Maya Astavatsaturova, political scientist The document is very important as it plays a role of dynamic monitoring which is very much in demand in this sphere. I think it is important that the report reacts emotionally and in a lively way on the appearance of this new nationalism. This is what we face today in the world, in Russia, including the North Caucasus. We know that competition of ethnic identities, ethnic belonging is a competition of identities in general and we face it all the time today. The report emphasizes this. Moreover, I believe it is important that the report stresses the weight of the country in eyes of its citizens and at the international arena, which is connected with development of civil society institutes and the governments response to nationalism and xenophobia. As a representative of the North Caucasus, I am very glad that many analytical and monitoring moments describe the situation in the North Caucasus. The international community, Russia, residents of the North Caucasus, and the Russian citizens as a whole have always been concerned about the North Caucasus and the Caucasus issues. From this point of view, experts showed civil courage, as an attitude toward the North Caucasus, joining the North Caucasus and the modern political and legal space of Russia and the strengthening of the territory are very important aspects as well. In the North Caucasus the notion of “new nationalism” is interpreted by us contextually. In the situation of competition – economic, social, political – on the one hand, we can see certain stabilization, as the majority of the population are not aimed at radicalism. Of course the fantastic political idea of separation of the North Caucasus is absent in Russia in general. However, there is a threat and determinant of new nationalism among young people in the second ethnic-political timeout, as I call it. Often young people interpret their ethnic belonging as a position which should be declared within flashmobs or household communication. In some constituents of the North Caucasus Federal District we can see ethnic-religious archaism. As an expert I am concerned about the fact that under a common trend of modernization and democratization, which is natural and inevitable, and it was declared by our political leadership, in some regions, including the North Caucasus we can see a new stage of popularity of ethnic belonging, religious affairs, and this is presented as a social and political shield. I want you to understand me. It touches on not just the population of the North Caucasus republics. For example, I represent the Stavropol Krai. It can be seen among almost all ethnic groups, including the Slavic population. These are the new risks of nationalism and xenophobia. On the one hand, it is understandable, as some people get social and political resources from it, but on the other hand, I think it contradicts the general democratic and modernizing trend which is observed in Russia.