How Iran’s Soleimani became a US target

How Iran’s Soleimani became a US target


On January 3rd, the United States launched
a drone strike near the Baghdad International airport in Iraq. It killed several Iraqi and Iranian military
officials, including Iran’s top commander named Qassem Soleimani. Moments later, Iran’s Supreme leader declared
Soleimani a martyr and threatened “severe revenge” against the US. Over the next few days, hundreds of thousands of Iranians came out to mourn Soleimani’s death. But Iran wasn’t the only place where people
took to the streets… There were demonstrations in Iraq. Syria. Lebanon. And Yemen. These are some of the countries where Soleimani
commanded a network of powerful militias; which gave him and Iran extraordinary influence
across the region. This network made him one of the most important
people in Iran. It’s also what got him killed. So how did Soleimani expand Iran’s influence? And what happens to these militias after his death? It all began with Iran’s Islamic revolution. In 1979, a cleric named Ayatollah Khomeini
led a popular movement that toppled Iran’s monarch and established the Islamic Republic
of Iran. This new regime wanted to export their revolution
and that threatened countries all over the Middle East. Iran was also the first Shia government that
billed itself as the preeminent leader of the Muslim world. That especially threatened Iran’s sunni-dominated
neighbors The first one to act was Iraq. In 1980, dictator Saddam Hussein sent his
army to invade Iran. Other countries that felt threatened by Iran supported him. The US sent some weapons to Iran, but mainly supported Iraq throughout the war, hoping to keep Iran’s ambitions in check. The war carried on for 8 years and nearly
a million died. During that time, Iran was devastated and
surrounded by enemies. So, it devised a strategy to spread its ideology
and fight its enemies covertly at the same time. But first it needed a security force to find
groups to partner with outside of Iran’s borders. So in the 80s, it put together an elite unit
of soldiers and spies, called the Quds Force. They became a part of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary
Guard Corps, a branch of the military that answered directly to Iran’s Supreme Leader. Next, it needed an opportunity to unleash
this force … and it found one in Lebanon. In the 1970s a civil war was raging in Lebanon. The US had sent troops as peacekeepers but
violence was spilling over into Israel. So in 1982, Israel invaded Lebanon. Several Lebanese militias fought back. Some of these militias were led by Shia clerics,
who had ideological ties to Iran. So Iran sent forces, millions of dollars,
and tons of weapons to back their fight. They eventually merged into one powerful Shia militia called Hezbollah. They attacked Israeli soldiers in Lebanon
and launched rockets over the border into Israel. Hezbollah even bombed the US embassy and barracks
killing 304 people. Eventually, Hezbollah succeeded. The US troops left Lebanon in 1984 and Israel
pulled out in 2000. Iran’s dual strategy had worked. It turned Hezbollah into a reliable proxy
that could fight Israel and even the US on its behalf, without inciting conflict on
its own borders. Iran had also found an effective way to export its ideology in Lebanon. So Iran’s Quds Force started supporting
proxy militias in Palestine and Iraq. As it built the foundation for a network,
a charismatic soldier worked his way up the ranks… In 1998, Qassem Soleimani took command of
the Quds Force and within a few years he had an opportunity to firmly establish Iran’s
influence in Iraq. In 2003, the US invaded and toppled Saddam
Hussein and his Sunni-dominated regime. This created a power vacuum in Iraq which
was quickly filled by Shias. Solemani used this opportunity to continue
to back Shia militias here; growing his network into a powerful force that fought against
the US and other Iraqis. It became one of the most violent periods
in Iraq’s troubled history. Thousands of civilians died, many at the hands
of Soleimani’s Iraqi militias. But eventually, a Shia-dominated government
took control of Iraq. Soleimani had managed to solidify Iran’s
influence in Iraq when another opportunity arose, this time, in Syria. in Syria
In 2011, protests in Syria turned into a civil war, which threatened to overthrow dictator
Bashar al-Assad. Suleimani orchestrated a network of proxies
to work together to defend Assad. He called in Hezbollah fighters from Lebanon,
Shia-militias from Iraq, and even soldiers from Iran. He also created two new militias with Afghan
and Pakistani fighters. All these groups fought alongside the Syrian
Army to keep Assad in power. This intensified a war that eventually killed
more than 500,000 people, mostly civilians and displaced more than 11 million. But Assad survived. Soleimani was successfully exploiting conflicts
to advance Iran’s interests across the region. And it was making him a very popular figure in Iran. He became arguably the second most important
person in the country. More conflicts gave Iran more opportunities. When ISIS sparked another war in Iraq, Suleimani
again called on his network to defend Iraq and keep ISIS away from Iran. By now, he had unprecedented influence and
continued to command the Shia militias in Iraq directly even after they were officially
folded into Iraq’s military. When a civil war erupted in Yemen, Iran threw
its support behind a rebel group. Now instead of being surrounded by enemies,
Iran had them surrounded. Suleimani empowered a vast array of militias
across the Middle East… Many of them are excessively violent, and
have killed thousands. Many are designated terrorist organizations
by the US and EU. And many are corrupt. Lebanese Hezbollah and the Iraqi shia militias,
for instance, are the targets of mass protests in those countries. And they’re putting down the protests with
more violence. But to Iran and its supporters, Suleimani’s
a hero. He helped build a web of militias that not
only keeps Iran’s enemies in check… But also provides a pipeline for the Islamic
ideology that Iran wanted to see in the far corners of the Middle East. It’s why Iran’s Supreme Leader immediately
called Soleimani a martyr and also declared that his efforts and path won’t be stopped
after his killing. Even though its commander is gone, the
network remains intact.

100 thoughts on “How Iran’s Soleimani became a US target

  1. Hey everyone, if you're looking for a deeper history of the Middle East, check out our previous videos on the region:
    This video about Iran and Saudi Arabia's rivalry https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=veMFCFyOwFI&list=PLJ8cMiYb3G5e4MOmzf-piIWQb4INRW18g&index=24&t=0s
    We've also covered the US-Saudi relationship https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7DbdBIuFrIE&list=PLJ8cMiYb3G5e4MOmzf-piIWQb4INRW18g&index=12&t=269s
    And almost 4 decades of war in Iraq https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_c7AuSQdvow&list=PLJ8cMiYb3G5e4MOmzf-piIWQb4INRW18g&index=9&t=0s

    Thanks for watching!

    – Sam

  2. Since this American support media network. If this media is not then calling the US army a terrorist organization since 70s American bombing innocent civilians and spreading terrorism or they can sell arms to there government.

  3. It's weird how the US keeps backing opposing sides in the Middle East. It's almost as if they want to keep the region in a state of perpetual war so the military-industrial complex can make a profit 🤔

  4. Iran wants the west recognizing her regional power status but Iran has nothing can gaining that! They have a huge stack of Scud derived ballistic missiles of Soviet 1960s technology but those weapons were no where to challenge western dominant of the region, I think Iran has been bluffing too much, overproud of themselves!

  5. Can anyone believe that US had sent troops as peacekeeper 😂😂😂😂😜.
    Biggest joke of the year 😂😂 😂😂😂.

  6. 60% of iranians hate the regime and the ayatollah, in iran qassem solamani is hated behind close doors(for obvious reasons). The day solamani died persian store owners and civilians were forced to attend the protests. don’t believe everything you hear 7:19 s statement is incorrect!

  7. It all starts with the evil doings of British and french occupation and how the British created a cancer cell in the Middle East that is called Israel. The rest are reactions

  8. When it comes to Islam funding or organizations its called terrorist when US funding the real terrorist it became the government

  9. my question is that how the saudis have been able to remain relatively untouched and un partied in all this middle east mess?

  10. Republicans: keeps destabilizing the US in short sighted military adventures

    Iran: Ok, ill take that

    US: wate, wut? Oh noes! Release the drones!

  11. US needs to get out of that wasteland called the Middle East. We need to push for electrification and build Thorium nuclear reactors to power our growth.

  12. um, Vox didn’t even consider the Iranian general Soleimani a terrorist once in this whole video …(THIS IS A BRAND NEW LOW) ..I love how you go out of your way to understand the terrorists but HATE TRUMP @ every opportunity & his “America First” ideology …SHAME ON YOU VOX

  13. For your information martyer qasim sulemani's proxies spread all over the world (muslim countries off course must ) …they will rise very soon INSHA ALLAH …

  14. The one thing I've understood in the context of the Middle East is- no one is good or bad..Except ofcourse ISIS…Everyone feels justified in their actions. There are only people who take advantage of a circumstance and victims of that circumstance.

