The Battle for Madrid, 1936 (filmed/animated on location)

The Battle for Madrid, 1936 (filmed/animated on location)


Hi. Im the Political Junkie. “Madrid será la tumba del fascismo”
There was a lot of aggressive, violent confidence in this city. If you stood here during the Spanish Civil
War from 1936-1939, you’d see this iconic banner. “No Pasarán”, “They shall not pass!”. The forces of the Spanish Republic held this
city against the Nationalist rebel forces during the entirety of the Spanish Civil War. After the outbreak of the war, the Nationalists-
the rebels, approached this city at lightning speed. Led by General Francisco Franco, the Nationalists-
thousands of them engaged with the Republicans in the parque del oeste, just about a mile
from where I’m standing. The nationalists were so confident in victory
that fascist radio prematurely and totally incorrectly announced that Franco had already
entered the center of Madrid, and conquered the Puerta del Sol on a white horse. But as it turns out, the siege of Madrid would
last over two years. I want to show you how that played out using
animation, some original footage I took here in Madrid, and of course a cool book which
I think you should read. But first let’s go a little bit deeper with
this topic: this dynamic of the Republic holding out in
the center of Spain against the attacks of the Nationalist forces… this wasn’t the
situation from the very beginning. There was a scramble in July 1936. Once it was clear that a right-wing coalition
was conducting a military coup against the elected government of the Republic, each Spanish
city became a microcosm of the conflict. For example, in Leon and Malaga, the soldiers
stationed there had to make the decision to join the rebellion, or remain loyal to the
Republic. This was of grave concern to the nationalist
plotters of the coup, who toiled over the difficulties in taking strategic centers like
Seville, Barcelona, and Madrid (Thomas 199). After all, were the coup successful, there’d
be no Civil War for us to talk about. This struggle to win over cities was most
poignant in Madrid, where the military takeover was botched, leading to an explosion of violence. July 18, 1936 inside the Cuartel de la montaña,
a barrack in West Madrid, a group of about 2000 soldiers was making the decision to stick
with the Republic, or join the coup. But they lacked clear leadership. General Galarza, the coordinator of the plot
in Madrid had been taken into custody a week prior, and the Republic government cut the
barrack’s communication lines. The prevailing strategy inside was to wait-
stall to see if rebel reinforcements would arrive from Carabanchel to the Southwest. While they dithered, left-wing militias assembled
outside- angry at the insurrection, they eventually convinced the government to distribute them
65,000 arms. Though only 5,000 of these rifles had bolts,
those surrounding the barrack knew that further ammunition lay inside- added incentive to
attack and end the stand-off. This is the modern location of where the Montana
Barracks once stood-the militias assembled on the streets behind me, the Calles Ferraz
and Ventura Rodriguez, riflemen were placed on the rooftops above, while heavy artillery
was brought in to the Republican loyalists through the Plaza de Espana across the street,
and up to San Vicente Hill to the south. But things got even more serious after a full
24 hours of inactivity. According to Hugh Thomas in his classic, ‘The
Spanish Civil War’: “That night Dolores Ibarruri, La Pasionaria,
made the first of many violent speeches, on the radio, calling on ‘workers, peasants,
anti-fascists, and patriotic Spaniards’ not to permit the victory ‘of the hangmen
of Asturias’. No Pasaran, they shall not pass…During the
night of 19-20 July, fifty churches in Madrid were set on fire. The working-class parties, led by paramilitary
units, of which the [communist militia] was the most important, gained effective control
of the streets…On 20 July, a crowd even larger than that which had gathered the previous
day assembled in the Plaza de Espana. All shouted, ‘death the fascism’ and ‘All
to the aid of the Republic’ with exultant monotony. The lance of Don Quixote, whose statue stands
in the center of the square, was enthusiastically interpreted as pointing to the Montana Barracks. Five hours of bombardment of that fortress
followed. Loudspeakers encouraged counter-rebellion
among the soldiers inside the barracks,” The decision to stay loyal to the Republic
or to rebel was massive. For the soldiers inside: choosing the right
side was literally a matter of life and death. For Spain: had the rebels taken control of
Madrid from the beginning, there may have never been a wider conflict. I actually used to live right down the street
for two years, and I had no idea that anything happened here. When you find out what did occur, you’ll
understand why the government has placed no clear markings or historical information in
this beautiful park. It might now be pertinent to now ask, ‘What
were these two sides between which the soldiers were choosing?’ The Spanish elections of 1936 were close-
really close. The areas in the center there represent the
electoral successes of National Front, a coalition of parties with conservative catholics at
