Prof. Cas Mudde, PhD: Populism: Definition, Causes, Consequence and Solutions

Prof. Cas Mudde, PhD: Populism: Definition, Causes, Consequence and Solutions



I think the best way to look at populism is as a set of ideas and specifically dividing society into two homogenous and antagonistic groups share the pure people and corrupt elite and populace want politics to follow what they consider the general will of the people so populist thing that the people are actually homogeneous and they share the same interest and they share the same values a variety of reasons but I think in the core it has to do if the perception that politics is all the same and that all the politicians are the same and in the end they will all do the same politics because they they cling to power they also there's an aspect that people feel that they don't have a say on politics that everything is being done without them having an influence and there's something to that although it's exaggerated and to a certain time populism is just about bringing power back to the people the problem is that the people of course don't exist and therefore like it's a simplification but the critique is first and foremost that too much politics is invisible or has been taken away and they want it back positive consequences is that various issues that are considered to be important by a set of the people are being politicized or replay the sized but one of the negative consequences is that political debate is being polarized and so it becomes friends and foes and enemies who don't deserve protection and when populist come to power what you often see is that they start to undermine minority rights separation of powers and rule of law straightforward because the reasons for the rise of populism are structural and so they won't change easily but most importantly we have to re ideologized politics we again have to talk about the main issues from our own position we also have to be honest and look back and admit that certain things were kept out of the electoral agenda and we have to be patient because this is a problem that there was caused over decades it's not going to change in a few years

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