Subversives – Episode 1. Documentary Film. Historical Reenactment. StarMedia. English Subtitles

Subversives – Episode 1. Documentary Film. Historical Reenactment. StarMedia. English Subtitles


Star Media and Babich Design present October, 1941. The Vyazma vicinity Search them! Commander? Paul Wilhelm Zibert. Lieutenant.
The 230th infantry regiment. Comrade Senior Major, here is
the case of Nicolay Kuznetsov. Leave it here. May I be free? Aye-aye! Nicolay Ivanovitch Kuznetsov,
aka Nicolay Grachev, aka Rudolf Schmidt, aka Paul Zibert was a Soviet intelligence
agent. He was a secret agent of the central apparatus
of the people’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs since 1936. His nicknames included Pooh
and the Colonist. In 1942 he joined the special purpose
detachment called “The Winners”. Under the name of the German
Ober-Lieutenant Paul Zibert he used to carry out intelligence services
in the cities of Rovno and Lvov. His main mission was
the so called T-line — the Terror. Fierce terror against the
German troops was carried out almost on all the territories
occupied by the enemy. That terror became an everyday
profession for hundreds of the Soviet officers. That terror was carried out
by special detachments consisting of professionally
trained saboteurs. THE SABOTEURS. Episode One.
The Liquidator On September 1, 1941
according to Hitler’s order the so called “Reichskommissariat Ukraine”
was established on the occupied territory. It included almost the entire
occupied territory of the then USSR excluding Galicia and the territory
between the Dniester and the Southern Bug seized by Romania. The post of the Reichskommissar
was assigned to Erich Koch. Ukraine was defined as a merely
geographical and not political or national establishment. To underline this fact Koch chose a provincial town
of Rovno to be his capital instead of Kiev. Rovno On July 5, 1941 a
Special Group was formed by the People’s Commissar of
Internal Affairs of the USSR in Moscow to arrange intelligence
and sabotage activity in the German rear. It was headed by Senior
Major Pavel Sudoplatov. The town of Rovno.
The main establishments of the occupation administration
in Ukraine are stationed here. They include the rear units,
economic administration of the district, judicial establishments
and the Reichskommissar’s residence. Your main goal is to liquidate Koch. In January of 1942
Sudoplatov’s group was reformed into the Fourth Department of the NKVD. It was forming the special purpose units consisting of former sportsmen, explosives
experts and guerilla war specialists. In June of 1942 the “Winners” unit headed by Dmitry Nicolayevitch Medvedev landed in Zhitomir region.
On passing 300 km it started working in the Sarnensk
forests of Rovno region. Nicolay Kuznetsov was
sent to this detachment. Your main goal is Koch’s elimination. I want a Polish to kill
a Ukrainian on sight and a Ukrainian to kill a Polish on sight. If they kill a Jew in the process I’ll only welcome it. Erich Koch was an
Obergruppenfuehrer of SA. He was the gauleiter
of the Eastern Prussia and later became
the Reichskommissar of Ukraine. He proved himself especially cruel
when realizing Hitler’s occupation policy. He was arranging the deportation
of the Ukrainians for forced labor to Germany. We’re the nation of masters and therefore we shall rule
cruelly and fairly. I’ll press everything out of this country —
to the last drop! By July of 1943 over 3.5 mln tons of grain,
500 thousand tons of potatoes, 155 thousand tons of sugar, 100 thousand tons of beans
and 50 thousand tons of butter were sent from Ukraine to Germany. It’s almost a 1/10 of the yearly production of these products
in the entire Soviet Union. Over two mln people were sent
to Germany for forced labor. Just compare: before the war
the population of Kharkov, the largest city of Ukraine,
was 901 thousand of people. You’ll be sent to the Sarny
woods to Medvedev’s group. The people in the unit will
know you as Nicolay Grachov. Your call sign will remain
the same — the Colonist. Main establishments
of the German administration, that is over 240
departments and headquarters including Erich Koch’s residence
were situated in the town of Rovno. This town was also the center
of the general district “Volyn”. This is where the German court
headed by an SA Oberfuehrer Alfred Funk, the headquarters
of the Ostgruppen head General Major Ilgen, the headquarters of the head of the rear
war units General Lieutenant Kitzinger and other establishments were situated. On arrival to the unit
Kuznetsov decided to see the city where he would live and work. He had to iron his uniform of the German Ober-Lieutenant
with an ax warmed at the fire. In Moscow Kuznetsov was given
all the necessary papers. But the Wehrmacht’s passes were
