How did Japan Invade China in WWII? | Animated History

How did Japan Invade China in WWII? | Animated History

This video was made possible by our supporters on patreon if you want to join the community and help us reach our next goal Consider making a pledge Despite the massive death toll and sheer magnitude of the confrontation The second sino-japanese war is often overlooked as a part of the second world war This conflict played a major role in deciding the victor of the ongoing Chinese Civil War award that would transform China into the communist state that exists today I’m Griffin Johnson the armchair historian and today we’ll be exploring the causes and course of the second sino-japanese war But first I’d like to say thanks to our sponsors over a banknote world. I Always say that everyone should have at least one hobby whether that be indoors or outdoors One problem with most hobbies however is the cost and so a better place to start for history buffs Than with collecting inexpensive currency from all around the globe. Our friends at banknote world actually sent me some Chinese and Japanese currency from 1944 to go with the theme of this video This Japanese currency here only costs you about five US dollars and so getting started is extremely easy You can check out our unique link to their website and YouTube channel and the description below Now back to the topic at hand to understand the precarious situation that led up to the second sino-japanese war It is important to mention the events of 19th century China The century can be characterized as one of factionalism lawlessness foreign intervention by Western powers and Rising nationalist sentiments which in 1911 culminated in the overthrow of the established Qing Dynasty by the nationalist Republicans or Kuomintang this led to intense regionalism across China as warlords to control of small territories that they ruled in their own name by the 1920s the spread of communism led to the creation of the Chinese Communist Party or CCP which was suppressed by the Kuomintang the leader of which was the cunning Chiang kai-shek Who subjugated influential warlords in order to secure his rule over China soon after Chiang turned his attention towards the Communists igniting the Chinese Civil War in 1927 Japan by contrast had been relatively isolated for millennia. The island nation had developed a highly militaristic Society and this was intensified after the Emperor of Japan Consolidated his power in what was known as the Meiji Restoration With its populations adherence to warrior and feudal codes translating into a religious devotion to the Emperor these years of seclusion Contributed to the development of a xenophobic mentality the Japanese viewed their culture as the most sophisticated and civilised this sense of national pride continue to inflate despite increased influence of the West in matters of technology and trade throughout the 19th and 20th centuries the combination of Ultra-nationalism a centralized state and European technology allowed Japan in the first sino-japanese war To conquer Korea from the Chinese whose administrative process and technology paled in comparison The Japanese would continue to expand throughout the Pacific and on to the East Asian mainland The requirements of both a large population and a large military began to strain the Japanese economy Causing ever deeper expansion into the Asian mainland in September of 1931 Japan invaded Manchuria which offered ample resources and living space as Justification Japan cited the Mukden incident in which elements of the Imperial Japanese Army Detonated a small amount of dynamite at a section of the South Manchuria railway Which had been granted to them in the russo-japanese war the Japanese then falsely accused China of sabotage Despite receiving orders to keep the incident contained at a local level the Japanese army Proceeded to capture all of the cities along the South Manchuria railway and surprisingly the Republic of China maintained a policy of non-resistance Although some Chinese warlords and generals tried to resist but unsuccessfully by February of 1932 Japan had control over all of Manchuria establishing the puppet state of Manchukuo Which interestingly was governed by the last emperor of China the 26 year-old Pu Yi The Chinese appealed to the League of Nations in response and after a year-long investigation The league concluded that the invasion was unjustified to which Japan simply left the League of Nations Chiang kai-shek was aware that the Japanese interests in China were not over and so in 1936 He agreed to an alliance with the Communists putting the Chinese Civil War on hold Less than one year later the second sino-japanese war would break out in full when on the 7th of July Japanese troops conducted a Military exercise near the Marco Polo Bridge in wham pink which startled the Chinese garrison who weren’t warned in advance And the resulting confusion shots were exchanged and