Nationalism in the CIS

Nationalism in the CIS


In your book you talk about the problems of nationalism in the Ukraine. Are there such tendencies and processes in the CIS? Stanislav Byshok, author of the book, chief consultant of the International Electoral Monitoring Organization CIS-EMO Back in the late 1980s, during the collapse of the Soviet Union, since then, in fact, our powerful country, no matter how good or bad it was, was falling apart and it was falling apart solely on ethnic grounds. Therefore, unfortunately, nationalism, which then started to appear in the Baltic states, in the Ukraine, in Central Asia and in the Caucasus, was directed against only one ethnic group, in fact, against the Russians. In this sense, of course, the current situation in Ukraine with regard to nationalism is so far, if I may put it this way, more civilized than the situation in Central Asia. Not so long ago, the mass media reported on the ousting of Russian-speaking people from Uzbekistan, when they were losing their jobs, real estate, etc. In Ukraine, after all, political nationalism in many ways wants to be presentable and popular, especially in the West. In Russia we have a lot of talk about the funding of opposition movements by Western non-profit organizations, but it is not always supported by evidence, but for instance the “Freedom” party has received a grant from the U.S. Republican Foundation, chaired by Senator John McCain, known for his sharp negative statements against Russia. So, unfortunately, the sharply negative attitude towards Russians, primarily Russia, rallies forms of nationalism that exist in the countries that surround Russia, the former Soviet republics. How can these processes be countered? If in the 1990s Russia, the Russian leadership, had an excuse “we are a very weak country with ongoing reforms,” now Russia is a strong country and, regardless of attitudes to it inside the country and abroad, it is now recognized by everyone. That is why we could at least establish a dialogue with the help of economic leverage, cultural leverage, with the help of a dialogue between peoples, through the Diasporas of the countries in question on the territory of Russia as well as through the Russian Diaspora in those countries, and, certainly, improve the position of our compatriots abroad. In addition, the program on the protection of compatriots abroad and helping them obtain Russian citizenship, if they desire, has been largely talked about, but unfortunately, this program exists only in name and in fact very little has been done in this regard.

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