The Atlantic Slave Trade: Crash Course World History #24

The Atlantic Slave Trade: Crash Course World History #24

Hi, my name is John Green, this is Crash Course
World History and today we’re gonna talk about slavery. Slavery is not funny. In fact, it is very
near the top of the list of things that aren’t funny, so today’s episode is gonna be a little
light on the jokes but, I’m gonna help you understand what pre-Civil War Americans often
euphemistically refer to as “the peculiar institution.” [Intro Music] Slavery is as old as civilization itself,
although it is not as old as humanity thanks to our hunting and gathering foremothers,
but the numbers involved in the Atlantic slave trade are truly staggering. From 1500 to 1880CE somewhere between 10 and
12 million African slaves were forcibly moved from Africa to the Americas and about 15%
of those people died during the journey. I know you’re saying that looks like a very
nice ship, I mean my God, its almost as big as South America, yeah, not to scale, and
those who didn’t die became property; bought and sold like any commodity. Where Africans came from and went to changed
over time, but in all 48% of slaves went to the Caribbean, and 41% to Brazil, although
few Americans recognize this, relatively few slaves were imported to the U.S, only about
5% of the total. It’s also worth noting that by the time Europeans
started importing Africans into the Americas, Europe had a long history of trading slaves. The first real European slave trade began
after the 4th Crusade in 1204; the crusade that you will remember as “The Crazy One”.
Italian merchants imported thousands of Armenians, Circassian and Georgian slaves to Italy. Most
of them were women who worked as household servants but many worked processing sugar,
and sugar is of course a crop that African slaves later cultivated in the Caribbean. Camera 2 side note; none of the primary crops
grown by slaves–sugar, tobacco, coffee–is necessary to sustain human life. So in a way,
slavery is a very early by-product of a consumer culture that revolves around the purchase
of goods that bring us pleasure, but not sustenance. You are welcome to draw your own metaphorically
resonant conclusions from this fact. One of the big misconceptions about slavery,
or at least when I was growing up, is that Europeans somehow captured Africans, put them
in chains, stuffed them on boats and then took them to the Americas. The chains and ships bit is true as is the
America part if you define America as America and not as ‘Merica, but Africans were living
in all kinds of conglomerations. From small villages to city-states to empires and they
were much too powerful for the Europeans to just conquer. And in fact, Europeans obtained
African slaves by trading for them. Because trade is a two-way proposition, this
meant that Africans were captured by other Africans and then traded to Europeans in exchange
for goods; usually like metal tools or fine textiles or guns; and for those Africans, slaves
were a form of property, and a very valuable one. In many places, slaves were one of the only
sources of private wealth because land was usually owned by the state. And this gets to a really important point;
if we’re gonna understand the tragedy of slavery, we need to understand the economics of it;
we need to get inside what Mark Twain famously called “a deformed conscience.” We have to
see slaves both as they were, as human beings, and as they were viewed, as an economic commodity. Right, so you probably know about the horrendous
conditions aboard slave ships, which at their largest could hold 400 people. but it’s worth
underscoring that each slave had an average of four square feet of space. That is 4 square
feet. As one eye-witness testified before Parliament in 1791, “They had not so much
room as a man in his coffin.” Once in the Americas, the surviving slaves
were sold in a market very similar to the way cattle would be sold. After purchase,
slave owners would often brand their new possession on the cheeks, again, just as they would do
with cattle. The lives of slaves were dominated by work and terror, but mostly work. Slaves did all types of work, from housework
to skilled crafts work, and some even worked as sailors, but the majority of them worked
as agricultural laborers. In the Caribbean and Brazil, most of them planted, harvested
and processed sugar, working ten months out of the year, dawn until dusk. The worst part of this job, which is saying
