The National for June 5, 2019 — D-Day Anniversary, Microplastics, Raptors

The National for June 5, 2019 — D-Day Anniversary, Microplastics, Raptors


>>Adrienne: TONIGHT… REMEMBERING THE LONGEST DAY. (*) CEREMONY HONOUR THOSE CANADIANS WHO SERVED ON D-DAY. THOSE WHO LIVED AND THOSE WHO FELL IN THESE SANDS. 75 YEARS AGO TONIGHT 14,000 CANADIANS WERE OUT THERE GETTING READY TO STORM JUNO BEACH. (*)>>THEY’RE A VERY COMPLEX MIXTURE OF CONTAMINANTS.>>Andrew: WE’RE TALKING ABOUT MICROPLASTICS. WE EAT THEM, DRINK THEM, AND EVEN BREATHE THEM IN, BUT HOW MUCH? WHATEVER YOUR GUESSES, YOU’RE PROBABLY WAY LOW. (*)>>LET’S GO, RAPTORS!>>Ian: AND THE RAPTORS TAKE THEIR TALENTS TO GOLDEN STATE. CANADIAN FANS TALK GAME THREE OF THE NBA FINALS.>>>THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.” (*)>>Adrienne: I’M STANDING TONIGHT WHERE HISTORY WAS MADE 75 YEARS AGO. JUNO BEACH ON THE COAST OF NORMANDY, FRANCE. THIS WAS WHERE CANADIAN SOLDIERS FOUGHT THEIR WAY INTO NAZI HELD TERRITORY ON D-DAY. IT WAS A TURNING POINT IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR. KNOWING THAT MEANS KNOWING THE SAND AND WATER HERE MAKES FOR NO ORDINARY BEACH. ENGLAND IS ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE CHANNEL, PARIS IS ABOUT THREE HOURS TO THE EAST. BUT JUST HOURS FROM NOW ON JUNE 6th, 1944, THIS SAND BECAME A BATTLEGROUND. IT HAS BEEN A PLACE OF PILGRIMAGE EVER SINCE. CANADIAN SOLDIERS COMING BACK TO STAND AGAIN WHERE THEY CHANGED THE COURSE OF HISTORY. TOMORROW A SPECIAL D-DAY CEREMONY WILL BE HELD HERE. THE PROMISE KEPT, TO REMEMBER AND HONOUR THE SACRIFICE. AHEAD OF THAT CEREMONY OTHERS ARE HELD TODAY, INCLUDING ONE IN TINY BÉNY-sur-MER. THAT’S ABOUT A 10-MINUTE DRIVE FROM HERE. IT’S WHERE MORE THAN 2,000 CANADIANS KILLED IN THE BATTLE OF NORMANDY ARE BURIED. NAHLAH AYED WAS THERE. (*)>>Reporter: ON A BEACH FUSED WITH CANADIAN STORIES, THEY HAVE COME TO REVIVE HISTORY. FEW NOW REMEMBER IT FIRSTHAND. FOR MOST THE BEACH IS AS CLOSE AS THEY’VE COME TO THE HORRORS OF THAT WAR. THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL FIRST VISITED WHEN SHE WAS 15.>>THE WHITE CROSSES. THE BARGES THAT WERE STILL OUT IN THE SEA. AND THE FACT THAT SO MANY YOUNG PEOPLE LOST THEIR LIVES HERE. AND THAT WAS AN EYE OPENER.>>Reporter: AND SO THIS FOR ALL WHO HAVE COME AN OCCASION TO BATTLE THE PASSAGE OF TIME. THE YOUNG AND THE OLDER, ALL IN THEIR 90s VISITING THE ONES LOST IN THEIR 20s. AND SO THEY RE-TOLD JUST SOME OF THEIR STORIES.>>THE ROYAL WINNIPEG, REGINA>>THE ROYAL WINNIPEG, REGINA RIFLES AND THE CANADIAN SCOTTISH REGIMENT, [Speaking French]>>Reporter: NODDING TO ALL OF THE CANADIAN PLACES TOUCHED BY A FAR AWAY WAR. (*) AND THOSE WHO RETURNED, SOME FOR THE FIRST TIME SINCE, BRING LESSONS ABOUT THE TOLL OF WAR AND THE FRAGILITY OF PEACE. (*) AND THE PAIN OF SACRIFICE.>>WE WILL REMEMBER THEM.>>I AM STILL THINKING ABOUT MY FRIENDS THAT I LOST HERE. IT’S SAD, VERY SAD. YEAH, CAN’T HELP BUT REMEMBER THEM. (*)>>Reporter: A TASK THAT ON THE EVE OF D-DAY THEY LEAVE FOR SUBSEQUENT GENERATIONS.>>SO WE HAVE 2,000…>>Reporter: THAT INCLUDES 17-YEAR-OLD COLBY FARRELL FROM NORTH TORONTO WHO RAISED MONEY TO BUY 2,049 CANDLES, ONE FOR EVERY SOLDIER BURIED HERE.>>WE MUST MAKE THE YOUTH AWARE OF THE RESPONSIBILITIES THEY HAVE FOR THE FUTURE.>>Reporter: STUDENTS HERE FROM BURLINGTON, ONTARIO, EACH REQUIRED TO GET TO KNOW THE STORY OF ONE FALLEN SOLDIER. TODAY THEY VISITED THEIR GRAVE.>>EVEN THOUGH I’VE NEVER MET THIS PERSON AND NEVER MET THE FAMILY OR ANYTHING, JUST HIT ME RIGHT IN THE HEART.>>YOU DO EVEN JUST A LITTLE BIT OF RESEARCH AND PAY ATTENTION IN HISTORY CLASS BECAUSE THIS IS A REALLY HONOURABLE THING THAT THESE BRAVE MEN AND WOMEN DID FOR OUR COUNTRY. (*)>>Reporter: AND THEIR ULTIMATE FATE STILL SO HARD TO IMAGINE. NAHLAH AYED, CBC NEWS, FRANCE.>>Adrienne: FOR MANY SOLDIERS THE JOURNEY TO THIS BEACH STARTED IN PORTSMOUTH, ENGLAND. THAT’S WHERE THEY BOARDED SHIPS AND SET OFF FOR BATTLE. AS MARGARET EVANS SHOWS US, TODAY IT WAS A BIG-NAME GUEST LIST INCLUDING THE QUEEN, JUSTIN TRUDEAU AND DONALD TRUMP. (*) LIST INCLUDING THE QUEEN, JUSTIN TRUDEAU AND DONALD TRUMP. (*)>>Reporter: PORTSMOUTH, ON ENGLAND’S SOUTHERN COAST. THE PRESENT TURNING TO JOIN HANDS WITH THE PAST, EMERGING. IT WAS FROM THESE SHORES THAT THE INVASION OF NORMANDY WAS LAUNCHED, CHANGING THE COURSE OF HISTORY. TODAY THE LEADERS OF THE WESTERN WORLD GATHERED TO REMEMBER. CANADIANS AMONGST THOSE BEING HONOURED.>>I WAS THE SECOND ONE ON THE BEACH. THINKING BACK NOW, I DON’T KNOW HOW I SURVIVED IT. (*)>>Reporter: THE GUEST OF HONOUR, THE VETERANS, ARE INCREASINGLY FRAIL. SMALL ON THIS BIG STAGE BUT GIANTS TO THOSE WHO ROSE TO THEIR FEET FOR THEM.>>IT IS WITH HUMILITY AND PLEASURE ON BEHALF OF THE ENTIRE COUNTRY, INDEED, THE WHOLE FREE WORLD, THAT I SAY TO YOU ALL, THANK YOU. (*)>>Reporter: THE MOST POWERFUL MOMENTS WERE THOSE WHERE YOU COULD ALMOST FEEL THE BEATING HEARTS OF THE SOLDIERS IN THOSE LANDING VESSELS HEADING TOWARDS FRANCE 75 YEARS AGO. (*)>>THEY’RE HONEST ABOUT IT. WE WERE SCARED, ALL OF US.>>Reporter: ART MOON FROM STRATFORD, ONTARIO, WAS 15 WHEN HE ENLISTED AND 18 WHEN HE LANDED ON D-DAY. A TANK GUNNER.>>WE HAD TO MAKE IT ALL UP THAT DAY, YOU KNOW. BECAUSE YOU CAN PRACTISE ALL YOU WANT BUT THE REAL THING IS A WHOLE LOT DIFFERENT. [Applause]>>Reporter: BOON WAS AMONGST THOSE HONOURED ON STAGE TODAY, MEETING PRIME MINISTER JUSTIN TRUDEAU AFTERWARDS. THE ANNIVERSARY COMES AT AN UNCERTAIN TIME, BRITAIN POTENTIALLY SHIFTING AWAY FROM EUROPE AND FEARFUL THAT OLD ALLIANCES ARE NO LONGER AS STRONG AS THEY ONCE WERE. WORRIES SHARED BY BOON.>>WE SPENT A LOT OF TIME TO TRY TO MAKE THINGS BETTER AROUND THE WORLD AND WE DID FOR A LONG TIME. BUT THEY’RE LETTING IT UNRAVEL NOW AND IT’S A LITTLE SCARY. (*)>>Reporter: THE GREATER THE IMPERATIVE THEN THAT THEIR MEMORIES MUST ALSO BECOME OURS. (*) MARGARET EVANS, CBC NEWS, PORTSMOUTH.>>Adrienne: THE LANDINGS ON D-DAY WERE THE FIRST PART OF THE AMBITIOUS ALLIED PLAN “OPERATION OVERLORD.” IT WAS, IN FACT, SUPPOSED TO HAPPEN ON THIS DAY JUNE 5th BUT WEATHER PUSHED IT BACK. ONE CRUCIAL UNCONTROLLABLE DETAIL IN A METICULOUS PLAN. CANADIAN HISTORIAN MARGARET McMILLIAN IS ALL ABOUT THE DETAILS. SO, MARGARET, WHEN WE LOOK BACK ON THIS DAY IN 1944, TAKE US TO THAT MOMENT. WHAT WAS HAPPENING AT THIS TIME THEN?>>QHAFS HAPPENING HERE IN COURSEULLES WAS NOT VERY MUCH. AND OUT THERE IN THE DARK ACROSS THE CHANNEL, SOME 7,000 SHIPS, PARATROOPERS WERE GETTING ON PLANES AND GLIDERS WERE LINED UP TO LAND IN FRANCE. IT WAS A MASSIVE OPERATION, IT WAS THE BEGINNING OF THE END FOR THE GERMANS.>>Adrienne: AND THEY WERE RELYING ON A GOOD FULL MOON?>>THEY WERE RELYING ON THE GOOD FULL MOON BECAUSE THEY WANTED THE PARATROOPERS TO SEE WHERE THEY WERE DROPPING. BUT THEY WERE ALSO COUNTING ON A FULL MOON BECAUSE IT WOULD BE HIGH TIDE AND EASIER FOR THE LANDING CRAFT TO GET IN. BUT THEY HAD TO POSTPONE IT BECAUSE THE WEATHER HAD BEEN SO DREADFUL BUT IT WAS STILL DREADFUL ON JUNE 6th.>>Adrienne: THERE WAS A TINY WINDOW?>>THE WHOLE THING WAS A GAMBLE. AND GENERAL EISENHOWER WENT AROUND WITH A LITTLE BIT OF IN HIS POCKET AND APOLOGIZING FOR IT GOING WRONG. THEY WERE REALLY TAKING A CHANCE.>>Adrienne: WHEN YOU FAST-FORWARD 75 YEARS, AS AN HISTORIAN WHAT ARE YOU LOOKING FOR TOMORROW, WHAT WILL YOU TAKE AWAY?>>WE OVERUSE THE WORD HISTORIC SIGNIFICANCE BUT TOMORROW REALLY IS. IT’S 75 YEARS SINCE THIS GREAT ENDEAVOUR AND 75 YEARS SINCE SOME OF THE MEN WHO WERE GOING TO BE HERE WERE YOUNG MEN HERE. AND I DON’T SUPPOSE THAT THEY’LL BE AROUND FOR MUCH LONGER, FOR MANY MORE ANNIVERSARIES. THERE’S A SENSE OF TIME PASSING. WE’RE LOOKING BACK AT A TIME WHEN THERE SEEMED TO BE A PURPOSE AMONGST THE WESTERN DEMOCRACIES AND AS A MOMENT THAT WE CAN REFLECT ON WHAT WE’RE DOING TODAY.>>Adrienne: OKAY, MARGARET, THANK YOU VERY MUCH, WE’LL SEE YOU BRIGHT AND EARLY IN THE MORNING.>>THANK YOU.>>Adrienne: MARGARET WILL BE HERE WITH ME TOMORROW TOO FOR OUR CBC NEWS SPECIAL MARKING THE D-DAY ANNIVERSARY. THAT STARTS AT 5:00 a.m. EASTERN, YOU CAN WATCH IT ON CBC TELEVISION AND CBC NEWS NETWORK AND STREAM IT LIVE ON cbcnews.ca AND GEM.>>>WE HAVE MUCH MORE AHEAD TONIGHT TOO, INCLUDING SOME CANADIAN WAR STORIES KEPT SECRET FOR DECADES, BUT NOT ANYMORE.>>THE LISTENERS AROUND THE WORLD SHORTENED THE WAR BY TWO YEARS AT LEAST. AND SAVED A QUARTER OF A MILLION LIVES. SO THAT MAKES ME FEEL PRETTY IMPORTANT AND IN GOOD COMPANY.>>Adrienne: THE LISTENERS, THE WOMEN FORCED TO LIE TO THEIR FAMILIES FOR YEARS ABOUT HOW THEY HELPED TO WIN THE SECOND WORLD WAR TOO. THEY TELL ME THEIR STORIES JUST AHEAD, BUT FOR NOW LET’S SEND IT BACK TO CANADA.>>Andrew: MERRILL, SASKATCHEWAN IS WHERE WE WANT TO START.>>>TWO SIDES MET TODAY TO TALK BUT COULD NOT COME TO AN AGREEMENT. THE ISSUE, MIGRANTS POURING INTO THE U.S. AND TRUMP SAYS THAT UNLESS THAT CHANGES THAT HE’S GOING TO PUNISH MEXICO BUT THERE’S PUSHBACK AND MAYBE FROM WHERE YOU LEAST EXPECT IT. ELLEN MAURO EXPLAINS.>>Reporter: EVEN ABROAD PRESIDENT TRUMP’S MIND DIDN’T STRAY FAR FROM ONE OF HIS TOP ISSUES AT HOME.>>President Donald Trump: THEY’RE COMING UP BY THE MIIONS. MEXICO CAN STOP IT, THEY HAVE TO STOP IT.>>Reporter: BACK IN WASHINGTON A HIGH STAKES MEETING BETWEEN THE VICE PRESIDENT, SECRETARY OF STATE AND MEXICO’S FOREIGN MINISTER, TRYING TO STAVE OFF TRUMP’S THREATENED TARIFFS.>>WE ARE GOING TO FIND OUT A COMMON GROUND I THINK.>>Reporter: THE PRESIDENT TWEETED THAT “PROGRESS IS BEING MADE BUT NOT NEARLY ENOUGH.” AND THAT “IF NO AGREEMENT IS REACHED, TARIFFS AT 5% WILL BEGIN ON MONDAY.” SLAPPING TARIFFS ON ALL MEXICAN IMPORTS COULD COST AMERICANS MORE THAN $20 BILLION AND LAWMAKERS, REPUBLICAN LAWMAKERS, ARE SPEAKING OUT.