PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode October 20, 2019

PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode October 20, 2019


>>Stewart: ON THIS EDITION FOR SUNDAY, OCTOBER 20: A PRESIDENTIAL REVERSAL ON THE 2020 G7. HIGH STAKES ELECTIONS FOR CANADA’S PRIME MINISTER. AND, PART TWO OF OUR LOOK AT ICE DETENTION IN LOUISIANA. NEXT ON PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND.FROM THE TISCH WNET STUDIOS ATLINCOLN CENTER IN NEW YORK,ALISON STEWART.>>Stewart: GOOD EVENING. THANKS FOR JOINING US. IN A RARE REVERSAL, PRESIDENT TRUMP TWEETED LATE LAST NIGHT THAT NEXT YEAR’S G7 SUMMIT WILL NOT BE HELD AT THE TRUMP NATIONAL DORAL GOLF RESORT IN MIAMI, SOMETHING HIS ADMINISTRATION ANNOUNCED LAST THURSDAY WOULD HAPPEN IN JUNE 2020. IN HIS TWEETS, MR. TRUMP CONTINUED TO PRAISE THE TRUMP ORGANIZATION-OWNED RESORT AND SAID, “I THOUGHT I WAS DOING SOMETHING VERY GOOD FOR OUR COUNTRY.” ACTING CHIEF OF STAFF MICK MULVANEY ACKNOWLEDGED THIS MORNING THAT THE PRESIDENT KNEW THE HEAVILY-CRITICIZED DECISION TO USE DORAL “LOOKED LOUSY.”>>HE WAS HONESTLY SURPRISED AT THE LEVEL OF PUSHBACK. AT THE END OF THE DAY, HE STILL CONSIDERS HIMSELF TO BE IN THE HOSPITALITY BUSINESS AND HE SAW AN OPPORTUNITY TO TAKE THE BIGGEST LEADERS FROM AROUND THE WORLD, AND HE WANTED TO PUT ON THE ABSOLUTE BEST SHOW, BEST VISIT THAT HE POSSIBLY COULD, AND HE WAS VERY COMFORTABLE DOING THAT AT DORAL.>>Stewart: IN A TRIO OF TWEETS, MR. TRUMP SAID THE SEARCH FOR A NEW SITE FOR THE JUNE 2020 SUMMIT WILL BEGIN IMMEDIATELY AND INCLUDE “THE POSSIBILITY OF CAMP DAVID.” IN AFGHANISTAN TODAY, SECRETARY OF DEFENSE MARK ESPER SAID ALL U.S. TROOPS LEAVING SYRIA WILL BE DEPLOYED TO WESTERN IRAQ TO CONDUCT OPERATIONS AGAINST THE ISLAMIC STATE. ON HIS FIRST VISIT TO AFGHANISTAN SINCE BECOMING SECRETARY, ESPER MET WITH AFGHANISTAN’S PRESIDENT AND TOLD REPORTERS THE NUMBER OF U.S. TROOPS STATIONED THERE CAN BE REDUCED TO 8,600 FROM ABOUT 14,000 WITHOUT HURTING THE FIGHT AGAINST TERRORISM. HE STRESSED THAT SUCH A WITHDRAWAL WOULD ONLY HAPPEN IF THERE IS A NEGOTIATED PEACE AGREEMENT WITH THE TALIBAN. AND IN RELATED NEWS, HOUSE SPEAKER NANCY PELOSI LED A BIPARTISAN GROUP OF LAWMAKERS ON A SURPRISE TRIP TO JORDAN YESTERDAY TO DISCUSS THE SITUATION IN SYRIA WITH KING ABDULLAH II. THE TEN-MEMBER CONGRESSIONAL DELEGATION FOCUSED ON SECURITY, MAINTAINING REGIONAL STABILITY IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND INTERNATIONAL COUNTER-TERRORISM EFFORTS. THERE WAS FIGHTING YESTERDAY IN NORTHERN SYRIA DESPITE THE U.S. BROKERED CEASEFIRE BETWEEN TURKISH AND KURDISH FORCES. KURDISH LEADERS SAY CIVILIANS ARE NOW LEAVING AND MEDICAL AND RELIEF GROUPS ARE BEING ALLOWED IN. U.S. TROOPS WERE SEEN LEAVING THE REGION IN CONVOYS TODAY. JOINING US NOW FROM BEIRUT, LEBANON VIA SKYPE IS ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORTER SARAH EL DEEB. I UNDERSTAND YOU’VE BEEN SPEAKING WITH KURDISH LEADERS. WHAT HAVE YOU LEARNED?