something, because there were many bad parts, was fertilizing the sugar cane. This required
slaves to carry 80 pound baskets of manure on their heads up and down hilly terrain. MFTP:”Mr. Green, Mr. Green! …Isn’t there
a poop joke in there somewhere?” John Green: No, me-from-the-past, because
this whole thing is too depressing! When it came time to harvest and process the
cane, speed was incredibly important because once cut, sugar sap can go sour within a day.
This meant that slaves would often work 48 hours straight during harvest time, working
without sleep in the sweltering sugar press houses where the cane would be crushed in
hand rollers and then boiled. Slaves often caught their hands in the rollers, and their
overseers kept a hatchet on hand for amputations. Ugh…..I told you this wasn’t going to be
funny. Given these appalling conditions, it’s little
wonder that the average life expectancy for a Brazilian slave on a sugar plantation in
the late 18th century was 23 years. Things were slightly better in British sugar
colonies like Barbados, and in the U.S., living and working conditions were better still.
So relatively good that, in fact, slave populations began increasing naturally, meaning that more
slaves were born than died. This may sound like a good thing, but it is
of course it’s own kind of evil because it meant that slave owners were calculating that
if they kept their slaves healthy enough, they would reproduce and then the slave owners
could steal and sell their children. Or use them to work their land, either way, blech! Anyway, this explains why even though the
percentage of slaves imported from Africa to the United States was relatively small,
slaves and other people of African descent came to make up a significant portion of the
U.S. population. The brutality of working conditions in Brazil, on the other hand, meant that
slaves were never able to increase their population naturally, hence the continued need to import
slaves into Brazil until slavery ended in the 1880s. So I noted earlier that slavery isn’t new,
it’s also a hard word to define. Like Stalin forced millions to work in the gulags, but
we don’t usually consider those people slaves. On the other hand, many slaves in history
had lives of great power, wealth, and influence. Like remember Zheng He, the world’s greatest
admiral?He was technically a slave, so were many of the most important advisors to Suleiman
the Magnificent. So was Darth Vader! But Atlantic slavery was different and more
horrifying, because it was chattel slavery, a term historians use to indicate that the
slaves were move-able property. Oh, it’s time for the open letter? An open letter to the word slave. But first lets see what’s in the secret compartment
today. Oh. It’s Boba Fett. Noted owner of a ship called Slave One. And apparently a
ballet dancer. (Singing) Do do doloo do do doo… Stan: That’s a fine approximation of ballet
music. (Laughter)
John: Thank you Stan. Alright, dear slave, as a word. You are over
used. Like Britney Spears, I’m a Slave 4 U, no you’re not!
Boba Fett’s ship, Slave One, a ship can’t be a slave! But more importantly slave, you are constantly
used in political rhetoric, and never correctly! There’s nothing new about this,witness for
instance, all the early Americans claiming that paying the stamp tax would make them
slaves. And that was in a time when they knew exactly what slavery looked like! Taxes, as I have mentioned before, can be
very useful. I, for instance like paved roads. But even if you don’t like a tax, it’s not
slavery. Here, I have written for you a list of all the times it is okay to use the word
slave, oh, it is a one item long list! Best Wishes, John Green. So what exactly makes slavery so horrendous?
Well, definitions are slippery, but I’m going to start with the definition of slavery proposed
by sociologist Orlando Patterson. It is “the permanent, violent and personal
domination of natally alienated and generally dishonoured persons.” According to this definition
a slave is removed from the culture, land and society of his or her birth suffers from
what Patterson called “social death”. Ultimately then, what makes slavery slavery
is that slaves are de-humanized. The Latin word that gave us ‘chattel’, also gave us
‘cattle’. In many ways Atlantic slavery drew from previous
models of slavery, and took every that sucked about each of them and combined them into
