The National for Wednesday June 28, 2017

The National for Wednesday June 28, 2017


>>Peter: GOOD EVENING, I’M PETER MANSBRIDGE AND THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.” [♪♪♪]>>SECURITY MEASURES FOR CANADA DAY HIT NEW HEIGHTS IN OTTAWA.>>YOU WILL SEE MORE POLICE CARS. DIFFERENT ROADS ARE CLOSED THAN HAVE BEEN IN THE PAST.>>Peter: THE U.S. WARNS OF ENHANCED SCREENING FOR FOREIGN ARRIVALS. BUT THERE IS A SILVER LINING.>>>AN OTTAWA MAN GOES TO DESPERATE LENGTHS TO KEEP HIS DAUGHTER SAFE.>>NOT LETTING THEM OUT TO DO DRUGS. YOU ARE BREAKING THE LAW.>>Peter: WHAT DID POLICE DO?>>>THE LEGACY OF NEWFOUNDLAND’S COD COLLAPSE. 25 YEARS LATER, HAS THE LESSON BEEN LEARNED?>>>HOW DO YOU PREPARE FOR A PARTY WHEN YOU ARE EXPECTING UP TO HALF A MILLION GUESTS? VERY CAREFULLY. WITH LOTS OF SECURITY. OTTAWA HAS ALREADY STARTED TO CLOSE STREETS AND SET UP BARRICADES AHEAD OF JULY 1ST. REVELLERS WHO WANT TO CELEBRATE CANADA 150 ON THE HILL, WILL ENCOUNTER SECURITY LIKE THEY HAVE NEVER SEEN THERE BEFORE. THE GOAL, SAYS THE PRIME MINISTER, IS FOR EVERYONE TO BE AT EASE. BUT BE SAFE. CATHERINE CULLEN ON HOW THE CITY IS WORKING TO MAKE THAT HAPPEN.>>THREE, TWO, ONE…>>Reporter: AS STRAIGHT LACED OTTAWA PREPARES FOR AN INFLUX OF FUN, THERE IS ONE ASPECT OF THE PARTY PREP THAT IS HARD TO MISS. FOR SOME FOLKS, IT MAY BE A BONUS. THE BISHOPS CAME FROM PARADISE, NEWFOUNDLAND TO CELEBRATE CANADA 150 IN THE CAPITAL.>>PATRIOTIC. I WOULD SAY I AM EXCITED FOR THE FIREWORKS AND TO SEE ALL THE HORSES.>>Reporter: AS FOR THE BARRICADES AND OTHER PRECAUTIONS THAT ARE ALREADY APPARENT, HE DON’T MIND AT ALL.>>THE SECURITY IS AMAZING. A LOT OF POLICE PRESENCE, MAKES PEOPLE FEEL BETTER.>>Reporter: ATTACKS AT PUBLIC EVENTS IN MANCHESTER ARE ON MANY PEOPLE’S MINDS, INCLUDING THE AUTHORITIES.>>Interview: WE ARE MONITORING ALL THE EVENTS THAT ARE HAPPENING ON THE WORLD STAGE AT THIS TIME. THE CONTINGENCY PLANS WE DO HAVE IN PLACE ARE APPROPRIATE.>>Reporter: THE TRUCK ATTACKS IN BERLIN, NICE AND LONDON, THE AUTHORITIES WILL BE PUTTING UP BARRIERS TO STOP ANYONE FROM DRIVING INTO CROWDS NEAR PARLIAMENT HILL. ALREADY, THE SECURITY PREPARATIONS ARE LEADING TO TRAFFIC HEADACHES. WITH MANY MORE ROAD CLOSURES IN THE CITY’S DOWNTOWN CORE TO COME, POLICE HAVE A WARNING.>>Interview: BE PATIENT. IT IS GOING TO BE A QUAGMIRE DOWN HERE FOR THREE DAYS.>>Reporter: PATIENCE IS GOING TO BE KEY. THE OFFICIALS ARE STRONGLY SUGGESTING THAT ON CANADA DAY, PEOPLE ARRIVE TWO TO THREE HOURS EARLY. THIS IS WHERE THE SECURITY LINE-UPS ARE GOING TO HAPPEN. SNAKING BACK AND FORTH THAT LINE. WHEN PEOPLE GET TO THE END OFT IN THE WHITE TENT BEHIND ME, THE AIRPORT-STYLE SECURITY CHECKS.>>Interview: THEY ARE ALL-TERRAIN AND SMALLER, CAN GET THROUGH THE CROWDS EASILY.>>Reporter: THE PARAMEDICS ARE BORROWING EQUIPMENT FROM OTHER FORCES AND WILL SET UP A FIELD HOSPITAL IN RESPONSE TO LARGE CROWDS DOWNTOWN.>>Interview: WE FEEL WE ARE PREPARED WHAT CANADA DAY CAN BRING TO US.>>Reporter: WHICH IS WHAT THE PRIME MINISTER IS SAYING.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: EVERY YEAR, WE STEP UP AROUND CANADA DAY TO ENSURE THAT EVERYTHING IS DONE TO KEEP CANADIANS SAFE. I WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT PEOPLE ARE AT EASE.>>Reporter: BECAUSE THIS 150th BIRTHDAY IS SUPPOSED TO BE AN UNPRECEDENTED PARTY FOR CANADA. CATHERINE CULLEN, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Peter: OF COURSE, CBC NEWS WILL HAVE COVERAGE FROM PARLIAMENT HILL ALL DAY ON SATURDAY. STARTING AT 6 A.M. AND WRAPPING UP AFTER THE FIREWORKS.>>>SECURITY IS ABOUT TO GET TOUGHER FOR MANY PEOPLE FLYING TO THE UNITED STATES. U.S. HOMELAND SECURITY SAID IN EXCHANGE, LAPTOPS AND TABLETS WILL BE ALLOWED BACK INTO ALL AIRLINE CABINS. THE SECURITY CHANGES WILL AFFECT ANYONE FLYING DIRECTLY TO THE U.S. FROM A FOREIGN COUNTRY. PAUL HUNTER EXPLAINS.>>Reporter: THE NEW REQUIREMENTS WOULD AFFECT ALL FLIGHTS COMING INTO THE U.S. FROM NEARLY 300 AIRPORTS WORLDWIDE. INCLUDING FROM CANADA. THE AIRPORT WITH DIRECT ROUTES TO AMERICA. SAID THE U.S. AUTHORITIES, THE THREAT OF TERROR ATTACKS AGAINST U.S.-BOUND PASSENGER JETS REMAINS ONGOING AND SERIOUS.>>Interview: TERRORISTS WANT TO BRING DOWN AIRCRAFT. DISRUPT OUR ECONOMIES AND UNDERMINE OUR WAY OF LIFE. IT WORKS. WHICH IS WHY THEY STILL SEE AVIATION AS THE CROWN JEWEL TARGET IN THEIR WORLD. WE CANNOT PLAY INTERNATIONAL WAKAMOW WITH EACH NEW THREAT.>>Reporter: NO SPECIFIC THREAT WAS HIGHLIGHTED TODAY. IT IS CLEAR THE U.S. IS WORRIED AND WANTS SECURED STEPPED UP EVERYWHERE. EVERYTHING FROM BETTER TESTING FOR EXPLOSIVES IN CARRY ONS TO ENHANCED PASSENGER SCREENING, VETTING OF AIRPORT WORKERS AND MORE SNIFFER DOGS.>>MAKE NO MISTAKE, OUR ENEMIES ARE CONSTANTLY LOOKING FOR NEW WEAPONS FOR DISGUISING EXPLOSIVES, RECRUITING INSIDERS AND HIGH-JACKING AIRCRAFT.