>>WELL, THE BIGGEST DEVELOPMENT TODAY WAS THAT THEY ACTUALLY WITHDREW THEIR FIGHTERS FROM THE TOWN THAT WAS AT THE CENTER OF THE STANDOFF IN THE LAST FEW DAYS. KURDISH FIGHTERS AND CIVILIANS HAVE LEFT THE TOWN. SO NOW WE’RE EXPECTING TURKISH MILITARY AND TURKISH FACTIONS TO MOVE IN.>>Stewart: YOU’VE ALSO SPOKEN WITH AN AIDE TO PRESIDENT ERDOGAN IN ANTICIPATION OF ERDOGAN’S MEETING WITH VLADIMIR PUTIN ON TUESDAY. WHAT DID HE SIGNAL THEY’LL DISCUSS?>>AS THE U.S. DECIDED TO BASICALLY LET THE TURKISH OPERATION TAKE PLACE, THE KURDISH FIGHTERS REACHED OUT TO RUSSIA AND THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT FOR PROTECTION. SO, IN THE MIDDLE OF THE TURKISH OFFENSIVE WE’VE SEEN GOVERNMENT FORCES TAKE POSITION ON THE BORDER, AT LEAST IN ONE TOWN, WITH THE IDEA THAT THEY WOULD BE REPLACING THE AMERICANS AND PROVIDING SOME KIND OF COVER FOR THE KURDISH FIGHTERS IN THAT AREA. BUT NOW WE HAVE TURKEY TELLING RUSSIA THAT IT CANNOT ACCEPT THIS SITUATION. TURKEY’S DRIVE OR LOGIC BEHIND THE OPERATION IS THAT IT WANTS TO DRIVE OUT THE KURDISH FIGHTERS FROM THE BORDER. BUT IT ALSO WANTS TO RESETTLE SYRIAN REFUGEES IN THAT STRETCH OF LAND. AND THE EXPLANATION THAT WE GOT WAS THAT THE SYRIAN REFUGEES WHO ARE NOW IN TURKEY WOULD NOT WANT TO GO BACK TO AN AREA THAT IS CONTROLLED BY THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT.>>Stewart: AND I DO WANNA LET OUR VIEWERS KNOW THAT YOU ARE CURRENTLY IN BEIRUT, LEBANON. AND THERE’S A SECOND WAVE OF ANTI-GOVERNMENT PROTEST, A SECOND WAVE THIS MONTH. WHAT SPARKED THE PROTEST THIS WEEKEND?>>THE SPARK WAS REALLY A TAX THAT THEY WANTED TO IMPOSE ON WHATSAPP ON THE USE OF THE WHATSAPP AND A VOICE, A VOICE MESSAGING AND CALLS THROUGH WHATSAPP. BUT IT WAS JUST ONE STRAW THAT BROKE THE BACK IT SEEMS. THERE’S SO MANY TAXES THAT HAVE BEEN IMPOSED AND THE COUNTRY’S VERY INDEBTED. SO OVER THE LAST FEW WEEKS WE’VE HAD SEVERAL PROTESTS OVER NEW EXPORT AND IMPORT TAXES, NEW CUTS TO GOVERNMENT BENEFITS AND PENSIONS, AND SO ON. SO I THINK WHEN THERE WAS A PROPOSED TAX ON WHATSAPP, PEOPLE, UM, JUST ROSE UP. AND THIS IS ONE OF THE BIGGEST WAVES OF PROTESTS WE’VE SEEN IN THIS COUNTRY IN YEARS.>>Stewart: SARAH, THERE HAVE BEEN SOME REPORTS THAT PRIME MINISTER HARIRI MIGHT STEP DOWN. HOW LIKELY IS SOMETHING LIKE THAT?>>HE NEVER SAID HE WOULD STEP DOWN. HE SAID HE’S GIVING 72 HOURS FOR HIS PARTNERS IN THE GOVERNMENT TO COME UP WITH A CREATIVE SOLUTION. HE’S ALSO BACKED BY THE WEST. SO, I THINK HIM STEPPING OUT OF THE SCENE IS NOT AN EASY MATTER, EVEN THOUGH THERE’S SO MUCH POPULAR PRESSURE FOR EVERYONE WHO’S CURRENTLY IN POWER TO GO. TOMORROW HE IS– THE 72 HOURS AND TOMORROW THAT’S LIKE IN LESS THAN 24 HOURS. FROM THE TURNOUT TODAY ON THE STREETS OF BEIRUT AND OTHER CITIES I DON’T SEE THIS IS GONNA DISAPPEAR IN ONE DAY. I THINK THIS TIME PEOPLE SAY IF WE GO BACK HOME WITHOUT MAJOR CHANGES, THEN WE’D LOSE THE MOMENTUM, AND WE CANNOT GET THAT LEVEL OF POPULAR MOBILIZATION AGAIN.>>Stewart: SARAH EL DEEB FROM THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR SHARING YOUR REPORTING.>>THANK YOU FOR HAVING ME.