a big ball so that it would be the biggest possible ball of suck. Stan am I allowed to say suck on this show?
(pause) Nice. Now to understand what I’m talking about we
need to look at some previous models of slavery. Lets go to the Thought Bubble. The Greeks were among the first to consider
otherness a characteristic of slaves. Most Greek slaves were Barbarians and their inability
to speak Greek kept them from talking back to their masters, and also indicated their
slave status. Aristotle, who despite being spectacularly
wrong about almost everything was incredibly influential, believed that some people were
just naturally slaves, saying “It is clear that there are certain people who are free,
and certain people who are slaves by nature, and it is both to their advantage, and just,
for them to be slaves” This idea, despite being totally insane, remained
popular for millennia. The Greeks popularized the idea that slaves should be traded from
far away, but the Romans took it to another level. Slaves probably made up 30% of the total Roman
population, similar to the population of America at slavery’s height. The Romans also invented
the plantation, using mass numbers of slaves to work the land on giant farms called latifundia,
so called because they were not fun. The Judeo-Christian world also contributed
as well, and though we are not going to venture into the incredibly complicated role that
slavery plays in the Bible because I vividly remember the comments section of the Christianity
episode, the Bible was widely used to justify slavery. And in particular the enslavement
of Africans, because of the moment in Genesis when Noah curses Ham, saying “cursed be Canaan,
the lowest of slaves shall he be to his brothers”. This encapsulates the two ideas vital to Atlantic
slavery: 1. that slavery can be a hereditary status passed down through generations, and
2. that slavery is the result of human sin. Both ideas serve as powerful justifications for holding
an entire race in bondage. Thanks Thought Bubble. But there were even more contributors to the
ideas that led to Atlantic slavery. For instance, Muslim Arabs were the first to import large
number of Bantu speaking Africans to their territory as slaves. The Muslims called these
Africans Zanj and they were a distinct and despised group, distinguished from other North
Africans by the colour of their skin. The Zanj and territory held by the Abbasid
staged one of the first big slave revolts in 869CE, and it may be that this revolt was
so devastating that it convinced the Abbasid that large scale, plantation-style agriculture
on the Roman model just wasn’t worth it. But by then they’d connected the Aristotelian
idea that some people are just naturally slaves with the appearance of Sub-Saharan Africans.
The Spanish and the Portuguese, you no doubt remember, were the Europeans with the closest
ties to the Muslim world because there were Muslims living on the Iberian Peninsula until
1492. So it makes sense that the Iberians were the first to these racist attitudes towards
blacks. And as the first colonizers of the Americas
and the dominant importers of slaves, the Portuguese and the Spanish helped define the
attitudes that characterized Atlantic slavery, beliefs they’d inherited from a complicated
nexus of all the slave holders who came before them. In short Atlantic slavery was a monstrous
tragedy, but it was a tragedy in which the whole world participated, and it was the culmination
of millennia of imagining the other as inherently lesser. It’s tempting to pin all the blame
for Atlantic slavery on one particular group, but to blame one group is to exonerate all
the others, and by extension ourselves. The truth that we must grapple with is that
a vast array of our ancestors, including those we think of as ours, whoever they may be,
believed it was possible for their fellow human being to be mere property. Thanks for watching, I’ll see you next week. Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan
Muller, our script supervisor is Danica Johnson, this show is written by my High School history
teacher Raoul Meyer and myself, and our graphics team is Thought Bubble. Last weeks Phrase of the Week was “Cinnamon
Challenge”, I hate you for that by the way. If you want to suggest future Phrases of the
Week you can do so in comments, where you can also guess at this week’s Phrase of the
Week or ask questions of our team of historians. Thanks for watching Crash Course, and as we
say in my home town, don’t forget to be awesome.

