Josip Broz ‘Tito’: Too Tough for Stalin

Josip Broz ‘Tito’: Too Tough for Stalin

It takes a tough skin to be a leader of a
Country, even more so of a Country that basically did not exist until a few years before you
took power, even more so if that Country is torn between two cold-warring blocks, locked
in an arm-wrestling contest that will result in total destruction … and yet you manage
to give the middle-finger to both factions and do your own thing. This is the story of the leader of post-war
Yugoslavia. He kept together a federation made up of six
nationalities for 35 years; he led the non-aligned movement during the Cold war years; and he
survived the assassination attempts of the most dangerous men on the planet, including
Mr Josef Stalin. Please welcome today’s protagonist: Josip
Broz, better known as “Tito”, the man who could not be killed. The Young Sergeant
Josip Broz was born on the 7th of May 1892 in the town of Kumrovec, near Zagreb, modern
day Croatia, into a large peasant family. Croatia at that time was part of the Austro-Hungarian
Empire, a patchwork of nationalities in Central Europe which had recently expanded into the
Balkans. Josip was a perfect example of this multi-nationalism,
being born of a Croat father and a Slovene mother. Very little is known about Josip’s parents
and his early schooling. Actually, even his birth date and his real
name are disputed[TA2] . This is the extent to which the man’s life was shrouded in
mystery. That is why we will skip straight to his teenage
years, and trying to navigate as much as possible the certain facts of his life. Aged 15, Josip was apprenticed to a locksmith
in 1907 and in 1910 he completed his training and started working as an itinerant metal
worker in Austria and Germany. It was around this time that he joined the
Social Democratic Party of Croatia-Slavonia in Zagreb, his first sign of political engagement. Josip’s life changed for good in 1913, when
he was drafted into the Austro-Hungarian army. He clearly had a talent for soldiering as
he was singled out for non-commissioned officer training, and by summer 1914 he had become
the youngest Sergeant-Major in that army. Of course, the summer of 1914 was not a good
time to be a soldier – let alone an NCO – in the Austro-Hungarian army, or any other
army for that matter. As the first shots of WWI rung out, Josip
and his unit were sent to invade Serbia, facing an unexpectedly stiff resistance. But Josip was a good squad leader and in early
1915 he was transferred to Austria-Hungary’s most important front in the East, to face
Russia. This was an even tougher opponent and Vienna’s
armies did not do well. In general, Josip’s experience with the
Austro-Hungarian Army strengthened his belief that it was not much of an armed force, ineffective
in a real war, but used merely as an instrument of oppression against Slavic nationalities
and the lower echelons of society. On the 4th of April 1915 Josip’s unit was
overrun by a cavalry charge. This was the first documented occasion in
which young Sergeant Broz proved that he was a tough cookie and would not go down easily. One of the Russian cavalry men charged straight
at him, but Josip, being a good fencer, was able to deflect his two-metre lance and fight
him off. Another Czarist soldier, though, attacked
him from behind and pierced him close to the heart. That could have been the end of this story,
but Josip survived, albeit severely wounded and was captured by the Russians. Over the following two years of hospitalisation
and captivity, the once social-democrat became acquainted with a much more radical ideology:
Bolshevism.[TA3] Becoming a Communist
By 1917 he had been completely bought over by the majority Communist faction and had
renounced any affiliation with Vienna’s armies. In February 1917 the Czar had been ousted
by Kerenskij’s moderate government, which did not sit well with the Bolsheviks, nor
with Josip, who actively participated in the July Days demonstrations in Petrograd and
in the October Revolution which eventually brought Lenin to power. When the new Soviet government signed the
Brest-Litovsk agreement with the Central Powers, which left Russia out of the war, Josip could
have easily returned home. But it tells something about the steely character
of the young activist that he decided to join instead a Red Guard unit in Omsk, Siberia,
to continue the fight in the Russian Civil War against the reactionary ‘White’ armies. Following a White counteroffensive Josip fled
to modern day Kyrgyzstan, but was able to return to Omsk and join the newly formed South