>>Stewart: IN CHILE, STUDENT- LED PROTESTS TURNED DEADLY THIS WEEKEND, EVEN AFTER PRESIDENT SEBASTIAÁN PIÑERA SUSPENDED THE SUBWAY FARE HIKE THAT SPARKED THE PROTESTS. EARLY THIS MORNING, OFFICIALS SAID THREE PEOPLE DIED FROM A FIRE AT A VANDALIZED SUPERMARKET. CHILE’S PRESIDENT DECLARED A STATE OF EMERGENCY AND THE MILITARY IMPOSED A CURFEW AND PATROLLED THE COUNTRY’S CAPITAL FOR THE FIRST TIME SINCE AUGUSTO PINOCHET’S MILITARY DICTATORSHIP ENDED IN 1990. POLICE ARRESTED MORE THAN 300 PEOPLE. AND IN HONG KONG, PROTESTS TURNED VIOLENT AGAIN TODAY. POLICE USED TEAR GAS AND A WATER CANNON AFTER DEMONSTRATORS AT AN UNAUTHORIZED PRO-DEMOCRACY RALLY BARRICADED STREETS AND SET FIRES. POLICE ALSO DETONATED A SUSPECTED BOMB. FOR THE LATEST ON THE SITUATION ON THE GROUND IN SYRIA, VISIT www.pbs.org/newshour.>>Stewart: CANADIANS GO TO THE POLLS TOMORROW IN A NATIONAL ELECTION THAT COULD RETURN PRIME MINISTER JUSTIN TRUDEAU AND HIS LIBERAL PARTY TO POWER FOR ANOTHER FOUR-YEAR TERM. BUT THE RACE IS CLOSE. WHILE IN OFFICE, HE HAS SUCCEEDED AT MAKING A NEW TRADE DEAL WITH THE U.S., AMONG OTHER ACCOMPLISHMENTS, BUT HE’S ALSO FACED SOME SCANDALS AS OF LATE WHICH HAVE TURNED THE TIDE ON HIS POPULARITY. NEWSHOUR WEEKEND SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT BENEDICT MORAN HAS OUR STORY.>>Reporter: TERESA KRUZE IS A CONSERVATIVE PARTY CANDIDATE RUNNING FOR PARLIAMENT IN CANADA’S UPCOMING FEDERAL ELECTION. TODAY, SHE’S OUT CANVASSING ON A MESSAGE OF CHANGE.>>GOING DOOR-TO-DOOR IS KEY. BECAUSE THAT’S WHERE WE’RE REALLY GOING TO BE ABLE TO ENGAGE WITH PEOPLE, AND TO TELL THEM THERE IS AN ALTERNATIVE TO JUSTIN TRUDEAU AND THE LIBERALS, AND WHAT OUR PLATFORM IS.>>Reporter: KRUZE IS A CANDIDATE IN VAUGHAN, ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF TORONTO, CANADA’S BIGGEST CITY. NATIONALLY, 338 SEATS IN THE LOWER HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT ARE UP FOR GRABS, BUT THIS AREA IN PARTICULAR IS A BATTLEGROUND. LIBERALS CURRENTLY HOLD THE MAJORITY, BUT IN ELECTIONS PAST, THE REGION HAS PING-PONGED BETWEEN PARTIES. KRUZE IS PROMISING RESIDENTS OF THIS NEIGHBORHOOD THE CONSERVATIVES CAN MAKE LIFE MORE AFFORDABLE.>>WE WANT TO LOWER YOUR PERSONAL TAXES, WHICH WILL BE NICE, THAT’LL PUT MORE MONEY BACK INTO YOUR POCKETS AT THE END OF THE MONTH. AND WE’RE ALSO GOING TO GET RID OF THE CARBON TAX.>>Reporter: THIS MORNING, SHE HAS FOUND A SUPPORTER.>>DO YOU, HOW IS YOUR FAMILY LEANING, DO YOU THINK YOU MIGHT BE VOTING CONSERVATIVE?>>Reporter: KRUZE’S OPPONENT IN VAUGHAN IS INCUMBENT FRANCESCO SORBARA. HE WAS ELECTED IN 2015 ON A WAVE OF LIBERAL SUPPORT.>>COME STAI! TUTTO BENE?>>Reporter: TODAY, HE’S VISITING AN ITALIAN COMMUNITY CENTER. ITALIANS MAKE UP THE LARGEST BASE OF IMMIGRANTS HERE. IT’S A COMMUNITY SORBARA CALLS HIS OWN. BUT DESPITE HIS BEING A FAMILIAR FACE, POLLS SHOW THE RACE BETWEEN SORBARA AND TERESA KRUZE IS A TOSS-UP. SO HE IS OUT CAMPAIGNING, TOO.>>$729 A YEAR WE’RE GOING TO RAISE THE OLD AGE SECURITY PENSION.