its core, but bolstered by monarchists, industrialists, and landowners. They heavily implied a return to autocracy,
regularly borrowing imagery and slogans from european fascists. This menacing poster from CEDA, the main Nationalist
Front party, stared down at people from la puerta del sol, the plaza in the center of
Madrid. It featured the disembodied head of their
candidate Gil Robles, proclaiming, ‘Dadme la mayoria absoluta y os dare una Espana grande’,
‘Give me the absolute majority and I will give you a great Spain,’. It might remind you of a couple National Socialist
posters from 1932, if this one featuring Hitler’s floating head seems like a weak comparison,
check out this strong-man slogan from another, ‘Gib auch du deine Stimme dem Manne der
Kraft’, ‘Give your vote to the man of strength’. This theme of: ‘I am a powerful guy and
only I can fix your problems,’- there was no subtlety here, which is why the other side’s
campaign posters decried the false promises of the ‘Vatican Fascists’. So the right-wing coalition was victorious
in these areas. Winning along the outside of the map and in
the dead-center around Madrid, was the popular front, an amalgamation of left-wing parties. If the Nationalist Front was influenced by
Fascists in Berlin and Rome, the Popular Front was the dramatic opposite- the name itself,
Popular Front, derived at the 7th conference of the Comintern aka the Organization pushing
for World communism and one giant Soviet Republic. So, on a practical level, this meant the Spanish
Popular Front in 1936 was a combination of socialist parties, world communists, independent
leftists- it even garnered tacit support from Anarchists. It would be hard to find a starker contrast
between left and right in any electoral contest ever. That’s why after the left-wing Popular Front
narrowly won the 1936 election and formed a Republican government, plans were immediately
made on the right-wing Nationalist side to overthrow the Congress of Deputies in a military
coup. With that in mind, let’s get back to the
Montaña barrack in July 36. The left and right electoral fronts were now
military operations. The 2000 soldiers were choosing between these
two sides: the democratically elected coalition of left-wingers, whose militias were now lined
up on the street outside. Or, many of their own military leaders, right-wing,
despising the new government, promising a return to the way things were- and who importantly,
were nowhere in sight, isolated in other parts of the country. Unable to make a clear choice, some inside
took a third option: for the moment, surrender to the immediate threat, the militias directly
outside. A white flag was draped from a barrack window
signifying the intent to surrender. Republican loyalists approached the barracks
to accept, but surprisingly, were then shot at from the fortress. It seems some inside the barrack weren’t
in agreement with giving up. Hugh Thomas says this confusing process happened
twice- loyalists approaching, then greeted with machine gun fire. With this, the militias outside soon became
an angry mob. Thomas adds that the ensuing slaughter ‘beggared
description’. But I’ll describe it. After another round of artillery and aerial
bombardment, the barrack was stormed. Around 200 of the defenders were overrun,
dragged from their hiding spots, sprayed with bullets, or thrown out windows. The rest were dragged to prison, often with
undressed wounds. With Madrid firmly in the Republic’s hands,
the stage was set for a 2 and a half year civil war with 500,000 casualties: many of
them just like these: ideological, impulsive, and extrajudicial. Throughout September and October, Gen. Franco’s
Army of Africa was storming through Southern Spain; even with a detour towards Toledo,
they confidently devised a plan to begin the assault on Madrid as early as October 12th. Franco placed General Mola in charge of the
invasion. Mola had been approaching with his own force
through the Somosierra to the North. He joked that he would be enjoying a coffee
with milk in the Puerta del Sol later that day. As Madrileños heard of this, one cafe owner
sarcastically placed a cafe con leche for the general out front of his shop. But there was reason for the defenders of
Madrid to lack such confidence: they were under trained (some not trained at all), their
forces split into disunified ias of communists, anarchists, and independent leftists- there
were even rumors of a so-called ‘fifth column’: Nationalist sympathizers embedded in the city,
ready to assist when the invaders arrived. To top if off, Franco ordered aerial bombardment
with German planes just before the main attack began. International reporters were already filing
stories describing the last hours of Madrid as government officials fled to Valencia,
changing the location of the Republican capital in anticipation of defeat. The nationalists deliberately and deservedly
earned a reputation for viciousness on their way to Madrid. In Badajoz, they intentionally slaughtered
2,000 to spread fear, even hunting down wounded in the hospital. As Gen. Mola put it, “eliminating without
scruples everyone who does not think as we do,”. Jose Millan Astray, commander of the Spanish
Foreign Legion, said it even more simply: ¡Viva la muerte! ‘Long live death!’ There were two options for invasion, both