>>THERE IS NOT MUCH SUPPORT IN MY CONFERENCE FOR TARIFFS, THAT’S FOR SURE.>>MILLIONS OF JOBS IN TEXAS DEPEND ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND IN PARTICULAR TRADE WITH MEXICO.>>Reporter: THAT PRESSURE COULD FORCE A PRESIDENTIAL RETHINK, OR PRESIDENT TRUMP COULD RISK MEMBERS OF HIS OWN PARTY VOTING WITH DEMOCRATS TO STOP THE TARIFFS. YESTERDAY THE PRESIDENT BALKED AT THAT POSSIBILITY.>>President Donald Trump: I DON’T THINK THEY DOLL THAT, I THINK IF THEY DO IT’S FOOLISH.>>Reporter: DESPITE THE TOUGH TALK ON TWITTER TONIGHT, A SIGN AT THAT TARIFFS MAY NOT HAPPEN AT ALL. THE PRESIDENT SAYING THIS OF MEXICO.>>President Donald Trump: I THINK THEY WILL STOP IT AND I THINK THEY WANT TO DO SOMETHING, I THINK THEY WANT TO MAKE A DEAL.>>Reporter: A SOMEWHAT MIXED MESSAGE FROM A PRESIDENT TRYING TO BALANCE HIS PROMISE TO BE TOUGH AT THE BORDER AND KEEPING HIS PARTY ONSIDE. ELLEN MAURO, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Andrew: NOW TO A STORY BACK HERE IN SASKATCHEWAN. FIRST NATION LEADERS THERE SAY THAT THEIR HISTORY IS BEING BULLDOZED, PHYSICAL HISTORY THAT THEY CAN TOUCH. YOU SEE, INDIGENOUS ARTIFACTS REMEMBER ARE WERE FOUND IN DODSLAND, SOUTHWEST OF SASKATOON. THE PROJECT IS SET TO BEGIN AND ACCORDING TO THE DOCUMENTS WHEN THE GOVERNMENT TOOK NOTE OF THE HISTORY THERE THEY UNDERSTOOD IT, BUT GAVE THE GREEN LIGHT ANYWAY. JASON WARICK TAKES US THERE.>>Reporter: MITZIE GILROY AND HER HUSBAND HAVE OWNED THIS PASTURE LAND IN CENTRAL SASKATCHEWAN FOR DECADES.>>WE HAVE LOOKED AT THIS FOR HOW MANY YEARS AND WHAT DO YOU SEE? NICE GRASS AND STUFF, BUT THERE WERE ALL OF THESE SECRETS BURIED HERE.>>Reporter: ARCHAEOLOGISTS WERE BROUGHT IN LAST SUMMER TO SURVEY THE AREA FOR A PROPOSED GRAVEL ROAD.STUFF, BUT THERE WERE ALL OF THESE SECRETS BURIED HERE.>>Reporter: ARCHAEOLOGISTS WERE BROUGHT IN LAST SUMMER TO SURVEY THE AREA FOR A PROPOSED GRAVEL ROAD. BELOW THE SURFACE THEY FOUND TOOLS, POTTERY AND VOLCANIC ROCK, INDIGENOUS ARTIFACTS, SOME UP TO 10,000 YEARS OLD. GILROY THOUGHT THAT DISCOVERY WOULD PUT THE PROJECT ON HOLD BUT THAT DIDN’T HAPPEN. AS YOU CAN SEE CONSTRUCTION APPEARS TO HAVE BEGUN WITH THE GRATING OF THE PROPOSED ROUTE ALREADY UNDERWAY. NOW THE GILROYS AND THE INDIGENOUS LEADERS SAY THAT THEY’RE SHOCKED AND DISAPPOINTED. CBC NEWS OBTAINED THIS SASKATCHEWAN GOVERNMENT REPORT. THE GOVERNMENT ACKNOWLEDGES THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE DISCOVERY BUT THEN SAYS, “THIS OFFICE HAS NO CONCERN WITH THE PROJECT PROCEEDING AS PLANNED.” FIRST NATIONS LEADERS SAY THEY’RE FURIOUS THAT THE GOVERNMENT DIDN’T TELL THEM ABOUT THE ARTIFACTS AND THAT CONSTRUCTION APPEARS TO BE GOING AHEAD.>>WE EXPECT THAT WE ARE NOTIFIED SO THAT WE ARE ABLE TO COME AND TO DO THE PROPER PROTOCOLS TO ENSURE THE SITES ARE NOT DISTURBED.>>Reporter: THE GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL TOLD CBC NEWS THAT THERE’S NO LAW REQUIRING THEM TO INFORM FIRST NATIONS WHEN THEY FIND INDIGENOUS ARTIFACTS. THE GILROYS INVITED ELDERS TO THE SITE THIS WEEK. AFTER A SOLEMN PIPE CEREMONY, FARMERS AND INDIGENOUS LEADERS TALKED ABOUT THE NEED FOR RECONCILIATION.>>WE NEED TO TRY AND GET OVER PERCEPTIONS OF RACISM AND THOSE TYPES OF THINGS, BUT SOMETIMES IT’S DEEPLY EMBEDDED IN A SYSTEM.>>Reporter: SHELDON WUTTUNEE BELIEVES THAT THE VOLCANIC ROCK IS SACRED, AS IS THE LAND THAT IT CAME FROM. TODAY WUTTUNEE WAS ABLE TO TAKE A LOOK BEFORE IT WAS SHIPPED TO THE ROYAL SASKATCHEWAN MUSEUM.>>IT’S EXTREMELY EMOTIONAL FOR ME. WE’VE BEEN THROUGH A LOT. YOU CAN FEEL THE HISTORY THERE.>>Reporter: WUTTUNEE WONDERS WHAT ELSE LIES BENEATH THE SITE, BUT ONCE THE ROAD IS BUILT, SOME TREASURES COULD BE LOST FOREVER. JASON WARICK, CBC NEWS NEAR DODSLAND, SASKATCHEWAN.>>Ian: CANADA’S TOP OFFICIAL IN CANADA IS LEAVING THE COUNTRY. THE AMBASSADOR LU SHAYE WILL BE ASSIGNED TO FRANCE. LU HAS BEEN CRITICAL OF CANADA DURING HIS TENURE SO AT A TIME WHEN THE TENSIONS BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES ARE HIGH IT MEANS THAT NEITHER CANADA NOR CHINA WILL HAVE A PERMANENT AMBASSADOR IN EACH OTHER’S COUNTRY.>>>THE CAL BARRY PARENTS OF A TODDLER WHO DIED OF A STAPH INFECTION AFTER THEY REFUSED TO TAKE HIM TO A DOCTOR WERE SENTENCED TODAY. JENNIFER AND JEROMIE CLARK WILL SERVE 32 MONTHS IN PRISON. THEY WERE CHARGED WITH CRIMINAL NEGLIGENCE CAUSING DEATH AND FAILING TO PROVIDE THE NECESSARIES OF LIFE TO THEIR 14-MONTH-OLD SON.>>THERE NEEDS TO BE A MESSAGE SENT THEY SIMPLY CAN’T MAKE THOSE DECISIONS TO THE DETRIMENT OF THE CHILD.>>Ian: THE BOY WAS TAKEN TO HOSPITAL IN 2013 WITH A BLISTERING RASH OVER MUCH OF HIS BODY. MEDICAL EXPERTS TESTIFYING THAT IF HE’D SEEN DOCTORS EARLIER THAT HE ALMOST CERTAINLY WOULD HAVE SURVIVED.