100 thoughts on “The Atlantic Slave Trade: Crash Course World History #24

  1. Great video ;;(GS Taj Tarik Bey impositions injuries Due to Blind Faith)) Look it up so-call Black People!!!)))

  2. This is the reason why this so-call teacher is teaching your so called black children lies about themself this is a reason why you should take your children out of these government schools all they do is whitewash history !!!!!the original word for slave is Europeans(((Great video :::All Original slaves were White))) Look it up so-call Black People!!!we are Awake!!!!((read the //Pope Francis powerful letter sent to Obama July 4-2014 )and read ((CIVIL ORDERS JULY 4-2014)) both of these letters will let you know that that so-called black people are the true Americans here and all Europeans are colonizing immigrants are liars when they talk about history about us so-called black people,and they all can be deported because they are not American ,,and they are not white people !!!All Europeans colonize immigrants. can be deported back to Europe !!!! read the letter for yourself!!!!

  3. Great video ::Are We Black People? Taj Tarik Bey VS Edward X Debate 2019(((All so-call Black People need to watch this video with their children!!!!! I learned the truth about the Europeans true identity and who they are ,,,and how they was made !!!they are not who you think they are they ,,are hybrid not human human !!!!!! And that's the reason why the hybrid lies about Who the so-called black peoples Are in history !!! Is called whitewashing history!!!

  4. He who lead into slavery shall go into slavery! Revelation 13:10 and promoting "Interracial marriages" is not a form of reparations for African Americans aka Israelites, keep your women Esau !!!

  5. It's a little shitty to define slavery as the legal ownership of another person modern slavery exists it's just not legal but still occuring

  6. This topic was beautifully handled. PLEASE, please, please make a Crash Course on African Culture and Studies. I know Crash Course would cover this topic with an expert teaching it and in a thought-provoking, yet humbling way. Please consider it!

  7. d out today that in 1441 Pope Nicholas V from the Roman empire gave orders to the Portuguese King the go ahead to enforce slavery. Prince Henry a Portuguese established and oversaw the Atlantic slave. He bought slaves from African rulers and merchant. The pope also stated that any enemy's of christianity such as pagans or muslims where to be baptized chained shipped. The people from Africa where not the only victims. As further colonies where settled around the world Indians Japanese Chinese and Korean joined the slave trade.

  8. Coffee is a necessary sustenance Mr. Green. Don't make me get my crazy twitchy caffeinated left hand out on you. However, its deliciousness does not warrant slavery of any type. Only fact check i have for you. Thanks for everyone's hard work that goes into CC! DFTBA.

  9. when i was in elementary
    i was taught about equality and principles like that with the founding the fathers
    i'm older now and know that its hard because reality doesn't really fit that description
    was anyone else had a teacher that held equality as a value worth teaching in school
    or was that just me

  10. I am not my grandparents. I carry no blame for what they did. If my grandparents owned slaves, they lost everything in the Civil War, because my actual grandparents, my parents' parents, owned very little.

  11. @4:55 whats the need of talking so FAST! if you want us to learn …atleast let us hear what you say….in order to make short videos these days, channels like yours tend to pack a lot of information in short time…which eventually we have to pause several times to pls consider this fact and make the content understandable……long videos are boring….but too fast videos are irritating too

  12. He purposely breezed over the fact that, Muslims bought white slaves. The White slave came from Britanian, Spain, Germania, Italy and Western Russian. Funny how they only talk about Black slaves and ignore that for over 250 years before America ever existed. Their were Millions of Whites bought and sold in North Africa.

  13. This should be called the Israelites slave trade and the European/Wight nation and some Negros need need to stop lying to the people. “For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect? God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.”
    ‭Romans 3:3-4 KJVA‬ “My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children.”
    ‭‭Hosea‬ ‭4:6‬ ‭KJVA‬‬ This is proof that the other nations are confederate against the Israelites (the Negros) the Most Highs chosen ones. With all the information available to them and the attocities they have committed against the Most Highs children, they continue to talk about those Europeans who were never in that land as Yehidum prior to the mid-1940’s. “Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God. For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head. They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones. They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance. For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee: the tabernacles of Edom, and the Ish´maelites; of Moab, and the Hag´arenes; Gebal, and Ammon, and Am´alek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre; Assyria also is joined with them: they have helped the children of Lot. Selah.”
    ‭Psalm 83:1-8 KJVA‬
    What plague has these Europeans experienced other than the alleged Holocaust ( do your research). Adolf Schicalgruber or Hitler was a Jewish mam according to their belief. He was born of a Jewish woman. According to Deuteronomy the Most High’ children would be cursed forever. “But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the Lord thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee: Cursed shalt thou be in the city, and cursed shalt thou be in the field. Cursed shall be thy basket and thy store. Cursed shall be the fruit of thy body, and the fruit of thy land, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep. Cursed shalt thou be when thou comest in, and cursed shalt thou be when thou goest out. The Lord shall send upon thee cursing, vexation, and rebuke, in all that thou settest thine hand unto for to do, until thou be destroyed, and until thou perish quickly; because of the wickedness of thy doings, whereby thou hast forsaken me. The Lord shall make the pestilence cleave unto thee, until he have consumed thee from off the land, whither thou goest to possess it. The Lord shall smite thee with a consumption, and with a fever, and with an inflammation, and with an extreme burning, and with the sword, and with blasting, and with mildew; and they shall pursue thee until thou perish.”
    ‭Deuteronomy 28:15-22 KJVA‬
    When did this happen to another nation other than the Negros? I just want the truth. “Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.”
    ‭‭Galatians‬ ‭6:7-8‬ ‭KJVA‬‬