  15. IF THIS IS BAD FOR IRAN THEN WHY U.S DO SAME THING IN THE WORLD . U.S HAS PROXIS AND ARMIES BASES AROUND THE WORLD .

  16. Its hardly possible to replace a man with such a power, and by the react after Koleimani's death we can tell that this operation as a whole will be compromised, if it is already difficult for you to replace a menager at a simple store imagine a core general of Iran's army. Personally I don't like U.S. foreign interests, but its undoubtly a great shot against its enemy.

  17. We hope the owner of the channel to activate the Arabic translation because I do not understand English very much, thank you

  18. Lisa Daftari is an American-Iranian with Iranian parents. She makes it clear on her Candace Owens show interview the majority of everyday working Iranians were celebrating his death. They're offered free food to attend rallies and all business was closed for 3 days following his death so they weren't there out of their own free will. Howcome you didn't show the footage of the thousands of protestors celebrating soleimanis death?

  19. I am speechless against the amount of misinformation presented in this clip. The least of which: no mention whatsoever of ISIS in Syria, and the role of Gulf states, US vassals, in funding ISIS.

  20. This video is unbalanced & not neutral …
    It only tells from one side of the group.
    It could be that this video was made to influence people who don't understand. there are too many videos that seem to be full of knowledge and wisdom, even though they are fraudulent. only intelligent people are able to sort out what's right & what's wrong … YOU'LL REGRET WHEN YOU'RE WRONG !!!

  21. They didn’t back up the rebels in Yemen after a civil war it erupted. They funded the group from the start and are the reason for its existence

  22. General Suleiman's funeral was the largest in history
    (more than 30 million people)
    Soleimani was an enemy of Saddam and ISIS, but the United States supported them

  23. Just keep lying until someone believes you , from 2003 to 2014 most of the Iraqis killed are Shia (Iran supporters ) by explosive cars and what have you in there own regions by alkiada and the waahaby Saudi’s , America also killed many Iraqis no one mentioned that

  24. If it wasn’t for Iran help all of Iran would be under isis control cause the US was behind it after they withdraw from Iraq they released the sunny wahaby extremist which were core of ISIS

  25. In Syria their revolution was kidnaped by extremists funded by Qatar, UAE and KSA . It’s natural for any country to defend its interests and allies but if that was against the US plans the you are a devil

  26. Why does the US have 1000 military bases and 250,000 troops in the Middle East?
    For two things
    Oil Management
    Israeli security

  27. Since Vox failed to answer the question they presented, nothing has changed. The assassination is still extremely unjustified; a murder, a war crime, and a direct threat to stability in the Middle East. This video presents itself as if it has justified the assassination and properly explains why, how, and what exactly happened but in reality it is a cherry picked, misrepresentation, oversimplification and outright lies of the situation.

  28. Plz US eat ur own bread. Don't be greedy. Let peace prevail in the world. Do u hv answer to ur experimentation with Afghanistan and it's been 18 years and the war is still on. After so many precious lives lost ur on negotiation table with Taliban but with no results

  29. If one believes American intelligence machinated everything, one erases the agency of non-Americans & categorizes them as, essentially, things, not people.

  30. US is behind all the conflicts in the middle east,US wnt oil as well as wants to sell weapons and earn money to buy oil. Israel always minds their own business,if any other country attack them,Israel will just finish them.

  31. Discover the riddles of the Middle East. :

    In the presidential debate Trump told Hillary you created ISIL and brought it to power
    By the same excuse We are in the Middle East
    So we can Manage the oil and security of Israel and control of the governments of the region.

    Now that ISIS has expired
    must be Assassinated the biggest enemy of ISIS (Suleimani)
    So we can create a new terrorist

    for example
    Benladan after Saddam. Or
    AL baghdadi after Benladan
    Then we are stay for ever

  32. Shia's follow Ideology of Prophet Mohammed (pbuhahf) and his family & Sunnis (Saudi Arabian Wahhabi) follow friends of prophet.

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