Independence Day Special: Unlearnt Lessons from Partition | Ep. 104 TheDeshBhakt

Independence Day Special: Unlearnt Lessons from Partition | Ep. 104 TheDeshBhakt


“At the stroke of the midnight hour when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom…” The traumatic story of partition and the celebratory occasion of independence come along but the former is usually forgotten. Amidst the elation of Independence day’s celebration, the cries of partition are often foreshadowed. Although, partition has favored many like ICC and TRP hungry news channels “If Pakistan hadn’t been there, had you still been patriotic?” Never thought about it? How would it have been if partition hadn’t happened. Partition wasn’t a random decision taken out of haste during the independence movement. It was an outcome of the divide and rule politics of the British. Reminiscing partition is often ignored while commemorating independence. We often forget that the independence we demanded for 100 years came at a cost of an year full of blood-bath and war in the name of religion. And that civil war led to the tense relationship between India and Pakistan that persists even today. India and Pakistan have been involved in four wars since partition; gun fires are quite normal and the situation at borders is always tense. Partition is considered as the greatest mass migration in modern human history. Over 14 million people were relocated. Around 1 million people lost their lives due to partition. And these are only the official estimated figures, the actual count is still unknown. On the occasion of 73rd Independence day, we shall not only celebrate our democracy but remember all those who have faced the atrocities of partition. Certainly, 15th August marks the day of freedom for India but it also raises questions on the extent of freedom we experience today. This freedom is not just about the freedom the government has to offer but the freedom we need to give ourselves as individuals; It means the freedom from our conservative beliefs, freedom from religious and caste biases, and most importantly, freedom from political manipulation. The divide and rule game of the British has been taken upon by our own politicians. Had we remembered partition, we would have realized that division is never beneficial for anybody except for the politicians. The seeds of partition had been sown in 1905. Lord Curzon had divided Bengal into three on the basis of religion and formed East Bengal and Assam with Muslim majority and Bengal with Hindu majority. This was the first time India was divided on the basis of religion by the British. This had led to several protests against the division. Finally, Bengal was reunited in 1911 and was again divided on linguistic grounds. “What do you think I am?” The Muslims of the region thought that this division would bring them independent status and hence they supported it. So when Bengal was reunited, their hopes were shattered. Now, the demand for separate electorates for Hindus and Muslims had started to resonate all over the country. Indian National Congress and All India Muslim League were the two most important parties then. In 1916, these two rival parties signed the Lucknow pact and came together to demand self rule from the British. Although, the two parties decided to fight together for the independence of the country, they still had their individual agendas which subsequently led to partition. So what made these parties, who were together against the British, separate and fight against each other? During World War 1 in 1919, England needed help from India, Indians demanded their independence in return. “Freedom, freedom.” The British came up with Government of India Act 1919, which proposed provincial autonomy for the country. This act was again passed in 1935 when India held its first provincial elections. The Indian National Congress had won most seats in those elections. Congress had won 707 seats while Muslim League won 106 seats. This made Jinnah insecure about his position in Independent India but let’s discuss that later. At those times, no one had even thought of partition. The term ‘Pak-Stan’ had been coined by Chaudhary Rehmat Ali, founder of the Pakistan National Movement in 1930. The turning point of this story is considered to be in 1932 when minorities demanded the Communal Award. Under this, it was asked to form separate electorates for minorities. When Gandhi rejected any such award, minorities started to feel insecure. Mohammad Ali Jinnah also felt fear for the future of Muslims in India. England again needed India’s help during World war 2 in 1939 and Indians again demanded independence in return. “Freedom, freedom.” The British brought another plan called Cripps Mission in 1942. This mission was supposed to provide autonomy to the country but not complete freedom from British rule. It proposed dominion status for the Indian Union but the post of governor-general was to remain intact. The princely states were allowed to have a separate constitution and form a separate Union. The power given in the defense department were limited and there was no mention of complete transfer of power to India. This mission was rejected by all three stakeholders, the Indian National Congress, Muslim League and Britain’s then Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. So the Cripps Mission failed drastically. The major reason behind the rejection of this mission by both, Hindus and Muslims, was that it only proposed semi-independence. This suggests that both the communities were determined to fight for total independence from the British. So what led to partition then? As we mentioned, the rejection of Communal Award created differences among various minority and majority groups in India. Hindus were the most developed community at those times, they were highly educated and held most government jobs. There were many religious biases prevalent