after the skirmish ended the Japanese noticed one of their men was missing after a headcount When the Chinese refused to allow them to search the city the Japanese attacked the city head-on trying to cross the bridge on July 20th Japan began bombarding ran ping and by the end of the month had taken Beijing and the surrounding areas the Japanese were initially content with the territory they’d taken in northern China and wanted to end the war quickly But Chiang kai-shek was not giving up anytime he decided to open up a second front at the city of Shanghai storming the Japanese quarter of the city on the 13th of August The fighting around the Shanghai area lasted for a total of three months marked by intense close quarters combat Shanghai finally fell when an afib ia’s Japanese force landed in the southern region of the city Which was left undefended the Chinese took heavy casualties Losing two hundred and fifty thousand men many of them their highest-quality troops while the Japanese lost 60,000 on the 8th of November Chiang ordered his forces to retreat west towards the city of Nanking the capital of China at the time The Chinese in Nanking were positioned in elaborate fortifications inside and outside of the city Despite these defenses the Japanese had captured the southern portion of the city by December 12th Which prompted Chiang to evacuate his troops from the city the Japanese were frustrated after what they thought would be an easy victory this frustration Translated into brutality against the civilians who were raped and executed on an immense scale estimates for the number of casualties ranges from 50,000 to 300,000 the massacre is possibly the defining event in the second sino-japanese war and is possibly one of the single largest atrocities in human history as such the event remains one of the primary reasons why even today Relations between Japan and China are at best somewhat bitter by 1939 the war was beginning to reach a stalemate the Chinese still refused to surrender despite huge casualties and Territorial losses and had begun to receive much-needed experience and foreign aid meanwhile The Japanese lines of communication were being stretched to their limit and Japanese forces had suffered substantial losses both equipment and manpower however Japanese spirits were lifted when their German Ally signed a non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union whom the Japanese feared would invade Manchuria and their holdings in northern China on September 14 13 days after Germany invaded Poland a Japanese force of 100,000 men attacked the city of Shanghai which was the next major target on the road to Shan Shan where the Chinese government had been relocated a force of 240 thousand Chinese soldiers repelled them Inflicting more casualties than they had sustained on October 6 the Japanese myth drew and allowed the Chinese three lost ground in the surrounding areas Shengshou was the first major Chinese city that managed to fight off the Japanese successfully while the Kuomintang tended to partake in large sweeping Operations their communist allies in the north had mainly opposed the Japanese through insurgency and guerrilla tactics But under pressure from Chiang kai-shek the Communist Party of China began to execute large offensive actions on the 20th of August 1940 the CCP gathered 400,000 men of the 8th route army and assaulted numerous staging areas and railways which were defended by 420 Japanese and collaborationist to Chinese forces and what would be called the hundred regiments offensive? although the Japanese and collaborators push in the back the communists considered their campaign successful because it resulted in the destruction of about 600 miles of railroad tracks The remainder of the second sino-japanese war was marked by repeated failed attempts by the Japanese to take various strategic studies It wasn’t until near the end of the Second World War when on the 9th of August 1945 three days after the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima The Soviet Union declared war on Japan and promptly destroyed the primary Japanese Army in Manchuria on the 15th of August Japan surrendered ending the second sino-japanese war and Ending the occupation of China within a year the Chinese Civil War began again, but that is a story for another day As I mentioned before our friends over at banknote world are sponsoring today’s episode So, please click the link in the description below and check out everything they have to offer Thanks for watching. I’d like to thank my general staff on patreon Jake Hart Joe Crispin gibbsy Joshua Haverstock Fritz Patrick Reardon, Joe Graham James Thompson Derek below Jim Talbott, Dmitry Stillman and everyone else listed on screen I’d also like to thank those working on the armchair history team for making this video possible Thanks again, I’m Griffin Johnson the armchair historian and I’ll see you next time with our video on the siege of leningrad You

100 thoughts on “How did Japan Invade China in WWII? | Animated History

  1. Hey Guys! Thanks for watching, click here to get started with your collection of vintage currency!
    Their Youtube as well:

    Half of the comments on this video are saying I used the wrong Japanese character. Yes I did, I understand. I can't fix it, the video has already been published, apologies.

    Our Patreon:

    Corrections should be posted underneath this comment!


  2. >suggesting that what the Japanese did to the Chinese is worse than what the Germans did to the Jews.

    So, can you share Richard Spencer’s number with the rest of us? We’re terribly curious

  3. LOL People keep saying communist this and communist that. And China this and China that. Have any of them ever wondered if the party were so evil, how was it possible to have the Chinese civilians to help them fight the KMT? By forcing them? Lmao. Why don't they Listen to their own words? They said it like it is so easy to force millions of people doing what they didn't want. Lmao, in their theory, Japan would have conquered China with your brilliant method by assimilating all the Chinese to fight for them huh. The communist party's military was filled with normal people who signed up for it willingly to fight for dependence after KMT slaughtered any communist members on sight and hung their heads on the power pillar in the streets with iron cages. Why don't they hate their own system, after all, capitalism has been the real evil established on the blood and sweat of the people around the world compared with communism. Hate something just because they have been taught to. Pathetic. What kind of democracy is it when people can't think other than what the prevalent opinion led by the media told people to believe. People keep saying Chinese are blinded. Why don't they look at themselves? Maybe they'll find more similarities with this characteristic than Chinese does. Maybe mind your own business and care more for the Indians whose ancestors had been slaughtered by yours mercilessly? Chinese are doing fine. It would be even better if you stop slandering their country.

  4. The close military cooperation between Japan and US is rather unsettling.
    I respect both countries' culture just don't bring that militarism back to Japan.

  5. My great uncle fought for the KMT as a cavalry officer in Shanghai. He later changed allegiance to the CCCP. He died in Shanghai, China a coupe of years ago.

  6. I am Japanese and you are not 100 percent right !
    Very unhappy ! How much did you get from Chinese ?

  7. My Filipina grandmother was born in 1930. She told me that as a teenager she saw Japanese soldiers bayonet babies. To this day, I remember her crying as she told me that story.

  8. The Kuomintang didn't get founded until far later. The 1911 Revolution was very disparate and disorganized with different groups all over.

  9. "The Japanese were frustrated after what they would have thought to be an easy victory"
    Parry this you fucking

  10. The the Federalists the Nationalists of America wanted to stay out the Affairs of Asia and Europe the United States military has two Navy fleet's the battle groups thousands of men living on the water two battalions soldiers Marines it's not for America protection it's for their protection because China and North Korea want to see the whole Japanese race destroyed

  11. I know the video is old already but at the start you made a mistake using Japanese, the right is "中国 – 日本戦争"
    中 this kanji (naka) as you wrote means "inside"
    日本語 (Nihongo) this means Japanese language 日本(Nihon/Japan) 語(Go/language).
    In Japanese when we meant about the country "Japan" just refer as Nihon, and also for Japanese (people) 日本人 (nihonjin).
    But also awesome video at all!(^^)/

  12. Armchair historians you should’ve have mentioned the Burma Campaign. Many Chinese forces were order to aid Britain in the fight against the Japanese in Burma when, the British were ambush by the Japanese. Also it’s important to mention it, since Burma is vital for the Chinese to receive aid from Britain to keep up with the war against Japan, if Burma is lost China will starve and lose the war, but instead Chinese Enter Burma to try to take back Burma from the Japanese.

  13. I wonder how china find out Japan invade them when they BOTH look a like lol i bet both land's was killing they on WARRIORS !

  14. “Look at the war crimes the British, Germans, Russians, Italians, and Americans committed in WW2.”
    Japan: nervous sweat

  15. This channel is American propaganda .. I feel bad for anyone who goes to American schools. This kid needs hit with a Howard Zinn book

  16. Clearly the Japanese underestimated the capability of Chinese to resist. To the uttermost foolishness is to have the United States engaged at the same time, thus comes a disaster for them.

  17. You never understand that Japan was lured into the war against Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist forces. The key is "Tungchow Massacre (通州事件)"in which more than 230 Japanese were brutally massacred. The incident took place on July 29, 1937, just after the Marco Polo Incident. At the outbreak of 1937 Shanghai War, Nationalist force swarmed into the Japanese Consession in Shanghai, violating the peace treaty made after 1931 Shanghai War. On the outbreak of 1937 Shanghai War. the swarming Nationalist force was ten times bigger than 4,000 Japanese Marine Corps defending the Japanese Consession. Hoe could the 1/10 size of the army start the invasion?

  18. China was in civil war and Japan took advantage of it. The civil war was then halted to fight the Japanese together. After Japan was defeated, the civil war resumed.

  19. Although i love japanese people, but i think they deserved nuclear bomb, because they did a lot of atrocities and they didn't want to surrender

  20. without subtitle very difficult to comprehend your accent…😅😅😁😁
    iam ok with the anime english accent only

  21. Ummm…
    Everything is pretty much correct in this video except for u keep saying japan took Korea from China and the map that show Korea as part of China.
    Just to be clear Korea was its own thing, it’s own kingdom not apart of China when japan invaded n annexed it so….