involved attacking from the West, as between them and the city proper would lie only the
half-mile wide forested Casa de Campo. Mola wanted to focus efforts on the Northwest
University City, spearheading his way into Madrid. But Franco preferred a wider, 3-line assault
along the Western edge (Beevor, ch.17). In chapter 17 of his book, ‘The Battle for
Spain’, historian Anthony Beevor describes well the feeling in Madrid at this moment,
“…the decision to defend Madrid inspired mass bravery. The terror and loathing which the colonial
troops aroused in the Madrileños helped turn panic into spirit of fierce resistance. In the Plaza de Atocha a large placard warned,
‘In Badajoz the fascists shot 2,000. If Madrid falls they will shoot half the city.’ Chains of women and children passed rocks
and stones for the construction of barricades. Trenches were dug on the threatened western
flank of the city. Houses in the south-west suburb of Carabanchel
were prepared for a street-by street defense….there was mass mobilization.” Even with the odds mounted against them, Madrileños
weren’t completely hopeless. Their Soviet allies had just delivered 91
fighter planes. Meanwhile, some of the anarchist militias
formally joined the Government alliance, consolidating Republican forces. Plus, they all had a stroke of luck: Just
as fighting commenced in the Casa de Campo on Nov. 7th, the Nationalist battle plans
were actually found on the corpse of a soldier. And for this reason,when the actual assault
began on November 8th, the Republicans already knew to focus their defense between the University
City and Montaña Barrack. The nationalists took this hill, Garabitas,
the highest point in Casa de Campo with a view over the city. From here they could take aim at the main
artery of Madrid, especially the prized targets along Gran Via. Some were military, like the Telefonica Building,
where Republican Generals oversaw the battle. But others were for pure terror. One of the standards of the Nationalists was
to fire pot-shots at the Capitol just as movie-goers were leaving were leaving the evening screenings. According to David Mathieson in Frontline
Madrid, “Between 8 and 15 November the two sides slogged it out through the Casa de Campo…the
western front of Madrid,” this behind me, “was heavily defended by around 25,000 men
and women. They were mainly civilian members mixed with
professional soldiers…Volunteers also arrived from outside Madrid. Apart from the volunteers of the International
Brigades, 3,000 anarchist militiamen arrived from the Catalonia front, and their presence
too, boosted morale in the city…” Just below me, between where this killing
field ends and the city proper begins, lies the Manzanares River, the saving grace of
Madrid. Mathieson says around 25,000. From cross referencing some of these sources,
I came up with 28. Whatever the exact count, Republicans focused
their forces along this shallow river; the remaining 12,000 were kept at Carabanchel
in case of another Nationalist buildup there. These defenders collided with the 20,000 Nationalists
sent into Caso de Campo with an explicit mission to cross the Manzanares. Now when historians say that the Republican
forces were undertrained, that the combat experienced regulares used by the Nationalists
were far better prepared, it’s hard to imagine how big that training gap was. Lots of Republicans were in Madrid simply
trying to escape other conquered areas of Spain- now forced defend their refuge. Hugh Thomas writes they, ‘carried out their
orders almost to the letter not to retreat an inch,’ pumped up on radio propaganda
that Madrid was, ‘the universal frontier that separates liberty and slavery. It is here…that two incompatible civilizations
undertake their great struggle,’. But Beevor adds that, ‘Probably less than
half of the Republicans had been involved in earlier fighting and had only learned how
to operate the bolt and aim of rifle the evening before,’. A bit more humorously was George Orwell’s
training with the POUM Militia in Catalonia, which he describes thusly, “ In my villainous
Spanish, ‘¿cuándo vamos aprender ametralladora?’, “The answer was always a harassed smile
and a promise that there should be machine-gun training mañana. Needless to say, mañana never came.” 29. With ravenous motivation and little training,
Republicans were basically holding the line by throwing humans at it; a tactic noted and
later used by the soviets in WW2. And so despite the Nationalist’s superior
training and backup from German fighter planes, the Republicans managed to hold the line on
the 8th of November. That night, 2,000 foreign volunteers of the
XI International Brigade arrived at the Atocha Train Station, marched up Gran Via, and were
sent straight into an offensive that began the next day, a hard-fought counterattack
against Nationalists gains, especially a troubling advance across the river as far as the intersection
of Marques de Urquijo and Paseo del Pintor Rosales (Mathieson, 84). Like many of the other Republican troops,
these Communist International Volunteers from countries like Ireland, France, Germany, Canada,
and the UK were ideological and undertrained. Nonetheless, their startling sacrifice of