  14. They soft-pedaled Muslim involvement in slavery, as well as the millions of European whites who were enslaved by Muslims, mainly in North Africa. Because Muslims began enslaving whites as soon as there were Muslims (the seventh century), the numbers are in the millions.
    Why did our President Jefferson send the Marines to fight in North Africa? Because the Muslims of North Africa were seizing American ships and taking the whites on board as slaves. That was ended in 1801 by the Marines "on the shores of Tripoli", although enslaving European whites continued on.
    Deception by omission is a first cousin to outright lies.

  15. It’s very sad….😥 my ancestors were slaves and were raped……that’s why I have 30% European DNA.i can’t understand how evil someone is to own another human🤢.

  16. slave trade is still a huge in africa.
    funny how the liberals of today are blaming its existence on white people as a whole unilateral culture (because that makes sense somehow)

  17. Still inherently racist,2019 ,still call Negroe s slaves,,no wonder European are dislike d,they don't respect no ones else's humanity,,do a documentary on ancient Egypt,I doubt from racist usa

  18. Slavery also left an enormous scar on the Balkens and Anatolia and Mediterranean and Iberian peninsula from over 8 centuries of the Moors and later separately Ottomans colonization and Enslavement of Europeans. Why does your western nations not teach this enormous part of history and who initiated this Slavery first and for far longer?


  20. Many slaves were infact kidnapped and not traded for. You don't need to blame another country for our own countrys sin which is disingenuous.

  21. Most slaves were not kidnapped but sold/traded into slavery by African kingdoms and polities…. this is a proven historical fact, above concepts of good and bad, blame or blameless. My father is from Ethiopia and my mother from South America…. you can romanticize such systems as slavery with questions like "who is to blame? Who's the bad guy?"
    But you must not divorce yourself from what is most important, proven fact. The fact is Europeans never made it much further than the coast because of tropical diseases, mainly malaria… and even at the port cities along the African coast, only a few hundred Europeans would man their naval port…. and this was because Europeans systematically died on masse because of tropical diseases in Africa, mainly malaria….
    ….it has even been suggested that malaria, and lesser tropical diseases, were the primary reason why slavery became economically viable and profitable in the first place….
    ….Europeans first chose the enslave or submit native populations in the Americas… however disease and better organization made this difficult in areas, such as Brazil and the Caribbean, where the native populations were small or could easily flee into the Amazon rainforest, which they did.
    Next, Europeans would look to poor whites, however the proved not very successful laborers because of the tropical diseases. The Virginia colony sent literal shiploads of whites to there colony, and consistently about 80% didn't make it their first winter….
    ….so it must be understood that enslaving Africans, trading African nations for valuable slaves, transporting them across an ocean, and forcing them into labor all against their will, was an EXPENSIVE business…. but many historians argue was possible and even profitable because Africans were uniquely resilient to tropical diseases, in great supply by the warring African nations more than willing to sell war captives for European weaponry, namely guns, and the Africans did not know the lay of the land, making them harder to runaway, organise or rebel successfully…. even though slave revolts were EXTREMELY prevalent and maroon nations, of runaway Africans and natives were all throughout the Caribbean and Brazil and even influenced the global trading through Panama and other key locations.
    Another fact on the colonization of Africa…. The African continent became completely colonized by European powers AFTER the abolition of slavery by nearly all European powers or after 1900. If you look at a map of Africa before 1900, nearly the ENTIRE continent was independent of any colonization by Europeans…. why is that if Europeans basically colonized every corner of the globe?? Historicans argue it's because of disease, or more notably the greatest kill of humans in the history of humanity… Malaria. Africans for the most part had some immunization from malaria, buit up after centuries living in the tropics and by malarial infected mosquitos…. same with native americans of latin America. However Europeans had not…. but sometime in the mid 1800's a European discovered a way to stave off malaria to some degree, which dramatically decreased European deaths from malaria…. and not so coincidentally ushered in the imperialist age in Africa pr the scramble for Africa.
    African slavery and colonization has many factors, and ,many myths that should be dispelled.

