Browsed by
Tag: improves your listening skills

Liberalism and radicalism in France | Wikipedia audio article

Liberalism and radicalism in France | Wikipedia audio article

Liberalism and radicalism in France refer to different movements and ideologies. The main line of conflict in France during the 19th century was between monarchists (mainly Legitimists and Orléanists, but also Bonapartists) and republicans (Radical-Socialists, Opportunist Republicans, and later socialists). The Orléanists, who favoured constitutional monarchy and economic liberalism, were opposed to Republican Radicals. The Republican, Radical and Radical-Socialist Party (now divided into the center-right Radical Party and the center-left Radical Party of the Left), and especially the Republican parties…

Read More Read More

Utopian socialism | Wikipedia audio article

Utopian socialism | Wikipedia audio article

Utopian socialism is a label used to define the first currents of modern socialist thought as exemplified by the work of Henri de Saint-Simon, Charles Fourier, Étienne Cabet and Robert Owen.Utopian socialism is often described as the presentation of visions and outlines for imaginary or futuristic ideal societies, with positive ideals being the main reason for moving society in such a direction. Later socialists and critics of utopian socialism viewed “utopian socialism” as not being grounded in actual material conditions…

Read More Read More

Socialism | Wikipedia audio article

Socialism | Wikipedia audio article

Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and workers’ self-management of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them. There are many varieties of socialism and there is no single definition encapsulating all of them, though social rather than individual ownership is the common element shared by its various forms. “Social ownership” may refer to several different forms: State ownership, where the government owns all means of…

Read More Read More