>>THIS IS A FAIR AND A TIME LIMITED APPROACH THAT APPLIES ACROSS THE PROVINCIAL PUBLIC SECTOR.>>Ian: THE ONTARIO GOVERNMENT HAS INTRODUCED LEGISLATION TO CAP PUBLIC SECTOR WAGE INCREASES. IF PASSED THERE WOULD BE A 1% WAGE CAP FOR THREE YEARS. THAT WOULD AFFECT ABOUT A MILLION WORKERS. THE TORIES SAY THAT THE MOVE REFLECTS ONTARIO’S FISCAL SITUATION AS IT TRIES TO ELIMINATE AN $11.7 BILLION DEFICIT.>>>AND CANADIAN BASKETBALL FANS HOPE THAT THE TORONTO RAPTORS DON’T SINK INTO DEFICIT AGAINST THE GOLDEN STATE WARRIORS TONIGHT. OUR GREG ROSS IS IN OAKLAND FOR GAME THREE OF THE NBA PLAYOFFS. GREG, WHAT’S IT LIKE DOWN THERE?>>Reporter: WELL, I CAN TELL THAT YOU THIS IS DEFINITELY HOSTILE TERRITORY FOR THE RAPTORS AND THEIR FANS, IAN. IT IS LOUD INSIDE THE ORACLE ARENA. THOSE FANS ARE EXCITED. AND THEY’RE HUNGRY FOR A VICTORY TONIGHT. NOW THE RAPTORS HAVE DONE ONE THING WELL AND THAT’S TO DO THEIR BEST TO TRY TO KEEP THIS CROWD OUT OF THE GAME. LEADING BY AS MANY AS 14 POINTS SO FAR IN THE FIRST HALF. BUT GOLDEN STATE HAS MADE A LATE PUSH IN THE HALF AND CLOSED THE GAP AND THE RAPTORS ON TOP BY EIGHT IN THE DYING SECONDS OF THE SECOND QUARTER. BUT THERE ARE A LOT OF RAPTOR FANS IN THERE TOO AND AMONGST THAT HOSTILE CROWD THAT I WAS TALKING ABOUT YOU SEE GROUPS OF THEM. THEY’RE LOUD AS WELL. THEY’RE TRYING TO CHEER ON THEIR RAPTORS AND TRYING TO CHEER OVER THE ROAR OF THE WARRIORS’ FANS. WE CAUGHT UP WITH SOME OF THOSE RAPTOR FANS AS THEY WERE MAKING THEIR WAY INTO ORACLE ARENA TONIGHT AND THEY ARE FROM COAST-TO-COAST IN CANADA HERE TO WATCH THIS GAME.>>WE’RE SUPPORTING CANADA AS BEST WE CAN.>>EVERYBODY IS FROM ALL OVER CANADA, VANCOUVER, EDMONTON, TORONTO, EVERYBODY.>>Reporter: EVEN THE FANS FROM GOLDEN STATE WANT THEIR PICTURE WITH DODD.>>I LOVE THAT MAN.>>GOT TO KEEP ON CHEERING FOR THE WARRIORS IF YOU WANT TO KEEP ON CHEERING FOR STEPH.>>BUT HE’S ALSO CANADIAN WHICH MEANS THAT HE’S CHEERING FOR TORONTO TOO.>>Reporter: HOW ABOUT THE RAPTORS?>>THEY’RE BIG.>>WE TRIED TO BUY SHIRTS AND THEY WERE SOLD OUT EVERYWHERE.>>I ASKED IF THEY HAD RAPTORS SHIRTS AND HE SAID THEY’RE OVER THERE IN THE TRASH.>>Reporter: YEAH THAT LAST WOMAN HERE FROM ALBERTA CELEBRATING HER 75th BIRTHDAY. HER TWO GRANDDAUGHTERS ARE BRINGING HER OUT HERE TO WATCH THIS GAME. SHE SAID THAT’S THE ONLY THING THAT SHE WANTED. SO EXCITING, FANS FROM COAST-TO-COAST FROM CANADA ARE CHEERING ON THESE RAPTORS TONIGHT AND SO FAR THE RESULT IS LOOKING PRETTY GOOD AND THE RAPTORS ARE TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE FACT THAT THE GOLDEN STATE WARRIORS ARE DEALING WITH A LOT OF INJURIES RIGHT NOW, INCLUDING INJURIES TO TWO TOP PLAYERS IN KEVIN DURANT AND CLAY THOMPSON. SO WE’LL SEE IF THE RAPTORS CAN CONTINUE THIS TREND AND HOLD ON TO THE VICTORY THIS TIME, IAN.>>Ian: THEY ARE UP BY EIGHT AT HALF-TIME SO FINGERS CROSSED ACROSS THE COUNTRY. THANK YOU VERY MUCH, GREG, WE’LL CHECK IN WITH YOU AGAIN IN ABOUT AN HOUR.>>>STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”… ADRIENNE WILL BE BACK WITH MORE OF OUR D-DAY COVERAGE INCLUDING HOW ONE YOUNG CANADIAN HAS MADE IT HIS MISSION TO CAPTURE THE PAST BEFORE IT’S TOO LATE.>>Andrew: BUT FIRST A NUMBER OF TINY BITS OF PLASTIC THAT YOU’RE CONSUMING FROM FOOD, DRINK AND EVEN THE AIR THAT YOU BREATHE. IT MAY SURPRISE YOU.>>IF YOU HAD TO TAKE A WILD GUESS?>>3,000,500.>>1,000?>>18,000? (*) (*)>>WE ARE USING A HUGE AMOUNT OF PLASTIC IN OUR SOCIETY AND THAT PLASTIC INEVITABLY FINDS ITS WAY INTO OUR FOOD.>>Andrew: INTO OUR FOOD AND INTO US. A NEW CANADIAN STUDY IS BREAKING DOWN JUST HOW MANY TINY BITS OF PLASTIC WE ARE ROUTINELY EATING, DRINKING AND EVEN BREATHING. THE CONSERVATIVE NUMBER — 70,000 A YEAR. WHERE IT’S COMING FROM AND WHETHER WE OUT TO BE ALARMED. HERE’S OUR HEALTH REPORTER CHRISTINE BIRAK.>>I SEE A PIECE OF GARBAGE.>>Reporter: THESE THIRD GRADERS ARE CHECKING OUT THE WATER IN THEIR LOCAL CREEK.>>CAN WE SEE ANYTHING IN IT?>>YEAH, KIND OF LITTLE STUFF.>>Reporter: THEY’RE LOOKING FOR EVIDENCE OF PLASTIC IN THE WATER.>>THE PLASTICS START BREAKING>>THE PLASTICS START BREAKING DOWN INTO FINIER PIECES.>>Reporter: SHE’S RIGHT. MICROPLASTICS, SMALLER THAN A GRAIN OF RICE, THEN END UP INSIDE US. SO HOW MANY DO YOU THINK WE TAKE IN EVERY YEAR?>>IF YOU HAD TO TAKE A WILD GUESS?>>3,000,500.>>1,000?>>18,000?>>Reporter: CANADIAN RESEARCHERS EXAMINED 26 STUDIES AND THEY SAY THAT THE AVERAGE ADULT CONSUMES BETWEEN 70,000 AND 121,000 PIECES OF MICROPLASTIC EVERY YEAR. AND THE STUDY ONLY LOOKED AT A SAMPLING OF ITEMS. SEAFOOD, TAP WATER, BOTTLED WATER, BEER AND OUR AIR. RESEARCHERS ALSO FOUND THAT THOSE WHO DRINK MOSTLY BOTTLED WATER MAY BE GULPING DOWN AN EXTRA 90,000 PIECES A YEAR. THE QUESTION IS HOW MUCH IS TOO MUCH FOR OUR BODIES TO HANDLE?>>WE KNOW THAT THERE’S SOME HAZARD BASED ON THE POTENTIAL FOR HEALTH IMPACTS BUT WE REALLY DON’T KNOW THE ACTUAL LIKELIHOOD OF THOSE HEALTH IMPACTS OCCURRING.