  22. 5% slaves taken to America North areas almost insignificant number yet they morphed into the Black African American class today way more than the old 5% while being starved killed hung drowned daily…… almost Moses reminiscent of a story

  23. Let’s do slavery again but this time let’s instead have a diverse caste of slaves so that no race is left out

  24. 0:11 – Identity Theft in the list on things not funny, a nice hat tip to The Office.

  25. Muslims of north Africa captured and sold Afro Africans into slavery for power and profit yet some Afro Africans embrace the religion of Islam, well Stupid is as Stupid Does

  26. It is unfortunate that there is no other word for "slave'" especially when that word doesn't exist in Aristotle's time, although quoted here. As I understand it, the word "slave" comes from 6 miles of "Slavs" captured by Vikings to be sold to Romans. Anyway, I am trying to understand the very long tradition of slavery and this is helping.

  27. are prisoners in private for-profit prisons in the United States today, forced to work for no pay, slaves?

  28. Amazing. Now do one on the Arab slave trade. With an explanation where all the black people in the Middel East have gone.

  29. In most of these episodes he provides great detail for monumental events. However, he – along with others – keep generalizing "Africans" in the context of the Slave Trade as if there weren't internal differences and key historical events happening. How about we discuss the role the Fulani, Mandingo, Forest Kingdoms, etc. played in the trade? How initial contact with Europe/Portuguese mostly involved crops and finished goods then changed as the demand for slaves increased. Or how Europeans attempted to destabilize many of the traditional powers who didn't want to engage in the wide-scale trade of slaves by emboldening the most politically and socially disparate to rise up to meet their demands. I don't know; I feel like there's troves of information on these topics yet few choose to discuss them. All of this would require another video.

    Also, land was NOT usually owned by the state. What the hell is that? Nor was it communal. Land was usually private property under the auspices of a clan/extended familial network/"lu" (under Manden).

  30. Those OTHER AFRICANS were the MOORS, They were satanic ILLUMINatI ROTSchilds Slave Brokers. MOORS receive Free US Citizen Ship to this day for this deed.

  31. See white people 1.09 only 5% of Africans came over here as slaves THAT MEANS MOST OF US “Black” people were already here and We are the True indigenous Americans

  32. For something labeled the 'Atlantic Slave Trade' there was almost nothing about the Atlantic slave trade itself.

  33. Welp that's what the God of the Bible told the children of Israel in Deuteronomy chapter 28. God said if they, the children of Israel, did not keep the commandments of the covenant they just agreed to afew chapters before Deuteronomy chapter 28, that he would send the children of Israel all over the world as slaves on slave ships and holy smokes batman it actually happened! This video atests to that.

  34. The video was required for a course I am in. I was with you until you began to belittle the Book of God.

  35. Meat isn’t necessary to sustain us either, humanity is good at finding ways to oppress sensitive beings… We could do better 👌🌎🌱 thank you for this particular episode!

