Panethnicity | Wikipedia audio article

Panethnicity | Wikipedia audio article


Panethnicity is a political neologism used
to group various ethnic groups together based on their related cultural origins; geographic,
linguistic, religious, or ‘racial’ similarities are often used alone or in combination to
draw panethnic boundaries. The term panethnic was used extensively during
mid-twentieth century anti-colonial/national liberation movements. In the United States, Yen Espiritu popularized
the term and coined the nominal term panethnicity in reference to Asian Americans, a racial
category composed of disparate ethnic groups having in common only their origin in Asia.It
has since seen some use as a replacement of race; for example, the aforementioned Asian
Americans can be described as “a panethnicity” of various unrelated peoples of Asia, which
are nevertheless perceived as a distinguishable group within the larger multiracial North
American society. More recently the term has also come to be
used in contexts outside multiculturalism in US society, as a general replacement for
terms like ethnolinguistic group or racial group.The concept is to be distinguished from
“pan-nationalism”, which similarly groups related ethnicities but in the context of
either ethnic nationalism (e.g. Pan-Arabism, Pan-Celticism, Pan-Germanism, Pan-Iranism,
Pan-Slavism, Pan-Turkism), or civic nationalism (e.g. Pan-Africanism).==United States==Panethnicity has allowed for Asian Americans
to unite based on similar historical relations with the US, such as US military presence
in their native country. The Asian American panethnic identity has
evolved to become a means for immigrant groups such as Asian Americans to unite in order
to gain political strength in numbers. Panethnic labels are often, though not always,
created and employed by outsiders of the group that is being defined panethnically. Mainstream institutions and political policies
often play a big role in the labeling of panethnic groups. They often enact policies that deal with specific
groups of people, and panethnic groups are one way to group large numbers of people. Public policy might dole out resources or
make deals with multiple groups, viewing them all as one large entity.In the case of “Hispanics/Latinos”,
their categorization into a panethnicity is applied irrespective of the country of origin
(such as Mexican, Peruvian, Argentine, Dominican, Spaniard, etc.) or the racial origins (white,
mestizo, mulatto, black, Amerindian) of those people grouped into the “Hispanic/Latino”
panethnicity. Likewise, disparate populations from East
Asia and South Asia are often indiscriminately lumped under a broader Asian American designation.==See also==
Meta-ethnicity Ethnolinguistics
Ethno-religious group La Raza
Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance Yugoslavs==References==

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