Slav section of the Bolshevik party – whilst getting married along the way. Finally, in October 1920 he returned to his
native Croatia. In the meanwhile, the Austro-Hungarian Empire
had dissolved, giving birth to several new Countries in Central and Eastern Europe, one
of these being the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes – later better known as Yugoslavia. Upon returning, Josip had joined straight
away the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (CPY). He must have jinxed it, because the Yugoslav
government immediately banned all communist activities. For the next three years, the CPY went quiet,
and so did Josip, resuming work at a metal mill near Zagreb. But in 1923 Josip made contact again with
the CPY, which had by now gone underground. It seems like clandestine activity suited
well the young metal worker, as he thrived in the communist organisation. He first acted as a party functionary and
trade union organizer in Croatia and Serbia until 1927, when he was promoted organisational
secretary for the Zagreb CPY committee. His tenure in this office attracted the attention
of Moscow and of the Comintern, the Soviet-sponsored organization of international communism. The Comintern rewarded him with an appointment
as Zagreb’s political secretary in April 1928. After the assassination of a Croat member
of parliament in June 1928, Josip took the occasion to take the CPY out of the shadows,
by staging street demonstrations against the authorities. But they reacted swiftly: Josip’s apartment
was raided by the police which found explosive material, proving his adherence to the insurrectionary
hardline of the Comintern. Broz was arrested in August and sentenced
to a five-year term, but the trial gave him a stage to voice his convictions and gain
credit with the party authorities. While Josip was in prison, Yugoslavia was
in turmoil, forever torn by the two opposite tensions of centralization versus autonomy
of its constituent nations and autonomous provinces; which by the way are Slovenia,
Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Kosovo and Vojvodina. During this period the King Alexander I established
a dictatorship to stem the nationalistic aspirations of non-Serbian populations. The regime also cracked down on the Communist
party by ordering the arrest of most of its leadership. The cadres of the party needed to be replenished. That is why, when Broz was released in March
1934, the leader in exile of the CPY, Milan Gorkić, summoned him to his Vienna headquarters
to give him a position in the party’s Politburo. This was Josip Broz taking his political career
to the next level, from local representative to one of the national leaders. It was also the occasion in which he assumed
his distinctive pseudonym: Tito Tito Begins
From February 1935 to October 1936, Tito moved to the Soviet Union to work more closely with
the Comintern and develop ties with Bolshevik leadership which would prove useful in his
climb to power. In 1937 and 38, Joseph Stalin launched his
campaign of purges against political and military leaders in the USSR, which, through the Comintern,
extended to other Communist parties across Europe. The CPY was not exempt, and Gorkić, among
others, was executed. According to Serbian journalist Pero Simic,
[TA4] Tito actively profited from the Stalinist repression. He took the occasion to spy or even actively
betray some of his comrades and friends, thus painting himself in a good light with the
Comintern. He was rewarded with a mandate to re-build
the CPY’s Politburo with his hand-picked lieutenants — among them one Milovan Djilas,
whom we’ll encounter again later. And of course, the natural next step was for
Moscow to appoint him new secretary-general of the CPY. By 1939, Tito’s grip over Yugoslavian Communist
was undisputed and he started laying plans for the future of the Country. At a clandestine conference in Zagreb in October
1940 Tito revealed his strategy: first, leverage the 24000 members of the party to launch an
armed insurrection against Alexander I’s reign; second, establish a federal state,
USSR-style, to address the ongoing issue of Yugoslavia’s multiple nationalities. Dangerous Times, Dangerous Men
The big occasion for armed insurgency presented itself in Yugoslavia’s darkest hour. In April 1941, the Kingdom was occupied and
partitioned by the Axis powers, mainly Germany and Italy, but also Romania and Bulgaria. The Yugoslavian theatre during WWII was – to
put it mildly – a confusing mess, which contributed to sowing the seeds of enmity
amongst its building blocks. But I’ll do my best to explain it. After the occupation, the main resistance