  36. you gotta understand the culture in the bible….it does say slavery is evil…but in bible and roman times people became slaves when they owed money…or if you were captured…in the torah slaves became slaves when they owed someone money…after they paid the debt they were free and even received land and food….its sad because African Americans lose sight of Christ because of this misconception….THE BIBLE DOES NOT CONDONE RIPPING PEOPLE FROM HOMES FORCING THEM AS SLAVES…

  37. The Arab slave trade existed as a contemporary source estimated that slaves 80,000 died each year just on the way to be sold, and the trade went from the 9th century (maybe even the 7th but that would be the establishing of profitable slavery thanks to Islam) to the 19th century and was only recently outlawed in some Arab nations like Sadia Arabia in 1962.

  38. Thank you for that ending! Stay critical of oneself. I agree. I also think it is very good you look at it very nuanced, which I find important because, I believe, it is when we do so, we start to understand it and are able to recognise it and we are better equipped to be critical, also of ourselves.

  39. We are all slaves, don't believe me, please watch this EPIC documentary, 'Communism by the Backdoor', A MUST SEE, you'll be glad you did.

  40. These are all technicalities! Because these native africans sold Hebrew Israelites! Not africans it make no sense for africans selling their own people no scene at all!

  41. When you speak on a topic as serious as slavery, do it with a serious tone. l found what you said as being very informative but your overall body language was that of a person who is trying not to laugh while speaking on a subject-dude, you were not funny or even mildly amusing

  42. It’s biblical history and happened because the Bible says the ISRAELITES (Blacks) would be slaves and cursed for not obeying GODS commandments! Found in Deuteronomy 28 Kjv.
    The 400 years is Bible prophecy also and happened to the Israelites (blacks).

    Genesis 15:13 kjv
    “And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;”

    And GOD said he will judge the nation that had them captive!!

    Genesis 15:14 kjv
    “And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.”

    The 400 years will be up August 20 2019 which is why they are talking about paying the descendants of slaves reparations
    love you all 💕

  43. I received a post stating a black man was the first to own slaves in the colonies. That's how white people got the idea about slavery.

  44. Praising public roads as benefits of taxation is a timeless strawman. Let's start the discussion with military spending, social security and interest payments first, where nearly of half of federal expenditures go. Otherwise, great vid.

  45. Plus, not everyone in that time period owned a slave and the first person to own a slave here in America was a black man from Virginia.

  46. Not ALL Black people arrived to the Americas on Slaves Ships in 1619 during the great Trans Atlantic Slave Trade.
    History of the California Blacks Nation Califians (Khalifians) The First Americans
    *According to, author James W. Loewen in his best selling book “Lies My Teacher Told Me,” virtually none of  the body of knowledge,  as taught in  school curricula and World History, has an ounce of truth. (Regarding the American Holiday: Thanksgiving)

    The idea that Europeans brought civilization to America  flips the truth on its head. Here is what an expedition of European explorers actually found upon their arrival to North American in 1580. !!!!
    Read through to the end for the hidden  history of the California Black Native Americans. !!!!!
    History of the California Blacks Nation Califians (Khalifians) The First Americans. ( Amerrique ).
    *According to, author James W. Loewen in his best selling book “Lies My Teacher Told Me,” virtually none of  the body of knowledge,  as taught in school curricula and World History, has an ounce of truth. !!!!!!
    (Regarding the American Holiday: Thanksgiving).
    Facts & Truth listen up to my peoples truth from American Autochonus Indigenous Black Aborigines ( Copper to Black ) to Slaves and finally forced to become classified by the White Colonists oppressors, as Negros, it was against the law or illegal for Slaves to own land..
    The idea that Europeans brought civilization to America  flips the truth on its head. Here is what an expedition of European explorers actually found upon their arrival to North American in 1580. Read through to the end for the hidden  history of the California Black Native Americans.
    Note :
    Robert Beverly’s ‘American Holocaust’ Account ;
    “Far and away the most beautiful city on earth. Five times the size of London or Rome. Great towers and buildings rising from the water.

    Sixty thousand gleaming houses, how spacious and well built the were, of beautiful stone work and cedar wood and wood of other sweet scented trees.

    Her many streets and boulevards were so neat and well sweep despite the multitude of inhabitants, criss cross with a complete network of channels like an enormous venice, but also remarkable floating gardens that remind of no where else on earth,” Beverly said.

    While Europeans were drinking gutter water from polluted city rivers, huge aqueducts transported America’s water from fresh springs.

    “But what impressed most, were special merchant areas filled with timber and tile and other building materials being  bought and sold. As well as green grocers streets where everyone could buy  every sort of vegetable, fruit, honey, past and chocolates.

    Astonished by personal cleanliness and hygiene of the colorfully dressed populous and by their extravagant use of soaps, deodorant and breath sweeteners.” — American Holocaust – Robert Beverly.
    Long  before Europe – coming out of their ‘dark age’ – realized that the world was not flat, there were nations  that were scientifically advanced. There were highly civilized populations with an abundance of gold and  wealth who’s history spanned thousands of years.
    Ancient America was notably one of the most advanced civilizations in antiquity.
    This was before Christ, before, the Spaniards, !!! before  Mexicans, !!! before the Clovis people who crossed the Barring Straights, before what is now known as the Native American Indian or Euro conversions. !!!!!

  47. Out of all of the wars, disease outbreaks, and any other terrible tragedies of our human history, slavery is the worst of all

  48. Mad about slavery? LMFAOOOO please I'm a black American who is glad slavery happened let's be real who are we fooling? Black Americans are the only blacks on earth who has well known history and have the Luxury of having a national museum in Washington D.C. With hundreds upon hundreds of their ancestors history. Not only that by majority black Americans have complete access to water public services help better schools better hospitals. I'm glad the Africans sold my ancestors to the white man thank you!! Cause I sure as hell would be risking my life like the thousands of Africans everyday ( who all don't make it) to get into the glorious Europe where their quality of life standard of life jumped from the ground when they landed on any European beach because no African nation regardless if richer than a poor European nation could come close or compare at all!! But the thing is between me and them. I'm already in a first world nation 😃😃 and don't have to risk my life jammed on a boat with other people who don't like africa to get to a continent with evil whitey they claim to hate but so desperately trying to live among him and his evil sociopathic ways!! I am a black American i been in (my bloodline) USA for over 300 years!! I still can't believe that less than 400,000 ( Lucky Individuals) slaves came to USA and O MY GOD BRO I BEEN IN USA SINCE THE START OF IT!!! MY HISTORY IS IN THE BOOKS OF SO MANY SCHOOLS COLLEGES BRO THAT IS SO COOL!! I WOULDN'T TRADE MY ETHIC GROUP MY BLOODLINE MY HISTORY FOR NOTHING RICH HISTORY WELL KNOWN HISTORY I WAS ON DAT BOAT MY FREE TICKET OUTTA THERE I GOT MY OWN ETHIC GROUP ITS STILL HOMOGENEOUS ONE BLOODLINE BY MAJORITY PRAISE JESUS HALLELUJAH HALLELUJAH HE BLESSED ME FOREVER WHEN HE GAVE MY ANCESTORS THE FEAR OF NOT FIGHTING BACK THE WHITE MAN WHEN HE WOULD THROW THEM ON THAT LIFE SAVING BOAT WHICH COULD HAVE JEOPARDIZE ME BEING BLESSED IN USA imagine if they would have coughed and he thought they was sick to the point he would have left them?? So many scenarios but I'm here 😃😃 praise Jesus

  49. Black people used to be running naked Through the Jungle until we bought them from those who rescued them and gave them civilization


  51. Not Africans Shemites hebrew israelites not Hamites which are Egyptians black libians and Ethiopians..get your facts right…

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