Ten Minute History – The Austro-Hungarian Empire (Short Documentary)

Ten Minute History – The Austro-Hungarian Empire (Short Documentary)


1848, and the Austrian Empire is having some trouble. This trouble occured on March the 13th in Vienna, When a crowd, mostly made up of students, demanded more rights, And the government obliged. By shooting them. Which led to riots. This riot was a part of larger trend of revolutions which swept across Europe in 1848 To oversimplify, they were largely concerned with improving the working lifes of the peasantry, Increacsing democratic representation, and in many cases wanted to form states along national, ethnic and linguistic lines. This was bad news for the Austrian Empire, since it was very diverse. It included many ethnic groups such as Germans, Hungarias, Czecks, Slovaks, Ukrainians Called Ruthenians at the times Poles (known as Galicians), Croats Serbs, Italians, Romanians and many, many others. Some of these people wanted better representation, and others preferred outright independence. The events in 1848 spread outside of Vienna quickly, and March 15th In the city of Pest, revolutionaries demanded extra rights and soon after declared Hungarian independence.But Ferdinand would still be their king The central government struggled to respond affectively. and in Italy the Austrian army withdrew from from most of the revolting Italian states. this left them wide open for invasion.

100 thoughts on “Ten Minute History – The Austro-Hungarian Empire (Short Documentary)

  1. Wikipedia: Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it self-dissolved at the end of World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867. Austria-Hungary consisted of two monarchies (Austria and Hungary), and one autonomous region: the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia under the Hungarian crown, which negotiated the Croatian–Hungarian Settlement (Nagodba) in 1868. It was ruled by the House of Habsburg, and constituted the last phase in the constitutional evolution of the Habsburg Monarchy. Following the 1867 reforms, the Austrian and the Hungarian states were co-equal. Foreign affairs and the military came under joint oversight, but all other governmental faculties were divided between respective states. Austria-Hungary was a multinational state and one of the Europe's major powers at the time. Austria-Hungary was geographically the second-largest country in Europe after the Russian Empire, at 621,538 km2 (239,977 sq mi),[6]and the third-most populous (after Russia and the German Empire). The Empire built up the fourth-largest machine building industry of the world, after the United States, Germany, and the United Kingdom.[7] Austria-Hungary also became the world's third largest manufacturer and exporter of electric home appliances, electric industrial appliances and power generation apparatus for power plants, after the United States and the German Empire.[8][9] After 1878, Bosnia and Herzegovina was under Austro-Hungarian military and civilian rule[10] until it was fully annexed in 1908, provoking the Bosnian crisis among the other powers.[11] Sandžak/Raška, de jure northern part of the Ottoman Sanjak of Novi Pazar (in modern-day Montenegro and Serbia), was also under de facto joint occupation during that period but the Austro-Hungarian army withdrew as part of their annexation of Bosnia.[12]The annexation of Bosnia also led to Islam being recognized as an official state religion due to Bosnia's Muslimpopulation.[13] Austria-Hungary was one of the Central Powers in World War I which started when it declared war on the Kingdom of Serbia on July 28, 1914. It was already effectively dissolved by the time the military authorities signed the armistice of Villa Giusti on 3 November 1918. The Kingdom of Hungary and the First Austrian Republic were treated as its successors de jure, whereas the independence of the West Slavs and South Slavs of the Empire as the First Czechoslovak Republic, the Second Polish Republic and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, respectively, and most of the territorial demands of the Kingdom of Romania were also recognized by the victorious powers in 1920.

  2. well actually in the austro-prussian war the prussians had the more advanced gun (needle gun) but the austrians had more advanced artillery with breech loading and riffled pieces whereas the prussians mostly had outdated smooth bore guns.

  3. you got a link for 1 time payments. would love to support but im not in a place to give monthly? love what you do. Sengoku jidai or anlushan rebellion would make my week. thank man

  4. Thanks for posting this, it has been my favourite History topic since going to Austria, Hungary, Czech and Slovak Republics in October 2007!

  5. I would like to join it as a czech, but only it would have different name cuz czech people would be the majority in the empire.

  6. Austrians are not Germans, they speak German (bavaro-Austrian). They are ethnically and culturally distinct

  7. Actually the 1868 Hungarian language law was fairly liberal for the time (remember this is the time when France forced the Parisian dialect over the whole country and erased hundreds of small romance languages), allowing minorities to have their own schools in their own language and only needing to learn Hungarian like you learn English or Germany today, plus granting the Orthodox church great autonomy. While this law was revised several times over the decades, it wasn't until the 1907 lex Appony that we can talk about active efforts as it required all teachers to speak Hungarian and the primary classes had to be in Hungarian. However due to the very strong autonomy of the Orthodox church this effort fell deaf among many Serbs and Romanians (albeit most Romanians at the time were Greek-Catholic, NOT Orthodox).

    In the end Hungarianisation wasn't a strong process since most minorities lived in rural regions far from the state's administrative arm, and the percentage of Hungarian really only grew a few percent over decades. Contrast this with France which went from 40-50% speaking the dialect of il de France to almost 100% by the late 19. century.