life helped the Republicans push the line back across the Manzanares. Estimates say they lost a third of their force
on the 9th alone. Sensing that the main front was becoming inflexible,
Nationalists began an offensive South at Carabanchel, a tactic Franco had wanted to avoid. The urban-dwelling Republicans now had tactical
advantage in the tight, residential neighborhoods they knew so well, while their artillery punished
the Nationalists from the Telefónica. Despite their success in holding the line,
some among the Republicans were still paranoid of losing the Model Prison and the Nationalist
Prisoners it contained. Like with the Montaña Barracks, killing became
their solution. One thousand of the prisoners were transported
to the Jarama Valley and machine-gunned to death. A final push came between the 15th and the
22nd November. With the support from fighter planes and artillery,
around 6,000 Nationalist soldiers began an offensive to capture the Bridge de los Franceses
and finally achieve a foothold on the opposite side of the Manzanares. Once across, the bloodiest days of the siege
ensued inside the University City. The Republicans, panicked about rebels in
the city proper, and Nationalists, now desperate to make their tiny incursion into something
more advantageous, commenced a bottleneck of violence in this northwest corner of the
city. The machine gun posts can still be found in
the area where the battle took place, and the campus still preserves bullet holes on
the faculty of medicine. The Clinical Hospital became a particular
hotspot along with the faculty of Philosophy and Letters. Later that day, a small group of nationalist
soldiers fought their way onto the Calle princesa, causing panic as they drove towards the Plaza
de España. The impression was that the city was finally
falling. I like how Thomas described the whole scene
as a ‘macabre confusion’, a ‘babble of tongues, with a ‘frequent multilingual
singing of the international’, the multinational invaders and defenders throwing orders and
insults at each other in the muddy smoky battlefield. The fighting was street for street, building
for building, room for room. And in the meantime Gen. Mola’s coffee was
getting colder and colder in the city center. The battle for Madrid dwindled as 1936 came
to a close. Neither side could make a decisive blow to
the other and the lines remained mostly as they were. The Nationalists had their foothold across
the river, but this uphill position was exposed on three sides to Republican attack. Rather than throw more of his best soldiers
at the problem, Franco decided on a new tactic. If he couldn’t enjoy success with a traditional
invasion force, he’d try a bombing campaign. As Franco admitted, he’d prefer to “destroy
Madrid rather than leave it to the Marxists.” Employing the aid of the German and Italian
planes, valuable targets like the Puerta del Sol, Bellas Artes, and the Biblioteca Nacional
were bombarded. But Madrileños, like Londoners three years
later, weren’t destroyed by German bombs. Rather, they became more resilient to defend
their city. But unfortunately for them, fate was moved
out of their hands. After a couple failed attempts to approach
Madrid by alternative means, Franco opted to focus on other parts of Spain, to return
when his position was improved. Whittling down the Republic was no short process,
it took two full years, but by February of 1939 the map of Spain appeared like this,
with even Barcelona having fallen. Catalonia was in Nationalist hands, supplies
over the French Pyrenees a quaint fantasy, and Republican Prime Minister Negrín was
determined that the war ‘must be brought to an end’. Madrid’s siege left it without medical supplies,
heating, and only food for around 3 months more (Thomas 869). Within the city, propaganda continued to project
false optimism even as rebel troops reentered Caso de Campo on March 10, 1939. On the 27th, the Republican line cratered
throughout Spain, and on the 28th, Nationalists walked unresisted into the Madrid city center. From the start of the coup- through invasion,
bombing, and even starvation, Madrid held out in the center of Spain until the very
last. Until ‘¡No pasarán!’ became, ‘han
pasado’. I mentioned at the start of this video the
aggressive confidence in Madrid- slogans like, ‘Madrid will be the tomb of fascism’ were
found all over the city. But as it turns out, Madrid was the tomb,
not of fascism, but of the Spanish Republic. This is a fountain south of Madrid’s city
center in the Lavapies neighborhood. Historically, this has been an area of the
working class, and more recently, immigrants. It’s said that Franco didn’t want to invade
Madrid through the South due to the heavy resistance he could expect trudging through
working-class, Republican sympathizing neighborhoods such as this one. After the fall of the Republic, the Nationalists
made quick work of eliminating the people and symbols of it. So apparently their fear of the working-class
neighborhoods extended beyond the fall of Madrid. This fountain still bears the name of the
Spanish Republic. Franco’s ruled Spain for 36 years, and no
one ever found it necessary to come here and tear this symbol of the prior government? If Madrid was the tomb of the Republic, perhaps this
is the tombstone.