in the society. The divide and rule policy of the British also played a major role. The British introduced another plan in 1946 called the Cabinet Mission Plan. This plan aimed at dividing India into three autonomous groups. Group A consisted of Madras, Central provinces, Orissa, UP, Bihar, Bombay, Group B consisted of Punjab, Sindh and North-East frontier provinces. And Group C consisted of Bengal and Assam. These groups were to maintain their own constitution and enact their own laws. This plan may not have led to the formation of Pakistan but division on the basis of religion couldn’t be avoided. Muslim league supported the plan to its fullest but the plan couldn’t be executed because of Jawahar Lal Nehru. “Pandit Nehru” Being a socialist, Nehru didn’t support the plan at all. Congress never accepted the bill. The problem with the plan was that the Central government was left with very little or no power over the groups formed. Each group was supposed to have its own constitution and the power of central government over these groups were limited. Jinnah launched Direct Action Day in response. He called for Muslims all over the country and asked them to suspend their businesses and come together to demand a separate nation. He proclaimed that we shall either have a divided India or a destroyed India. This led to massive communal riots and killings in Bengal. This day is known as the Great Calcutta Killings and the painful memories of that day are still alive. This had made it clear that partition was inevitable. On 20th February, 1947, Clement Attlee announced that the British rule would end before June 1948. India and Pakistan had time of about a year to negotiate and arrange for the partition. But in June 1947, Lord Mountbatten decided that the power would be transferred 10 months before than expected. Cyril Radcliffe was called from England to draw the borders for India and Pakistan. Cyril Radcliffe had never been to India before, nor did he know anything about the cultural, regional and linguistic diversity of India. Radcliffe was given five weeks to do the job. It took until two days after partition for the borders of Pakistan to be drawn and established. This had created a lot of chaos and as usual, common men had to suffer the loss. Radcliffe had as much knowledge of India’s cultural variation as much as Rakhi Sawant has of Indian politics. “We brought up the issue of Article 370 for the first time and thanks to ModiJi who listened to us and called for its abrogation.” So Radcliffe basically divided the country on the basis of population of Muslims and Hindus. The other factors to be considered were economic resources, irrigation facilities, and railway lines. This led to the division of Punjab and Bengal which caused heavy chaos consequently. Punjab was carelessly divided into two and people living there had no idea of which city, village belonged to India and which to Pakistan. There was no planning, no governance but hatred. This hatred led to riots, massacres that followed the partition. Muslims were either made to believe that Pakistan was their country or were forced to leave India. Hindus in the Pakistan region were also persecuted and forced to leave their homes. Partition had resulted in devastating massacres, forced conversions, mass abductions and horrible crimes against women. Some 75,000 women were raped during partition. Millions of people were affected due to partition; some lost their homes, their families, friends while many lost their lives. Journalists, who covered Nazi holocaust, found the atrocities of Partition more disturbing. The government did nothing to prevent or control such destruction. It was reported that when India and Pakistan were going through such huge transitions, Lord Mountbatten was busy watching a movie in the Viceroy’s house. For most of us, 15th August marks the dawn of freedom and prosperity but for many, it brings back the harsh memories of partition. We often rejoice in the golden days of our history but we are also responsible to keep the black days of the same history alive. We know it very well that our freedom fighters fought for decades to make India independent. But that freedom had come with a cost. The cost was peace and harmony among the various communities that lived in India. This episode is to remind us that whenever we are divided over religion, we do not become free but slaves of our hatred. If we are to prevent the history of partition to repeat itself, we need to acknowledge it first. We need to remember that freedom doesn’t only mean freedom from some foreign power but freedom from all those powers which try to create differences among ourselves. We can be truly free only when we are free from all those thoughts which provoke us to kill anyone, which bring hatred to the society and thoughts which may bring us close to religion but separate us from humanity. Partition is a sensitive issue and being a satire channel, we tried our best to handle it with care. Independence day is a celebratory occasion and partition is a dark chapter which we want to forget. But when we forget the history of partition, we forget the lessons we learnt from it and we tend to repeat the same mistakes. Even the Europeans have preserved the concentration camps and several other memorials to commemorate the atrocities by Hitler during World war 2. We, on the other hand, have tried to erase any memory left of partition. We do have literature though and I would request you to please read about partition and realize how we are repeating those mistakes and heading to a similar future. We are thankful to our Patreons who made this possible. Thanks to all our Ultimate DeshBhakts who support us and keep a check on us. You can order our merchandise on Kadakmerch.com Don’t forget to like, share, comment, subscribe to our channel and press the bell icon to get notifications. Thanks for watching, thanks for supporting.

100 thoughts on “Independence Day Special: Unlearnt Lessons from Partition | Ep. 104 TheDeshBhakt

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  2. Bhai tune kitni Baar bola ki aaj ke dino me Bharat me aisa chal Raha hai… Batao aaj partition jaise kitne log migrate kar rahe hai 1 crore? Aur 10 lakh log Abhi maar diye Gaye jaisa partition ke waqt mara Gaya tha!!?? Knyu history ka galat narrative current situation k sath current generation Ko Padha Raha hai?? Knyu tere liberal socialist agenda Ko aaj k youth par daal Raha hai? Tere kehne ka matlab hai ki Kanhaiya sahi tukde tukde gang ka member nahi hai??

  3. PAKISTAN to trailer tha abhi picture baqi hy………… jesy
    KASHMIR
    AND
    KHALISTAN
    AND
    NAGALAND
    AND

    AND

    AND
    HA HA HA HA HA HA HA HA HA
    A

  4. over languages bases start divided by RSS or to or RSS killing Muslims in Hindustan Pakistan Bangladesh Iraq saudia Emirates next Afghanistan London USA. what a terrorism party is bjp

  5. Jinnah was right when he said later generations of Indian Muslims, who opposed the creation of Pakistan, would be justifying their Indian identity for the rest of their lives. What a great visionary leader he was!

  6. I have tears in eyes…hindus k conservative mindset ne Muslim insecurity ko ubhara or we have to divide one nation into two

  7. Yar itnai soch bola tum na. Ya be bol detay jo train Delhi se Lahore aee thee os ka sat kya hoya tha.aur isee train ka bad Pakistan ka Muslims na be Hindus ko maraa I wish asa na hota.

  8. This episode of tyour's is one of the best,describing partition of India I947 and also the comparision with the Hitler"s regime.

  9. Nope, I don't agree with you. It would be 400 million muslims & 600 million Hindus would have been getting politically manipulated by religious hindu/muslim politicians

  10. Partition of Bengal 1905 were favour in Bengali Muslims because Eastern side were in poverty and low literacy rate , all major development were in Calcutta ,

  11. I am from Pakistan and I am 100% Agreed with you but I am still proud of Jinnah after watching the Lynching Stories from INDIA … Thanks God I am not Living in INDIA otherwise I would be facing the same either Alive or DEAD

  12. Mr Akash , Cabinet Plan also said " For 10 years India would unite then any Province is allow to separate " in simple words Pakistan was delay for 10 years after British Expel , but your Nehru open mouth and said " who will allow whom to separate after 10 years ?"

  13. I am sending 100 kilos of moti choor luddos from Pakistan to my friends in India so that we live in peace and prosperity. So let us enjoy luddos and keep on distributing the beloved moti choor luddos and may be we place jaleebis later. Jaleebis are good but they are curly and India despite technologically advanced still could not make straight jaleebis. I am going to sleep now but would come back again.

  14. Hey Akash, you are really doing great job. Being a history teacher I always try to make my students understand that partition is not one day event, unfortunately there is so much of wrong and misguided information that many us our not informed. This was recent topic we were discussing in our class and many of my student we're clueless. The young generation is misguided by so many thing. I really thank you for talking about such topic in a way that people understand…..Just a suggestion can u make a video on Gandhi's involvement in Bhagat Singh trial. There is lot of misunderstanding…or I would say fake news on that issue as well.

  15. How conveniently you absolve the ''Islamic khilafat (Caliphate) movement'' of the crime. Do not teach us history. The "Direct Action Day" carried out by Muslims caused massive casualties. They killed not in the name of Pakistan but in the name of Islam. And don't accuse the British, Muslims groups are rabidly violent , even in muslim majority countries. For example, Egypt, Afghanistan, Iran. Shame on you.