>>Reporter: THE RACE IS CLOSE IN PART BECAUSE SORBARA, LIKE MANY LIBERAL CANDIDATES, IS CAMPAIGNING FOR RE-ELECTION IN PARLIAMENT DOWN TICKET FROM THE INCREASINGLY UNPOPULAR PRIME MINISTER, AND LEADER OF THE LIBERAL PARTY, JUSTIN TRUDEAU. THAT SOMETIMES MAKES IT DIFFICULT TO CONVINCE SOME CANADIANS TO STAY ON HIS SIDE.>>ANYBODY BUT TRUDEAU!>>(LAUGHS) THAT’S OKAY.>>Reporter: BECAUSE OF TRUDEAU, THIS ELECTION SEASON, LIBERALS ACROSS THE COUNTRY ARE EMBATTLED. FOUR YEARS AGO, JUSTIN TRUDEAU LED HIS LIBERAL PARTY TO OVERWHELMING VICTORY ON A PLATFORM OF MIDDLE CLASS TAX CUTS, INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT, AND SUPPORT FOR THE POOR.>>IT’S TIME FOR A CHANGE IN THIS COUNTRY, MY FRIENDS, A REAL CHANGE.>>Reporter: WHEN HE TOOK OFFICE IN 2015 AFTER NEARLY A DECADE OF CONSERVATIVE LEADERSHIP, HE CALLED HIMSELF A FEMINIST AND APPOINTED AN ETHNICALLY DIVERSE AND GENDER-BALANCED CABINET. UNDER HIS LEADERSHIP CANADA ACCEPTED TENS OF THOUSANDS OF REFUGEES. HIS ECONOMIC POLICIES HELPED LIFT HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF CANADIANS OUT OF POVERTY. AND IN ORDER TO FIGHT CLIMATE CHANGE, HE PASSED A COUNTRY-WIDE CARBON TAX. BUT HE FACED QUESTIONS ABOUT HIS COMMITMENT TO FIGHTING CLIMATE CHANGE WHEN HIS GOVERNMENT BOUGHT THE TRANSMOUNTAIN PIPELINE PROJECT FROM A PRIVATE COMPANY, WHICH WOULD TRIPLE EXPORTS OF CRUDE OIL OUT OF ALBERTA. TRUDEAU HAS ALSO BEEN ACCUSED OF ETHICS VIOLATIONS AFTER HE PRESSURED HIS FORMER ATTORNEY GENERAL TO CUT A DEAL WITH A COMPANY FACING CORRUPTION CHARGES. ALL OF THIS CAUSED TRUDEAU’S POLL NUMBERS TO PLUMMET SAYS NONPARTISAN POLLSTER SHACHI KURL.>>WE SAW A POLITICIAN WITH SO MUCH POPULARITY, PERSONAL APPEAL, AND POLITICAL CAPITAL THAT IT SEEMED LIKE HE COULD DO NO WRONG. BUT, YOU KNOW, TIME HAS A WAY OF TAKING CARE OF THAT, AND OVER THE LAST FOUR YEARS THIS PRIME MINISTER HAS BEEN ON A BIT OF A SPENDING SPREE WHEN IT COMES TO POLITICAL CAPITAL, AND NOW THE CREDIT CARDS ARE MAXED OUT, AND HE IS IN THE FIGHT FOR HIS POLITICAL LIFE.>>Reporter: FOUR WEEKS AGO, EMBARRASSING IMAGES OF TRUDEAU IN BLACK FACE APPEARED ONLINE, SOME TAKEN WHEN HE WAS A TEENAGER. OTHERS WHEN HE WAS OLDER. HE HAS APOLOGIZED.>>THIS IS SOMETHING THAT I DEEPLY, DEEPLY REGRET.>>Reporter: THE APOLOGY HASN’T STOPPED HIS MAIN OPPONENT FROM MAKING THE MOST OF HIS VULNERABILITY.>>HE SAID HE WOULD BE DIFFERENT, BUT AS THE LAST FOUR YEARS HAVE SHOWN, JUSTIN TRUDEAU IS NOT AS ADVERTISED.>>Reporter: CONSERVATIVE PARTY LEADER ANDREW SCHEER IS RUNNING TO REPLACE TRUDEAU AS PRIME MINISTER.>>IT IS SUCH A PLEASURE FOR ME TO BE HERE.>>Reporter: HE IS PLEDGING TO BALANCE THE BUDGET, IN PART BY REDUCING SPENDING ON INFRASTRUCTURE, AND CUTTING FOREIGN AID BY 25%. HE’S ALSO PROMISING TAX BENEFITS.>>WE ARE GOING TO LOWER THE FIRST INCOME TAX BRACKET. WE’RE GOING TO BRING BACK THE PUBLIC TRANSIT TAX CREDIT. WE’RE GOING TO MAKE MATERNITY LEAVE BENEFITS TAX FREE, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN.>>Reporter: LIBERALS SAY THESE PROPOSALS WOULD RAISE CANADA’S NATIONAL DEBT, AND SCHEER’S PRO-OIL POLICIES WOULD BE DEVASTATING FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. AND THEY POINT TO SCHEER’S OWN POLITICAL LIABILITIES. CANADA’S “GLOBE AND MAIL” NEWSPAPER REVEALED THAT SCHEER HAD NEVER TOLD THE PUBLIC HE HOLDS BOTH CANADIAN AND AMERICAN CITIZENSHIP, WHICH SCHEERS CRITICS POUNCED ON AS EVIDENCE OF HIS UNTRUSTWORTHINESS. MEANWHILE, TRUDEAU HAS PLEDGED TO PLANT TWO BILLION TREES WITHIN TEN YEARS TO ABSORB CARBON EMISSIONS. BUT AT A LIBERAL PARTY RALLY, A PROTESTOR DECRIED TRUDEAU’S PURCHASE OF THE TRANSMOUNTAIN PIPELINE PROJECT, SCREAMING IN FRENCH, “YOU ARE NOT THE SOLUTION, YOU ARE THE PROBLEM.”>>YOU ARE A CLIMATE CRIMINAL! CLIMATE CRIMINAL!>>Reporter: AND AT THE FIRST NATIONAL DEBATE IN OCTOBER, A PROGRESSIVE ON TRUDEAU’S LEFT EMERGED AS A DYNAMIC CANDIDATE. JAGMEET SINGH OF THE NEW DEMOCRATIC PARTY HADN’T BEEN POLLING WELL NATIONALLY, BUT AFTER A LIVELY PERFORMANCE AT THE FIRST DEBATE, HIS APPROVAL RATINGS JUMPED.>>MR. TRUDEAU, I KNOW THAT YOU SAY A LOT OF NICE THINGS. AND YOU’VE BEEN SAYING A LOT OF GREAT THINGS ON THE STAGE TODAY. BUT THE PROBLEM IS THAT YOU SAID A LOT OF THESE THINGS IN 2015. AND YOU MADE IT SOUND LIKE YOU WOULD MAKE CLIMATE A BIG PRIORITY. BUT THE REALITY IS YOU DID ALL THESE THINGS, YOU BOUGHT A PIPELINE. WHAT’S IT GOING TO TAKE FOR YOU TO FOLLOW THROUGH ON THESE COMMITMENTS? ‘CAUSE YOUR WORDS ARE NOT GOOD ENOUGH ANYMORE.>>Reporter: TRYING TO CAPTURE SOME OF THE DISSATISFIED PROGRESSIVE VOTE, HE HAS PROMISED TO LAUNCH A UNIVERSAL PHARMACARE PLAN THAT WOULD MAKE SURE NO ONE HAS TO PAY FOR PRESCRIPTION DRUGS OUT OF POCKET. AND HE APPEARS TO BE HAVING AN EFFECT. POLLS SUGGEST THAT SMALLER PARTIES LIKE HIS WON’T GET ENOUGH SEATS IN PARLIAMENT TO FORM A GOVERNMENT, BUT THEY MAY CONTROL THE BALANCE OF POWER IF TRUDEAU OR SCHEER CAN’T WIN AN OUTRIGHT MAJORITY. MEANWHILE, CANDIDATES FROM TRUDEAU’S LIBERAL PARTY, LIKE FRANCESCO SORBARA, HOPE VOTERS APPRECIATE THE WAYS IN WHICH THE PRIME MINISTER AND HIS PARTY HAVE GOVERNED.>>I LOOK AT OUR RECORD AS EXTRAORDINARILY PROGRESSIVE. COMPASSIONATE. MEASURE AFTER MEASURE THAT IS BENEFITING CANADA TODAY, AND FOR THE FUTURE. NO GOVERNMENT IS PERFECT AND I THINK YOU KNOW I’D BE THE FIRST TO RAISE MY HAND. NO INDIVIDUAL IS PERFECT.>>Reporter: THEY ALSO HOPE VOTERS FORGIVE THE FLAWS OF THE PARTY’S LEADER.>>Stewart: AS WE REPORTED LAST NIGHT, OF THE MORE THAN 51,000 MIGRANTS CURRENTLY DETAINED IN THE UNITED STATES BY IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT, UPWARD OF 8,000 ARE HELD IN PRISONS AND JAILS IN LOUISIANA. IN THE LAST OF OUR TWO-PART REPORT ABOUT THE RAPID EXPANSION OF ICE DETENTION IN LOUISIANA, WE WILL HEAR FROM A LOCAL SHERIFF WHOSE JAIL HOLDS FEDERAL DETAINEES. NEWSHOUR WEEKEND SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT JOANNE ELGART JENNINGS REPORTED THE STORY IN COOPERATION WITH THE “NEW ORLEANS ADVOCATE” AND I.T.V.S.>>Reporter: JACKSON PARISH IS TYPICAL OF NORTHERN LOUISIANA. RURAL, QUIET, CONSERVATIVE, AND CLOSE-KNIT. ALSO TYPICAL ARE SHUTTERED STORES, A SYMPTOM OF A STAGNANT ECONOMY AND THE STRUGGLE TO EMPLOY PEOPLE. ONE RELIABLE EMPLOYER HAS BEEN THE JACKSON PARISH CORRECTIONAL CENTER. THE JAIL IS OPERATED BY LaSALLE CORRECTIONS, A LOCAL PRIVATE PRISON COMPANY, BUT IT’S MANAGED AND UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF THE SHERIFF’S DEPARTMENT. ANDY BROWN WAS ELECTED SHERIFF OF JACKSON PARISH IN 2003.>>ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I FACED WHEN I TOOK OVER, WE HAD A JAIL THAT WAS BUILT IN 1936. THE CONDITIONS WERE HORRIBLE AND I KNEW I HAD TO CLOSE THAT JAIL AND TRY TO COME UP WITH SOMETHING THAT WOULD BENEFIT OUR PARISH.>>Reporter: SO HE REACHED OUT TO LaSALLE CORRECTIONS.>>AFTER MANY MEETINGS, MANY DISCUSSIONS, A LOT OF NEGOTIATION, WE AGREED THAT LaSALLE WOULD COME HERE AND BUILD THIS FACILITY.>>Reporter: THEY BUILT A JAIL WITH CAPACITY TO HOLD 600 INMATES AND LATER MORE THAN DOUBLE THAT. THE POPULATION OF JACKSON PARISH IS ABOUT 15,000. SO WHY DOES A PARISH YOUR SIZE NEED A JAIL SO BIG?>>WELL, IT NECESSARILY DID NOT NEED A JAIL THIS SIZE, BUT IN OUR NEGOTIATIONS WITH LaSALLE MANAGEMENT, I WANTED A PARISH JAIL AND ONE THING THAT I HAVE TO TELL YOU THIS PRISON DID NOT COST THE TAXPAYERS ANY MONEY. LaSALLE MANAGEMENT COME IN AND BUILT THIS. AND, YOU KNOW, THEY’RE GOING TO BUILD IT ON A SCALE TO WHERE IT FITS THEIR NEEDS, NOT NECESSARILY MINE. THEY’RE IN THE BUSINESS OF MAKING MONEY. I’M NOT NECESSARILY IN THE BUSINESS OF MAKING MONEY. I’M IN THE BUSINESS OF MAKING SURE THIS OPERATES RIGHT AND IT CARRIES ON LIKE IT’S SUPPOSED TO.>>Reporter: HISTORICALLY, LOUISIANA HAS BEEN KNOWN AS AMERICA’S INCARCERATION CAPITAL. OVERCROWDING IN ITS PRISONS HAS LED THE STATE TO RELY ON LOCAL SHERIFFS, WORKING IN PARTNERSHIP WITH FOR-PROFIT COMPANIES. TOGETHER, THEY’VE BUILT LARGE FACILITIES TO HOUSE MORE THAN HALF OF THE STATE’S PRISONERS.>>THE WAY THAT WE PAY LOCAL SHERIFFS IS ON A PER DIEM SYSTEM, WHICH MEANS THAT THEY’RE PAID PER HEAD, PER DAY, FOR EACH INDIVIDUAL THAT THEY HOUSE.>>Reporter: KATIE SCHWARTZMANN IS LEGAL DIRECTOR FOR THE AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION IN LOUISIANA.>>WELL, THAT INCENTIVIZES ECONOMICALLY INCARCERATING THE MOST PEOPLE THAT YOU CAN AND SAVING AS MUCH MONEY AS YOU CAN ON THINGS LIKE SERVICES AND BASIC PROVISIONS.>>Reporter: THE ARRANGEMENT HAS PROVIDED A BOOST TO ECONOMICALLY DEPRESSED RURAL COMMUNITIES WHILE INCREASING PROFITS FOR THE PRIVATE COMPANIES. BUT IN 2017, LOUISIANA ENACTED PRISON REFORMS THAT LED TO A DRAMATIC DECREASE IN THE NUMBER OF STATE PRISONERS BEHIND BARS. NOW, MANY OF THE CELLS ARE BEING USED BY ICE. THE AGENCY PAYS THE JACKSON PARISH SHERIFF’S DEPARTMENT $74 A DAY FOR EACH MIGRANT DETAINEE. THAT’S ABOUT THREE TIMES WHAT THE STATE PAYS TO HOUSE SOMEONE CONVICTED OF A CRIME. THOUGH THE $74 DOES COVER SOME ADDED ICE REQUIREMENTS, INCLUDING TRANSLATORS AND ADDITIONAL HEALTHCARE PROVIDERS, IT’S BEEN A WINDFALL HERE.>>THE PER DIEM COMES TO THE SHERIFF’S OFFICE AND I TURN AROUND AND CUT LaSALLE MANAGEMENT A CHECK. THEN LaSALLE MANAGEMENT PAYS ME. THEY REIMBURSE ME FOR ALL THE BENEFITS FOR ALL THE SALARIES OF ALL THESE EMPLOYEES. PLUS I MAKE SOME MONEY OFF OF FEES AND SUCH.>>Reporter: AND WHEN YOU SAY YOU MAKE MONEY THAT YOU’RE ABLE TO FINANCE YOUR LAW ENFORCEMENT OPERATION THROUGH, THROUGH THIS? OR WHAT DO YOU MEAN?>>I HAVE ABOUT A $5-MILLION BUDGET AT MY SHERIFF’S OFFICE. AND THIS YEAR WE WILL PROBABLY PROFIT $750,000 FROM THE JAIL.>>Reporter: AND BROWN SAYS THERE ARE OTHER ECONOMIC BENEFITS.>>I’VE BEEN ABLE TO CREATE OVER 200 JOBS AND IT’S VERY MEANINGFUL IN OUR PARISH. AND THESE JOBS, NOT ONLY THE PAY, BUT THEY GET HEALTH BENEFITS. AND SO I’M PROUD OF THAT FACT.>>Reporter: WHAT SHERIFF BROWN SEES AS A BOON TO THE COMMUNITY TROUBLES THE A.C.L.U.’S KATIE SCHWARTZMANN.>>OUR LOCAL SHERIFFS HAVE FIGURED OUT THAT THEY CAN MAKE MORE MONEY ON HOUSING ICE DETAINEES THAN THEY CAN ON HOUSING, UM, CONVICTED LOUISIANA PRISONERS.>>Reporter: SO THERE’S SOME PEOPLE THAT SAY, LIKE, YOU’RE PROFITING OFF OF INCARCERATING PEOPLE. WHAT DO YOU SAY TO PEOPLE WHO SAY THAT?>>I’VE GOT MIXED EMOTIONS ABOUT THAT. I DO UNDERSTAND WHY SOMEBODY WOULD SAY THAT. AND, YOU KNOW, AGAIN I’M NOT IN IT FOR THE PROFIT. I’M IN IT TO BETTER THE AREA WHERE I LIVE.>>Reporter: ICE SAYS ITS ARRANGEMENT WITH LOUISIANA BENEFITS FEDERAL TAXPAYERS. BRYAN COX IS ACTING PRESS SECRETARY.>>THE AVERAGE COST OF DETENTION IN ICE CUSTODY IS AROUND $126 A DAY. THE AVERAGE IN LOUISIANA IS ABOUT $65 A DAY.>>Reporter: AND COX SAYS THERE’S A REASON ICE CONTRACTS WITH LOCAL SHERIFFS AND PRISON COMPANIES.>>IF ICE WERE TO BUILD AND OPERATE A NETWORK OF DETENTION FACILITIES, ICE WOULD HAVE TO STAFF THOSE FACILITIES, BUILD THOSE FACILITIES. THE COST TO THE TAXPAYER WOULD BE SIGNIFICANT. WITH A CONTRACT ARRANGEMENT THAT ALLOWS ICE TO BRING ON MORE BEDS AS NEEDED, REDUCE BEDS AS NEEDED.>>Reporter: ON THE DAY WE VISITED JACKSON PARISH CORRECTIONAL CENTER, 972 BEDS WERE OCCUPIED BY ICE DETAINEES. WE MET THREE WHO EACH ENTERED THE U.S. AT LEGAL PORTS OF ENTRY AND REQUESTED ASYLUM. ALL ARE GAY MEN FROM CENTRAL AMERICA. THEY SAY THEY WERE PERSECUTED BY GANGS, OFTEN VIOLENTLY, AND MET WITH INDIFFERENCE BY THE POLICE. 23-YEAR-OLD SERGIO GOMEZ IS FROM EL SALVADOR.>>(translated): I’VE HAD A LOT OF PROBLEMS WITH THE GANGS BECAUSE OF MY SEXUAL PREFERENCE.>>Reporter: HE’S BEEN IN ICE DETENTION FOR NINE MONTHS, WHICH HE SAYS IS ESPECIALLY TRYING AS A GAY MAN.>>(translated): IT’S REAL HARD TO BE LOCKED UP IN A DORM WITH 100 MEN. WE DON’T HAVE PRIVACY. WE ALL TAKE SHOWERS TOGETHER. WE’RE ASHAMED AND EMBARRASSED.>>Reporter: THE A.C.L.U.’S KATIE SCHWARTZMANN SAYS THAT WHAT CONCERNS HER ABOUT USING JAILS TO DETAIN MIGRANTS AWAITING ASYLUM HEARINGS IS THAT THEY’RE BEING TREATED AS CRIMINALS.>>IMMIGRATION DETAINEES ARE CIVIL DETAINEES. THEY’RE NOT ACCUSED OF ANY CRIME, UM, THEY DON’T HAVE A RIGHT TO A LAWYER IN THE WAY THAT SOMEBODY ON THE CRIMINAL SIDE IS BECAUSE IT’S TREATED AS A CIVIL INFRACTION. NOW YOU HAVE THOSE CIVIL DETAINEE FOLKS BEING HOUSED IN THE EXACT SAME CONDITIONS OF CONFINEMENT THAT HISTORICALLY WE’VE HOUSED PEOPLE WHO ARE CONVICTED OF CRIMINAL OFFENSES IN LOUISIANA.