different in different cities. Therefore he had to fashion
out another paper in the unit taking Rovno’s
specifications into account. It was printed by the unit’s
doctor Albert Tsessarskiy. The necessary signatures were
falsified by the deputy commander on issues of intelligence service Lukin
who himself didn’t speak German. Nicolay Strutinskiy cut a stamp
out of a sole using just a school caliper and a shoe knife. It’s a paradox but the papers counterfeited
by these people stood all the checks. The Germans will think that you’re
from the economic department. You’ll be responsible for
supplying the front with lumber. Attention! All the people
coming into the city shall register in the
commandant’s office. The Colonist was accompanied
by three soldiers of the unit – Vladimir Strutinskiy… Nicolay Prikhodko… and Polikarp Voznyuk. In 50 m from the central
square in Konigsber chtrasse there was a gendarmerie;
Gestapo was opposite to it, then the Gebitskommissariat and the Reichskommissariat
“Ukraine” where Koch used to see visitors on
Tuesdays and Thursdays. At the same square there was
a restaurant “Deutchegoff”, the favorite place of the senior officers. In Rovno Kuznetsov got to know
that Koch is out of the city. For the Germans only While Koch was out of the city
the Colonist was not idling. He started to carry
out his T-measures – elimination of the senior
officers of the Wehrmacht. He arranged quite a few
ambushes at roads around Rovno. The agent called them
“the turkey hunting”. Pahska, kill the gunner.
Mitya, kill the driver. The rest – fire at the car! Fire! Mitya, he is yours! The Reichskommissar must
have felt the threat. Up to September of 1942 he
was spending most of his time in Rovno. Now he was avoiding being in this town. He was moving between Konigsberg,
Brest, Lutsk and Rovno. The first real chance
to kill him appeared only on Hitler’s birthday on April 20, 1943. He’ll be in town on April
20. The plan is the following… The military parade was
planned in the town for 10 a.m. Koch was to deliver a speech at it. At dawn a group of intelligence
agents dressed in uniforms of the Wehrmacht’s troops
took their positions close to the central tribune
under Kuznetsov’s command. The guerrillas planned to
throw grenades at the tribune and then flee in the confusion. But Koch didn’t come to
the parade. At the same day in the evening
the guerillas put huge store near the railway
station in Rovno on fire. The second chance appeared at
the beginning of May of 1943, when Kuznetsov got to know that Koch
is to come from Konigsberg. The Center to Timofey. Koch is
coming from Konigsberg in 6 days. I order you to work out the
elimination plan. Sudoplatov. The fighters sat in ambush
for the entire day. But the liaison officer
didn’t come from the airport. Later Kuznetsov got to know
that Koch flew to Berlin. He needed a different plan to kill Koch
that would be more accurate. He worked such a plan out. Frau Lysovskaya? Yes. Hello from Popov… Lidia Lysovskaya was the
former Polish ballerina. According to some data she used to work
for the Polish intelligence service under the nickname of the Porcelain Doll. In war times she started
to cooperate with the NKVD. She used to work as a
housekeeper in the house of the Ostgruppen troops
commander General Max Ilgen. German officers and bureaucrats visited
her apartment in Rovno quite often. Lidia Lysovskaya presented
Kuznetsov to Valentina Dovger. Kuznetsov planned to
carry out another attempt at Koch’s life with a help of Dovger. Please meet Valentina Dovger. Nicolay. Nicolay… Valentina Dovger was a
daughter of a guerrilla from Medvedev’s unit who
died in March of 1943. She volunteered to join the unit and was sent to Rovno to help Kuznetsov. Here are the papers that prove
that you’re a German by birth. You’re my fiancee but you
may be sent for forced labor to Germany. Only Erich Koch may issue a permission
for you to stay in Rovno. I see. And now let me invite you to dance. May 31, 1943. Rovno Kuznetsov and Dovger asked
for a personal audience with the Reichskommissar to ask him
for a permission to get married. The girl was to distract the guards and the agent was to take his pistol
out of his pocket and shoot Koch. Here you go. No, just Frau. But the operation didn’t
go according to the plan. Here you go, Ober-Lieutenant. Good afternoon. I have an appointment. Yes, yes. Please wait. Kuznetsov was in five
meters from Koch’s table. Three guards were by him
watching his hands intensely. Besides, there was a dog in the room. The Colonist realized
that even if he manages to take out a gun he
won’t have time to fire. Do you want to marry a
girl of non-Arian origin? She is a German by birth You may marry, Ober-Lieutenant, but don’t stay in the rear for too long. Please come in. My congratulations,
Ober-Lieutenant. Frau. Thank you. The radiogram. The Centre — to Timofey. Because the Colonist failed to carry out
his mission of eliminating Koch I order an urgent internal investigation. You may arrest the
Colonist in case of need and transfer him to
the Centre. Sudoplatov. I wasn’t scared.
There is a difference between what is dangerous and what is
impossible. It was impossible. If I have to die I want
to be sure that my goal will be eliminated. And
I wasn’t sure in that. You may be executed for the
failure to carry the order out. Do as you think fit. You’re temporarily withdrawn
from operative activities. Until the Centre’s decision
you will stay in the camp under special surveillance. Aye-aye. May I be free? You may. Is that Shubert? Yes. The German. No. The French. Sudoplatov knew that
different situations may influence the agent’s work. The Colonist was a very important agent. Thanks to his efforts the
Soviet Commandment got a map of lines of the German
governmental communications system on the territories of
Ukraine, Poland and Germany and well as the position
of Hitler’s headquarters under Vinnitsa — the Wehrwolf. Let him go on working. Put it down! My order to the
Colonist is to stay in Rovno. Let him continue his work. His missions will be the following… In summer of 1943 Koch
was rarely seen in Rovno. Moscow took the decision
to eliminate other heads of the occupational administration. The first in their list
was the deputy of Erich Koch, the head of the German
administration Paul Dargel. Paul Dargel was the Nazi
party member since 1920 and the Reichstag deputy, he used to be
the governmental president of the city of Chiehenow in Poland and the head of the
Second Main Department of the Reichskommissariat “Ukraine”
and permanent deputy of Erich Koch. Dargel lived in Shlossstrasse 18, in 300 m from the Reichskommissariat. Every day in 13:30 sharp he
was going home to have dinner and always came back in a hour. In a few days it became
known that Kuznetsov shot not Dargel and his adjutant but the head of the main
department of finances by the Reichskommissariat,
adviser to the Minister Hans Gehl who came from Berlin
and his cash office referent Winter. Dargel got delayed at work that day, and that delay saved his life. According to the Soviet
intelligence service’s plan that murder was to be
presented as actions of the Western Ukrainians Nationalists. The Colonist threw a wallet of an expensive
Berlin firm at the place of attempt. Inside that wallet were a membership card
of the Berlin department of the Organization of
the Ukrainian Nationalists and the letter to all
departments of the OUN in Ukraine, The letter said:
“In the light of evident loss of the German war you shall start acting against the Germans to win
sympathies of the population”. The agents also put a few
Soviet notes in the wallet plus 20 American dollars, 140 reichsmarks and some golden tsar’s coins. The operation was well-arranged. After the attempt the Germans
first arrested and then executed over 30 prominent members of the
Organization of the Ukrainian Nationalists. It’s all right! One brat less! We’ll still kill Dargel with a grenade. On September 30, 1943 an
explosion happened in Rovno. To Reichskommissar
of Ukraine Erich Koch. On September 30, 1943
a car came to the house of the governmental president
Paul Dargel in Schlossstrasse 18. When the head of the administration
went out of the building the passenger dressed in the
uniform of an Ober-Lieutenant threw a grenade at him. Herr Dargel was seriously wounded
in the course of that explosion. He had both legs
amputated in the hospital. The explosion also killed
the Wehrmacht’s colonel walking nearby. There are data to suggest that the Russian
agent was also wounded but managed to escape
from the crime scene. The head of the Gestapo
in the town of Rovno. Right. I have to take the splinter out. I have one ampule of Novocain left. Don’t use it. I’ll be patient. Be patient, then. Be patient. Here you go. Additional forces were allocated
by the Gestapo to look for Kuznetsov. The head of the Fourth Department
of the Nazi Party — the Gestapo Heinrich Muller himself
sent a directive to Rovno ordering to find that Russian alive and
transfer him to Berlin. Here is the personal case
of Paul Zibert, as you asked. Together with the Gestapo the investigation
was also conducted by the Abwehr — the military intelligence and
counter-intelligence service. Major of the Abwehr Martin
Gettel suspected Zibert of connections with foreign special services
and started his own investigation. Gettel believed that
Zibert was an English agent. He planned to negotiate
cooperation with the allies. May I, Ober-Lieutenant? Of course you may. How is your shoulder, Herr Zibert? I want to talk to you in private. Such conversations are carried
in other places, Herr Major. Kuznetsov invited Gettel to an apartment
of one of the undercover agents. Further fate of the Major is unknown.
His body wasn’t found. The order is to arrange a kidnapping and later transfer to
Moscow of the commander of the 740th Ostgruppen
unit General Max Ilgen. Max Ilgen was a General Major. He was born in Konigsberg in
1894 in a family of a butcher. He served in the police from
1920 to 1935. In 1935 he returned to the Wehrmacht
already promoted to a Major. In August of 1943 he
was appointed a commander of 740th unit of Ostgruppen. General’s task was to fashion out
a plan to liquidate guerilla detachments. Ilgen’s house was encircled
with a barbed wire fence. It was guarded by a guard from the soldiers
of the Eastern battalions and from 6 p.m. to six a.m. —
by a reinforced group of three soldiers. Reference. Ostgruppen
or the Eastern Battalions were volunteer units consisting
of prisoners-of-war, mobilized population and volunteers
from occupied territories of the USSR that were fighting on Germany’s side
in the Second World War. It was in Ilgen’s house that
Lidia Lisovskaya worked as a housekeeper. He’ll come in half an hour. Call the guard. Yevsey, come here! Do you want to live? Go back to your post and pretend
that everything is all right. Meet the general. Do you get it? He is here. Get him into the car. Leave!
Don’t forget the documents! Radiogram. The Centre — to Timofey. In connection with relocation of your unit
we can’t send a plane to you. The transfer of General Ilgen
to Moscow is cancelled. Interrogate and shoot
the captured prisoners. Sudoplatov. Let’s go. We have a meeting
with Judge Funk tomorrow morning. Alfred Funk was an
Oberfuehrer of the SS. Before getting an appointment in Ukraine
he was the head judge in the German-occupied Czechoslovakia. He used to kill the
Check patriots mercifully. On arrival in Ukraine Funk
proceeded with his bloody deeds. On his orders hundreds
of inmates were executed in prisons and concentration
camps. Innocent people were killed. Every morning before the
start of a working day Alfred Funk was shaving in a salon
opposite to the court’s building. He always came to just one
master — an elderly Polish Yan Anchak. Anchak, the former
Major of the Polish army, was one of the Soviet agents. Ober-Lieutenant!
What a pleasant meeting! Thank you. Major Gettel disappeared in the end
of October and still isn’t found. On November 10 there was an attempt
at German Knut’s life. Five days afterwards General Ilgen
was kidnapped by unknown people. The next day Judge Funk was murdered. Let me ask you, what is
Gestapo doing in your town? The SS Reichsfuehrer
Heinrich Himmler headed the operation on taking radical
measures in Rovno himself. A sonderkommando of Einzatzgrouppe C of the Forth Department of
the Nazi Party Administration (Gestapo) arrived at the town. Its mission was to find
and liquidate the Soviet agent. 82 professional agents
started a real hunt. Among the suspects was Ober-Lieutenant
of the Wehrmacht Paul Zibert. According to some data he had relations with Rovno’s inhabitants Valentina
Dovger and Lidia Lysovskaya. Frau Lysovskaya? Yes. What’s happened? Come on. You’ll have to go with us. What’s the matter? You’ll be explained later. Meanwhile Kuznetsov got another
opportunity to kill Koch. Erich Koch was to deliver
a speech at the party dedicated to the Catholic Christmas
in the so called German House. One of the variants stipulated mining
of the central tribune of the club. But first Koch changed the
date for the 22nd of December and then decided to arrange
the party outside of Rovno. Saboteurs had to cancel the explosion. In one month on January 27, 1944 the Rovno-Lutsk offensive operation
of the Soviet troops started in Ukraine. The special detachment “The Winners” got an order to move into
the rear of the German army following the retreating
units of the Wehrmacht. Together with Ivan
Belov and Yan Kaminskiy Kuznetsov had to move to Lvov (or Lambert
as it was called by the Germans) pretending to be German military men. They had to establish connections
with the city’s guerillas and continue their intelligence work. At night of January 29 the Soviet troops
intensified the offensive. They turned to southeast and came right
into the rear of the enemy defending Rovno. On February 2 Rovno was liberated
from the German troops. Drozd said that the Gestapo people
are already in the apartment. The third secret address
failed. They are looking for an Ober-Lieutenant of the
Wehrmacht. Where are we going? To the Valovaya Street,
to the Luftwaffe headquarters. You must be crazy. All employees
of the city’s Gestapo are looking for you! To the Valovaya Street,
to the Luftwaffe headquarters. An excerpt from a report to the head of the Forth Department of
the Nazi Party Administration (Gestapo) Gruppenfuehrer
Muller with a copy to the Reichskommissar
of Ukraine Erich Koch. On January 31 at 5 p.m. an
unknown dressed as a Hauptman entered the building of the Luftwaffe
headquarters in the Valovaya Street. The visitor was stopped at the entrance
and taken to Lieutenant Colonel of the air forces Hans Peters. While the guards were
checking his papers the unknown shot the Lieutenant Colonel
as well as Corporal Zeidel. Then the criminal managed
to leave the building. Three cartridge cases from 7.65 mm gun
were found at the crime scene. According to witnesses’
data the unknown resembled Ober-Lieutenant Paul Zibert from Rovno. The head of the city department
of the Gestapo in Lambert SS Hauptshturmfuehrer Peter Krauze. Gestapo brought Lysovskay
to Lvov to identify Zibert. His distinctive marks
and photos were sent to all the departments
of the field gendarmerie and Gestapo as well as to all the posts
at the exits from the city. Roundups and total checks of papers
of the city’s inhabitants and the German officers
were carried out on Lambert. The prize for Zibert’s
head was 25 thousand marks. Doctor Bauer? Yes. What’s the matter? I have a parcel for you. The German newspaper
said: “On February 9, 1944 Vice-Governor Doctor Otto
Bauer, the head of government of the Galicia district was
attacked by some Bolsheviks. His close companion,
the head of presidium of the governor’s office Doctor Heinrich
Schneider died together with him. They died for the sake
of the Fuehrer and the Reich.” Kuznetsov had an order
to relocate to Krakow. On fulfilling his mission
there he was to move to a guerilla detachment or
work with the local guerrillas and wait for the arrival
of the Soviet troops. However it was almost impossible
to get to Krakow at that time. The post is ahead of us. Turn left. Stop. We’ll spend the night here. We have to get out of the city tomorrow
and hurry to the front line. Medvedev’s unit failed to get
to Lvov and meet Kuznetsov. Fighting the Germans his
guerillas suffered great losses. They lacked supplies and ammunition. The commander of the unit was ill
and could only move on a sledge. Medvedev’s guerillas were ordered to stop the raid into the
enemy rear and to move forward to join the Red Army’s units. Kuznetsov also got an order
to move to the front line. February 28, 1944. A detachment was sent
to support the Colonist. Give me a grenade. The meeting with the Colonist
was planned to the southeast of Lvov closer to Peremyshl in seven days. The papers, please. Two weeks later… Our troops! Guys, these are our people! It was the first secret agent’s mistake. Those people were not the Red Army men but the fighters of the
Ukrainian Fighting Army dressed in Soviet uniforms. Look! The Germans! Don’t shoot! We’re the Communists! In a battle with them by the
village of Boratin Ivan Belov, Yan Kaminskiy and
Nicolay Kuznetsov died. The remains of Nicolay Kuznetsov
and the fighters of his group were found on September
17, 1959 by Kutiki. The forensic identification
and reconstruction of Kuznetsov’s face on
the base of his skull was carried out by the employees
of the Institute of Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences of
the USSR named after Gerasymov. Paul Dargel. Despite losing both legs
he continued to work as Koch’s deputy. In 1944 the Party
appointed him responsible for eastern issues and for
ties with General Vlasov. He also was the head of the Folksshturm
headquarters in Eastern Prussia. According to some data,
he lived in Hannover after the war. Erich Koch. After the war he was hiding
in the British zone for four years. He was getting
an unemployment dole of 18 marks. He was arrested in 1949
and extradited to the Polish government. The court sentenced him to execution
that was replaced with live imprisonment for reason of weak health.
He lived in seclusion for 27 years and died in the Barchevo prison aged 90. Koch’s cell was a spacious
room in a castle with a TV-set, a library and fresh Western newspapers. Lidia Lysovskaya was killed
under unknown circumstances on October 26, 1944 on the territory that
was already liberated from the Germans. It happened in Ukraine, in the village
of Mozyarka of Khmelnitsky region. Valentina Dovger was
arrested by Gestapo in 1944, tortured and sent to a
Germany concentration camp. She lived in Voronezh since 1950. She was awarded with the medals of Lenin,
the Great Patriotic War of the 1st rank and other medals. On November 5, 1944 the
Decree of the Presidium of the Higher Council of the USSR honored exceptional bravery and courage of Nicolay Ivanovitch Kuznetsov demonstrated while
fulfilling his missions with a title of a Hero of
the Soviet Union – postmortem.

