How Hackers Can Target Voting Machines | NBC News Now

How Hackers Can Target Voting Machines | NBC News Now


HE HAS SOME FASCINATING AND PRETTY FRIGHTENING TAKEAWAYS. PRETTY FRIGHTENING TAKEAWAYS.>>DEFCON IS AN ANNUAL HACKER>>DEFCON IS AN ANNUAL HACKER CONFERENCE AND IN MY WORLD, CONFERENCE AND IN MY WORLD, CONFERENCES TEND TO BE THESE BIG CONFERENCES TEND TO BE THESE BIG SPONSORED EVENTS WITH ELABORATE SPONSORED EVENTS WITH ELABORATE ADVERTISEMENTS. ADVERTISEMENTS. DEFCON IS UNIQUE IN THAT DEFCON IS UNIQUE IN THAT EVERYONE WHO ATTENDS PAYS 300 EVERYONE WHO ATTENDS PAYS 300 BUCKS CASH TO ATTEND. BUCKS CASH TO ATTEND. THERE NOR SPONSORS. THERE NOR SPONSORS. IT’S A FIERCELY INDEPENDENT IT’S A FIERCELY INDEPENDENT SPIRIT ON DISPLAY THERE. SPIRIT ON DISPLAY THERE. AND IT HAD SET OFF WHEN WE AND IT HAD SET OFF WHEN WE ARRIVED A SORT OF PARANOIA IN ARRIVED A SORT OF PARANOIA IN LAS VEGAS. LAS VEGAS. HACKER HAS THESE DARK HACKER HAS THESE DARK CONNOTATIONS PURPOSE PEOPLE WERE CONNOTATIONS PURPOSE PEOPLE WERE GOING TO ELABORATE LENGTHS TO GOING TO ELABORATE LENGTHS TO PROTECT THEMSELVES. PROTECT THEMSELVES. EVERYTHING FROM CAB DRIVERS TO EVERYTHING FROM CAB DRIVERS TO THE WEIGHT STAFF AT A RESTAURANT THE WEIGHT STAFF AT A RESTAURANT WE ATE AT WERE SAYING THEY WERE WE ATE AT WERE SAYING THEY WERE TURNING THEIR PHONES OFF WHEN TURNING THEIR PHONES OFF WHEN THEY GOT IN THE VICINITY OF THEY GOT IN THE VICINITY OF THESE PEOPLE. THESE PEOPLE. WHEN WE GOT THERE, WE WERE, IN WHEN WE GOT THERE, WE WERE, IN FACT, MADE TO FEEL PRETTY FACT, MADE TO FEEL PRETTY WELCOME, AND IT TURNS OUT THE WELCOME, AND IT TURNS OUT THE PEOPLE IN ATTENDANCE ARE NOT THE PEOPLE IN ATTENDANCE ARE NOT THE LONERS, YOU KNOW, WORKING ON LONERS, YOU KNOW, WORKING ON BEHALF OF THE RUSSIAN BEHALF OF THE RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT. GOVERNMENT. AT LEAST NONE THAT WE SAW. AT LEAST NONE THAT WE SAW. PEOPLE TEND — THE TRADITION PEOPLE TEND — THE TRADITION THERE IS PEOPLE COMING IN WHO THERE IS PEOPLE COMING IN WHO ARE EITHER EMPLOYED BY BIG ARE EITHER EMPLOYED BY BIG COMPANIES HELPING THEM TO COMPANIES HELPING THEM TO IMAGINE THE WORST CASE SCENARIOS IMAGINE THE WORST CASE SCENARIOS THAT HACKERS MIGHT PERPETRATE ON THAT HACKERS MIGHT PERPETRATE ON THEM, OR JUST INDEPENDENT THEM, OR JUST INDEPENDENT SPIRITS WHO DO THAT KIND OF SPIRITS WHO DO THAT KIND OF THING FOR INTELLECTUAL THING FOR INTELLECTUAL CURIOUSITIOR OTHER MOTIVATIONS. CURIOUSITIOR OTHER MOTIVATIONS. WE WERE THERE TO ATTEND THE WE WERE THERE TO ATTEND THE VOTING VILLAGE, SOMETHING THAT’S VOTING VILLAGE, SOMETHING THAT’S GONE ON FOR THREE YEARS. GONE ON FOR THREE YEARS. IN THIS, THEIR THIRD YEAR, THEY IN THIS, THEIR THIRD YEAR, THEY ASSEMBLED SOME OF THE MOST ASSEMBLED SOME OF THE MOST COMMON VOTING MACHINES IN THE COMMON VOTING MACHINES IN THE COUNTRY. COUNTRY. BOTH SYSTEMS THAT ARE ON THE BOTH SYSTEMS THAT ARE ON THE FRONT END THAT YOU AND I USE TO FRONT END THAT YOU AND I USE TO ACTUALLY REGISTER OUR VOTE AND ACTUALLY REGISTER OUR VOTE AND THE BACK END. THE BACK END. TABULATORS AND SO FORTH. TABULATORS AND SO FORTH. YOU’D FEED A PAPER BALLOT INTO YOU’D FEED A PAPER BALLOT INTO OR THAT OVERSEE A SYSTEM. OR THAT OVERSEE A SYSTEM. WHAT WAS SO INTERESTING, I WHAT WAS SO INTERESTING, I ASSUMED COMING INTO IT THAT THE ASSUMED COMING INTO IT THAT THE BIG MANUFACTURERS, COMPANIES BIG MANUFACTURERS, COMPANIES LIKE EFF AND DOMINION PROVIDED LIKE EFF AND DOMINION PROVIDED THESE MACHINES TO THE HACKERS THESE MACHINES TO THE HACKERS TO, YOU KNOW, FIELD TEST THEM. TO, YOU KNOW, FIELD TEST THEM. BUT, NO, IT TURNS OUT THERE’S AN BUT, NO, IT TURNS OUT THERE’S AN EXTREMELY HOSTILE RELATIONSHIP EXTREMELY HOSTILE RELATIONSHIP THERE AND EFF AND DOMINION AND THERE AND EFF AND DOMINION AND OTHERS SAID WE DON’T WANT TO OTHERS SAID WE DON’T WANT TO PARTICIPATE AND HAVE BEEN QUITE PARTICIPATE AND HAVE BEEN QUITE AGGRESSIVE IN SAYING WE DON’T AGGRESSIVE IN SAYING WE DON’T WANT TO BE PART OF THIS. WANT TO BE PART OF THIS. SO THE ORGANIZERS WERE REDUCED SO THE ORGANIZERS WERE REDUCED TO FINDING THESE MACHINES ON TO FINDING THESE MACHINES ON EBAY, WHICH RIGHT THERE IS EBAY, WHICH RIGHT THERE IS PRETTY TERRIFYING. PRETTY TERRIFYING. IT TURNED OUT THAT ANYBODY CAN IT TURNED OUT THAT ANYBODY CAN BUY SOME OF THE MOST COMMON BUY SOME OF THE MOST COMMON MACHINES IN USE ON EBAY. MACHINES IN USE ON EBAY. WHAT WAS REALLY ALARMING IS WHEN WHAT WAS REALLY ALARMING IS WHEN YOU SEE THESE HACKERS. YOU SEE THESE HACKERS. THESE ARE PEOPLE WHO HAVE NEVER THESE ARE PEOPLE WHO HAVE NEVER SEEN THESE MACHINES BEFORE. SEEN THESE MACHINES BEFORE. NO PRACTICE ON THEM FOR THE MOST NO PRACTICE ON THEM FOR THE MOST PART, WHICH IN AND ENGAGE IN PART, WHICH IN AND ENGAGE IN THEM. THEM. THEY IMMEDIATELY GET INTO THE THEY IMMEDIATELY GET INTO THE GUTS OF THEM. GUTS OF THEM. AND BEYOND THAT, WE WERE SEEING AND BEYOND THAT, WE WERE SEEING DOMINION’S IMAGE CAST SYSTEM. DOMINION’S IMAGE CAST SYSTEM. IT’S A LINE OF TABULATORS THAT IT’S A LINE OF TABULATORS THAT PAPER BALLOTS ARE FED INTO. PAPER BALLOTS ARE FED INTO. THAT HAD ITS GUTS ALL OVER THE THAT HAD ITS GUTS ALL OVER THE ROOM. ROOM. NOT CLEAR WHETHER THIS WAS THE NOT CLEAR WHETHER THIS WAS THE MOST RECENT VERSION OF THE IMAGE MOST RECENT VERSION OF THE IMAGE CAST HARDWARE, BUT IT’S CAST HARDWARE, BUT IT’S IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT GEORGIA IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT GEORGIA JUST SPENT OVER — OR ABOUT TO JUST SPENT OVER — OR ABOUT TO SPEND OVER $100 MILLION ON A SPEND OVER $100 MILLION ON A CONTRACT WITH DOMINION TO CONTRACT WITH DOMINION TO PROVIDE IMAGE CAST HARDWARE TO PROVIDE IMAGE CAST HARDWARE TO THE STATE IN TIME FOR THE NEXT THE STATE IN TIME FOR THE NEXT PRIMARIES AND FOR THE 2020 PRIMARIES AND FOR THE 2020 ELECTION. ELECTION. HERE THESE KIDS WERE WHO OPENED HERE THESE KIDS WERE WHO OPENED IT UP. IT UP. YOU CAN POP THE FRONT OFF OF IT YOU CAN POP THE FRONT OFF OF IT AND HERE’S A PORT YOU CAN GET AND HERE’S A PORT YOU CAN GET INTO RIGHT HERE. INTO RIGHT HERE. THAT’S EASY. THAT’S EASY. ALL KINDS OF STUFF THAT YOU ALL KINDS OF STUFF THAT YOU COULD CERTAINLY DO WITHIN SIX COULD CERTAINLY DO WITHIN SIX MINUTES BEHIND A CURTAIN. MINUTES BEHIND A CURTAIN. MUCH LESS IF YOU HAD EXTRA TIME MUCH LESS IF YOU HAD EXTRA TIME BECAUSE ANY OF THESE WERE BECAUSE ANY OF THESE WERE CONNECTED TO THE WEB AS WE CONNECTED TO THE WEB AS WE DISCOVERED A COUPLE DAYS BEFORE DISCOVERED A COUPLE DAYS BEFORE SO MANY OF THEM ARE. SO MANY OF THEM ARE. AT THE END OF THE EVENT, VOTING AT THE END OF THE EVENT, VOTING VILLAGE ISSUES A REPORT. VILLAGE ISSUES A REPORT. WE’LL BE EXPECTING ONE FROM WE’LL BE EXPECTING ONE FROM THEM. THEM. THEY’RE TRANSPARENT ABOUT IT. THEY’RE TRANSPARENT ABOUT IT. THE SPIRIT OF THIS EVENT WAS THE SPIRIT OF THIS EVENT WAS TRANSPARENCY. TRANSPARENCY. TRYING TO GET THESE TRYING TO GET THESE VULNERABILITIES OUT OF THE WORLD VULNERABILITIES OUT OF THE WORLD SO THAT I GUESS THE IDEA IS THE SO THAT I GUESS THE IDEA IS THE COMPANIES WILL BE FORCED TO COMPANIES WILL BE FORCED TO CORRECT THEM. CORRECT THEM. IN FRONT OF EACH MACHINE WAS A IN FRONT OF EACH MACHINE WAS A POST-IT THAT SHOWED OFF WHAT HAD POST-IT THAT SHOWED OFF WHAT HAD BEEN FOUND OUT BY THE VARIOUS BEEN FOUND OUT BY THE VARIOUS HACKERS. HACKERS. AT ONE POINT THE ADMIN PASSWORD AT ONE POINT THE ADMIN PASSWORD WAS JUST SITTING THERE ON THERE WAS JUST SITTING THERE ON THERE BECAUSE IT TURNS OUT THE SAME BECAUSE IT TURNS OUT THE SAME ADMIN PASSWORD APPLIES TO ADMIN PASSWORD APPLIES TO MULTIPLE MACHINES ACROSS THE MULTIPLE MACHINES ACROSS THE ROOM. ROOM. AND THOSE MACHINES WERE CREATED AND THOSE MACHINES WERE CREATED IN THE 2000s WHICH MEANS THEY — IN THE 2000s WHICH MEANS THEY — YOU CAN’T CHANGE THAT ADMIN YOU CAN’T CHANGE THAT ADMIN PASSWORD. PASSWORD. THEY’RE LOCKED FOR THAT TIME. THEY’RE LOCKED FOR THAT TIME. THERE DOESN’T SEEM TO BE THERE DOESN’T SEEM TO BE POLITICAL MOMENTUM ON THE BILLS POLITICAL MOMENTUM ON THE BILLS UNDER CONSIDERATION RIGHT NOW UNDER CONSIDERATION RIGHT NOW AROUND TRYING TO KEEP THESE AROUND TRYING TO KEEP THESE MACHINES OFF THE INTERNET OR MACHINES OFF THE INTERNET OR TRYING TO HAVE SOME SORT OF TRYING TO HAVE SOME SORT OF CERTIFIABLE BALLOT. CERTIFIABLE BALLOT. PAPER BALLOT SYSTEM OR ANY OF PAPER BALLOT SYSTEM OR ANY OF THE OTHER THINGS PROPOSED. THE OTHER THINGS PROPOSED. AND SO THE COMBINATION OF SEEING AND SO THE COMBINATION OF SEEING THE INCREDIBLE VULNERABILITIES THE INCREDIBLE VULNERABILITIES THAT WE SAW ON DISPLAY IN THAT WE SAW ON DISPLAY IN REALTIME AT THIS EVENT AND THE REALTIME AT THIS EVENT AND THE LACK OF INSTITUTIONAL ACTION LACK OF INSTITUTIONAL ACTION AROUND THE SECURITY OF THE VOTE,

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