted by his wife and his children told so his wife also disapproved of his religious teachings which and those two things him given rid of his possessions and his religious teachings in general that remained a constant source of tormal throughout Tolstoy his life internal with his wife another important nonfiction of those choices the kingdom of God is within you and this is a major writing of Tolstoy in which he lays out the principles of his Christian anarchist thinking the most important idea expressed here is that of his a spousal of a protest through non-violence until so I believe that the church was complicit with the state in his policies of waging war and told so I found that this idea these two ideas are totally antithetical to Christ's teaching it's also I also believe that the Apostle Paul had been instrumental in the church's deviation from Jesus teaching in that call in the New Testament often implores the early Christians too to allow the government to submit to their authority until soy's general ideas on passive resistance have been extremely influential in the lives of many social and religious leaders including Gandhi and also Martin Luther King and Gandhi and Tolstoy correspondent concerning Tolstoy his ideas on non-violence and in fact Tolstoy the last letter that Tolstoy wrote was to Gandhi so Tolstoy was influential to Gandhi and then Gandhi was quite influential to Martin Luther King so in conclusion I like to reiterate that that I think that Tolstoy his legacy is a product of his sophisticated mind and in a light of his influence on the leaders such as Martin Luther King and Gandhi I think it's safe to say that Tolstoy his most enduring ideas are those of his nonviolent protest and also like to reiterate the importance that he gave to the teachings of Jesus Christ so Gandhi used Tolstoy his ideas to change the Eastern world and Martin Luther King used to the same ideas to affect the Western world so those two things just tell us that Tolstoy is an intellectual giant the likes of which mankind will rarely encounter thank you very much

4 thoughts on “The Philosophy and Ideology of Leo Tolstoy

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *