Liberalism in Serbia | Wikipedia audio article

Liberalism in Serbia | Wikipedia audio article


Liberalism in Serbia is limited to liberal
parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in that
scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it isn’t necessary
so that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.==Introduction==
Liberal parties were active in former Serbia and later in Yugoslavia. After the restoration of democracy liberal
factions became active again.==The timeline=====
From Liberals to Nationalists===1848: Beginning of differentiating of political
currents, liberals noticeable next to the conservatives
1858: Liberals organized themselves though not yet as political party in the modern sense
1881: The group established the Society for the promotion of Serbian Literature (Дружина
за помагање српске књижевности) NGO
1883: The organization is formed into a political party: Liberal Party (Либерална странка)
1904: A left-wing faction seceded as the ⇒ Liberal Democratic Party (Либерално демократска
странка) returning to original liberal ideas, the remainder continues as the National
Party (Национална странка) straying far away from liberalism
1905: The ⇒ Liberal Democratic Party reunited the National Party into the People’s Party
(Народна странка) of the liberal center
1919: The party merged with the Independent Radical Party and the Serbian Progressive
Party (among many others) into the ⇒ Yugoslav Democratic Party===
Progressive Party===1842: The Constitution-defenders (Уставобранитељи)
are organized, first forefathers of the progressives 1868: The Young Conservatives are organized,
although not yet as a political party 1881: The Serbian Progressive Party (Српска
напредна странка) is founded with many strong liberal ideas
1896: The party dissolved 1906: The party is reestablished, fully reformed
1914: The conservative faction seceded as the Serbian Conservative Party (Конзервативна
странка) 1919: The party merged with the People’s Party
and the Independent Radical Party (along with many others) into the ⇒ Yugoslav Democratic
Party 1920: The party is reestablished by the remainder
that didn’t join into the Democrats 1925: The party ceased to exist===Radical Party===
1903: Liberal wing secedes from the People’s Radical Party and forms the Independent Radical
Party (Самостална радикална странка)
1919: The Independent Radical Party merges with the Serbian Progressive Party and the
People’s Party, along with many other political forces from former Austria-Hungary into the
pan-Yugoslav State Party of Serbian, Croatian and Slovene Democrats (Државотворна
странка демократа Срба, Хрвата и Словенаца / Državnotvorna
stranka demokrata Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca)===From Democrats to Liberals===
1919: A group of hard-core republicans secedes 1920: The republican dissidents form the Republican
Democratic Party (Републиканска демократска странка / Republikanska
demokratska stranka) 1921: Republican Party is renamed as Yugoslavian
Republican Party (Југословенска републиканска странка
/ Jugoslovenska republikanska stranka) 1921: The party is formally named as the Yugoslav
democratic Party (Југословенска демократска странка / Jugoslovenska
demokratska stranka) gaining a statute 1924: A faction formed the ⇒ Independent
Democratic Party (Самостална демократска странка / Samostalna demokratska stranka)
1929: monarchic dictatorship is established and parties are banned
1935: preserving structure, the Democrats return into politics with the reintroduction
of multi-parliamentarism 1945: Parties are again banned, JDS goes into
pacifist resistance to Communism 1948: JDS is destroyed by Communists, but
“Our Word” (Naša reč) emigrant newspaper is organized maintaining Democrats’ ideology
1963: emigrants reform the party as the Democratic Alternative (Demokratska alternativa) emigrant
movement abroad 1968: student liberal demonstrations in Belgrade,
opposition to Communist dictatorship formed=>Committee for the Protection of Human Rights
(Комитет за заштиту људских права / Komitet za zaštitu ljudskih
prava), considered predecessor of the modern Democratic Party
1982: Democratic Alternative ceases to exist 1989: Reestablishment of the party declared
1990: The party is reorganized as a political party, but just in Serbia
1990: “Our Word” stops editing 1991: A nationalist group seceded as the Serbian
Liberal Party (Српска либерална странка / Srpska liberalna stranka)
1992: Right wing seceded as the Democratic Party of Serbia (Демократска странка
Србије / Demokratska stranka Srbije) 1996: A faction seceded as the Democratic
Center (Демократски центар / Demokratski centar)
2001: The party changed its ideology to social democracy
2004: The ⇒ Democratic Centre returned into the Democratic Party
2005: A faction seceded as the ⇒ Liberal Democratic Party
2007: ⇒ Civic Alliance of Serbia merged into the Liberal Democratic Party===From Union of Reform Forces of Yugoslavia
to Reformist Party===1989: The pan-Yugoslav Union of Reform Forces
of Yugoslavia (Savez reformskih snaga Jugoslavije) is founded
1991: The party is renamed in Serbia into the Reformist Party (Reformska stranka)
1992: The party merged with the Republican Club (Republikanski klub) into the Civic Alliance
of Serbia (Građanski savez Srbije)===Civic Alliance of Serbia===
1992: The ⇒ Reformist Party merged with the Republican Club (Republikanski klub) to
form the Civic Alliance of Serbia (Građanski savez Srbije)
1996: A left wing faction seceded as the ⇒ Social Democratic Union (Socijaldemokratska unija)
2007: The party merged into the ⇒ Liberal Democratic Party==
Liberal leaders==Čedomilj Mijatović
Milan Piroćanac Milutin Garašanin
Stojan Novaković Ljubomir Davidović
Milan Grol==See also==
History of Serbia Politics of Serbia
List of political parties in Serbia

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