>>Reporter: THE LATEST, THE LAPTOPS CAN BE JERRY RIGGED INTO CARRY ON BOMBS. IN MARCH, THE U.S. AND THEN BRITAIN BANNED LAPTOPS AND CERTAIN OTHER DEVICES FROM CABINS ON FLIGHTS FROM A LIST OF COUNTRIES, MOSTLY IN THE MIDDLE EAST. TURKEY, THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES, EGYPT AND OTHERS WHERE AIRPORT SECURITY WAS DEEMED WEAK AND THE TERROR THREATS STRONG. BEEF IT UP, SAID THE U.S., AND FLY WITH LAPTOPS AGAIN. FAIL TO BEEF UP SECURITY AND RISK TIGHTER RESTRICTIONS, MAYBE EVEN A BAN ON FLYING TO AMERICA. AND THOSE REQUIREMENTS ARE AIMED WORLDWIDE, MANY COUNTRIES, CANADA AMONG THEM, HAVE LONG SINCE STRENGTHENED THEIR SYSTEMS ALREADY. SO CANADIANS MAY SEE LITTLE CHANGE AT THEIR AIRPORTS. ALL OF IT COMES AS AIRPORT SECURITY BROADLY CONTINUES TO GO HIGH-TECH. IN THE U.S., SOME AIRLINES ARE ALREADY TESTING FACE RECOGNITION TECHNOLOGY. WHICH COULD SOON REPLACE BOARDING PASSES. THROUGH FINGERPRINT SCANNING AND SUPER HIGH-TECH BAG SCANNERS. THE FEAR REMAINS. DRIVEN BY WHAT THE U.S. DESCRIBES WHO SIMPLY WANT TO BRING DOWN U.S. PASSENGER JETS. AN OBJECTIVE, SAID THE U.S., WHICH TERRORISTS REMAIN OBSESSED. PAUL HUNTER, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Peter: AN INDICATION TODAY OF HOW MUCH WORSE THE JUNE 3RD LONDON BRIDGE ATTACK MIGHT HAVE BEEN. 8 PEOPLE WERE KILLED BY 3 ATTACKERS ARMED WITH KNIVES IN A TEN MINUTE RAMPAGE. FOR A FULL 90 SECONDS OF THAT TIME, ONE COURAGEOUS POLICE OFFICER ARMED ONLY WITH A BATON DELAYED THEIR PROGRESS. IT WAS A ONE ON THREE ENCOUNTER THAT PUT WAYNE MARCUS INTO THE HOSPITAL. HE IS OUT NOW AND EXPLAINS WHAT HE DID WHEN HE SAW ONE OF THE ATTACKERS STABBING A MAN PLEADING FOR HIS LIFE.>>Interview: I TOOK A DEEP BREATH AND I CHARGED THE FIRST ONE. I SWING AT HIM, EVERYTHING I HAVE. ALL MY STRENGTH BEHIND IT. I AM TRYING TO TAKE HIM OUT IN ONE GO. AND WHILE I AM FIGHT THE FIRST ONE, I GET A MASSIVE WHACK TO THE SIDE OF MY HEAD. WHAT IT DID WAS, IT TOOK THE VISION OF MY RIGHT EYE, LIGHTS OUT. IT WENT BLACK, EVEN BEFORE IT BLED.>>Peter: BLINDED IN ONE EYE, A TRANSIT OFFICER WAS FIGHT THE OTHER TWO MEN WHEN THINGS GOT WORSE.>>Interview: STARTS WOBBLING IN A WEIRD WAY. I LOOKED DOWN AND I SEEN A KNIFE UP AND DOWN IN THE SIDE OF MY LEG.>>Peter: THE FIRST ATTACKER GOT BACK UP AND SNEAKED BEHIND HIM.>>Interview: AND I JUST ONE VOICE IN MY HEAD SAYING DON’T GO DOWN. DON’T GO DOWN.>>Peter: THE OFFICER MOVED AWAY, BUT WAS NOW FACING ALL THREE.>>Interview: GET READY FOR THEM TO RUSH ME. BUT THEY DIDN’T.>>Peter: THE ATTACKERS RAN AWAY AND FELLOW OFFICERS CAME TO AID MARCUS.>>Interview: I HAD BLOOD OUT OF MY MOUTH AND I GAVE THE LAST MESSAGES, TO MY PARENTS AND MY FAMILY.>>Peter: THOSE MESSAGES DID NOT NEED TO BE DELIVERED.>>Peter: UKRAINE SAID IT HAS A PRETTY GOOD IDEA OF WHO UNLEASHED A CYBERATTACK THAT HIT THE EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRY HARD. IT WASN’T THE ONLY NATION EFFECTED. SYSTEMS AROUND THE WORLD WERE BEING HIT AND SHUT DOWN TODAY BY THE MALICIOUS RANSOMWARE. BUT UKRAINE SEEMS TO HAVE BEEN THE MAIN TARGET. AND IT SAYS THE TRAIL OF CYBERBREAD CRUMBS LEADS TO ONE SOURCE. AARON SALTZMAN HAS MORE.>>Reporter: HITTING INDIA’S LARGEST PORT TODAY, BRINGING OPERATIONS AT ONE OF THE THREE TERMINALS TO A DEAD STOP.>>Interview: THE ENTIRE OPERATIONS ARE SHUT DOWN.>>Reporter: THE LOADING AND UNLOADING OF SHIPPING CONTAINERS HERE IS CONTROLLED BY SOFTWARE. SOFTWARE PARALYZED BY THE RANSOMWARE ATTACK WHICH IS NOW INFILTRATED THOUSANDS OF NETWORKS. IT HIT UKRAINE FIRST. DOWNLOADED BY UNWITTING USERS OF TAX SOFTWARE. VISITORS TO A CORRUPTED NEWS SITE. THE MALEVOLENT CODE TORE THROUGH MAJOR WORLDWIDE CORPORATIONS. MAERSK, FEDEX, ALL HAD DATA ENCRYPTED AND A RANSOM FEE DEMANDED TO RELEASE THE SYSTEMS. CSIS SAID SO FAR NO GOVERNMENT SERVICES HERE HAVE BEEN COMPROMISED. BUT AT LEAST ONE SECURITY EXPERT SAID SOME CANADIAN COMPANIES HAVE BEEN INFECTED.>>Interview: WE DO NOT PAY. ONCE YOU PAY YOU WILL BE ON THE SUCKER LIST. THEY WILL KNOW YOU ARE ONE OF THE COMPANIES THAT PAY.>>Reporter: IS IT POSSIBLE THAT MOST OF THE VICTIMS ARE PLAYED FOR SUCKERS? THE RANSOM DEMAND WAS SURPRISINGLY LOW. $300 IN BIT COINS. IT WAS SENT FROM A SINGLE E-MAIL ADDRESS WHICH WAS QUICKLY SHUT DOWN. AND UNLIKE USUAL MALWARE ATTACKS, IT DID NOT TARGET A BROAD RANGE OF IP ADDRESSES ACROSS THE INTERNET. THAT HAS SOME EXPERTS SUGGESTING MONEY WAS NOT THE MOTIVE.>>Interview: I WOULD GUESS IT WAS AN ATTACK ON UKRAINE. AND IT WAS MASKED BY THE RANSOMWARE ATTACK.>>Reporter: AN ELABORATE SMOKESCREEN, CRIPPLED COMPANIES AROUND THE WORLD MERELY COLLATERAL DAMAGE. THE REAL DESTRUCTION IN UKRAINE. BANKS AND GOVERNMENT OFFICES AND CELLPHONE SERVICE, EVEN THE POWER GRID WERE ALL DISRUPTED. ALL DESIGNED TO COINCIDED WITH A NATIONAL HOLIDAY. UKRAINE BLAMES RUSSIA. THERE IS NO CONFIRMATION OF THAT. AND ANOTHER QUESTION, SINCE THESE TYPES OF ATTACKS OFTEN HAPPEN IN WAVES, IS THERE MORE TO COME? AARON SALTZMAN, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Peter: HERE IS WHAT EXPERTS SUGGEST, IF YOU GET HIT BY A RANSOMWARE ATTACK, FIRST DISCONNECT YOUR COMPUTER FROM THE INTERNET. THAT WILL REDUCE THE CHANCE OF INFECTING OTHERS. REPORT THE ATTACK TO POLICE. AND SEEK THE HELP OF EXPERTS WHO SPECIALIZE IN DATA RECOVERY. THEY MAY HAVE OPTIONS. AS ALWAYS, PREVENTION IS THE KEY. THE MAIN ADVICE IS TO MAKE SURE YOU KEEP YOUR COMPUTER SOFTWARE UPDATED AND BACK UP EVERYTHING.>>>COMING UP, GOING THROUGH CANCER SURGERY IS GRUELING ENOUGH WITHOUT A SURPRISE LIKE THIS. WHY COOKIE DOUGH CAN HAND YOU IN THE HOSPITAL.