100 thoughts on “The Battle for Madrid, 1936 (filmed/animated on location)

  1. I am sorry, but you cannot address the Spanish Civil War and start with considering the Popular Front as Soviet puppets. Actually, the communists loyal to Moscow were very, very few. The militias were mostly anarchist and socialist with some POUM (trotsyite?) thrown in. So no Stalin base at the start. That came later on through Soviet ploys, including propaganda, weapons only to those leftists loyal to Stalin and some doubtful reformist coalitions between the communist party and the government, even going as far as to roll back the people's revolution where they could. Stalin did NOT want a succesful revolution, he wanted a loyal one, and an alliance with the West against Hitler.

  2. I think that this video is explained so deeply and shortly that is fantastic, and also has a very good shooting. Hope u do more 😊

  3. Idk I don’t the comentern would have been a good thing had it survived. And well Spain kinda returned to normal after the civil war even helped here and there . Like if I recall he either gave gas or gave military access marching though his country or something

  4. Both sides were equally terrible. The nationalists killed anyone they suspected of being communist and anarchist, did not spare the wounded of the enemy and launched punishment and terror bombings against various cities, not just against Guernica and Madrid. The Republicans, unfortunately because the Communists and Anarchists hijacked the Republican cause, also killed anyone that they suspected to be fascist, killed POWs, burned curches, executed members of the clergy, exhumated and vandalized graves, kidnapped tortured and murdered members of families that they considered ''Bourgeois'' and were ready to sacrifice the entire country's wealth due to their ideological fanaticism evident by actions such as shipping almost 73% of the gold from the bank of Spain to the USSR.
    Once analyzing retrospectively the conflict and what happened afterwards, Franco was the lesser of two evils because he kept Spain out of the war and used Hitler. The republicans on the other hand were letting themselves be used by the Soviets and had they won, they would have painted a big target on Spain for Hitler.

  5. Has tenido un error enorme, Marruecos no existía en esa epoca. Era el Protectorado del Marruecos Español, y los moros del ejército fascista eran regulares coloniales del antiguo Imperio, osea, españoles de las colonias reclutados en el Ejército. Esa bandera no existía, el Ejército de África, fue el último ejército imperial español, hiban todos con bandera Española.

  6. Otro dato erróneo. El bando nacional, nunca estubo seguro de su victoria, todo lo contrario, el bando nacional tenía a los veteranos del antiguo imperio enmarcados en el Ejército de África entre legionarios y regulares, pero no tenían tanques, ni aviación, ni armada, el grueso del ejército y de la maquinaria de guerra estaba al servicio del bando republicano y eso hizo siempre al bando nacional inferior en fuerzas, fue solo nuestra capacidad operativa de mando y nuestros cojones más el poder de la élite (Ejército de África) lo que realmente nos hicieron ganar. Ese desvío a Toledo, fue recriminado por todos los generales porque nunca entendieron perder balas y tiempo en Toledo, o sea te has equivocado en ese comentario de principio a fin, nada mas lejos de la realidad que ese comentario. Por culpa de Toledo, a Mola y a Queipo de LLano se le pusieron los huevos rojos y casi hay una disputa en el propio bando nacional entre generales.