force were the Serbian Chetniks of Dragoljub Mihailović, loyal to the government in exile
and supported by the Allies. The CPY had organised its own parallel Partisan
network, led by Tito, with the multiple agenda of kicking out the Axis, defeating the Chetniks
and taking over Yugoslavia to install a Communist regime. Other factions, on the other hand, had started
collaborating with the Axis, mainly the Croatian fascist party, or Ustasha. In 1942, Italian General Mario Roatta, also
known as “The Black Beast” was charged with quashing the Communist insurgents. To this end he sought – and obtained – an
alliance with the Chetniks, ideologically opposed to Tito’s men. Roatta’s Italian 2nd Army and his Chetniks
auxiliaries launched a violent repression not only against the Partisans, but also civilian
populations in Slovenia and Croatia, especially in areas bordering Italy. An interesting aside: while Roatta was a total
dick to Yugoslavs, he was actively helping Jews escape from the Ustasha and the Gestapo,
facilitating their relocation to neutral countries. But the result of the Chetnik’s changing
sides? The Allies shifted their support from Mihailovic
to Tito, who was able to increase the scale of his operations. Leading a successful guerrilla campaign, the
Communist leader was able to control most of Bosnia by November 1943, even establishing
an independent Government. [TA5]
Tito had by now become such a nuisance to the Axis that Hitler took direct interest. He charged his most effective henchman with
the secret mission to locate and assassinate Tito and the Partisan leadership. This henchman was legendary SS Commando Otto
Skorzeny, already known by then as ‘the Most Dangerous Man in Europe’. In February 1944 Skorzeny launched a two-pronged
offensive: ground forces were to surround the identified location of Tito’s headquarters,
a cave on the Bosnian mountains. While the regular troops would distract the
Partisan forces, Skorzeny would attack the headquarters with his signature move, a combination
of gliders and paratroopers. But the Germans had underestimated the CPY
fighters: they put up a stiff and prolonged resistance, pushing back both prongs of the
attack and allowing Tito to escape to safety. [TA6]
Both the Black Beast and the Most Dangerous Man in Europe had failed to catch or kill
Tito. The government in exile by now had to admit
that they had to negotiate with this man. In June 1944 the royal Prime Minister in exile,
Ivan Šubašić, met with Tito and agreed to coordinate their activities to complete
the liberation of the Country. But any hopes of restoring the monarchy were
quashed by the Soviet army: aided by Tito’s Partisans, in October 1944 they liberated
Serbia, the last monarchist stronghold. As Germany retreated and the Fascist state
in Northern Italy collapsed in April 1945, Tito’s Communist forces extended their control
of the whole of Yugoslavia, achieving total victory by May 1945. But Tito’s Partisans did not stop there. Taking advantage of the Axis’ powers collapse,
they extended the national frontiers by taking the Istrian peninsula and portions of the
Julian Alps, territories disputed with Italy since the end of WWI. The occupation gave way to brutal reprisals
which struck retreating Axis soldiers, Croat and Slovene collaborationist, as well as Italian
civilians. It is estimated that up to 15,000 were killed,
many thrown still alive into the natural wells typical of the region, known as ‘foibas’.[TA7]
A Tale of Two Islands As the War ended, Yugoslavia was still a Monarchy,
albeit with Tito as Prime Minister. But after a major election victory in November
1945 – 80% of the vote! – Tito took full control of the Country,
exiled King Peter II and declared the Republic … although it would be fairer to describe
it as a dictatorship. His first years in power were particularly
brutal. In order to consolidate his power, Tito started
purging in pure Stalin-style. Mihajlovic, leader of the Chetniks, and other
opposition leaders were executed. The Archbishop of Zagreb and other members
of the Catholic clergy were incarcerated. Tito then moved to nationalize industry and
undertake a planned economy, a plan which included forcing small farmers to give up
large portions of their produce to the state.[TA8] So far, so good, as Tito was fashioning himself
as a bargain Stalin of the Balkans. But Tito and the Big Man in Moscow clashed
when the Yugoslav leader intended “exporting” his brand of communism to Albania and Greece,
at a time in which the official Comintern line was very cautious. In the spring of 1948, Stalin started planning
for a purge of the CPY, but Tito was able to maintain control over his party, the army,
and the secret police. Over in Moscow Stalin, who would not have
a ‘niet’ for an answer, disowned his old comrade. He publicly condemned Tito, expelled the CPY
from the Comintern and economically boycotted Yugoslavia. Tito, who was above all a pragmatist, did
not shed tears over the rift with his BFFs in Moscow and initiated a gradual shift towards
the West, maintaining nonetheless a political doctrine equidistant from both Nato and the
Warsaw Pact. Inside his borders, Tito tightened the grip
on power aided by a very effective secret police. These guys started by cracking down on filo-Stalinist
and later on other dissenters, many of whom (up to 600 over the years) would be tortured
to death in Tito’s high security political prison, Goli Otok, also known as “Devil’s
Island”.[TA9] As it befits such a contradictory character,
Tito also enjoyed the natural beauty of a “paradise island”, the isle of Vanga in
the Brijuni archipelago, northern Adriatic. This island was home to one of his many presidential
residences and the one he used to entertain many political leaders, from Fidel Castro
to Queen Elisabeth and Persian Shah Reza Pahlavi. But Tito had a soft spot for film stars, too
– and Elizabeth Taylor and Sofia Loren, to mention just two, were among the many actresses
to pay regular visits.[TA10] A Note to Stalin[TA11]
Before we continue with the story of Tito’s rule in Yugoslavia, let me tell you about
some juicy details of the rivalry between Tito and Stalin. As you may have guessed, Tito’s move for
independence from Moscow had not made Stalin very happy. It was not only that. It seems like Stalin was also fearful and
even jealous of the Yugoslav leader, which made him consider the serious possibility
of having him killed. Now, that’s enemy you don’t want to have. Otto Skorzeny may have been the Most Dangerous
Man in Europe, but he was the Cookie Monster compared to Josef Stalin. Soon, Lavrenti Berija, head of the NKVD, was
put on the case. Stalin’s spymaster orchestrated no less
than 22 assassination attempts against Tito. These included increasingly outlandish methods,
ranging from your standard weapons such as a rifle, or a bomb, and then going into James
Bond territory. One attempt for example involved an ornate
jewellery box, which would release a cloud of toxic nerve gas when opened. But my personal best involved ‘Max’, real
name Iosif Grigulevich, the Soviet agent responsible for the brutal murder of Stalin’s other
big rival, Leon Trostky. According to a secret memo, Max was instructed
to infiltrate a diplomatic reception in Belgrade, posing as the Costa Rican diplomat, Teodoro
Castro. Once there, Max was to release Berija’s
most secret weapon: a lethal plague bacteria. “The death of Tito and every other person
in the room would be guaranteed,” the memo said. “Max himself would not know anything about
the nature of the substance. To save his life, Max would be immunised against
plague beforehand.” Now, that’s what I call real, pure hatred. But luckily for Tito, and indeed for the whole
population of Belgrade, Stalin’s death in March 1953 meant the hit was called off and
Grigulevich was recalled to Moscow.[TA12] Speaking of Stalin’s death … it was a
stroke, right? Well, according to Slovenian historian Joze
Pirjavec, there may be something else behind it – or rather someone else. Pirjavec claims that Stalin may have been
poisoned with potassium cyanide and that the poisoning had been ordered by none other than
Tito, in retaliation for the attempted assassinations against him. If this is true, it would be the fulfilment
of a famous note sent by Tito to Stalin, one which may well be the most bad-ass letter
ever written: “Stalin:
Stop sending people to kill me! We’ve already captured five of them, one
with a bomb and another with a rifle… If you don’t stop sending killers, I’ll
send one to Moscow. And I won’t have to send another”[TA13]
Leader of the Non-Aligned And … let’s get back to politics! As he moved Westwards, also Tito’s internal
policy started to thaw towards a more liberal stance. This was mainly thanks to his deputy and chief
advisor, Milovan Djilas[TA14] , an old chum from the early days of the clandestine CPY. Together they shaped a type of socialism that
allowed workers to manage industrial enterprises and even share profits, which was a pretty
liberal idea by Communist standards. Tito also relaxed many of the regime’s strict
controls, particularly those affecting small farmers. As a result, Yugoslavia became the most liberal