>>Reporter: WHILE WE DON’T YET KNOW WHAT MICROPLASTICS ARE DOING OUR HEALTH, MARINE BIOLOGISTS ARE SEEING THE EFFECTS OF MICRO AND LARGE PLASTICS IN OTHER LIVING THINGS, INCLUDING WHALES.>>WE KNOW THAT IN SOME CASES PLASTIC ITEMS CAN SUFFOCATE, CAN ARTIFICIALLY SATIATE AND MAKE AN ANIMAL THINK THAT IT’S HAD A BELLY FULL OF FOOD WHEN IT’S NOT GETTING ANY NUTRITION AT ALL.>>Reporter: IN A VARIETY OF FISH AND BIRD SPECIES, SCIENTISTS SAY THAT MICROPLASTICS CAN PREVENT ADEQUATE NUTRITION, REDUCE GROWTH AND REDUCE REPRODUCTIVE CAPABILITIES AND ALTER BEHAVIOUR. BUT EXPERTS WARN THAT IT’S NOT EASY TO STUDY THE EFFECTS OF MICROPLASTICS ALONE.>>WE HAVE FISH AND BIRDS THAT ARE EXPOSED TO MICROPLASTICS AND>>WE HAVE FISH AND BIRDS THAT ARE EXPOSED TO MICROPLASTICS AND MACROPLASTICS, PESTICIDES, FLAME RETARDANTS AND METALS AND PHARMACEUTICALS. THE REST OF THE WORLD IS A CHALLENGING PLACE TO WORK.>>SO TELL US WHAT YOU PUT IN THE FILTER, MAXWELL?>>Reporter: AS SCIENTISTS TRY TO PULL APART THE IMPACTS OF MICROPLASTICS THEY SAY THAT CANADIANS SHOULDN’T BE ALARMED, BUT ADD THAT GIVEN THE UNKNOWNS WE SHOULD BE LOOKING FOR WAYS TO REDUCE PLASTIC USE.>>WOULD YOU DRINK THAT WATER?>>NO.>>Reporter: CHRISTINE BIRAK, CBC NEWS, TORONTO. (*)>>Andrew: STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”… THEY SERVED ON A DIFFERENT KIND OF FRONTLINE. WE’LL INTRODUCE YOU TO THE CANADIAN LISTENERS.>>Ian: AND LATER, A DIFFERENT KIND OF BUS RIDE. ONE DRIVER’S EFFORTS TO MAKE HIS PASSENGERS FEEL AT HOME. PASSENGERS FEEL AT HOME.>>THERE’S ALWAYS QUITE A BIT OF SURPRISE. SO, YOU KNOW, THAT SHOCK ONCE THEY GET OVER IT, THEN IT’S ALL LAUGHTER.>>Ian: HIS STORY IS TONIGHT’S “MOMENT” BUT FIRST… (*) “IN CASE YOU MISSED IT,” AFTER MORE THAN 40 YEARS THE F.B.I. HAS NOW RELEASED DOCUMENTS ABOUT THAT BURLY BACKWOODS LEGEND LURKING ON THE EDGES OF NORTH AMERICA’S PSYCHE. THAT’S RIGHT, BIGFOOT HAS BEEN DECLASSIFIED. SO YOU MAY WONDER AFTER DECADES OF PURPORTED SIGHTINGS AND VIDEOS, WHERE IS THE ELUSIVE CREATURE? THE FILE SHEDS NO LIGHT. IT’S MOSTLY JUST LETTERS TO THE F.B.I. FROM ONE PETER BYRNE, A RELENTLESS OREGON BIGFOOT HUNTER. AND THE F.B.I.’S POLITE BUT BRISK RESPONSES, AND THE ODD NEWSPAPER CLIPPING OR TWO. THEY DID ONCE INDULGE A REQUEST TO ANALYSE A HAIR SAMPLE CLAIMED TO BE FROM THE BEAST ITSELF. SPOILER ALERT — IT WAS JUST DEER FUR. THE BUREAU DOES NOT SHARE BYRNE’S RELENTLESS ENTHUSIASM, WELL, WITH ONE EXEMPTION.>>I HAVE BEEN TRYING YOUR CELL ALL DAY.>>I WAS OUT BIGFOOTING, I HAD MY PHONE TURNED OFF.>>Ian: AS FOR BYRNE AND OTHERS LIKE HIM, THE QUEST CONTINUES. TO TRY TO FIND WAYS TO GATHER MORE EVIDENCE TO CONVINCE THE SKEPTICS THAT DEEP WITHIN THESE WOODS LURKS THE SASQUATCH. (*) (*)>>Adrienne: THESE ARE THE D-DAY PICTURES YOU SEE, THE SOLDIERS YOU SEE, THEIR EXPRESSIONS, THEIR MOVEMENTS STILL SO CLEAR 75 YEARS LATER. BUT THERE WERE OTHERS HELPING THAT DAY, WORKING IN SECRET, PLAYING A PART IN WINNING A WAR. AMONG THEM A GROUP OF WOMEN IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY WHO WERE SOMETIMES CALLED “THE LISTENERS.” FOR YEARS THEY WERE FORBIDDEN FROM TALKING ABOUT WHAT THEY DID. NOW THEY CAN AND THEY ARE, CASTING THE ENTIRE OPERATION IN A BRAND-NEW LIGHT. NOW THEY CAN AND THEY ARE, CASTING THE ENTIRE OPERATION IN A BRAND-NEW LIGHT. (*) (*)>>Adrienne: IN STEP NOW AS THEY WERE THEN. ALL WORKING AS ONE AS THEY WERE THEN. THIS COMMEMORATION OF THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC, AN ANNUAL PLEA TO REMEMBER THE NAMES, THE STORIES OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR.>>FEBRUARY 22nd, 1943…>>Adrienne: NOT ALL HAVE BEEN TOLD, SOME HAVE BEEN LOCKED AWAY. THEIR KEEPERS, THE LIKES OF 96-YEAR-OLD ELSA LESSARD, ONCE ORDERED TO KEEP THEM QUIET. AND FOR DECADES SHE DID. MANY OF HER COMPATRIOTS WENT TO THEIR GRAVES SAYING NOTHING OF THEIR SERVICE. BUT ELSA NOW WANTS THE WORLD TO KNOW WHAT THE WOMEN WHO WERE THE CODE BREAKERS AND THE LISTENERS DID — BECAUSE IT WAS HUGE.>>THE LISTENERS AROUND THE WORLD SHORTENED THE WAR BY TWO YEARS AT LEAST AND SAVED A QUARTER OF A MILLION LIVES. NOW THAT MAKES ME FEEL PRETTY IMPORTANT AND IN GOOD COMPANY.>>Adrienne: A FEW THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT ELSA.>>I GOT YA.>>Adrienne: THANKS, ELSA. THERE AREN’T MANY LIKE HER.>>I’LL DO IT. LET ME DO IT.>>Adrienne: OH, GEEZ, OKAY. AND IF PEOPLE CAN BE NATIONAL TREASURES, WELL, SHE’S ONE OF CANADA’S.>>WALLAH.>>Adrienne: IN THAT HEFTY BAG OF MEMENTOS — HER WAR STORY.>>I WAS 22.>>Adrienne: 22? YOUNG ELSA LESSARD WAS ONE OF 7,000 CANADIAN WRENS. THOSE WERE THE MEMBERS OF THE WOMEN’S ROYAL CANADIAN NAVAL SERVICE. JUST AS HER BROTHERS ENROLLED TO FIGHT, SHE STEPPED UP TOO BUT WAS TASKED WITH A VERY DIFFERENT MISSION.>>I GOT MY MORSE CODE TRAINING AND THEN I WENT TO CLOVER DALE THAT HAD A BOG WHICH IS PERFECT FOR RECEPTION.