22 thoughts on “Subversives – Episode 1. Documentary Film. Historical Reenactment. StarMedia. English Subtitles

  1. The almost unknown way to make even more effective the war against the German murderers on the soil of Sacred Soviet Union. Let's learn something from all those Soviet Heroes who gave their lives for a future in Europe free from wars and German boots.
    Amazing series, we cannot be enough thankful for all these uploads!

  2. I find it interesting that this video describes the Soviet agents as "subversives". Assuming that's the correct translation, it's a word that Western governments would not likely use in this context. In the West, those who openly dissent to government tyranny, oppression and criminality are labelled as subversives. If they resort to violence, they're labelled as terrorists. It's a war of words that is all too often very effective. The sheep who refuse to dissent even when they also see and are indeed victims of the same tyranny join in the attacks of the few who dare take action. They seem oblivious to the fact that nearly every freedom they have is the direct result of opposition, and often violent opposition, by "subversives" to oppressive governments. You would be hard pressed to find even one modern principle of common law in most countries that wasn't won on the blood of those who dissented to tyranny in some form.

    As for the documentary itself, it provides a lot of information that one might not easily find anywhere else. My only complaints relate to the frenetic pacing and the annoying overlaying of images. As a non-Russian speaker, I found it difficult to view and decipher the images while trying to read the subtitles.

  3. Was great to see the war from a russian point of view.Seems to me we know little in the uk about the russian people.Thanks for the uploads

  4. а что собственно мешает ФСБ.
    сейчас уничтожить этих западенских мразей.одного за одним.
    умели же наши отцы убивать эту гниду.надо выжечь до тла землю униатской гадины.

  5. we in india do not know much about russia.one thing is sure and that is russian films can be pretty boring. russian tv serial are good.nila

  6. very good movie thank you for the English peace from the USA war is no good when will people learn that when they do the world will be better

  7. very good movie thank you for the English peace from the USA war is no good when will people learn that when they do the world will be better

  8. Let us never forget that STALIN & Hitler contrived to start World War II—https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molotov%E2%80%93Ribbentrop_Pact

  9. I was in Budapest, Hungary. Kiev, Russia, and Berlin, Germany for years. I like Russian, Hungarian, and German people. However, the question about WW2 happened. I must say it was Nazi Germany fault. Nazi started the war and messed with every country. Just like Hitler said “Today we conquer Germany, tomorrow we conquer the world “. Star Media did a good job of series documentaries movies.

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