  22. I mean, I get the former hate by china of the Japanese, but their old government, the ones who decided to do all that to them, is long gone. The people were "re-educated" when america helped re-build japan too. There aren't many people left alive in japan who remember, let alone participated in the atrocities committed and given the opportunity, I dont think for a second they would choose to repeat them. Today's Japan is WAY different than ww2 Japan. If the rest of the world can get over hating Germany, which we have, then China can get over their hate of Japan.

  23. I get that this video is supposed to be about history, but I see all these people debating on which side of China is better. I’m pretty late but here’s my opinion.

    They both suck.

    The Kuomintang and Communist party were both pretty ruthless. For starters, the Communist party’s former leader Mao Zedong is probably the leader with the most blood on his hands. People were starved, round up, shot, and forced into practical slavery. I remember my dad telling me that sometime in the 1980s, petty theft could sometimes result in execution. Deng Xiaoping, second premier of the PRC responded to a students protest in Tiananmen Square with tanks and gunfire. Now, there is constant surveillance in China, as well as corruption, territorial disputes, cultural oppression and acts of political and economic aggression towards other states. I can say that the metropolises of modern China are great, (and they are) but these metropolises were built on dead bodies, as well as the other things you might enjoy in China as well.

    As for Taiwan, I could make a controversial (I’m sure if people read this there might be a war in the comments thread) argument saying that they were equally as bad (Please note I am regarding their treatment towards the Chinese people.) to the people of China. On April 12, 1927, the KMT entered Shanghai and massacred those suspected of being communist sympathizer or spies. Innocent people were literally beheaded in public after being harassed and interrogated. This event caused the civil war itself. Another incident was the Yellow River flood in 1938 in which the nationalist government decided to open up dykes to cause a flood just to halt the Japanese invasion. In doing so, he flooded towns, crops, and homes. The flood killed around 400 000- 500 000 people and created a refugees crisis. Much of the land flooded back then couldn’t even be settled on. There are probably more atrocities I haven’t mentioned (for both sides) and probably more unsung of. Seeing how self destructive both sides were, I’m a little bit curious. What if the Kuomintang won the civil war? I doubt it would have as many dead bodies as Mao’s reign but I would assume that the Chinese people would still suffer based off their other self-destructive acts.

    I’m not saying that either of these sides didn’t do anything good either. Communist China is a leading superpower now and Taiwan is an Asian Tiger economy, shaping our world.

    In the end, I don’t think my opinion really matters. I just wanted to give you my insight on the topic from a person who has family who went through these things. Because ultimately, your opinion is yours and I want to let you know that whatever opinion you may reach, I respect it. Have a nice day!🙂

  24. For some reason at the beginning, you wrote simply "middle" (as opposed to "Middle Kingdom"), and "Japanese language" in kanji.

    Hire someone who knows what they are doing next time.

  25. If China starves themselves of food again, which they will. I will propose a Northern Japanese Invasion of China and not Southern.

  26. Yup a lot of very important contexts are missing here the Russo Japanese war
    Their proxy superpower connection to the United States and Great Britain.
    Both Britain and United States Navies were the dominant Navies in the region.
    Japan would not have been able to project power or any amphibious landings without the ok of either of these powers

    Japan was an Allie of GB and had a secret pack with US

    Both Britain and USA wanted to keep the Russians out of China and this part of the pacific
    They used Japan “honorary Arians” (Teddy Roosevelt)
    Allowed and encouraged the Russo Japanese war the sinking if the Russian fleets
    The occupation of Korea
    The invasion of Manchuria .
    Lots missing !

  27. As a Chinese, I gotta say that China in the last century was just a huge brawl of blood… and the reason the Japanese crimes are so controversial is because the communist persecutions overshadow them and hatred towards Japanese is being used as a tool to monger hate by the CCP today

  28. These days china may take only one hour to conquer the Japan.
    Those days Chinese were not united but now they are different.

  29. 5:29 it was part of chinese strategy to open a second front in shanghai, its easier to conquer china from north to south since ancient time, and harder from east to west, chinese troops also destroy dams and levees to create massive flooding to cut off north and south china

  30. You do know that the characters used to "subtitle" Sino-Japanese war translate into "Middle" and "Japanese language" right?

    Middle Japanese Language War.

  31. At the end of the Qing Dynasty, the Eight-Power Coalition gave the Qing Dynasty the last blow, and then the warlords began to scuffle. At the weakest time in China, Japan occupied the Korean Peninsula ahead of time. Then the three northeastern provinces threatened the last emperor of China to the northeast and turned into a puppet to obey Japan. Then they went south and attacked. They had been planned before the war. This is the case. At that time, the Chinese national government was in chaos. Although there was a government, the factions were chaotic, and the civilians had a hard time surviving. Later, Communism emerged with the cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party, and with Russia fighting in the Northeast, China's battlefield held back a large number of Japanese.

  32. Strange how theres little to no mention of the sacrifices made by the Chinese people in American history books. They make it seem like the only country fighting Japan was the US.

  33. How did Japan invade China? The Japanese used ships, because there was a lot of water between Japan and China.

  34. uummm, right off the bat – china isn't communist. no communist society is going to have millionaires and billionaires. that's the absolute antithesis to communism. also, china has never been communist. socialism is a democratic ideology. mao was no more a communist than stalin. they were both vicious fascist dictators. again, a complete antithesis to communism. china is, and always has been capitalist regardless of their idiotic rhetoric and the propaganda claims of the "western" elite.

  35. Japan invasion of China was only possible due to adaptation of western technology and the fact that China was politically and socially a giant mess. But even with the sheer brutality and superior technology of the Japanese, the Chinese never gave up and the huge population and manpower of China limited the Japanese to occupying only the coastal and eastern areas of China while the vast western countryside was left unharmed (albeit mass bombings did happen)

  36. It's not confirmed who blew up the railroad. Always say the story of both sides when there is no confirmation

  37. I love watching these!
    Has anyone mentioned how many of these soldiers look like Boomhauer from king of the hill? lol

  38. The Nationalists forces bear the brunt of the fighting against the invading Japanese armies. At the end of the conflict, the expended and exhausted Nationalists had to fight against the Communists under Mao but they got clobbered and forced to retreat and evacuated to Taiwan. Poor leadership and battle tactics led to their defeats by the Communists.

  39. The two nuclear bomb drops on Japan were merciful in comparison to the years of torture, murder, rape, and pillaging done by the Japanese Army to the occupied regions and territories to the nations of Asia.

  40. Absolutely fascinating. I can’t help but feel foolish for being so ignorant of the world’s past. I am hungry to learn more.

  41. Many people look at Japan as a glorious country but don’t know the dark truth behind it. True, the technology there is great, but look at this. And have they, in any way, apologized at least?

  42. The Chinese Communists had it all planned out from the beginning. They purposely allowed Chiang Kai-Shek and the Nationalists to exhaust themselves fighting the Japanese while they quietly conserved and built up their strength so they could easily overpower the Nationalists when the Civil war resumed.

  43. What China and Japan need to understand are the war's been over for practically 90 years. Time for them to just get along and toke the dube.

  44. Pretty much most of the countries in the worls has been in the wrong side of Morality. Proud to be an Indian. Being the biggest democracy in the world, we have never invaded other countries and still self sustained on our own untill Europeans invaded us.

  45. Korea should have modernised as well and abolish their tributary things with Qing.Things would have been different if this happened.The three countries would have coexisted peacefuly.

  46. Well, fair enough, the mongul chinese did invade japan twice when china was still the superpower that time.

    But the rape of nanjing was brutal though. Has been living in China for the past 2 years and as far as i know, the younger generations of the chinese don't hate the japanese.

  47. My grandpa fought against the Chinese and he moved to America after the war .He hated Chinese people and joined the army after all three of his brother where killed. He was from Hiroshima so my great grand mother and his two younger sisters both died. My mom once was told me that my grandpa jokingly said that he volunteered to become a kamikaze pilot but he was stationed on the Chines front and later took part in Operation Ichi-Go.

  48. Nobody can deny the atrocities of the Japanese during the war, but they should be neither exaggerated – (Like some Chinese do) – nor overlooked – (Like some Japanese do).
    But these things aside, even being as Eurocentric as possible, I like Japan and its culture; my favourite Asian country.

  49. In fact, at that time, KMT had done well enough, but it lost a lot of farmer, worker.
    And, history is always joking.XD
    However, many Chinese people are in chaos, and they can't realize who is the owner of this country, LMAO, don't we want harmony?

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