>>Adrienne: JUST ACROSS THE RIVER FROM MONCTON IS WHERE COVERDALE WAS PERCHED, A SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE POST OPENED IN 1944. THE WORK, SECRET, THE PLACE STAFFED ENTIRELY BY WOMEN. TRAINED TO MONITOR THE U-BOAT ACTIVITY AND INTERCEPT THEIR MESSAGES BACK TO NAZI GERMANY AND ENSURE THEY WEREN’T HEADING DOWN THE ST. LAWRENCE. THESE WOMEN WERE ON THE FRONTLINE OF BREAKING THE GERMAN CODE, SPENT THEIR ENTIRE SHIFTS LISTENING FOR THE TINIEST, THE MOST DISTINCTIVE SOUNDS. I’M CURIOUS IF YOU CAN TAKE ME INTO THOSE HEADPHONES.>>IT’S NOISY, ALL OF THE SHIPS GOING UP AND DOWN THE WATERS ARE FOREVER SENDING MESSAGES. IT’S CALLED TRAFFIC. IT’S LIKE THIS…>>Adrienne: YEP.>>AND YOU HAVE TO FIND YOUR U-BOAT.>>Adrienne: WHAT WAS THAT SOUND WHEN YOU KNEW THAT A U HAD OF BOAT WAS TRYING TO COMMUNICATE?>>IT WAS CALLED REBAR. AND AS SOON AS WE GOT OUR OVEN-BOAT WE HUNG IN THERE AND CAUGHT THE TINIEST MESSAGE AND WE COPIED IT LIKE MAD AND WE HAD A SUPERVISOR THAT WENT AROUND AND SAW YOU GETTING TOWARDS THE LAST AND THEY WOULD ZIP IT OFF THE COPY PAD AND SENT IT DOWN THE HALL IN A TELETYPE OPERATOR… SENDING IT OFF TO ENGLAND AND LESLIE PARK.>>WHO ARE YOU?>>ALAN TOURING.>>LESLIE PARK. THE CRUCIAL AND COVERT GOVERNMENT STATION IN THE U.K. WHERE A TEAM LED BY ALAN TURING BROKE THE CODE THAT WAS THE GERMAN ENCRYPTION SYSTEM. BREAKING THAT CODE MEANT AT THAT ALLIES COULD FIGURE OUT WHAT THE GERMANS WERE REALLY UP TO. THE 2014 MOVIE “THE IMITATION GAME” SHOWED THE WORLD WHAT THEY DID AND JUST HOW URGENT IT WAS THAT IT ALL BE KEPT QUIET IN THOSE DELICATE DAYS.>>NOW FOR THE HARD PART — KEEPING IT A SECRET.>>Adrienne: EVEN THE STATIONS ACROSS THE ATLANTIC LIKE COVERDALE AND THEIR WORKERS LIKE ELSA WERE UNDER THE SAME ORDERS. AT WHAT POINT DID SOMEBODY TELL YOU THAT YOUR WORK IS SECRET?>>ALL WE SUDDEN THAT WE WERE SWORN TO SECRECY FOR AT LEAST 40 YEARS.>>Adrienne: 40 YEARS?>>IT WAS UNDER PAIN OF DEATH. YOU DIDN’T THINK ABOUT IT TWICE. (*)>>I SIT HERE EVERY DAY AND TALK TO HER AND FEEL HER GAZE.>>Adrienne: THE IDEA OF STAYING SILENT ABOUT ALL OF THOSE SOUNDS THEY INTERCEPTED, STUCK WITH CANADA’S WRENS. ISABELLA ARTHUR’S MOTHER WAS LIEUTENANT SHEILA MATHIS.>>SHE HAD THE HAIR AND THE DETERMINED LOOK.>>Adrienne: WHO PLAYED DOWN ANY QUESTIONS ABOUT HER SERVICE.>>EVEN 60 YEARS AFTER THE TIME I WOULD SAY, MAMA, IT WOULD BE GREAT TO KNOW ABOUT IT, AND SHE FELT THAT THE NATIONAL SECURITY WAS STILL INVOLVED AND PERHAPS AT RISK IF YOU TALKED. THERE THEY WERE AT A PICNIC BUT STILL IN UNIFORM AND WEARING THEIR TIE.>>Adrienne: INFORMATION TRICKLED OUT OVER THE YEARS IN THE MOST CURIOUS AND SUBTLE OF WAYS. ISABELLE WAS AN ADULT BEFORE THE SERIOUSNESS OF IT SUNK IN.>>I WAS IN MONTRÉAL STAYING WITH HER FOR A FEW DAYS AND WE WATCHED TELEVISION AND IT WAS A SHOW OR A MOVIE ON — I DON’T EVEN REMEMBER — AND THERE WAS SOME EXCHANGES IN JAPANESE AND SHE BURST OUT LAUGHING. SHE MADE A COMMENT AND I ASKED HER HOW DID SHE KNOW JAPANESE? AND SHE SORT OF STARTED TALKING THAT IT HAD BEEN WHAT SHE HAD DONE A LITTLE BIT DURING THE WAR. BUT AS ALWAYS AS SOON AS YOU PROBE SHE WOULD STOP TALKING ABOUT IT. AND I WOULD GO AND FIND HER NAME…>>Adrienne: ISABELLE WROTE FOR HER MOTHER’S WAR RECORDS AND THEY WERE SO CRYPTIC THAT THEY WERE HARD TO UNDERSTAND.>>PEMBROKE 5 AND I KNEW THAT WAS A CODE FOR LESLIE.>>Adrienne: BUT IT BECAME CLEAR THAT SHE LED A GROUP OF 15 CANADIAN WOMEN WORKING IN LEITCHLY AND HAD MET ALAN TOURING. IT WASN’T UNTIL 2009 THAT THOSE WHO DID THIS CODE WORK WERE RECOGNIZED WITH MEDALS. BY THEN MANY WERE GONE BUT IT ARRIVED IN TIME FOR ISABELLE’S MOTHER.>>I THINK THAT’S WHAT MADE A DIFFERENCE IN HER DECIDING TO TALK ABOUT IT. IT SAYS THAT WE ALSO SERVED. AND THAT IS WHAT BECAME IMPORTANT TO HER, THAT THE WORLD MIGHT SOUND A BIT PRETENTIOUS BUT AT LEAST OTHERS WOULD KNOW THAT THEY ALSO SERVED. (*)>>Adrienne: BUT EVEN THE WOMEN THEMSELVES HAVE SOMETIMES NEEDED ENCOURAGEMENT TO REALIZE WHAT THEY DID MATTERED. THAT’S YOU?>>YEAH. THIS IS OUR KITCHEN.>>Adrienne: MARY OWEN ALMOST HAD TO BE GOADED TO FILL OUT THE PAPERWORK FOR HER MEDAL.>>IT TOOK ME SO LONG TO GET THAT MEDAL BECAUSE I DIDN’T THINK I WAS WORTH IT.>>Adrienne: REALLY?>>YEAH.>>Adrienne: LEST SHE STILL DOUBT — MARY OWEN AND HER WORK MATTERED.>>THIS IS WHAT WE WORE TO KEEP WARM.>>Adrienne: SHE WAS SENT TO THE SOUTHERN MOST POINT OF NOVA SCIORRA TO OPERATE WHAT WAS CALLED A LORAN MACHINE. AND IT WAS FOR LONG RANGE NAVIGATION?>>RIGHT ON. WE HAD A GENERATOR AND WE WOULD SEND OUT A SIGNAL AND THE SHIPS AND THE AIRPLANES WOULD TAKE IT, READ IT, AND THEN THEY WOULD KNOW EXACTLY WHERE THEY WERE STATIONED ON THE OCEAN OR IN THE AIR.>>Adrienne: SO THIS WAS ALL NAVIGATION?