Communist country of Europe.[TA15] The West reacted positively by offering financial
aid and military assistance. By 1953, Tito had even signed a mutual defence
pact with Greece and Turkey, which equated to an informal association with NATO. After Stalin’s death in 1953 – by poison
or by stroke – Djilas proposed further reforms which would have accelerated the drift towards
the West, most importantly to give up the one-party system. Tito, however, rejected this proposal in January
1954, which led to a rift with his trusted vice-president, and his eventual exile. Tito preferred, instead, exploring a reconciliation
with the new Soviet leadership under Nikita Khrushchev, who visited Belgrade in May 1955. The two leaders agreed on the Belgrade declaration,
which committed Soviet leaders to equality in relations with the other communist countries,
a big step forward in formalising at least Yugoslavia’s independence from Moscow. But in the following years Khrushchev and
his successor Brezhnev happily wiped their backsides with the Belgrade declaration, by
crushing the Hungarian revolution in 1956 and the Prague Spring in 1968. In both cases, Moscow blamed Tito for inspiring
these dissident movements, which led again to frosty Soviet-Yugoslav relationships. Disillusioned with both the West and the Communist
bloc, Tito eventually sought like-minded statesmen elsewhere and he found them amongst the leaders
of the developing countries. Negotiations with Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt
and Jawaharlal Nehru of India in June 1956 led to a closer cooperation among states that
were “non-engaged” in the East-West confrontation. From non-engagement Tito developed the concept
of “active nonalignment”—that is, the promotion of alternatives to bloc politics,
as opposed to mere neutrality. The first meeting of nonaligned states took
place in Belgrade under Tito’s sponsorship and guidance in 1961. Keeping it together
Since the days of WWII and internal divisions exploited by the Axis powers, Tito’s big
preoccupation on the home front was to maintain the unity of Yugoslavia. This was the only way by which the federation
could maintain its independence from Moscow and increasingly limited reliance on the West. As Tito declared:
“We have spilt an ocean of blood for the brotherhood and unity of our peoples and we
shall not allow anyone to touch or destroy it from within. None of our republics would be anything if
we weren’t all together; but we have to create our own history – history of United Yugoslavia,
also in the future.”[TA16] [TA17] But Tito’s concept of internal brotherhood
was to be increasingly threatened by demands of de-centralisation in the 1960s and 1970s. Ironically, it was his ‘big idea’ of workers’
self-management which gradually shifted the balance of power away from the central party
authority and from federal government. The resulting tensions for autonomy, first
in the factories, then in provincial centres, opened cracks within the CPY leadership between
1963 and 1972. During this period Tito launched a second
wave of purges, first addressing factions who wanted to increase centralisation of power
and later Croatian and Serbian liberals who were calling for more autonomy in their respective
nations. Tito’s response to the crises of the 1960s
and early ’70s was to fashion a system of “symmetrical federalism,” supposed to
formalize equality among the six republics and Serbia’s two autonomous provinces (Kosovo
and the Vojvodina). Unfortunately this system, while not providing
enough autonomy to the smaller republics, also annoyed the two largest, Serbia and Croatia,
that felt they were giving them too much autonomy! To put it simply: Tito tried to make everyone
happy … and he managed to piss them all off instead. Only Tito’s prestige and personal charisma
was now holding together a very fragile federation. Death and Legacy[TA18]
Everyone in former Yugoslavia now remembers where they were on the 4th of May 1980. This was the day in which Tito died of heart
failure, aged 88. During his remarkable life the leader always
aimed to find a balance, a third way, oscillating between East and West, Communism and Capitalism,
Peace and War, Devil’s Island and his own private paradise. His toughest balancing act, the one between
centralisation and local autonomy, eventually did not survive. Eleven years after Tito’s death, the former
federation disintegrated amid a series of bloody battles and ethnic hatred reminiscent
of the war already fought on those lands four decades earlier. But that’s another story, which I’m sure
we’ll tell one day or the other.

