Napoleon (Part 2) – The Conquest of Europe (1805 – 1812)

Napoleon (Part 2) – The Conquest of Europe (1805 – 1812)


France and its Spanish ally are at war against
the United Kingdom. Napoleon’s Great Army or the so-called Grande
Armée, is gathered along the Channel coast, ready to invade the island. To this end, Napoleon asks the French Mediterranean fleet to head for the Caribbean to lure the powerful Royal Navy. They must then rush back to the English Channel
to facilitate a military landing. But upon their return, the plan fails. The French fleet is spotted and attacked along
the Spanish coast, forcing its retreat to Cadiz. But Napoleon, the recently named french Emperor and the King of Italy, has already changed his plan since the United Kingdom convinced Russia and Austria to form a new anti-French coalition. The British would finance the war. Austria sends an army to Italy and a second to Bavaria, where the Russian army would join. Napoleon then sends his Great Army at full
speed to Bavaria in order to arrive before the Russians. He organises a diversion by sending an army
corps into the Black Forest, where the Austrians wait, ready to fight, while the main battalion of the army gets around them in the north. The Austrian army discovers, too late, that
they are surrounded. Five days later, 25,000 soldiers surrender
without a fight. Meanwhile, Napoleon orders his fleet, still
blocked in Cadiz, to join the Mediterranean. The French and Spanish fleets try to end the
British blockade, but are destroyed by the fleet of Admiral Nelson, who dies during the battle. With this victory, the United Kingdom reaffirms
its maritime supremacy. In Austria, the Russian army retreats towards
the northeast to await reinforcements, paving the way for the French to Vienna. Meanwhile in the south, the second Austrian
army is defeated and retreats. Napoleon seizes the Austrian capital. He decides to leave a big part of his army
there and leaves with 60,000 soldiers to meet the army of Alexander I of Russia, which has received reinforcements from Francis II. As he is outnumbered, Napoleon decides to
station his troops on the strategic plateau of Pratzen. He studies the field and devises a plan. On the evening of December 1st, as the Austro-Russian
army approaches, he orders his troops to retreat, pretending to flee. The army of the allies jumps on the opportunity
and seizes the plateau for the night. The next morning, convinced that the French
are retreating, 40,000 Russians charge toward the south. The outnumbered French army tries to hold
them back as best as they can. But further north, hidden behind the hills, the bulk of the French Army launches a surprise attack and takes back the plateau. The Austro-Russian army finds itself split
in two. The russians try at all costs to take back the
plateau but fail. The army in the north is pushed back to the
east, while the French surround thousands of Russian soldiers in the south. Russian troops panic and surrender, or try
to escape on frozen ponds, which are targeted by French artillery fire. With the French victory complete, the Emperor
of Austria negotiates peace. He loses control over the German states, marking
the end of the Holy Roman Empire, which would gradually be replaced by the Confederation
of the Rhine under Napoleon’s protection. Napoleon appoints his brother Joseph as the
king of Naples and his other brother Louis as the king of Holland. He also begins the construction of the
Arc de Triomphe in Paris to celebrate future victories. Prussia dislikes French management of the
German states, so comes together with other powers to form a fourth coalition against France. Three Prussian armies enter Saxony and an
ultimatum is given to the French, demanding their withdrawal to the west of the Rhine. Napoleon goes to meet them with his Great
Army. Initial contact is established and the French
immediately get the upper hand, causing the Prussian armies to turn back to Leipzig. But the French army, which is faster, catches
up and positions itself between the two main armies. Napoleon then makes an error of judgment. Thinking that the great Prussian army is in the south, he sends a small army of 25,000 men to the north. They find themselves confronted by the great
Prussian army of over 60,000 men. However, despite the odds, both battles are
won by the French that day, opening the doors of Berlin to Napoleon. With Prussia defeated, Napoleon attacks Russia. Along the way, he enters Polish territory,
which was captured and shared between Russia, Prussia and Austria 10 years earlier. The French are welcomed as heroes, and thousands
of people join the ranks of the army. The Russians avoid battle and retreat to await
reinforcements. Eventually the two armies start fighting. Two days of fierce battles ensue, causing
thousands of fatalities. Both sides are tested and need time to recruit
new forces. Four months later, the Russians try to surprise
the French by launching a frontal attack. But they are repelled and chased. A second decisive battle drives the Russian
army beyond the Niemen River. Exhausted by war, neither side is able to
gain supremacy over the other. A peace treaty is prepared. Both sides meet on a raft especially built
for the occasion on the Niemen River, where Napoleon and Tsar Alexander I negotiate. According to the terms of the treaty, Prussia
loses half of its territory. Its western territories are annexed to the
Kingdom of Westphalia, of which Jerome Bonaparte becomes the king. In the East, the Duchy of Warsaw is created. Allied with France, this new state could act
as a strategic buffer in case of future war. Russia, on the other hand, gets the authorization
to seize Finland. Finally, the two powers ally against the United
Kingdom, which finds itself squeezed by French domination on the continent. Weakened by wars, the UK faces a difficult
economic situation. And now, Napoleon tries to deliver a final
blow by imposing a continental blockade. No European port may accept British commercial
vessels. But not everyone agrees with this policy,
including Portugal, a historical ally of the British. In response, Napoleon wants to invade Portugal. Its Spanish ally joins the offensive and allows
French troops to cross its territory. The following month, the Franco-Spanish army
seizes Lisbon, forcing the royal family to flee to Brazil. But after this victory, new French troops
are sent to Spain. Napoleon begins to show a new interest in
Spain, which is no longer the great power it once was. After a coup attempt orchestrated by Ferdinand
against his father King Charles IV, both go to Bayonne to ask Napoleon to resolve the situation. Meanwhile in Madrid, people rise against the
French occupiers. The revolt is violently put down. Napoleon then decides to place his brother
Joseph on the throne of the country, while his brother-in law Murat gets the Kingdom of Naples. The French brutality in Madrid infuriates
the Spanish population. Throughout the country, militias form and
organize a guerrilla warfare against the French, targeting isolated garrisons and lines of
communication. The French are tortured and slaughtered. In response, French armies burn to the ground
villages suspected of harboring rebels. In the years to come, France would need to
constantly strengthen its military presence to try and defeat rebel strongholds. In the south, a French army is defeated. In panic, Joseph Bonaparte flees Madrid with
his army. The news spreads throughout Europe, reinforcing
anti-French sentiments. Meanwhile, a British army contingent lands
in Portugal. Napoleon wants to settle things himself with
his Great Army. But fearful of being outflanked in the east,
he organizes a meeting with the Tsar to try and strengthen their alliance, but in vain. He still sends part of his army to the peninsula
where the Spanish armies, divided and poorly organized, are crushed in a month. While advancing on the British army, Napoleon
learns that Austria is ready to go to war. Leaving his army in Spain, he quickly heads
eastwards, where the Austrian army enters Bavaria. They hope to be joined by Prussia and the
Confederation of the Rhine, driven by rising German nationalism. But it would not happen. Meanwhile, Napoleon asks Russia to go to war
against Austria, which it declines. A fifth coalition is formed, but in fact,
Austria finds itself alone against Napoleon. Within days, the Austrian army is divided
into two. The main body manages to flee north of the
Danube, leaving Vienna defenseless. Napoleon seizes the Austrian capital for the second time, while the Austrian army positions itself north of the Danube. To complete victory, Napoleon must find a
way to cross the river, but all bridges are destroyed. He begins building bridges and attempts to
cross with his army. But a powerful Austrian offensive pushes them
back to the island of Lobau. This is Napoleon’s first major defeat. He moves back to Vienna to strengthen his
army and organize a new offensive. In one night, he makes more than 140,000 soldiers
cross the Danube. After two days of fierce and bloody fighting,
the Austrians retreat and ask for an armistice. As per the unfavourable peace treaty, Austria
loses many of its territories and its access to the sea. Moreover, Napoleon divorces Josephine, with
whom he can’t get legitimate heirs. And marries Marie-Louise, daughter of the Emperor
of Austria, with whom he hopes to have a child. In France, Napoleon becomes increasingly authoritarian,
jailing political opponents, censoring the media, and spreading his propaganda. The economic situation of the country worsens. Wars, and especially the 300,000 soldiers
stationed in Spain, are expensive and require a lot of resources. On March 20, 1811, Marie-Louise gives birth
to Napoleon’s much-awaited heir. The baby receives the title of the king of
Rome. In Portugal, a new British army led by Wellington
takes over and pushes the French away. The French army requests reinforcements from
Napoleon, but these remain unanswered as he focuses all his strength on the Duchy of Warsaw. The relationship with Russia deteriorates, causing Napoleon to prepare for the invasion of the country.