>>IT WAS ALL NAVIGATION. IT’S ALL WE DID. AND WE WERE NEVER TO TELL ANYBODY WHAT WE DID. THAT WAS THE BIG SECRET. THIS IS THE LORAN AND THIS IS WHERE WE KEPT TRACK OF THE SIGNALS.>>Adrienne: SECRET BECAUSE THE LORAN MACHINE ALLOWED THE ALLIED FORCES TO NAVIGATE WITHOUT VOICE OR RADIO CONTACT, CRITICAL FOR D-DAY.>>THEY HAD PUT LORAN ON A LOT OF THE SHIPS THAT WERE GOING OVER TAKING THE TROOPS OVER TO FRANCE. THE WEATHER WAS SO BAD THAT THEY WOULDN’T HAVE GOT OVER IF IT HADN’T BEEN FOR MORAN. — LORAN.>>Adrienne: A MACHINE SO CRUCIAL THAT THE WR NERCH EVERYONE S WERE UNDER ORDER TO PROTECT THE STATION AGAINST POSSIBLE GERMAN THREATS. YOU HAD A FAIR AMOUNT OF WEAPONRY?>>WE DID, WE DID. WE HAD DYNAMITE. WE HAD BREN GUNS AND WE HAD STUN GUNS AND WE HAD RIFLES WHICH NONE OF US COULD LIFT.>>Adrienne: SO WHAT WAS THE PLAN FOR ALL OF THAT WEAPONRY?>>THE STORY WAS, SHOOT, SET THE DYNAMITE AND THEN RUN LIKE HELL.>>Adrienne: YOU WERE GOING TO BLOW THE QUONSET HUT — YOU WERE GOING TO BLOW THE WHOLE THING UP?>>BLOW THE WHOLE THING UP AND THEN RUN DOWN THE ROAD.>>Adrienne: BECAUSE THE INTELLIGENCE INSIDE WAS THAT SECRET, THAT IMPORTANT?>>YEP. (*)>>Adrienne: THERE ARE THE FEW PICTURES LEFT, THE STORIES THAT GET SOFTER AROUND THE EDGES WITH TIME, BUT THE FEELINGS? THOSE ARE AS RAW NOW AS THEY EVER WERE. SO HOW OLD WERE YOU WHEN THE IDEA OF ENLISTING JUST STARTED TO BE A BUZZ CONVERSATION IN YOUR WORLD?>>OH, PROBABLY WHEN ALL OF THE BOYS WERE LEAVING.>>Adrienne: CAN YOU IMAGINE A MEMORY SO FRESH, SO ACUTE, THAT 70 YEARS LATER IT CAN HAUNT LIKE THAT.>>YOU NEVER DID ANY OF THIS WITHOUT THINKING OF THE GUY ON THE BEACHES.>>Adrienne: DO YOU THINK IT COST THE WRENS, IN THE SENSE OF RECOGNITION FOR WHAT THEY DID? DO YOU THINK THAT THE IDEA THAT SO MANY SECRETS WERE HELD FOR SO LONG THAT PEOPLE DIDN’T GET THEIR DUE?>>IT’S A FACT OF WAR. JUNO, THERE WERE PEOPLE WHO JUMPED OVER INTO THE ENEMY LINES, WHO WERE TAKEN PRISONER, OR CAME BACK HAVING BEEN THERE, AND THEY NEVER GOT COMPENSATED EITHER.>>ON BEHALF OF THE VETERANS OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY…>>THEY HAVE ALWAYS BEEN THERE, ON AND ON AND ON. THE WOMEN HAVE ALWAYS BEEN THERE FOR THE MEN DURING THE WAR. [Applause]>>Adrienne: AND THE THANK YOUS HAVE SOMETIMES BEEN A LONG TIME COMING BUT EVEN NOW OR ESPECIALLY NOW WHERE THE LIKES OF ELSA ARE STILL ABLE TO SOAK THEM IN, THEY MATTER. OUR D-DAY COVERAGE CONTINUES. JUST AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”… ONE FILMMAKER’S JOURNEY ACROSS CANADA TO PRESERVE THE PAST. HIS CONVERSATIONS WITH SOME OF THE COUNTRY’S LAST REMAINING SECOND WORLD WAR VETERANS.>>THIS IS INCREDIBLE BECAUSE A LOT OF THESE VETERANS THEY TELL ME, LIKE, I HAVEN’T TOLD ANYBODY THESE STORIES. OR MY FAMILIES DON’T EVEN KNOW THIS. THANK YOU SO MUCH. (*) (*)>>Ian: HERE ARE SOME OF THE OTHER STORIES THAT WE’RE WATCHING TONIGHT… NEPALESE OFFICIALS SAY THEY HAVE REMOVED MORE THAN 10,000 KILOGRAMS OF GARBAGE AND FOUR BODIES FROM THE WORLD’S HIGHEST MOUNTAIN. THE CLEAN-UP TEAM ON MOUNT EVEREST SPENT WEEKS COLLECTING FOOD, CANS, EMPTY OXYGEN CYLINDERS. NONE OF THE FOUR BODIES HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED AND IT’S NOT KNOWN WHEN THE PEOPLE DIED. (*)>>>AS D-DAY CEREMONIES TAKE PLACE IN EUROPE TODAY, NOVA SCOTIANS GATHERED IN HALIFAX FOR A WREAGHT-LAYING TO MARK THE SACRIFICES OF THOSE WHO DIED IN WORLD WAR II. DOZENS OF VETERANS ATTENDED THE MEMORIAL AND TOMORROW THERE’S ANOTHER CEREMONY AT THE HALIFAX ARMOURY TO COMPELERATE THE SOLDIERS HEADED TO WAR.>>Adrienne: PEOPLE ARE MARKING THIS ANNIVERSARY IN ALL KINDS OF WAYS, SOME OF THEM DEEPLY PERSONAL. LIKE THIS ONE. HUNDREDS OF PARACHUTISTS AND PARATROOPERS RECREATED ONE OF THE D-DAY JUMPS THAT PUT ALLIED FORCES BEHIND ENEMY LINES THAT MORNING. AMONG THEM, 97-YEAR-OLD TOM RICE. HE JUMPED THAT DAY 75 YEARS AGO AND TODAY HE GOT A LITTLE HELP. FOR DECADES THESE SOLDIERS HAVE BEEN TELLING THEIR STORIES IN OUR CLASSROOMS AND OUR LIVING ROOMS. BUT WHILE THEY ARE SURVIVORS, THEY ARE, OF COURSE, NOT INVINCIBLE. AGE IS TAKING THEM FROM US. SO ONE CANADIAN FILMMAKER SET OUT ABOUT A YEAR AGO TO CAPTURE THEIR STORIES ON CAMERA WHILE THERE’S STILL TIME. (*)>>MY NAME IS ERIC GRANT, I’M 26 YEARS OLD AND I’M THE DIRECTOR OF “LAST ONE STANDING,” A DOCUMENTARY ABOUT CANADA’S LAST REMAINING SECOND WORLD WAR VETERANS. LAST MAY 2018, I DECIDED THAT I WAS GOING TO GO ACROSS CANADA IN THIS VAN AND TRY AND MEET AND INTERVIEW EVERY LIVING SECOND WORLD WAR VETERAN THAT I COULD FIND. I MET LEOPOLD GOGT TODAY. HE’S A 99-YEAR-OLD SECOND WORLD WAR VETERAN. A HUNDRED YEARS OLD IS A BIG MILESTONE. HE WAS WITH THE ROYAL CANADIAN ENGINEERS. THEY WERE THE ONES LOOKING FOR MINES ON THE ROAD TO MAKE SURE THAT THE TROOPS WEREN’T BLOWN UP. JUST MAKING SURE THAT THE ARMY COULD KEEP MOVING AND KEEP MAKING ITS WAY TOWARDS GERMANY AND HOPEFULLY A VICTORY. HIS BROTHER JOINED UP AS WELL AND WENT TO D-DAY. IT WAS INCREDIBLE BECAUSE A LOT OF THESE VETERANS THEY TELL ME THAT I HAVEN’T TOLD ANYBODY THESE STORIES OR MY FAMILIES DON’T EVEN KNOW THIS. THANK YOU SO MUCH.