>>AN OTTAWA MAN BROKE THE LAW TO PROTECT HIS DAUGHTER. HE IS PREPARED TO DO IT AGAIN IF THE CITY DOES NOT STEP UP. SEAN O’LEARY SAID THERE ARE NOT ENOUGH SERVICES FOR DRUG ADDICTED TEENS AND HE TOOK AN EXTREME MEASURE. HE TOLD HIS STORY TO CBC.>>Reporter: PAIGE LIKES TO GET READY TO GO OUT WITH FRIENDS. SHE IS 16, AND IN MANY RESPECTS A TYPICAL TEENAGER. WITH ONE EXCEPTION, HER ADDICTION.>>COCAINE…>>Reporter: DO YOU HAVE CONCERNS THERE MAY BE SOMETHING IN THE XANAX YOU ARE TAKING?>>Interview: QUITE POSSIBLY THERE COULD BE FENTANYL IN IT. THERE IS FENTANYL IN BASICALLY EVERYTHING NOW.>>Reporter: THAT TERRIFIES HER PARENTS. AND IT IS WHY HER DAD RECENTLY TOOK A DESPERATE MEASURE. FORCING PAIGE TO STAY AT HOME AND STAY OFF DRUGS. SEAN O’LEARY KNOWS THAT IS ILLEGAL.>>HOLDING THEM IN YOUR HOUSE AND NOT LETTING THEM OUT TO DO DRUGS, YOU ARE BREAKING THE LAW. ANY OPTION THAT WE ARE LEFT WITH REQUIRE US TO BREAK THE LAW.>>Reporter: PAIGE KNOWS HER RIGHTS. RECENTLY, HELD AGAINST HER WILL, SHE MANAGED TO FIND A PHONE AND CALL 911. THE POLICE CAME TO THE HOUSE AND PICKED HER UP.>>Interview: DO WHATEVER SO I CAN GO DO DRUGS.>>Interview: THEY PROCEEDED TO DRIVE HER TO TIM HORTONS IN KANATA. THERE WAS DAD SIT AT HOME GOING WHAT THE HECK HAPPENED.>>Reporter: THIS OFFICER WHO WORKS WITH YOUNG PEOPLE IS NOT SURPRISED BY THE SITUATION.>>Interview: OVER 16, THERE IS NOTHING WE CAN DO TO MAKE THE YOUTH STAY. THEY HAVE THE FREEDOM TO GO AT ANY POINT IN TIME IF THEY WISH.>>Reporter: THAT LEFT O’LEARY FEELING POWERLESS. HE REACHED OUT TO OTHER PARENTS AND FOUND A SUPPORT GROUP TO SEEK SOLUTIONS. HE COMPLAINED ABOUT THE LACK OF DETOX BEDS FOR TEENS IN OTTAWA. O’LEARY SAID KIDS NEED ON DEMAND DETOX COUNSELLING.>>WHEN YOUR SON AND DAUGHTER LOOKS AT YOU AND WANTS HELP AND WANTS TO GO TO A MEETING OR WANTS SOMEONE TO TALK TO, RIGHT NOW THERE IS NOT.>>Reporter: O’LEARY WISHES HE DID NOT HAVE TO BREAK THE LAW, IF IT MEANS SAVING HIS DAUGHTER, HE WILL DO IT AGAIN.>>Peter: IT HAS BEEN SOME TIME SINCE THE POLITICS OF NORTHERN IRELAND MADE INTERNATIONAL HEADLINES. IT IS SUDDENLY VERY RELEVANT AGAIN. PARTLY AS A RESULT OF THE RECENT BRITISH ELECTION. AND PARTLY BECAUSE THE COUNTRY’S INTERNAL TENSIONS HAVE BUBBLED BACK TO THE SURFACE. THE CBC’S MARGARET EVANS EXPLAINS.>>Reporter: THE BROODING MENACE OF THE TROUBLES IN NORTHERN IRELAND IS PRESERVED ON BELFAST STREETS. IN MURALS LIKE THESE. FOUND IN THE PRO-BRITISH UNIONIST AND IRISH REPUBLICAN HEART LANDS. THE MURALIST IS A FORMER IRA PRISONER.>>Interview: SEEMS LIKE A REAL DREAMER. YOU SHOULD ALWAYS TRACK BACK.>>Reporter: THE MURALS ARE A REMINDER OF THE BLOODSHED THE GOOD FRIDAY PEACE ACCORD SOUGHT TO END. 19 YEARS AGO. BUT NEW CLOUDS ON THE HORIZON HAVE LED SOME TO FEAR FOR ITS FUTURE. THE NORTHERN IRELAND ASSEMBLY, ESSENTIALLY FORCES NATIONALISTS AND UNIONISTS TO GOVERN TOGETHER IN PARLIAMENT. IT COLLAPSED IN JANUARY. FORCING NEW ELECTIONS AND CREATING POLITICAL STALEMATE. AGAIN. THE MAIN PLAYERS, THE REPUBLICANS SINN FEIN AND THE PRO BRITISH DEMOCRATIC UNIONIST PARTY OR DUP HAVE UNTIL TOMORROW TO AGREE ON A DEAL OR FACE A RETURN TO RULE BY WESTMINSTER.>>Interview: AT THE MOMENT THE INDICATIONS ARE NOT PARTICULARLY ENCOURAGING. THE RED LINE ISSUE FOR SINN FEIN ARE THERE. PARTICULARLY AROUND THEIR DEMAND FOR A LANGUAGE ACT.>>Reporter: THE REPUBLICANS ARE UNHAPPY THE DUP AGREED TO PROP UP THE BRITISH PRIME MINISTER MAY’S MINORITY GOVERNMENT IN EXCHANGE FOR MONEY FOR THE REGION.>>Interview: I THINK IT IS A SCHTIK THAT THEY ARE TRYING TO BRING AGAINST SINN FEIN TO FORCE THEM INTO A DEAL.>>Reporter: SECTARIAN LINES HAVE NOT FADED HERE REALLY. THERE IS DIVIDE BETWEEN PROTESTANTS AND CATHOLICS. AND MOST SCHOOLS REMAIN SEGREGATED. THE BEST FRIENDS BREACH THE DIVIDE, ONLY THROUGH A CROSS COMMUNITY PROJECT CALLED PEACE PLAYERS. TEACHING KIDS BASKETBALL. MANY PARTS OF BELFAST FOR NOW REMAIN CAREFULLY DELINEATED GRIDS OF SUSPICION AND DISTRUST. SYMBOLS STRONGER TO SOME THAN NORTHERN IRELAND’S GOVERNMENT. MARGARET EVANS, CBC NEWS, BELFAST.>>Peter: THE ITALIAN GOVERNMENT SAID THE COUNTRY HAS REACHED THE SATURATION POINT WHEN IT COMES TO ACCEPTING MIGRANTS ARRIVING FROM NORTH AFRICA ON NON-ITALIAN BOATS. MORE THAN 10,000 HAVE COME IN THE PAST FOUR DAYS. ALMOST 75,000 SO FAR THIS YEAR. ITALY IS DEMANDING THAT OTHER EU STATES DO MORE TO HELP THE HUMANITARIAN CRISIS.>>>STRAIGHT AHEAD, IT IS SOMETHING NO SURGEON SHOULD EVER DO. ♪ [theme] Reporter: Mr. Drew’s successor
on the first ballot, John Diefenbaker, M.P. for
Prince Albert, Saskatchewan. There are no words for the highest honour [indiscernible] [applause]>>Announcer:
Mr. Robert Stanfield. [cheers and applause] We’re going to leave here a united party. A party that has had some
differences but which is now determined
to get on with the job. Thank you very much. [cheers and applause]>>Announcer:
Mr. Clark. 1,187 votes. [cheers and applause] We will not take
this nation by storm, by stealth, or by surprise. We will win it by work. [applause] Reporter: Brian Mulroney
is the new leader of the Progressive
Conservative Party. [cheers] But together, we’re going
to build a brand new pardon and a brand new country.