100 thoughts on “Josip Broz ‘Tito’: Too Tough for Stalin

  1. Nice work but you did not mention his role in spanish civil war against fascist Francisko Franco or his help to Egypt during Israely – Arabic wars or a lots of great battles during WWII for example battle of Sutjeska, or battle of Neretva. You have too see these movies with their true history facts. Rambo movies are for little kids comparing to blood and pain in these battles. If Tito somehow could be alive in these days you would have Yugoslavia united in just one week and non alignment movement would be active and growing in just a month. People of Yugoslavia still remembers what he has done for them and even today a lot of them would follow him with no question asked or any doubt at all. That is the greatest fear of all nationalist in power and ruling even today, therefore they fabricate a new fascist history for almost thirty years now but they still cant erase true history facts. Time will come when they collapse with their own lies and must return all money, gold and other property that they have stolen from the people of Yugoslavia.

  2. As a person from the former jugoslavia country i gotta say you did pretty well with the pronunciation. Good job.

  3. The enemy of Serbia who became it’s most popular and loved President… Photos of WW1 time, from “Eastern” front are fake due to the fact that he and the rest of the platoon are wearing light uniforms for harsh weather environment in Russia at that time, details were faked during his presidency after WW2 to cover the fact that he was assigned to the squad which actually committed most gruesome atrocities and killings of civilians in Serbia during WW1. Fun fact, Tito was always providing different DOB for each interview so even today we don’t really know when was he actually born. Date is approximate.

  4. Do a biographic video about Enver Hoxha, Communist Albania is one of the least covered subjects in history even though a lot of stuff happened there.

  5. I find really interesting how the ideas of Marx and Engels evolved into do many sub groups. First Lenin and Rosa Luxembourg, then from Lenin we got Trotsky and Stalin. Somewhere in between there were Tito and Mao, then Che Guevara, the Castro brothers and Ho Chi Minh. Kim Il Sung based Korean communism in his interpretation of Stalinism mixed with Korean traditions and nationalist ideas. In the 70s Eurocommunism was born as a third or fourth way between the then current forms of communism and capitalist social democracy.
    Even today most of the radical left has influence from most of those if not all, but the sympathizers of each group still secretly (or openly) hate each other.
    It's astonishingly similar to Christians, Muslims and Jews, who not only suspect each other but have inside warring factions all claiming to be right.

  6. 6:25 You have a VERY BIG ERROR: You mentioned post-WW2 socialist-republics (Croatia, Slovenia, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia&Herzegovina, Macedonia, "Kosovo?", "Vojvodina?") in pre-WW2 Yugoslavia, which is plain wrong.

  7. Imagine dealing with a cavalry charge in the 20th century, WW1 was insane, old school warfare collided with modern technology..

  8. He stole the identify of Josip Broz.
    His real name was Joshua Ambroz Mayer and his father was an Austrian Jew.
    That’s why he could barely speak Serbo-Croat.
    Still, a great and charismatic man, in the same way as Pablo Escobar or Saddam Hussein were.

  9. Normally I will put a video on 1.25 x speed but this guy Talks too fast on normal speed and i go with 0.75 x speed. but who cares just imo

  10. My favorite thing I saw her is that photo with Sophia Loren, Tito and Sophia in the front of course and Carlo del Ponti and Jovanka in the back 😅😂😂

  11. My grandpa fought for the Partisans in ww2, fought in the 3 most importent battles in the balkans for the partisans and helped Tito escape his capture when they attacked him with paratroopers and ground units which was mentioned somewhere in this video.!!

  12. Trust me, if he was still alive and in power if yugoslavia still existed, yugoslavia would be amongst leading world powers in pretty much all aspects.

  13. You forgot to tell about the "Macedonian" propaganda that was made to the Vardar Slavs of the South yugoslavia in order to claim Thesaloniki and the Macedonian region of Greece therefore opening port close to the Engean sea. The greek communist party (KKE) helped to the efforts of dividing the region and also the tried to push that agenda in Greece too.

  14. As someone who dreams of a world where the Kalmar Union never fell i sympathise greatly with those who wish for a greater Yugoslavia

  15. "The Tito-Stalin dispute" was a lie and a show for the West and Tito used this to destroy the domestic opposition! The communist economy was collapsing and was running out of money and communist Yugoslavia desperately needed money from Western capitalists. It also needed Western technology, which was then secretly shipped to Moscow.

    The historical truth is that Josip Broz Tito was a crook, a murderer and a war criminal interested only in unlimited power! At his command, the communists brutally massacred in extrajudicial killings more than 500,000 innocent people, "class enemies", as they were called by communists! And more than a million people escaped communism to the West.

    Here is just one example of Tito's treachery from year 1943: With rumours that the Allies will land in Balkans, Josip Broz Tito sent his negotiator to Sarajevo at German command with proposal: "In case of the Allied troops landing on Yugoslav territory without our consent the partisans will be ready to put up resistance and will fight alongside Wehrmacht against Allies." The German negotiating officers was delighted, but Hitler rejected the proposal with: "There is no negotiation with bandits!"

    So, please stop with this fairytales! I am 62 years old and i lived 25 years in Yugoslavia and it was a communist dictatorship! Extrajudicial executions of "class enemies" took place until 1991. Yugoslav communist secret police named "UDBA" was one of the most brutal organisation of this kind in the world. In Slovenia alone, there are more than 600 known mass graves from extrajudicial killings. Dozens of unmarked mass graves are still being discovered. Yugoslavia was a prison of nations, held together by the coercion and brutality of the secret police! The famous slogan "Brotherhood and Unity" was a lie, maintained by secret police. 10 years after the dictator's death, the communist paradise collapsed in blood. And that's the truth!

  16. “Goli otok” means naked island, prison for political prisoners, I have been there(not as a prisoner, tourist) funny thing is the punishment was, move stones from one part of the island to another, all day, every day😈😈😈

  17. For all people who say Tito wasn't anti Serb.

    – Participated in WW1 and personally killed serbian men.
    – Killed thousands of his political opponents (mostly Serbs and Montenegrins) and sending them to a contencation camp Barren Island (Goli Otok)
    -Stole all private land (mostly)from hard working Serbian farmers so everyone else can move there. Which turned out horrible.
    -He censored all religion but orthodox christianity the most. Thousands of priests and monarchs were murdered in the name of 'communism'.
    -He followed a globalist Nazi plan to sepparate Kosovo and Vojvodina from Serbia by making prices of land cheeper to foreign buyers (mostly Albanians and Germans/Austrian) helping to create one of the most dangerous conficts in Europe after WW2, Yugoslav 90s war leaving thousands of people dead from every ethnic group.
    -He ripped Serbian history leaving many generations not knowing where they became from because the education system sueted him like that so the Serbian people wouldn't rebel, killing christianity and beautiful traditions that Serbs have.

    I get that his charisma can lead you to support him but under that smile is a lot of evil. You can't trust people just from charisma.

  18. survived first world war, Hitler Sent Skorzeny, after him, Seriously… that's insane, Soviets five attempted hits, speculation he took Stalin out? dies in 1980, @88 from a heart attack…So who really won WW2?

  19. Tito's policies weren't "liberal" by any means, as liberal would mean a return to free market capitalism. Tito's regime could be classified as a form of Market-Socialism, his specific brand of it being called "Titoism" (compared to the USSR's Marxism-leninism).

  20. Well as a Macedonian Yugoslav I can say that Tito was definitely a dictator. Having said this, talking to people from different republics of Yugoslavia, the majority say they were much happier under Tito's regime. As you pointed out, the republics on their own amount to nothing. What you have now is unbelievable corruption. Ex communists have turned capitalists, corruption and organized crime have flourished. Macedonia is the best example of this mess.

  21. His real name was Walter Weiss, and he was a Polish Jew. That is Office of Strategic Services' info.

  22. Am I the only one to think he misspelled "Russia" at 2:40 ? But, I do love your videos so much just saying.

  23. Very nice turn on hes life. He really cared for hes people and those that wanted bad for them he put on devils island. So yes we lived very nice back than and later people that he was putting in prisons or banished from countries came back and lead us to bloody war. Unfortunately some of that people or their ancestors,poisoned by propaganda, are still alive and are in positions of power today.