>>THANK YOU.>>HI.>>IN AMAZING SHAPE FOR ALMOST A HUNDRED, EH. HE SAID THIS HIS BROTHER NEVER TALKED ABOUT IT. THE VETERANS ARE PORTALS ON THIS CHAPTER OF HISTORY THAT WAS SO TERRIBLE. THAT WAS A BIG RECRUITING AREA.>>YEAH.>>BUT ONLY A FEW PEOPLE ARE LEFT IN CANADA THAT CAN REALLY REMEMBER IT. IT’S SO IMPORTANT TO PRESERVE THESE STORIES BEFORE THEY REALLY ARE LOST FOREVER. I HAVE REALLY BEEN TRYING TO FOCUS ON A LOT OF THE WOMEN WHO SERVED, BECAUSE THEIR STORIES ARE NOT TOLD NEARLY AS MUCH AS THE MEN ARE. THIS IS J. EDWARDS AND SHE’S ONE OF THE LAST THREE FEMALE SPITFIRE PILOTS LEFT. WOMEN WERE NOT IN COMBAT ROLES DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR BUT A LOT OF WOMEN WERE STILL DOING DANGEROUS WORK. SHE’S 100 NOW. AN AWESOME LADY. THE INSPIRATION FOR THIS PROJECT WAS MY GRANDFATHER. HE WAS IN THE AIR FORCE DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR. I FEEL LIKE I HAVE GOTTEN CLOSER TO MY GRANDFATHER BECAUSE I UNDERSTAND A BIT MORE OF WHERE HE WAS COMING FROM. I THINK THAT ALSO WE’RE ALL LOOKING TO GIVE OUR LIFE MEANING AND THIS PROJECT HAS GIVEN MY LIFE MEANING. I THINK THAT WE’RE AT 376 SECOND WORLD WAR VETERANS, MEN AND WOMEN, FROM THE ARMY AND MERCHANT NAVY AND AIR FORCE WHO HAVE BEEN INTERVIEWED. UNFORTUNATELY ABOUT 40 OF THEM HAVE ALREADY PASSED AWAY. IT IS SAD BUT ALSO IT IS MOTIVATION FOR ME TO KEEP CAPTURING THESE STORIES AND TO TRY TO DO THE BEST JOB THAT I CAN POSSIBLY DO TO JUST HONOUR THEIR MEMORIES AND HONOUR THEIR STORIES AND THE FACT THAT THEY DECIDED TO SHARE IT WITH ME.>>Adrienne: THAT’S IT FOR US FROM FRANCE TONIGHT. WE WILL HAVE MORE ON “THE NATIONAL” TOMORROW NIGHT BUT FOR NOW WE’RE GOING TO SEND IT BACK HOME.>>Andrew: THANK YOU VERY MUCH, ADRIENNE. AND HERE’S A LOOK AT ONE OF THOSE STORIES THAT WE’LL HAVE FOR YOU TOMORROW, ABOUT A SECRET AGENT BEHIND ENEMY LINES WITH A CANADIAN CONNECTION.>>Reporter: SONYA JUMPED TWO WEEKS AFTER HER 20th BIRTHDAY. NINE DAYS BEFORE D-DAY. BRITISH, BUT RAISED PARTLY IN FRANCE, SHE WAS FLUENT IN FRENCH. SHE WOULD ALSO LATER BECOME CANADIAN, BUT FIRST CAME THE RISKIEST ASSIGNMENT OF HER LIFE. SHE SPOKE ABOUT IT FOR A DOCUMENTARY BACK IN 2002.>>WE ALWAYS DID HEAR THE RUMOURS — SO AND SO JUMPED TWO DAYS AGO AND HE WAS SHOT UPON LANDING. WE’D HEAR IT. WE WEREN’T SUPPOSED TO BUT WE WOULD.>>Reporter: HER CODE NAME WAS AGENT MUNCH. ONCE SHE LANDED IN FRANCE HER IDENTITY WAS SUZANNE.>>Andrew: AND UP NEXT OUR “MOMENT,” I LOVE THIS STORY. HOW ONE BRAMPTON, ONTARIO, BUS DRIVER WENT THE EXTRA MILE TO WELCOME HIS PASSENGERS.>>WE’RE TURNING IN THE SAME CIRCLE 10 TIMES IN A DAY AND, YOU KNOW, I’VE ALWAYS ENGAGED. THE LANGUAGE JUST INSPIRED ME BECAUSE I SAW HOW OPEN THEY WERE OR HOW AMAZED THEY WERE TO JUST HAVE A FEW WORDS. SO I THOUGHT, I HAVE A F>>Andrew: MIKE LANDRY HAS BEEN A BUS DRIVER FOR 19 YEARS AND TO PASS THE TIME ON HIS ROUTE IN BRAMPTON, ONTARIO, HE LIKES TO CHAT WITH HIS PASSENGERS, BUT NOT ALL OF THEM SPEAK ENGLISH. LOTS SPEAK PUNJABI. SO LANDRY LEARNED PUNJABI. I CAN’T IMAGINE THAT IS AN EASY THING TO DO. BUT HIS PASSENGERS ARE APPRECIATIVE OF THE EFFORT SO HIS DEDICATION TO CONNECTING AND COMMUNICATING IS OUR “MOMENT.”>>[SPEAKING PUNJABI] SO I HAVE BEEN CHATTING FROM THE GET-GO, AS SOON AS I STARTED THIS JOB. FROM THE GET-GO I HAVE BEEN TRYING TO ENJOY IT AS MUCH AS I CAN. PUNJABI WAS JUST ANOTHER EXTRA BOOST IN A SENSE. IT HELPS WITH PASSENGERS. AND YOU COULDN’T DO WITHOUT THEM, LIKE I SAID, RIGHT? AND YOU’RE NOT GOING TO PICK UP A LANGUAGE UNLESS YOU CONSTANTLY ARE PRACTISING IT.>>[SPEAKING PUNJABI]>>I AM NOT SURE HOW HE CAN SPEAK PUNJABI. HE ASKED ME WHAT IS THE NUMBER OF THIS BUS AND I TOLD HIM.>>I THINK THAT IT’S A GOOD THING AND IT WILL HELP PEOPLE, THEY WILL BE MORE COMFORTABLE.>>IT’S REALLY GOOD. I DON’T HAVE TOO MANY WORDS FOR THIS BUT I REALLY APPRECIATE HIM. [laughter]>>Andrew: I LOVE, LOVE, LOVE THIS STORY. BUT FOR THE OBVIOUS REASON, THE WARMTH OF THAT HUMAN CONNECTION. BUT ALSO IT’S A REALLY PRACTICAL THING. HE SAYS THAT HE HOPES TO ACTUALLY TRAVEL TO INDIA SOMEDAY IF HE CAN PICK UP ENOUGH OF THE LANGUAGE AND MAYBE SPEND A COUPLE MONTHS THERE.>>Ian: IT’S AN EXTRAORDINARY STORY. HE MAY BE THE ONLY BUS DRIVER IN THE COUNTRY WHO HAS DONE THIS WHO HAD NO CONTACT WITH PUNJABI BEFORE AND LEARNED HOW TO SPEAK IT. THERE’S ANOTHER SIDE. IF I WERE HIM IN INDIA AND PEOPLE WERE NOT EXPECTING ME TO SPEAK PUNJABI I WOULD JUST SIT BACK AND PRETEND I DIDN’T AND EAVESDROP ON ALL KINDS OF CONVERSATIONS.>>Andrew: THAT’S EVIL, IAN. COME ON.>>Ian: IT WOULD BE SO MUCH FUN.>>>THAT IS “THE NATIONAL” FOR JUNE 5th. GOODNIGHT.>>Andrew: GOODNIGHT.

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