100 thoughts on “Napoleon (Part 2) – The Conquest of Europe (1805 – 1812)

  1. The God-Emperor. It’s a shame that he lost but the odds were always stacked against. Much love from the other God-Emperor.

  2. What is never mentioned is that France at the time of the Revolution, had a population equal to that of all the countries of Europe combined.

  3. The last part is like watching a scary movie: No Napoleon don’t go in there! Scary Winter Russia is going to get you!

  4. The history would have been so different if only the spanish admiral was the leader of the fleet during the battle of Trafalgar instead of that french incompetent

  5. History repeating itself again

    The EU trying to get into russia but failing, with Ukraine, the EU will fall and Britain will have a big say in it.

    These things happen every 100 years.

  6. I always found this time period interesting but really confusing because of how many there are. For the first time, I finally understand now

  7. Extraordinary Work, I totally liked it!, See this New Album 'Monish Jasbird – Death Blow', channel link www.youtube.com/channel/UCv_x5rlxirO-WKjLIyk6okQ?sub_confirmation=1 , you may like it 🙂

  8. You talk like the Portuguese didn't fight side by side with the Brits against the French. We fought to death. We never surrendered. The PEOPLE NEVER SURRENDERED. THE KING MAY HAVE FLEED, BUT THE PEOPLE KEPT FIGHTING.

  9. Third Collation: Vienna falls to the French
    Austria: Fine, PEACE
    Fifth Collation; Austria rises up again
    French: u kidding?

  10. This is riveting stuff. I wonder how Napoleon will fair invading Russia? I bet he will be just as successful as ever!

  11. Empress Josephine she said she liked it hot ,
    And Napoleon by then had lost the plot .
    He said not tonight my dear
    And I was close enough to hear .
    So I tell you I was round there like a shot.

  12. You need to work a lot on your pronunciation.
    Also you need to do A LOT OF research, try Epic HISTORY TV their channel should give you some idea how to go about doing such videos if you wanna stand out.

  13. What a load of crap this is, the problem now our days is the Internet has evolved fast and a simple person can change a country past by given a false history of the accounts. The history of some many countries are being erased

  14. Napoleon did the same mistakes as Hitler, instead of calming down, he was ready to open more and more fronts by the time the country is not able to do such things…

  15. 7:05: 1807: Denmark – Norway was shown as neutral. But at 9:25: 1809: Denmark – Norway was shown as allied, and this wasn't explained.

  16. Awww damn I sure hope this is not the end and Napoleon will still manage to come out victorious in the next episode ;-;

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