  24. Greatest pretender and killer on Balkan, more than 200 000 k peole were dead because of him, more than 5000 where burried in capital of Croatia Zagreb, on the Cross road ( Krizni put) more than 400 000 Croats and Bosnians were allmoust killed by the Partizans and YNA (Yugoslavian Nacional Army) not to mention 50 000 Croata and Bosnians in NDH (Independent State of Croatia) killed on Bleiburg feald in Austria. Tito was the Stalin of Balkans and no respect should have bring to this murderer and antidemocrat man.

  25. You didn't mentioned Tito's involvement in a Spanish civil war 1936-39. He wasn't a soldier he was a soviet NKVD execution squad leader. His role was to eliminate trockist and communist not favorable to Moscow Yugo commies don't like to talk about it.

  26. If the different religious and ethnic groups such as the Serbians, Croatians, Bosnian's, Montenegrin's, Slovenians, Albanians, Macedonians and Bulgarians all got along, put away their petty differences, saw common ground, realized that united they could very well have been the Germany of the Balkans, a force to be reckoned with both militarily, economically and socially. The Balkan nations are all beautiful, I just hope and pray that it remains peaceful and prosperous once again. 🥰💖🌹

  27. Just a side note here: giving workers autonomy and a share of the profits is NOT liberalism.. at all.. it is almost the opposite of liberalism.. it is socialism 101..

  28. He was killer and diktator and pedophile and he was not good man on croatian smeće. He killed 200000 Croats after war his own ppl he was idiot and we hate him.

  29. Also when the earthquake happened in Macedonia in 1963, he arrived the next day to see the country and also almost everyone from the world came to help Skopje recover.From the USA to the USSR.

    This was told by my grandmother!:)

  30. Tito was a bloody dictator. Killed over a million innocent people who were against him. Better that he is gone.

  31. I want to add my own perspective here. Some people say how they or their parents miss Yugoslavia. Which is fine, but there will always be people who have good experience, and also people who have very bad experience. Some people remember those times with fondness also because it was time they were young and without all the problems their adult life or old age has presented to them. I'm sure some things were better than thy are today, but how many weren't?
    The other thing, just because Tito and his regime were less strict than that of Soviet Union or some other totalitarian countries doesn't mean it was good. Someone said Goli otok wasn't that bad, but you should check the testimonies of other people who were there, because one account does not present the whole picture. People couldn't get jobs if they were not in Communist party, which was the only party. I'm wondering how many of those who weren't part of communist party can say that.

    My relative, went to work to a foreign country. A Yugoslavian secret service came to visit him asking him to regularly send information back to his home country about others who would talk against Tito and their regime. He refused, and one day he was driving on the highway, a truck was trying to push him off the road. He is convinced it was the secret service. They also falsely accused his sister of theft. And years before that, their father was killed just after the war ended, because he didn't want to join either side, but he was accused of collaborating with enemy forces. This isn't directly related to Tito, but it was his liberation army who killed him without trial, an army that is sometimes glorified for helping to defeat Hitler, which is true, but there's always also another side of same coin, which might not be so shiny.

    Why would Yugoslavia fall apart if Yugoslavia was so great? Some would say after Tito's death, Yugoslavia wasn't same anymore, but the truth is, it all started to go down long before that. These were different nations, with 3 different religions, forced together into one country.

    My other relative who has no connection to the previous one, was imprisoned after her hometown was visited by Tito, because she was religious and people knew she wasn't fond of the regime and was heard talking against it. And taling about enemies of regime, Tito had many, many people killed if he saw them as a threat to his rule.

    Some other things include smuggling jeans, technology and other stuff over the border from Italy, because you couldn't get it here; people had to wait a long time so they could buy a car, because production was too slow. You can often hear people say that socialism is "everyone equal, everyone poor". Which is in a sense true.

    TL;DR: Life was good for some people, while for others it wasn't. If you are fine with trading freedom of speech and democracy, life MIGHT had been better for you.

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