Thank you all very much. [applause] Mansbridge: As expected, second
ballot win for Kim Campbell, it has been clear for the last
hour and a half, the hugs, the kisses,
the emotions, for the winner. You have honoured me
by your trust, and I return it with my complete
commitment to you to lead this party to great — [cheers and applause] Mansbridge:
Well, there you go. You’ve got the convention
floor hug. The shaking of hands. We’ll work together
to build this party. I look forward to it. We are now on a journey
together. The road to success starts
with all of us. All of us in this hall. [applause] Reporter: Stephen Harper
accepting his first ballot victory,
cheers from his supporters as he goes down to his place. We are heirs to the founders
of this country and to the legacy of
the electoral success from Sir John A. Macdonald
through to Brian Mulroney, and what we’ve done today is add the democratic energy and grass roots power
of a new age. [cheers and applause] Crowd chanting:
Harper! Harper! Harper! ♪ ♪ [♪♪♪]>>Peter: A POSSIBLE HINT OF AN INTEREST RATE HIKE TODAY COMING FROM THE BANK OF CANADA GOVERNOR IN AN INTERVIEW WITH THE U.S. BUSINESS NEWS CHANNEL CNBC.>>RATES ARE, OF COURSE, EXTRAORDINARILY LOW. WE CUT THEM BY 50 BASIS POINTS IN 2015 TO COUNTER ACT THE OIL PRICE SHOCK AND SPEED UP THE ADJUSTMENT. IT LOOKS LIKE THE CUTS HAVE DONE THEIR JOB.>>Peter: AFTER POLOZ MADE THE COMMENTS, THE DOLLAR HIT A 4 MONTH HIGH. CLIMBING TO 76.57 CENTS U.S. >>>TAKE A LOOK AT THIS X-RAY, NOW IMAGINE THE NIGHTMARE SCENARIO BEHIND IT. YOU GO INTO HOSPITAL FOR SURGERY, AND A LONG METAL PLATE GETS LEFT BEHIND INSIDE YOUR BODY. AS ALISON NORTHCOTT TELLS US, THAT IS WHAT ACTUALLY HAPPENED TO A WOMAN IN MONTREAL.>>Reporter: WHEN SYLVIE DUBE WAS DIAGNOSED WITH OVARIAN CANCER LAST YEAR, IT WAS A SHOCK. SHE WENT THROUGH CHEMO AND THEN HAD SURGERY.>>Interview: I WAS ANXIOUS BECAUSE IT WAS THE FIRST TIME FOR ME, FIRST TIME IN THE HOSPITAL. AND THE FIRST TIME IN CANCER…>>Reporter: SHE HAD PAIN IN THE SHOULDER. THE NURSES SAID IT WAS COMMON. WHEN IT WOULD NOT GO AWAY, SHE STARTED TO GET ANXIOUS.>>Interview: THE PAIN ALWAYS CONTINUE IN RIBS AND SHOULDERS, IN RIBS AND SHOULDERS. I WANT TO TRY TO FIND A SOLUTION.>>Reporter: SHE CONSULTED HER ONCOLOGIST AND ANOTHER DOCTOR WHO X-RAYED HER SHOULDER, NEITHER FOUND THE SOURCE OF THE PROBLEM. AFTER TWO MONTHS OF SUFFERING, SHE WENT TO THE EMERGENCY ROOM. AND WAS SHOCKED BY WHAT THEY FOUND IN AN X-RAY. A LONG SURGICAL TOOL.>>Interview: THEY DID A SCAN AND THEY FOUND THE OBJECT. THE DOCTOR SAID, HOW CAN YOU DO TWO MONTHS WITH THAT INSIDE?>>Reporter: THIS IS 33 CENTIMETRES. THE LENGTH OF THE METAL OBJECT THAT WAS LEFT IN DUBE’S BODY AFTER HER SURGERY. IT STRETCHED FROM HER PELVIS TO THE RIB CAGE. DUBE HAD A SECOND SURGERY TO HAVE THE OBJECT REMOVED. THE UNIVERSITY OF MONTREAL HOSPITAL NETWORK IS INVESTIGATING.>>Interview: [Speaking French]>>Reporter: THE DOCTOR, DIRECTOR OF MEDICAL AND UNIVERSITY AFFAIRS, SAID IT IS A RARE OCCURRENCE. AND THAT CORRECTIVE MEASURES WILL BE TAKEN. WHILE IT IS RARE FOR OBJECTS TO BE LEFT IN PATIENTS FOLLOWING SURGERY, IT DOES HAPPEN. IN CANADA, THERE ARE 8.6 CASES FOR EVERY 100,000 PROCEDURES. IN QUEBEC, THAT NUMBER IS 11.6. THE QUEBEC MINISTER, A DOCTOR HIMSELF, SAID THERE ARE PROTOCOLS IN OPERATING ROOMS FOR COUNTING AND RECOUNTING EQUIPMENT BEFORE AND AFTER A PROCEDURE.>>Interview: [Speaking French]>>Reporter: HE SAID IN THIS CASE, THERE WAS AN ERROR. DUBE SAID THE HOSPITAL HAS POLL — APOLOGIZED. SHE FILED A COMPLAINT AND IS CONSIDERING LEGAL ACTION.>>Peter: THE RECENT E. COLI BROKE CONNECTED TO FLOUR, HEALTH CANADA IS WARNING PEOPLE ABOUT EATING RAW COOKIE DOUGH. THE CONSEQUENCES WITH BE FATAL. IT IS WORTH THE REMINDER.>>Reporter: IT IS BAKING TIME IN THE KITCHEN AND TIME FOR A POP QUIZ ON RAW FOODS THAT CAN MAKE YOU SICK. WHICH YOU NEED TO HANDLE SAFELY, CHICKEN, EGGS, FLOUR… THE ANSWER, ALL OF THE ABOVE. IF YOU MISSED FLOUR, YOU ARE NOT ALONE.>>IS IT GOOD?>>Reporter: YOU MAY LIKE IT, HEALTH CANADA IS REMINDING CANADIANS IT IS NOT SAFE TO EAT RAW COOKIE DOUGH OR PRODUCTS CONTAINING UNCOOKED FLOUR. IT CAN BE CONTAMINATED WITH HARMFUL BACTERIA, INCLUDING E. COLI THAT CAN MAKE YOU SICK.>>THE FLOUR IS NOT SOMETHING I WOULD CONSIDER TO BE CAREFUL OF. IT IS NOT SOMETHING YOU THINK OF HAVING THAT IN IT.>>Reporter: WHEAT AND RAW FLOUR CARRIED RISKS ALWAYS.>>Interview: INGRAINED INTO THE FLOUR MILLS.>>Reporter: RARE, AN OUTBREAK MADE 30 CANADIANS SICK. INCLUDING A 2-YEAR-OLD B.C. BOY WHO WAS HOSPITALIZED FOR A MONTH AFTER EATING COOKIE DOUGH. THE CANADA HEALTH ACT HAS A MASSIVE RECALL ON FLOUR. OVER THE YEARS, EATING RAW FLOUR HAS BECOME NORMALIZED BY THE MARKING OF COOKIE DOUGH PRODUCTS.>>Interview: WE ARE OVERLY CAUTIOUS IN EVERYTHING THAT WE DO.>>Reporter: SOME EXPERTS SAID E. COLI CAN BE MISSED BY TESTING. FLOUR SHOULD BE HEATED TO KILL ANY BACTERIA.>>Interview: ABSOLUTELY. TESTING IS A NOTORIOUSLY INACCURATE. IT IS LIKE FINDING A NEEDLE IN A HAYSTACK.>>Reporter: SAFETY EXPERTS TREAT FLOUR LIKE CHICKEN. CLEAN ANY SURFACE IT TOUCHES. COUNTERS, BOWLS AND WASH YOUR HANDS. AND SAVE YOUR SAMPLING UNTIL AFTER THAT DILL HAS BEEN COOKED OR BAKED INTO ACTUAL COOKIES.>>Peter: UP NEXT, IT HAS BEEN 25 YEARS SINCE A DARK DAY IN NEWFOUNDLAND.>>A LOT OF PEOPLE, CARS GONE. THIS IS GOING BACK TO THE SOUP KITCHEN DAYS.>>Peter: DESPERATE TIMES WERE IN STORE WHEN THE COD FISHERY CLOSED. NOW, SOME PEOPLE FEAR WHAT MIGHT COME NEXT.>>>WHEN HIS HOMELAND IS IN THE SPOTLIGHT, OF COURSE, WE WANT TO HEAR FROM REX.>>>TIME TO CHECK THE MARKETS. THE TSX ROSE 74 POINTS. THE DOLLAR JUMPED THREE-QUARTERS OF A CENT. IN NEW YORK, THE DOW GAINED 143 POINTS. AND THE PRICE OF OIL CLOSED UP $0.50 A BARREL. ♪ [CBC News theme] I’ll tell you a quick
story about Obama. It was a big
deal for us. It was the first time that
I’d had an interview with a U.S. president
while in office. In fact, I think it was the
first time CBC
had ever had a one-on-one with a U.S. president. He’d just taken office,
he’d only been there a month. So it was
a big deal. We didn’t get a lot of time with
him, I think it was 12 minutes or something,
it ended up being. And they were in a real rush
to move him along because he had to fly out to the
western United States somewhere, so the helicopter was waiting
on the pad outside. So they bring him in,
it was in the map room of the White House,
right on the main floor. He walks in,
arm out, he says, “Peter, welcome to the White
House, great to have you here.” I’m going, geez,
this is great. [audience laughs] The guy obviously must watch us
online every night. [audience laughs] So he sits down and we do a
little small talk while they’re setting up
the mics and everything. And that was all
very nice. And then we get into
the interview and it’s bang, bang, bang. It was all the things
you’d expect: Afghanistan, the economy, there
was stuff about the oil sands. There was a variety of
different questions. And he showed a remarkable
knowledge of Canada and he’s obviously been properly
briefed on some of these issues. Then suddenly
it was over. And he says, “Thanks very much.” We shake hands, his people
were on him like immediately saying we’ve got
to go Mr. President. So off he went
out the door. And so I–
I’m going, “Wow, I just interviewed the
President of the United States.” And after you turn
to the crew to make sure that they actually were
recording what you were doing. [audience laughs] I looked at a producer who had
done a lot of the work to make this happen,
her name is Samira Hussain, she works for the BBC now,
right, in New York. And I looked at Samira, who was
sitting on the floor, basically right between
the President and I, during the interview,
just out of camera range. And I said, “So Samira, how’d it go?
What’d you think?” Samira Hussain was like the gold
medal winner at Concordia, she’s like a great
young journalist. She looked at me
and she went, “He’s so
gorgeous.” [audience laughs] So I said, “Yeah, right,
of course but you know, did we get what
we came here for?” And she
said, “I don’t know,
I didn’t hear a word he said.” [audience laughs] So as that’s happening, suddenly
there’s this noise at the door, at the entrance. And I look up
and it’s him again. It’s the President
of the United States. He’s come back in,
he’s going, “Peter,” because you know,
we’re– [audience laughs] He says, “I’ve got somebody
you have to meet.” And I said– I’m thinking, the President of
the United States has somebody
I have to meet? It’s like
crazy. And he’s tall
right. I’m 6′,
he’s like 6’2″. And the guy beside him
was about 6’5″, big,
tall guy. He looks
at him, and this is the answer to
Paul’s second question. He looks at him,
he says, “This is Marvin Nicholson,
he’s from Victoria.” [audience laughs] I’m going,
he’s gone out– He’s heading to the helicopter,
he’s met some other Canadian and he’s brought back
in the White House. ♪ [CBC News theme]>>YOU AND YOUR GOD DAM FEES.>>Peter: TEMPERS ARE BOUND TO BURN HOT WHEN A WHOLE WAY OF LIFE IS UNDER THREAT. THAT WAS THE CASE 25 YEARS AGO IN NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR WHEN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SHUT DOWN THE NORTHERN COD FISHERY. STOCKS OF THE FISH WERE CRITICALLY LOW. ALMOST TO THE POINT OF NO RETURN. JUST LIKE THAT, TENS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE SAW THEIR LIVELIHOOD DISAPPEAR. TONIGHT, REG SHERREN REVISITS THOSE HARD, HARD TIMES. HAS ANYTHING REALLY CHANGED IN THE QUARTER CENTURY SINCE?>>Reporter: WELL, PETER, THIS IS NOT THE PICTURE THAT COMES TO MIND FOR MOST PEOPLE WHEN THEY THINK OF NEWFOUNDLAND. 25 YEARS AGO, THESE DOORS AND WHAT WAS GOING ON, ON EITHER SIDE, REPRESENTING 500 YEARS OF FISHERY, FISHING THE COD. IT WAS QUITE A SCENE PLAYING OUT FOR NATIONAL TELEVISION. OUTSIDE, BARRED FROM THE ROOM, ANGRY NEWFOUNDLAND FISHERMEN. TRYING TO GET IN.>>THIS IS AN AMOUNT THAT SHOULD LOOK AFTER EMERGENCY.>>Reporter: THE FEDERAL FISHERY MINISTER COSBY WAS PRESIDING OVER THE LARGEST MASS LAYOFFS IN CANADIAN HISTORY.>>DID YOU EXPECT THIS KIND OF REACTION WHEN YOU BROUGHT THIS ANNOUNCEMENT?>>WE DON’T NEED TO GO BISERK, TRYING TO FRIGHTEN ME.>>Reporter: THIS WAS LIKE THE END OF THE STORY. THE BEGINNING OF THE STORY IS OUT HERE, ON THE NORTH ATLANTIC. THE BREEDING GROUNDS OF THE NORTHERN COD. THE SPECIES ONCE SO PLENTIFUL, IT WAS SAID YOU COULD ALMOST WALK ON THEIR BACKS ACROSS THE WATER. NO SIGN OF COD THIS MORNING. OR MUCH OF ANYTHING ELSE. BESIDES ICE. AS FAR AS THE EYE CAN SEE, OUT THERE SOMEWHERE ARE CRAB AND LOBSTER PODS.>>THERE ARE TIMES YOU HAVE TO TAKE A CHANCE, RIGHT.>>YOU THOUGHT YOU WERE CLEAR ENOUGH TO PUT THE PODS IN THE WATER.>>Interview: WE DID. IT CAME IN SO FAST, WE NEVER HAD TIME TO GET THE GEAR OUT ANYWAY. THERE ABOUT A COUPLE OF MILES. WE WILL SEE IF THERE IS ANYTHING LEFT. WHAT IS LEFT, WE WILL TRY TO FIGURE OUT HOW TO MAKE A LIVING WITH.>>Reporter: CALL IT INSULT TO INJURY. LOBSTER SEASON WILL BE SOON OVER. LOBSTERS THERE.>>Interview: THAT IS WHAT WE HAVE SO FAR. THAT IS IT. THAT IS IT.>>Reporter: GREAT PRICE, NO LOBSTERS. JUST ANOTHER REMINDER OF 25 YEARS OF STRUGGLE. HE USED TO KEEP HIS COD TRAPS IN HERE. WHERE ARE YOUR COD TRAPS?>>Interview: ACTUALLY, I BURNED THEM.>>Reporter: BURNED FOR SCRAP WHEN THEY SHUT IT ALL DOWN. NOT THAT HE WAS SURPRISED.>>Interview: EVENTUALLY, I THINK IT TOOK SOMEONE LIKE JOHN CROSBIE TO REALLY PUT IT INTO PERSPECTIVE AND SAY, YOU KNOW, THIS IS TO BE SHUT DOWN. I HATE TO ADMIT IT, THE MAN WAS RIGHT. IT DEFINITELY HAD TO BE SHUT DOWN.>>Reporter: THERE WAS NOWHERE. IN THE ’60s, AND ’70s AND ’80s, MODERN TECHNOLOGY FOUND ITS WAY TO THE HIGH SEAS AND SPAWNING GROUNDS OF THE NORTHERN COD AND A SYSTEMIC PROCESS OF ELIMINATION BEGAN. 12 MONTHS OF THE YEAR, 24 HOURS A DAY, THEY FISHED. A LARGE CANADIAN FLEET, BUT FOREIGNERS TOO. THE SPANISH, PORTUGUESE, AND THE RUSSIANS. FROM 1962 TO 1977 ALONE, THE HARVEST BIOMASS OF THE NORTHERN COD DROPPED 82%. SCIENTISTS KEPT OVERESTIMATING THE STOCK SIZE. AND CANADIAN POLITICIANS KEPT SETTING HIGHER QUOTAS. BUT INSHORE, THE THOUSANDS OF FISHERMEN WHO ALSO RELIED ON THAT FISH COULD SEE WHAT WAS HAPPENING. THIS MAN COULD.>>THE CATCH RATES WE SEE GOING DOWN. AROUND THE LAND. WE SEE THE FISH GETTING SMALLER.>>Reporter: HE HAD JUST INVESTED A MILLION DOLLARS INTO A BIGGER OPERATION TO CHASE THE FISH OFFSHORE.>>Interview: WE TOOK POSSESSION OF THE NEW BOAT RIGGED FOR COD FISH AND GROUNDFISH.>>Reporter: WHEN WAS THAT?>>Interview: THAT WAS TWO WEEKS BEFORE THE MORATORIUM. AND TWO WEEKS LATER, CLOSED THEM OUT. COULDN’T BELIEVE IT.>>Reporter: THESE DAYS, THE MAN WHO HAD TO DELIVER THE NEWS LIVES HERE.>>Interview: THIS IS MY CHAIR IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS.>>Reporter: 25 YEARS LATER, JOHN CROSBIE STILL CALLS IT THE WORST MOMENT OF HIS POLITICAL CAREER. AS A SENIOR NEWFOUNDLAND MEMBER OF THE MULRONEY GOVERNMENT, IT FELL TO HIM TO SHUT DOWN 500 YEARS OF FISHING. HE GOT AN INCLING WHAT HE WOULD FACE THE DAY BEFORE IN BAY BULLS.>>Interview: I KNEW IF I SHOWED ANY TIMIDITY OR I LOOKED FRIGHTENED, THEY COULD SCARE ME OR WHATEVER, I HAD TO TAKE THE FIRST STEP.>>Reporter: YOU DECIDED THE BEST DEFENCE WAS A GOOD OFFENCE.>>Interview: AT THE BEGINNING, I KNEW I HAD TO DO SOMETHING UNUSUAL.>>Reporter: AND HE DID. HE ATTACKED.>>I DIDN’T TAKE THE FISH FROM THE GODDAMN WATER.>>Reporter: YOU COULD HAVE WOUND UP IN THE HARBOUR.>>Interview: I MAY HAVE BEEN IN THE WHARF, I PROBABLY WOULD HAVE BEEN IN THE HARBOUR.>>THE EMERGENCY SITUATION HAS BEEN ON FOR YEARS.>>Reporter: THE NEXT DAY, THE DAY HE HAD TO LAYOFF ALMOST 40,000 PEOPLE, IT GOT WORSE.>>THERE ARE TOO MANY PEOPLE TRYING TO MAKE A LIVING FROM THAT RESOURCE AT THE PRESENT TIME.>>Reporter: WHEN THE FISHERMEN HEARD THE INITIAL COMPENSATION PACKAGE WOULD AMOUNT TO $225 A WEEK… THEY DECIDED TO CONFRONT CROSBY. WHO HAD BEEN BARRICADED INSIDE. GLEN WINSLOW WAS IN THE CROWD. THAT IS ONE OF THE CREW MEMBERS TRYING TO BEAT DOWN THE DOOR.>>ONE OF THE FELLOWS, YOU SEE, TRYING TO GET IN FISHED WITH ME THAT DAY.>>Reporter: WHAT THEY DID NOT KNOW WAS THEY WERE ACTUALLY DOING JOHN CROSBIE A FAVOUR.>>HAVE A GOOD HOLIDAY.>>Reporter: BRIAN MULRONEY WAS ELECTED FOR FISCAL RESTRAINT. IT PROBABLY HELPED TO GET A BETTER COMPENSATION.>>DEFINITELY. IT DEFINITELY DID. THE COST OF THE COMPENSATION PROGRAM WE THOUGHT MIGHT BE SEVERAL HUNDRED MILLION TURNED OUT TO BE $4 BILLION. AS FAR AS I KNOW.>>Reporter: WINSLOW HAS BEEN ADMISSION TOO. JOHN CROSBIE WAS RIGHT.>>Interview: NOW WHEN YOU LOOK BACK AT IT 25 YEARS LATER, WHAT DO YOU THINK OF THE DECISION?>>Interview: IT WAS DEFINITELY THE RIGHT DECISION. IT SHOULD HAVE BEEN MADE EARLIER.>>Reporter: FOR A WHILE THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY HELPED PEOPLE FIND WORK. OR THE PROVINCE’S LABRADOR MEGAPOWER PROJECT. BUT THE REAL COST WAS PAID IN THE PEOPLE. TENS OF THOUSANDS LEFT.>>A LOT OF PEOPLE WILL BE GONE AND CARS GONE. THIS IS GOING TO THE SOUP KITCHEN DAYS.>>DON’T BELONG THERE ANYMORE…>>Reporter: IT HAS ALWAYS REALLY BEEN ABOUT THE FISH. LEN WINSLOW AND HIS CREW SURVIVED BY GOING EVEN BIGGER.>>THIS HAS ALL THE TECHNOLOGY.>>GPS, THREE RADARS ABOARD. TWO COMPUTERS.>>Reporter: WHAT IS A BOAT LIKE THIS WORTH?>>Interview: THIS ONE TODAY, SHE WOULD BE WELL OVER 2 MILLION. MOVING INTO A VESSEL LIKE THIS, THE DEBT THAT IS INVOLVED, YOU HAVE ONLY SO MUCH TIME IN THE YEAR TO MAKE THE CAPITAL REQUIRED.>>Reporter: THAT IS YOUR PRESSURE.>>Interview: THAT’S RIGHT.>>Reporter: AND THAT PRESSURE HANDED RIGHT ON OTHER SPECIES. LIKE CRAB. AND SHRIMP. BOTH LUCRATIVE FISHERIES THAT EVERYONE WANTED TO FISH AND HELP THE VALUE OF THE SEAFOOD INDUSTRY IN THE PROVINCE TOP $1.4 BILLIONS LAST YEAR. A RECORD. THERE IS A PROBLEM, THERE IS AN INDICATION THEY TOO ARE NOW IN TROUBLE. QUOTAS HAVE BEEN SEVERELY CUT. LORD JAMES WENT AT THE CRAB TOO. HIS WIFE PAT WORKED IN THE BOAT WITH HIM, DOUBLING THE HOUSEHOLD INCOME HELPED THEM SURVIVE. NOW, HIS QUOTA HAS BEEN CUT ALMOST IN HALF. HE HAS HEARD PEOPLE ARGUING THE CRAB STOCK HAS DECLINED BECAUSE OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS. HE JUST DOESN’T BELIEVE IT.>>Interview: THEY BLAME THE ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUE FOR THE DISAPPEARANCE OF THE COD TOO. YOU KNOW. OVER FISHING. YOU ARE TAKING TOO MUCH. IT IS AS SIMPLE AS THAT. SPECIES CAN’T TAKE THE PRESSURE, THEY CAN’T. THEY JUST CAN’T.>>Reporter: HOW MUCH COD DO YOU SUPPOSE HAS BEEN LANDED HERE OVER THE CENTURIES?>>Interview: I CAN IMAGINE A FAIR BIT HAS LANDED HERE.>>Reporter: AND NOW THE PRESSURE IS BACK ON THE FEDERAL FISHERIES SCIENTISTS TO ALLOW THEM TO, ONCE AGAIN, INCREASE NORTHERN COD FISHING. BUT 25 YEARS LATER, THE SPAWNING BIOMASS IS STILL BARELY A THIRD THE SIZE IT NEEDS TO BE TO SUSTAIN A COMMERCIAL FISHERY. WHERE DOES YOUR GRANDFATHER FISH?>>HE FISHED OFF WESTERN BAY.>>Reporter: THE LEAD BIOLOGIST, SHE HEARD THE CALL FOR INCREASED QUOTAS. SHE IS RESISTING. DO YOU FEEL THE PRESSURE?>>Interview: THE PRESSURE IS DEFINITELY THERE, ESPECIALLY FOR FISHERIES MANAGERS. I THINK BECAUSE THE STOCK IS WHERE IT IS, IN THE LOWER CRITICAL ZONE. I THINK IT IS NOT THE ANSWER RIGHT NOW. BUT IT DOES INDICATE WE NEED TO BE MORE CAREFUL WHAT WE ARE DOING ON THE STOCK.>>Reporter: WE CANNOT GET IT WRONG TWICE?>>Interview: NO. YOU DON’T WANT TO GET IT WRONG TWICE.>>Reporter: FOR NOW, THE MOST WIDESPREAD COD FISHERY WILL REMAIN RECREATIONAL. ANY NEWFOUNDLANDER CAN FISH FOR COD TO EAT DURING CERTAIN TIMES IN THE SUMMER. THIS IS THE WORKING DECK OUT HERE.>>YES.>>Reporter: WINSLOW IS GEARING UP FOR THE POSSIBILITY OF INCREASED COMMERCIAL QUOTAS ANYWAY. HE SAID THE DAYS OF THE OLD WAY OF DOING THINGS HAVE TO BE GONE.>>Interview: EVERYBODY REALIZES NOW, FOR THE FISHERY TO SURVIVE IN THE FUTURE, AFTER 25 YEARS OF A MORATORIUM, WE HAVE TO GET THE TECHNOLOGY RIGHT. THE WAY WE ARE HARVESTING FISH RIGHT, IF WE DON’T, IT WILL BE 25 YEARS WASTED.>>Reporter: STILL, WHEN YOU ASK THE QUESTION… DO YOU THINK ANYTHING HAS CHANGED?>>Interview: WELL, I WILL TELL YOU WHAT…>>Reporter: YOU TOOK A LONG TIME TO ANSWER THAT ONE.>>Interview: I HOPE THEY HAVE. I DON’T KNOW IF THEY REALLY HAVE.>>Reporter: GORD JAMES HAS LITTLE FAITH THAT IS MUCH HAS CHANGED. HISTORY IS REPEATING ITSELF.>>Interview: HISTORY IS REPEATING ITSELF, EXACTLY THE WAY I PREDICTED AND YOU CAN MARK THAT DOWN SOMEWHERE. THAT IS THE WAY IT WILL GO.>>Reporter: THE NORTHERN COD WILL REALLY BE BACK ANY TIME SOON…>>I WILL GUARANTEE YOU, I WILL NOT LIVE LONG ENOUGH TO SEE IT IN FULL TILT. IF PEOPLE THINK WE WILL GET THE FISH WE DID AT ONE TIME, IT WILL NOT HAPPEN.>>Reporter: HIS WIFE TURNED TO PAINTING FOR A HOBBY AND TO MAKE A FEW DOLLARS, BUT HER FISHING DAYS ARE DONE. GORD JAMES WILL NOT BE FAR BEHIND HER, IF HE CAN FIND HIS PODS, HE WILL FINISH OUT THE YEAR, HE MAY THEN JOIN THE RANKS OF THOUSANDS OF OTHERS WHO TURNED THEIR BACKS ON THE FISHERY FOR THE LAST TIME. REG SHERREN, CBC NEWS, NEWFOUNDLAND.>>Peter: WELL, WHEN THE SUBJECT IS NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR, AND ITS SPECIAL WAY OF LIFE, WE ALWAYS LIKE TO HEAR FROM A CERTAIN MAN OF THE PEOPLE. REX. HE IS UP NEXT. ♪ ♪ Reporter: One of the highlights
of the sports year throughout Western Europe–
the International Auto Exhibit. By and large, the designers
and manufacturers have worked toward the goal
of producing a car that will carry the most people
the farthest at the lowest cost. But comfort
remains a factor, and as far as gadgetry
is concerned, the European car makers
are in a neck-and-neck race with their
American counterparts. ♪ [dreamy] Transporting cargo
is no problem for the XP883… Reporter: The automobile may be
a form of transportation, a way of getting
from here to there, but it’s also
much more. It has served Americans as
a status symbol, a love object, and an instrument
of adolescent machismo. Suddenly, we’ve become
aware that families that would never dream
of purchasing a hundred-dollar painting
are eager to spend $7,000 for a gleaming, striped,
and chromed hunk of metal. In their eyes,
this suggests beauty. This particular car
is all electric, yes. And you remember we came in
the front door, here. Um, it’s very simple. There’s a brake
and an accelerator, and one position for forward
and one position for reverse, and that’s all
there is to it. Woman: We just seal this up
by pulling this down? Man:
Right, let’s try it. -There.
Woman: How about that? Do you suppose we’ll
ever get out again? Man: I don’t know,
I feel like… preserved here,
like some peaches. [car zooms] Reporter: Now, we
realize the emphasis is on wheels, but we never
expected to find this. It’s called
the Panther 6– because it
has six wheels. Two on the back,
four on the front. The Panther is now handmade
just outside Vancouver, and uses a huge Cadillac
turbo engine. -How fast?
-200 miles an hour. -How much?