  7. Otra mentira más. Cuándo los legionarios dicen Viva La Muerte es como alegoría cristiana. Los legionarios son novios de La Muerte y por eso decían eso. Puto mentiroso, sacas de contexto todo ¿eres comunista o que cabron? Y te vuelvo a repetir no se que cojones pinta una bandera de Marruecos actual en aquella epoca SI MARRUECO ERA ESPAÑOLA, HIBAN CON BANDERAS DE LOS REGULARES ESPAÑOLES O SEA DE ESPAÑA, PAYASOS.

  8. La tropas coloniales eran españolas puto gilipollas, y Marruecos en esa epoca no existía estaba repartida entre España y Francia, la ciudad de Tanger era internacional de la Sociedad de Naciones. Puto gilipollas, el Ejército de África era la élite de los últimos años imperiales, La Legión y los Regulares conformaban los veteranos de España e hiban todos con banderas españolas ¿estamos locos o que? ERAN MOROS ESPAÑOLES COMO CEUTA Y MELILLA ACTUALENTE, SUBNORMALES.

  9. Otra mentira más. Las fuerzas republicanas contaban en madrid con un grueso de Guardias Civiles y de Guardias de Asalto que te cagas, los comunistas y los anarquistas eran cuatro gatos.

  10. Al Generalísimo Franco lo ascendieron Mola, Queipo de Llano y otros muchos a votaciones en la Junta Militar en el año 1937, habia pasado un año y medio de guerra cuándo General Franco asciende a Generalísimo y se convierte en jefe de los sublevados, hasta ese momento no había un jefe supremos, puto cateto subnornal. Te inventas la historia.

  11. Estos vídeos mal contados no enseñan historia, mas bien nos cuentan la ignorancia que sufre quién hace el vídeo. Es el cuento mental lleno de impresiones e invenciones de un científico loco que juega a ser Doctor Historiador. Muy mal chaval, deberías de primero sacarte el doctorado y luego asi tener licencia. La hisotoria no son tus cuentos de hadas, es un cúmulo de pruebas refutadas de mas fuentes, o eres capaz ni de dar fuentes, claro, eres tu la fuente.

  12. Okay, so both sides were terrible autocracies killing innocent people along their way and trying to spread unsustainable economic and social models on an unwilling population… Why does this video looks like it's trying to hard to make the republicans look good?
    Whatever democratic republic existed, with moderation and republican values like constitutionalism and defense of individuals, was dead on that election, buried by the hatred and extremism that polarized that country. I bet of those 33%(1/3) that voted on either side of the conflict, at most half were actually fascists or communists and most of them just wanted to side with what they perceived as "the lesser evil" in face of a looming threat that either of them was going to take power soon.

  13. Forgot to mention the infighting between the Leftist Radicals in Madrid while some Moderates switched sides in favor of the Nationalists. Not to mention the hangings of nuns and priests, some nuns being stripped naked by the leftists, raped and hanged…

  14. "Republic". Totally not a defunt governmet being told what to do from the communist factions. Truly an unfortunate end for the republic, being pinned between 2 extremes.

  15. Great video. I miss the "Franco concessions" and thr internal coup inside the republicans at the latest stage of the war

  16. Honestly what you forget to say is that the leftist governement, while elected had no pretention to preserve democracy unlike what you seem to imply. The choice was to be communist or Fascist, unfortunately. And while I'm in no way saying fascism is good, it is better than communism: all you have to do is look at the kill count in the USSR or Mao's China vs Franco's Spain 1936- 1975. There is just no comparison.

  17. As a Spaniard (from Málaga the city you mentioned at the beginning) I wanted to thank you on behalf of those who died trying to stop fascism for doing such an amazing job, all the details and animations were great!

  18. Spanish civil war in nutshell
    "muh workers"
    "Muh anarchy"
    "Muh communism "
    "Muh equality"
    Vs
    "I don't wanna spain to be a shithole in the Europe, let's make a coup"

  19. Great job !! I have an eerie feeling that if american came to a second civil war, it could possibly play out like this! Btw your Spanish pronunciation is great

  20. Well as we've seen, Franco's government turned democratic in the 70's.
    Do you think if the Communists had won the Soviets would allow a pawn in Western Europe become democratic at the height of the Cold War?
    Hell no, Spain would be like East Germany today, Poor and struggling even as the western half prospers.

  21. I bet if it was the Marxist who won you'd be playing cheerful triumphant music even if they committed another trademark genocide afterwards.

    Gee i bet whenever you'll make a video of 70's Cambodians is going to be like watching a Disneyland advertisement

  22. The Irish fought on both sides. The Blue Shirts (The Irish Fascist Party, now Finné Gael) fought for the nationalists and the I.R.A fought for the republicans now Sinn Féin.

  23. Can anyway reply to this comment on how republican Spain would have been worse then nationalist Spain if they had won. Other then the soviet willing to give aid to the communists to stop the spread of fascism, how would the soviets get direct influence over the republicans if they won?

  24. i dont like how you fail to mention the causes of war, which are crucial. it seems that it's a bad ol military coup agains a "democratically elected" (dick out and wank here) government.
    while in reality, two things happened:
    1., spanish society was very, VERY divided in worldview, and
    (even more importantly)
    2. this same government blatantly failed to guarantee basic right of it's citizens and public order (cause they pissed their pants of all the anarchist groups). so after a few burnt convents and raped nuns, killings of landlords and desecration of churches, the traditionalist forces (concentrated within thearmed forces) struck back.

  25. Paracuellos massacre not mentioned by name, barely mentioned at all. :/ Why is it that there can be no balanced recollection of the events. Always lefty or righty.

    When will we see these events of 20th century for what they were, just like we see Viking invasions, pillaging, and raping of England as just historical facts? Why should we paint the Vikings in good name, or the English, who did the same before, during, and after the Viking invasions to them or other peoples.

    It's just history, stop ideologuising it!

  26. Half of my family were republicans who fought in Huelva. The other half were nationalists that took Madrid. They never talk about it.

  27. OH MY GOOOODD WILL! WHAT? ITS NICOLAS FROM TEXAS STATE!! I literally found your video by accident oh my god and I recognized you I knew you went to Madrid I'm in Santiago, Chile its been a long time!

  28. Being in Madrid now and watching this video, makes me look completely different at the different sites. Awesome work done on the video!

  29. It should be noted that not all of those in the international brigades were communists. While there certainly were many communists in the international brigades in Spain, there were those who were anarchists, and also simply anti-fascists (whether they were conservative or liberal).

  30. 1:29 You're right, it began with the Red Terror as hundreds of officials of the Catholic Church were brutally murdered by Republican sympathizers.

  31. Like you, I was Born and lived most of my life in Madrid, and walked in the street your shooting every day… i had no idea about this. Well done. Good luck with those stupid youtube algo.

  32. Hey William

    A little piece of information I thought you might enjoy/look into. Recently there was an investigation in the election you mention at 6:59, and some evidence has been found that the Popular front cheated – which is what the national front accused them of doing and used it as a justification for the coup.

    If you reply I might be able to find the exact book for you (I'd have to dig a little)

    And AFAIK "Viva la muerte" was not used in the context you put it in (long live killing the other side) – Jose Millan Astray promoted a kind of Spanish "Bushido", where death was to be ridiculed and depreciated . Death itself does not matter, you only die one, so die fighting for what you believe in.

  33. "of which the communist militia was the most important………." is the only thing you need to keep in mind.
    There was no "republic".

  34. Why didn't Hitler send his troops to help the Nationalist party? It's a good thing he didn't, but that would have been beneficial for him it seems.

  35. Superb documentary explaining some very complicated politics. I have read pretty much everything Antony Beevor has written and always wanted to read his book on this subject.

  36. This was a great video, thank you so much for such an amazing production of how the battle for Madrid was fought. Keep up the good job man !

  37. The Nationalists fought Valiantly as well. Remember the siege of Alcazar? The Nationalists held their ground despite the odds stacked against them. Women even volunteered to fight to the end. Not to mention Colonel Moscardo's resolved never shaken despite his son held hostage. The Nationalists were the real underdog in this war. They were the most persecuted side. They deserved their victory. VIVA FRANCO!!! VIVA ESPANA!!!! VIVA EL CRISTO REY!!!!!