  16. I don't think my comments will draw yoir attention. Inspite of all the reasons you did not mention for once the me of Netaji Sunhash chandra Bose for whom the britishers had to live hurriedly. He was the only man who did not think for his personal gain but fought to the last for his countries independence. India the cream pie was a sought after object for which Zinnah and Nehru were the contestants.Nehru lost all hope to the PM of India and expressed his dismay to Gandhiji as time passes, his age and ability becomes old when will he become India s head of state or PM? Congress party nominated sardar but Gandhiji requested to vaccate his claim. PM Nehru

  17. Ha this congress act like thy only gave Independence to indua n rest freedom fighters were like hooligans, why this partition happn,for which community this partition took place,why not every single Muslim left India fr Pakistan.pakistan built on communal ground, those Muslim people from india went to Pakistan after partition r still called as mujahir n not pure pakistani, see what Pakistan gave them but in India the picture is totally different,
    Nehru never faced any difficulties n hardships before n after Independence, he was agent of British company,

  18. Asli maza sab ke saath ata hai aaj agar batwara na hua hota to shayad sabase khushahal raashshtra bharat hi hota
    thanks for making video &
    Plz Sir Nehru ji ke jeevan ke bare mein video banaiye

  19. Agar us waqt India isleye Devide huwa k ye British Devide and rule ka nateeja tha too aaj bharat me Minorties ki halaat buri kyo he.
    Gujratt masscare and 1984 sikh Genocide.
    Aaj k bharat me Muslims ki halat ko Jinnah ne boht Pehle dekh lya tha ishe leye Hum 1 Azad mulk me apni marzi se reh rahe h.
    Thanks Jinnah For a Independent Country .

  20. Banerjee = mamta banerjee ???🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣

  21. India Pakistan ka koi khas masla nhi h desh me kch atanqwadi desh druhi ese log maujod jo Hindu Muslim k nam pr desh ko badalna chahty hn lekin ye na mumkin h .

  22. Aj hm poverty unemployment diseases se nae fight kr rhy hain blky hm apas main hi fight kr rhy hain….lov from pak

  23. BANGAL BANAY GA BANGLADESH PAKISTAN AND AFGHANISTAN HAMARAY SATH HAY DEHKO KASHMIRI KIA KARAY GA Curfew KHATAM HONAY DO???

  24. Bhai me pakistan se hon or me apki videos bht shok se dekhta hon aap jese parhay likhay logon ki dono taraf zarorat hy good job i love u from Pakistan

  25. I really hope we punjabis reunite and make a united Independent punjab❤️, by staying east punjab in India and west punjab in Pakistan, we are losing our culture, our great history our waters which are being stolen by Indians, our language.
    ਪੰਜਾਬ ਜਿੰਦਾਬਾਦ
    Waheguru mehar kre
    Long live Panjab- Punjabi- Punjabiyat

  26. India was not divided, India never existed in pre-British era. Only our beautiful land Panjab and Bengal were divided.
    We know what war is, we know what is the pain of losing beloved ones
    And some illiterate dogs sitting in UP, Bihar and Haryana talk like war is a fun game, fuck you bastards

  27. Itne logo ki jaan gai batware me bhai aansu aa gaye jaan kr Kuch nahi rakha h bhai jhagde me sab political h samjho Indians brother's sahmat h to 1likes😭😭😭

  28. As always, very good job with a great message: In the spirit of our Beloved Nation & True Nationalism. Lest we forget that History repeats itself & in this case we don't want it to repeat.

  29. Sir please post your speech in English also so the South Indians easily understand what is going in Indian politics

  30. Sir … I want to ask u one question that I feel very insecure to live in this society with corruption and so I feel honoured to see this type of videos so thanku sir… for reminding our history and mistakes that we should not follow in today's society………
    Jai Hind….

  31. andbakt bolte hai ki congress chor hai. aj use ke karan india 3rd gdp me hai bjp hota to pura bharat ke gdp ko down kardeta aur bharat ke
    tukre kar deta sabi ko batkar. 5 salo me riot,rape,bhagwa gundagari,evm ghotala. socho 10 sal complete huwa to kya hoga congres ne sabko jorke rakha tha yeh tor raha hai. congress ka to 1 trillion dolar black churaya hoga par bjp ne to 5 salo me 2 trillion gayab kar deye honge iska koi barosa nahi. mitro……

  32. Kash koi tarikha hota mai merey mulk ke logo ko ye gumrahi se nikalta ke Isalam me burai se nafrath hai na ke koi bura karney waley insan se per acha keya hai usi per fasad ki lakir khichdi shaitano ney.

  33. This culprit is a consummate liar. He claimed on his Kashmir related videos that Sarder patel don't wanted Kashmir to be part of India so the the article 370 and 35A come into existence. On other hand Nehru ji censured the proposal.
    But what I found after rigorous searching is that Nehru ji failed to tackle the matter efficiently and ingeniously. Hence, the article 370 and 35A proposed and enacted. Patel ji even not allowed to utter a word on it. Akash Banerjee you are in neurotic state. From now on-words I will expose you.

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