-$200,000. Wow! ♪ [TV theme] Reporter: So what will you be
driving in 25 years? This prototype
was designed to travel at 240 kilometres per hour. TV cameras mounted
inside the back of the car feed the driver pictures
of what’s happening behind. And what you do
is you program in where you want to go
and where you are, and on this screen,
you get a digitized map that shows you the best
alternative route to take. Reporter: This car
just might take the place of some airplane flights. ♪ [mid tempo guitar] ♪ [dreamy] ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ [♪♪♪]>>HEAR THE TIDES FLOW. THE SIGNATURE LINE OF NEWFOUNDLAND. JULY 2, 1992, THEY END WITH A VENGEANCE. A DATE THAT HAS AS ITS RIVAL MARCH 31st, 1947. WHEN WE JOINED CONFEDERATION. JOHN CROSBIE ON THAT DAY, BRAVE MAN HE WAS AND IS, WENT TO A WHARF ON THE SOUTHERN SHORE TO ANNOUNCE THE COD MORATORIUM. IT IS BAD NEWS WHEN GOVERNMENT REACHES FOR LATIN ANNOUNCES. SINCE ELIZABETH I AS QUEEN STUMBLED INTO BONAVISTA, THE FISHERY DREW PEOPLE HERE. ON THAT DAY, IT WAS DENIED. THE MAINSTAY OF THE NEWFOUNDLAND GENERATIONS AND ALL THE TRADE AND CRAFT THAT WENT WITH IT. ECONOMICALLY, THE MORATORIUM WAS SAVAGE. ALL NEWFOUNDLAND INSHORE FISHERMEN INSTANTLY FOUND THEMSELF WITHOUT WORK. THE HIT WAS GREATER. THE GREATEST CONTINUITY IN THE TENACIOUS NEWFOUNDLAND WAY OF OUT PORT LIFE HAD BEEN SNAPPED. THE CORD BROKEN. THE FISHERY WAS IN ALL THE WAYS THAT COUNT, THE BE ALL AND THE END ALL OF THE NEWFOUNDLAND WAY. IT DETERMINED HOW THE ISLAND WAS SETTLED. IT SET THE PATTERNS OF LIFE, LANGUAGE AND LIVELIHOOD. IT WAS DOTTED WITH HARDSHIP AND TRAGEDY. IT ALSO BRED RESILIENCE, HIGH SPIRITS, DARK HUMOUR AND HOSPITALITY. PSYCHOLOGICALLY, I AM NOT SURE THE COLLAPSE OF THE NEWFOUNDLAND FISHERY IS FULLY MEASURED NOW. IT RIPPED THE HEART OUT OF OUR INTIMACY WITH THE SEA. NEWFOUNDLANDERS WHAT THEY HAVE ALWAYS KNOWN AND DONE BEST. A HARD LIFE OF PRECARIOUS TOIL, YET FIND A MEASURE OF JOY AND TRIUMPH IN MAKING DUE. MOST OF ALL, IT PUT A SEAL ON OUT PORT LIFE. THE GREAT NURSERY OF THE NEWFOUNDLAND TONGUE, THE FOUNTAIN OF FOLK MUSIC STORY AND SONG AND THE TABLET ON WHICH AN UNIQUE WAY OF LIFE WAS ENGRAVED. OUT OF THE CRAMPED AND YET RICH LIFE OF THE OUT PORT EMERGED THE STRENGTH AND FORCE OF NEWFOUNDLAND CHARACTER. WHICH FOUND ITS HIGHEST REPRESENTATION IN THE DRAMATIC CHRONICLE OF THE GREAT ARTIST BLACKFOOT. HIS PRESENCE IN THE FISHERY AND SEAL HUNT AND LIFE ON THE NORTHEAST COAST, SHOOT THE STORY INTO REALMS OF MYTH. NEWFOUNDLAND LIFE AND CULTURE HAVE ALWAYS BEEN THE OUT PORT. AND WITH THE MORATORIUM, BEGAN THE UNRAVELLING OF ITS REASON TO BE. WITH THE FISHERY CLOSED, THE YOUNG AND OLD, PARTICULARLY THE YOUNG, FLED TO OTHER SHORES. OUT WEST TO ALBERTA. WHICH WAS A GREAT SALVATION FOR MANY. FURTHER AFIELD TO THE OIL RIGS OFF MEXICO AND THE AFRICAN COAST. THE ECONOMIC FOCUS SHIFTED TO THE OFFSHORE OIL. BOTH BEGAN THE HISTORICAL COMMUNITIES THAT ARE NOW SO MANY SHELLS OF THE FORMER BEING, PLACES TO VISIT MORE THAN TO LIVE IN. AND SIRENS FOR TOURISTS. VESSELS OF NOSTALGIA. 25 YEARS AGO, A TIDE END, THAT MAY NEVER BE FULL AGAIN. FOR THE NATIONAL I’M REX MURPHY.>>TOMORROW ON THE SUMMER EDITION OF THE CURRENT, CANADA’S DISTINCTIVE SIGN OF MULTICULTURALISM. Each working day of the year
throughout Canada, the Post Office handles about
10 million pieces of mail. The men who face the gigantic
task of sorting this mass of mail,
must know the names of 13,000 cities, towns,
and villages in Canada. [chanting] In the last decade its
reputation for quick dependable service as been smashed by
literally hundreds of labour disturbances. Its deficit has risen to an
astonishing 600 million dollars a year and its automation
program is so far behind schedule, no one can estimate
when it will be finished. Canadians are
losing patience. They’re increasingly
fed up and so am I. The Post Office will become
a crown corporation. In rural communities across
Canada the Post Office is more than a place to buy stamps
and pick-up your mail and this one is
no exception. It’s really
the centre of the village. But Canada Post says
it loses money. These new super
boxes will replace Berna Dunlaw. There’s no contact with an
aluminium box and a key. We want to have
a community life. About 30 groups of angry
residents from across Canada kicked off a national
campaign today to get rid of
‘super’ mail boxes. Anne Derrit lives in Markham,
just north of Toronto. She doesn’t get
home mail delivery. Every weekday either
she or her husband trudges about 100 metres
to the neighbourhood mailbox. Derrit hates that trek so much
she helped found RAM – Residents Against
Mailboxes. RAM, Mulroney,
mailboxes. [applause] Well the Post Office delivered
something today it hasn’t been able to
for 30 years – a profit. Canada Post says it made almost
100 million dollars in the past year and it expects even
bigger profits in the future. Canadians are making fewer
trips to the mailbox. This is
the mail culprit – email. Now as mainstream as
a Hollywood blockbuster movie. Convincing the millions of
Canadians who use it to come back to so called,
‘snail mail’ won’t be easy. Why would I want
to mail a letter? And post it? And then go
to the mailbox? Why? Big change for
many Canadians – the end of home mail
delivery in urban centres. On doorsteps across the country
today there came plenty reaction to the big changes
at Canada Post. I like to have things delivered
and everyone cuts back and it’s so silly. [musical overture] Like the milkman
a generation of more ago, the days of daily visits from
your friendly letter carrier will soon seem like a quaint
notion from a another era. ♪ ♪ The National. [theme] The National. [theme] Tonight… [theme] ♪ ♪>>Announcer: Summer is golden on CBC Sports. ♪ come on, y’all it’s time to rise up ♪ [♪♪♪]>>Peter: THE CREATOR OF PADDINGTON BEAR MICHAEL BOND HAS DIED AT THE AGE OF 91. INSPIRED BY A TEDDY BEAR, BOND OFFERED HIS WIFE BASED ON MEMORIES OF CHILD EVACUEES AND REFUGEES IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR AND NAMED AFTER THE TRAIN STATION HE USED DAILY. THE FIRST STORY ABOUT THE ACCIDENT PRONE BEAR WAS PUBLISHED IN 1958.>>I THINK HE HAS A STRONG SENSE OF RIGHT AND WRONG. A POLITE BEAR. MY FATHER WAS A POLITE MAN.>>Peter: IN 2014, PADDINGTON RAISED HIS HAT TO BOND WHO MADE A CAMEO IN THE MOVIE. THE BOOKS HAVE SOLD 35 MILLION COPIES IN 40 LANGUAGES. MICHAEL BOND’S PUBLICIST SAID HE DIED YESTERDAY AFTER A SHORT ILLNESS.>>>THAT’S “THE NATIONAL” THIS WEDNESDAY NIGHT. MY LAST TIME IN THIS STUDIO WORKING WITH A FABULOUS STUDIO CREW AND AN EQUALLY GREAT CONTROL ROOM CREW. I STILL HAVE ONE MORE NATIONAL TO DO. THIS FRIDAY, BUT IT WILL BE FROM OTTAWA ON THE EVE OF OUR BIG CANADA DAY SHOW ON SATURDAY. BUT NOW, IT IS GOOD-BYE TO STUDIO 52. IT HAS BEEN A KIND OF GREAT SECOND HOME. [♪♪♪] I’M PETER MANSBRIDGE. THANK YOU FOR WATCHING. [♪♪♪]

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