    Assimilation pretty much only affected the urban communities of Germans and Jews, which can also be seen by the fact linguistic borders didn't shift between 1870 and 1910.

    Another fairly overlooked fact is that minorities were overrepresented in emigrant population – of the total 2 million people that left Hungary, 2/3 were non-Hungarian.

  8. I like how the video lasts 10 seconds more after it finishes just to reach ten minutes and get money 😂 btw excellent work

  9. Hungary was pretty large before they were forced to unite with austria, we even had a sea and parts of Italy! Then at the end of ww1 (which Hungary wanted to avoid btw) we lost 75% of our land. Kinda unfair

  10. 8:55 this is really sad, Hungarian land lost when it was the Hungarians that told the Austrians not to get involoved in so many wars. Rip Hungarians living in lost land

  11. He …are you affraid of missing the train or an airplane. JUST SLOW DOWN BROTHER…….No need to speed up the talking. THIS IS NOT AN OLYMPIC TRIAL!!!

  12. The own country is almost exploding because of ethnic conflicts.

    What would you do then? Of course annex more land with toxic cultures and demand even more after an asassination. Congrats. You fooled yourself.

  13. The increased power of the Hungarians also meant that many areas they could not influence as just another occupied nation were open for magyarization. This is why they still have claims on our own land. This is why that map of hungarian ethnics is larger than the map of Hungary.
    In my own personal opinion, the Austrian-Hungarian empire was the most hideous concept of a state in the modern era. It trampled over the freedom of so many peoples, while its two leading nationalities got to expand freely in the lands of the suppressed.

  14. Hungarians destroyed that empire. it was Austrian empire with many nations, in the end Hungarians started to feel they are something more and oppressed other slavic nations which led to the end of this empire.

  15. austria hungary was made in 1867 not 1848 and ended in 1918 not 1922 and the austro hungarian empire flag was nice

  16. this is why globally borders need to be drawn by ethnic lines i love every nation ethnicity and culture but they need ethnic lines and unique culture so when i visit i know who i need to respect as vast majority population would wish to see upon a guest

  17. Whenever someone talks about the wonders of building a diverse and multicultural society I just say the words "Austria-Hungary". They are almost always not educated enough to know what I am talking about, but I think my case is made and is water-proof.

  18. Ruthenians were and are different ethnic group than Ukrainians but they both have kinda similar language

  19. This might just be me, but having watched both this video and the 'Fall of the Ottoman Empire' video, I can't help but feel as if it's a miracle that the Central Powers lasted that long during WW1. Either that or Germany was just amazingly good at carrying its weaker allies.

  20. When you refuse to give Venice to Italy because they “didn’t earn it”, so you give it to France, but then France gives it to Italy anyway

    😀

  21. The Empire should have been more liberal and decentralized. Minority contolled areas should have had large autonomy and allowed minority languages to be used in local documents and affairs, and the parliament should had some say in other matters

  22. I feel like after the assassination of Ferdinand if the Austrians made a deal with the Russians for russia to take parts of not all of Serbia ww1 would have never happened

  23. What is the flag you put behind them during the bit about the Iron Ring? The fly half is Hungary, but the hoist half is different to the usual Austrian one.

  24. One important thing that you didnt expain is why it was so important for Austria to compramise with the Hungarians. In the 1849 spring campaign the Hungarian Army, lead by marshal Görgey, crushed the Austrian army and was moving into position to assault Vienna. The Austrians practicly had to beg for Russian assistance to stay alive. When they screwed over their Russian partners in the Crimean war they lost their military advantage over Hungary. Their defeat in the Austro-Prussian war showed their weakness very claerly to the Hungarian elite and a new war seemed to be on the horizon. The compramise with the Hungarians was one made out of desperation and gave recognition to the military power and success of Hungary.

  25. I feel sorry for globe makers. Business must have suffered, on account of national borders no longer being redrawn on this scale or this frequently anymore.

  26. i kind of wish that as soon as ww1 started, hungary broke away from austria-hungary. hungary kinda did nothing in the war. think about it, the emperor is austrian, the general is austrian, and bosnia was part of greater austria

  27. It was the weakness of Hungarian participation which led to the seizure of their ancestral lands. They should have cooperated with the Austrians more, most notably in the support for the funding of the navy; which they ignored

  28. You have excellent videos. Thank you for making these. Have you thought about a video on Great Moravia or the Samo Kingdom before it? Unfortunately there's not too much English info on it. I can understand Czech and Slovak so I've watched videos but most English speakers don't know too much about it. Thanks again!

  29. There's a mistake you also made in another video, the Austria-Hungarian Navy was by 1914 the 6th biggest in the world and far from being weak. That was also the reason why the Empire was no target for a British naval Invasion in WW1 like Gallipoli.

  30. OverSimplified: Germany was totally rekked by the treaty of Versailles!

    Austria – Hungary: Am I a joke to you?

  31. The hungarian revolution of 1848 was concurrent with a romanian one, in Transylvania. While Budapest claimed Transylvania, the romanians there rose in their own revolt against the Habsburgs and had a separate revolution. Later, when the russians intervened, they made peace with the hungarians and attempted to resist. They failed nonetheless. I think that should have at least been mentioned.

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