  38. Honestly, both sides were pretty terrible. The Republicans would have been worse. Had they defeated the Nationalists, they would have slaughtered the middle class, exterminated the church, killed other leftists in Catalonia, and would have been a puppet of the USSR throughout the Cold War.

  39. Nicely done. Cool to see the modern day locations with the historical references. If you had to choose one book on the SCW, which one would it be?

  40. It was the Catholics invading Madrid, assisted by the Catholic Adolph Hitler, and also by 40 thousand Moroccan mercenaries.

    Keeping this a secret is assisting fascists.

  41. Not a bad video but your bias is very clear, you highlight the atrocities of the nationalists but completely skim over the fact that the fighting began because the leftists started murdering and publicly executing priests, nuns, burning churches and killing anyone who represented what Spain truly and they continued to do so throughout the war. You're a disgrace to Spain if for even a second you'd stand by those bastards

  42. This is a very interesting video. I live in Yekaterinburg, Russia and there is Dolores Ibarruri street as well as Spanish workers street. These streets appeared on the map of my city in the early Soviet period. As William mentioned in this episode, the USSR supported the Republicans, it was the first spark of the impending disaster of WWII and the first battlefield where the ambitions of the Soviets and the Nazis clashed. USSR lost this battle, but streets and memories remained.

  43. Awesome, thanks! I've been reading about the Spanish Civil War lately, and the authors (Beevor and Thomas) both get tied down in the never-ending internal political manouevering and schisms, particularly on the Republican side, to the extent that the actual fighting takes very much a back seat – you, for Madrid, have made thngs much clearer, and in an absolutely gripping way – brilliant. Maybe you should have mentioned Franco flying in the Army of Africa with German help, but that's quibbling. Excellent – EXCELLENT – graphics as well. Do you agree, though, that Thomas's book, despite its age, is way better than Beevor's (I only have Beever in the first edition, though).

  44. Your animation doesn’t even have the right seal. The escudo or seal you are using was adopted many years after the transition to democracy.

  45. What really happened to the Spanish Gold? I have always believed that the commie/socialist in Spain colluded with Stalin and the Russian commie/socialists to steal the Spanish Gold.

  46. 5:28 LoL, "Сильный президент – сильная Россия" (powerful president – strong Russia), that's from 2018 "elections" of Putin. Oh, I mean, "elections" of Russia's president, we didn't knew the outcome in advance, did we (wink, wink).

  47. I'm a bit torn, when I hear the word "nationalists" here. How the.. can traitors be called nationalists?!
    On the other hand, strongman regimes were really popular back then, in my own homeland a coup took oven in May of 1934, that sort of was a nationalist regime, yet not a fascist one, as so called leader banned all parties – left and right alike, including the the party he himself belonged to before the coup, so at least that was not a single party state, thus no official ideology and no mass repressions. Our dictator was an economist, so the development of economy was his goal, at which he somewhat succeeded, no idea how that would end, if it wasn't for Soviet occupation on then WWII.

  48. Franco was the hero of Spain and his men were martyrs that protected Spain and Christendom against communism.

  49. Thanks. This is the best overall view of the Spanish Civil War I have ever found! You beat the BBC! (At least in my opinion.)

  50. In 1967, Polish mercenary Rafal Ganowicz was asked what it felt like to take human life, "I wouldn't know, I've only ever killed communists" he responded.

  51. Commies vs fascists to bad it ended. In the long run Spain is better today not having been a communist state. Both choices were bad but one was worse

  52. Amazing work…I always wandered were the Cuartel de la Montaña was…and many other locations in Madrid were I myself have lived, so close to the front and never knew till this video. For example el Parque del Oeste and Boadilla…Close to the Brunete Battle…one of the bloodiest ones(not mentioned in the video, but part of rhe Republican offensive to release Madrid)
    Thanks for giving the Madrileños a real insight of the Front for the battle of Madrid

  53. Begore my grandfather died, he used to tell us stories about the war, he once told us that when they got to a small village, some officers of franco were having a party inside a house they just compleatley looted, the family dead next to the outside wall of the house. Him and his companions proceeded to fill a potato bag with the hand grenades they had, pulled the pin on one, and throw them through the window. The very little survivors were either executed, or shot in sight.

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