Þjóðernishyggja is the Icelandic term for
nationalism; nationmindedness is a rough translation of the term. Its use was instrumental in the
Icelandic movement for independence from Denmark, led by independence hero Jón Sigurðsson.
Þjóðernishyggja is now commonly used for patriotism in Icelandic interchangeable with
another word: Föðurlandsást, i. e. Love of one’s country or patriotism. There is little
difference between the two in Icelandic and they are considered to be the same by most.
Icelandic Nationalism or Þjóðernishyggja or Föðurlandsást is based upon the idea
of resurrection of the Icelandic Free State, and its values (or what was believed to be
its values): democracy, freedom of the individual, the need for the country to be independent,
and respect for the cultural and religious traditions, specially the long preserved language.
These ideas are often encoded in the popular phrase land, þjóð og tunga (‘land, people,
and language’). Historically, Icelanders have seen their current republic to be the reincarnation
of the old Free state, and thus is Icelandic Nationalism today based upon preserving what
was gained by the independence movement. Thus Icelandic nationalist sentiment, having some
aspects of civic and ethnic nationalism, is highly respectful of democratic parliamentary
powers (see resurrected Althing) and skeptical of foreign control over Iceland, which is
partly responsible for the fact there is little will in Iceland for joining the European Union.==List of Icelandic nationalist parties==
Icelandic National Front