>>Reporter: I RAISED THAT CONCERN WITH SHERIFF BROWN.>>AND I UNDERSTAND THAT AND, UM, I STILL THINK THAT WE’RE A NATION OF LAWS AND WE’VE GOT TO, WE’VE GOT TO PROTECT OUR BORDERS. WE’VE GOT TO SECURE OUR BORDERS. I DON’T KNOW THAT A WALL IS THE ANSWER, AND I HATE TO SAY THIS, BUT INCARCERATION MAY BE.>>Reporter: WHATEVER THE CASE, INCARCERATION WILL CONTINUE TO FUEL THE ECONOMIES OF TOWNS LIKE SHERIFF BROWN’S IF SERGIO GOMEZ IS ANY INDICATION. YOU WOULD RATHER BE IN JAIL HERE THAN GO BACK HOME?>>(translated): I’D PREFER TO BE LOCKED UP THAN RETURN BACK TO MY COUNTRY.>>THIS IS PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND,SUNDAY.>>Stewart: SECRETARY OF DEFENSE MARK ESPER WAS IN AFGHANISTAN TODAY MEETING WITH GOVERNMENT LEADERS. THE TALIBAN STILL HOLDS POWER IN MANY REGIONS OF THE COUNTRY IT CONTROLLED FROM 1996 TO 2001. DURING THOSE FIVE YEARS THE EXTREMIST RELIGIOUS GROUP RELENTLESSLY ATTACKED AND DESTROYED OBJECTS AND MONUMENTS IMPORTANT TO OTHER CULTURES AND RELIGIONS. NOW, EXPERTS AT AFGHANISTAN’S NATIONAL MUSEUM ARE RESTORING PIECES FROM THE COUNTRY’S BUDDHIST HISTORY. NEWSHOUR WEEKEND’S MEGAN THOMPSON HAS THE STORY.>>Reporter: 18 YEARS AFTER AFGHANISTAN’S NATIONAL MUSEUM REOPENED FOLLOWING TALIBAN RULE, THE PROGRESS AND RESTORATION EFFORTS ARE VISIBLE EVERYWHERE.>>(translated): THEY CAME WITH A NUMBER OF PEOPLE AND OPENED THE DOOR OF THE NATIONAL MUSEUM AND THEY STARTED BREAKING THE ANTIQUES.>>Reporter: CONSERVATORS ARE NOW PUTTING THE PIECES BACK TOGETHER– REASSEMBLING BUDDHIST RELICS DATING BACK TO THE THIRD CENTURY.>>IT’S MORE THAN 1,000 YEARS THAT WE HAD BUDDHISM IN AFGHANISTAN, ARTISTIC WORK FROM THAT PERIOD IS ACTUALLY SHOWING A VERY, VERY IMPORTANT PART OF THAT HISTORY.>>Reporter: USING ARCHIVED PHOTOS, 3D IMAGING AND THEIR KNOWLEDGE, THE MUSEUM’S EXPERTS ARE PIECING TOGETHER THOUSANDS OF STUCCO SHARDS TO SLOWLY RESTORE STATUES OF THE BUDDHA. IT’S ONLY SOME OF WHAT CAN BE SAVED AFTER THE TALIBAN USED EXPLOSIVES TO PERMANENTLY ERASE MONUMENTS LIKE THESE TWO GIANT BUDDHAS.>>RESTORATION OF OUR ANTIQUITIES AND OUR CULTURAL HERITAGE, WHETHER IT IS MOVABLE OBJECT IN MUSEUMS OR IMMOVABLE MONUMENTS AND THE SITES WE ARE HAVING ALL AROUND AFGHANISTAN ARE VERY IMPORTANT.>>Reporter: CURATORS SAY THEY WORRY THEIR WORK COULD COME UNDER ATTACK AGAIN IF THE TALIBAN TAKE CONTROL OF KABUL. FOR NOW, THE DOORS ARE OPEN AND THE PAINSTAKING WORK CONTINUES.>>Stewart: FINALLY TONIGHT, HAPPY BIRTHDAY TO NEWSHOUR! ♪ ♪ ♪>>Stewart: ON THIS DAY IN 1975, PBS DEBUTED “THE ROBERT MACNEIL REPORT.” THE NAME HAS CHANGED A FEW TIMES, ALONG WITH THE LOGOS AND THE MUSIC. ♪ ♪ ♪ BUT HERE WE ARE, STILL GROWING AT 44. THAT’S ALL FOR THIS EDITION OF PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND. I’M ALISON STEWART. THANK YOU FOR WATCHING. HAVE A GOOD NIGHT.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *