Politics in Poland

Politics in Poland


Poland is a democratic republic
nation where the president is the head of the state while the prime minister
is the head of the government. The government consists
of the council of ministers with the prime
minister at its head. The members are chosen
from majority parties or coalitions but also include
exceptions in some cases. Along with the president, the government
constitute the executive power through a multi-party system and is
formally announced by the president. The government must also pass a motion
of confidence within two weeks of being announced in the lower house of
the parliament, also known as Sejim. The government of Poland
follows a semi-presidential rule where the president
is the head of the state. The Sejim and the Senate
are the two chambers of the parliament where
legislative power is vested. 5 parties represent the parliament with the
elections occurring once every four years. The president is elected every five
years and also commands the Armed forces. He also has the power to
reject laws passed by the parliament unless overridden
by a majority of three fifths. The president can also dissolve the
parliament under certain conditions. The judicial system contains the
constitutional tribunal that can override parliamentary laws that violate freedom and
rights defined in the Polish constitution. Apart from this, the
judicial system does not have much role to play in
the politics of Poland. The Executive Branch Apart from the parliament chambers,
the executive branch of Polish Politics is heavily vested in the
President, the head of the state. The president is also the
supreme commander of the armed forces and the representative
of the Republic of Poland. The president shall also
appoint the General Staff and the commanders of the
armed forces of Poland. The president also has many other roles
that include appointing the prime minister, introducing legislations,
appointing judges, exercising pardon, among
other similar roles. The Legislative Branch The polish legislative branch
has mainly two chambers of the parliament: the
Sejim and the Senate. Elected every four years, the
lower house of the parliament (also known as Sejim) has 460 members
representing multiple constituencies. This is similar to most political party
systems followed around the world. There is also a 5% threshold introduced
in the lower house for minorities. The Senate has 100 members and are
also elected for a four year term. Together, they form the
national assembly and convene together on specific
occasions and roles. Poland also has well-equipped
national security whose aim is to integrate
into NATO and other western defense, political
and economic institutions through reorganizations
and restructuring. The supreme commander of the armed forces
is the president of the Republic of Poland. They are branched into
Land, Air, Navy and Special forces consisting of more
than 100,000 active personnel. The government protection bureau
(BOR) takes care of anti-terrorism activities and providing security to
VIP and other government officials. The politics in Poland
are diverse and the administrative powers are
divided into 16 provinces.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *