ETHIOPIA’s devious path to DEMOCRACY – VisualPolitik EN

ETHIOPIA’s devious path to DEMOCRACY – VisualPolitik EN

Ethiopia is a country famous for being the
place where coffee was discovered… nevertheless, Ethiopians didn’t start drinking it until
very recently. During decades, this country was among the
World’s poorest. But, if you follow VisualPolitik for a long
time, you already know that Ethiopia is the scenario for one of the biggest miracles of
our decade. In the latest decades, Ethiopia has been growing
at a 10% rate year after year. Fashion brands like Calvin Klein or H&M have
already some big textile worshops in this country. Lots of Chinese factories are been built at
the outskirs of Addis Abeba. But Chinese are not the only ones interested
in Ethiopian economy! At the beginning of this year 2019, Hyunday
opened their first assembly center here. In other words, more and more Ethiopians are
stepping out of poverty every day. But hold on just a second because this is
not the actual Ethiopian miracle! You see, til the year 2018, the economy was
doing good but the political system pretty much sucked. They had an authoritarian system similar to
that of China: one party, censorship and never-ending harassment to ethnic minorities. But, beating the odds, all of this changed
from one day to the other thanks to this man you see on the screen: ABIY AHMED ALI, the
brand new Ethiopian prime minister. And I say beating the odds because ABIY AHMED
ALI was the last person you would imagine to be a reformist. He was an army general and a member of the
government party: The Ethiopian People’s Liberation Front. Nevertheless, as soon as this man put his
sole on the government palace, he started rocking the boat. From one day to the other, he abolished most
of the censorship laws, banned the ethnic harassment made by the army and announced
free elections by 2020. Add to this the peace with neighbouring Eritrea
and a liberalization agenda that sounds like heaven to international investors. Yes, my dear viewers, remember his name because
he has high chances to get a Peace Novel Price sooner than later. Definitely, he already deserves it much more
than many others who already got it. But wait a minute because not everything is
sunshine and rainbows. Yes, on the paper, the intentions of this
politicians couldn’t sound better. If he achieves everything he wants, he would
become the next Nelson Mandela. But, as we always say here… things are much
more complex than what they seem. Ethiopia’s Amhara state chief killed amid
regional coup attempt Yes, you heard this right! Democratic transitions are never easy. Specially given that Ethiopia had already
a political elite enjoying lots of privileges and more than 13 different tribes. We are talking about an enormous country,
with more than 100 million inhabitants and more than 13 languages. This is a test to ABIY AHMED real intentions. With so much internal opposition and so many
ethnic tension, it is very tempting to go back to the good old dictatorship. At the end of the day, tyrants can deal with
all this things way easier. So the question now is… To what extent is ABIY AHMED willing to respect
human rights? Can Ethiopia become an actual democracy? Or maybe it is too hard to resist the temptation
of becoming an authoritarian leader? Today we are going to answer to all of these
questions but, before we do, let’s take a look back at the history. THE COUNTRY OF THE THREE REVOLUTIONS Many of you associate Ethiopia with Rastafarians. As you know, Bob Marley and his accolades
practiced a religion that praised the king HAILE SELASSIE, the Ethiopian emperor. No offense to the Rastafarians but Mr. SELASSIE
was an absolute monarch that ruled Ethiopia with an iron fist. An, as it happens many times with absolute
monarchs and authoritarian leaders… he didn’t die in bed. In the year 1975, the DERG guerrilla seized
power and they killed him. This was the first Ethiopian revolution. DERG was a Marxist-leninist group that governed
the country during the 80s. In this time, they collectivized the land,
nationalized all the companies and ended with half a million of opponents. Thus, Ethiopia suffered one of their worst
starvations. And this explains why, in 1991, after a bloody
civil war, the Ethiopian People’s Liberation Front took power. This was the second Ethiopian revolution. But make no mistake! The country didn’t become a democracy at
all. They went from die hard communism to a moderate,
China-style one. This explains the good relationship between
these two countries and the economic growth they started to have. But pay attention because now Xander is going
to tell us the really interesting part of the story. But pay attention because now Eric is going
to tell us the really interesting part of the story. You see, Ethiopia has more than 100 million
inhabitans and more than 13 tribes. These tribes are not very friendly with one
another. And this is why the constitution is so special. To start with, Ethiopia is the only country
in the planet, alongside with Liechtenstein, where the right to secesion is contemplated. This means that, theoretically, each of these
9 regions you see on the map could have a referendum and become independent. And, of course, each of those tribes have
their own political party. Most of these political parties are part of
this grand coalition called Ethiopian People’s Liberation Front. And all these parties have seats in the parliament. All of this means that Ethiopian politics
are not a debate between right and left wing or conservatives versus liberals but a discussion
among different tribes. And you might wonder… does this system work? Can Ethiopian tribes coexist together in peace
and harmony? The answer is no way! First of all, this right to secesion is just
a theory. Each time a region wanted to secede had to
face the army. And, as you can already imagine, not all tribes
are equally powerful. From all those 13 ethnic groups, only 3 call
the shots: the OROMO, the AMHARA and the TIGRIYANS. The rest are suffering constant human rights
violations. This includes forced displacements, land confiscations
and, of course, massive killings. For example, the Somalians living in Ethiopia
have been sufferint neverending harassment from paramilitary groups. And both the government as the army pretended
this never existed. Add to this the activist and journalist that
were exiled. If this was not enough, Ethiopia was in permanent
war with Eritrea. So yes, the economy was doing good but the
politics couldn’t go worse. And here is when the third Ethiopian revolution
came in. Let’s have a look at it, shall we? TITLE: THE ETHIOPIAN ROCKSTAR I’m gonna say it again: remember this name
because he might become a peace novel price: ABIY AHMED ALI. Til the year 2018, he was what we call an
‘APPARATCHIK’, this is a party man: an army general that belonged to the OROMO tribe,
which, as we said before, is one of the ruling ethnic groups. Nevertheless, as soon as he started his administration,
he has unleashed one of the most ambitious reformist agendas in history. In just one year, he has signed peace with
Eritrea, he has abolished censorship and he has stopped harassment from the army. Aren’t you impressed yet? So wait because I haven’t finished! He has already announced free elections for
2020, he has managed to get a woman as the President and he is passing the biggest liberalizations
ever seen in Ethiopia. Ethiopia to install 4G network ahead of telecoms
liberalization With all of this, it is easy to understand
why he has become the new African rockstar. In fact, we can already talk about the ABIYMANIA. And, believe me, everything I will say here
is not a hyperbole at all. Some religious groups already claim that he
is the Messiah. In Eritrea, the former die hard enemy of Ethiopia,
there are already mothers naming their children after him. And the Ethiopian media is living a big time
renaissance. Satire is flourishing in Ethiopia Brand new newspapers, brand new TV shows and
old journalist coming back to the country. The pictures you see now are part of some
comedy sketch that you can find on YouTube. For the first time in history, people can
make fun of politicians, including the prime minister. And it seems that next year, a Ethiopian broadcaster
will start a late night show similar to The Daily Show. All of this is pretty normal in a country
like America or UK but it is a giant step here. But OK, OK… I know what you are going to say now! It is very easy to allow free press when the
media loves you. But… what happens when you have die hard
critics? Well… let’s cover that! FREEDOM HAS ITS RISKS 2019 has surprised Ethiopians with a terrible
draught that brought many regions back to starvation. Unemployment is near 20% and many young people
are in a desperate situation. If this was not enough, the old guard is far
from happy with this third revolution. So look at what happened in June 2019. Ethiopian army chief killed by bodyguard and
regional leader dead in coup attempt The Amhara state president, Ambachew Mekonnen,
and his adviser were shot dead and the state’s attorney general was wounded in Amhara’s
capital Basically, a man from the military who belonged
to the AMHARA tribe decided to kill the governor of his region. According to him, ABIY AHMED was ending all
the privileges his tribe used to enjoy. So he organized a coup d’etat to separate
from the rest of the country. As you can imagine, the central government
didn’t wait a minute for retaliation. Ethiopia security forces kill alleged coup
leader But we are not talking about a military answer
only! During almost 2 days, central government cut
the internet. Just like that. During almost 48 hours, Ethiopians couldn’t
access to Internet. This way, they couldn’t visit any media
or any critical opinion against the government. Yes, I can see what you are thinking: freedom
of speech didn’t last really long here. But if you thought this was the only problem
ABIY had, you’d better think again. Ethiopia referendum: Dozens killed in Sidama
clashes With so much freedom, the SIDAMA tribe, one
of those groups that have been always marginalized by the mainstream, decided to call for an
independence referendum. They didn’t want to become an independent
country on its own right. But they wanted to have, at least, their own
autonomous region. This is what happens when you give freedom
to the people! Then, people wants to use that freedom! And in this moment is when the guys from the
Ethiopian government said. ‘Oh my god! All this tribes with their referéndums are
such a pain in the ass! OK, so you, Sidama guys, what do you want?… A referendum? OK, fine. But look… can you wait at least 5 months? Just 5 months?’ And then, the Sidama tribe said:
‘Oh, sure, five months! You totally sound like the previous governments! You talk about democracy, freedom and all
the sweet stuff but then you go fucking around again with the referendums! You can take your 5 months waiting time and
stick them into your ass!!!!’ And this is how violent protests emerged with
more than 30 dead people. So yes, I totally understand what you are
going to say now. This Abiy Ahmed guy is more disappointing
than the latest Tarantino movie. But do you know what? Sometimes, history can be really beautiful. Ethiopia to hold autonomy referendum for ethnic
Sidama in November Yes, after so much hesitation, Abiy Ahmed
is really willing to allow that referendum. And, with Internet already working again,
it seems that freedom of speech is very alive in Ethiopia. For example, while we were preparing this
video, we found some English speaking Ethiopian newspapers. And we could find news like this one. Sidama unrest death toll rises to 34 I know, this is really bad news. This is the kind of news that don’t make
a nice portray of the government. But, precisely, the fact that an Ethiopian
newspaper can say bad things about the government is, indeed, a good thing! Good luck finding something similar in China! For a better understanding, DEUTSCHE WELLE,
which is a radio similar to BBC but in Germany, has already started broadcasting in Amharic
language. And look at the kind of talk shows they are
already hosting! Discussion: Country risk
They began to hear warnings that Ethiopia was endangered as a country. They say this by trying to justify their fears
that a country is at risk. Again, these are not good news. And we don’t really know what are they discussing
in this talk show because we couldn’t find any Ethiopian who could help us. By the way, if there is some native Amharic
speaker watching this video, feel free to write us an email! But the truth is that, freedom of speech really
seems to be flourishing here. And, so far, Abiy is keeping his promise of
free elections by 2020. Of course, this will not be an easy thing. First of all, Ethiopia will have to update
their census, which is extremely hard. Remember that, despite the growth, this is
still a very poor country. And the government has a lot of challenges
on the horizon, starting by the huge unemployment rate. So now the question goes to you… Shall Ethiopia be able to hold those elections
by 2020? How many times will be Abiy tempted again
to go back to authoritarianism? Is Ethiopia ready for democracy? Please, leave your answer on the comment section
below. Also visit our friends from RECONSIDER MEDIA.COM,
the podcast that provided the vocals on this episode that were not mine. Don’t forget that we publish brand new videos
every week so subscribe to VisualPolitik and hit that bell button so you won’t miss any
post. If you like this video, give us a thumbs up
and, as always, I see you next time!

100 thoughts on “ETHIOPIA’s devious path to DEMOCRACY – VisualPolitik EN

  1. Calm Down Everyone , Ethiopia will Fix the problem very soon and be an example to the world , BTW the ethnic groups in Ethiopia have a lot in common than the their difference but what they call the political elites makes the issue far but this days the people understand it very well that to leave the politces for the politicians rather focus on the other issues. let us wait until 2020 election

    i want everyone to understand that any kind of problem whether it is small or big happen in Ethiopia make the people of Ethiopia strong as iron that's our identity even our history says that.

    i hope we will meet after a year or two about a positive things happen in ethiopia

    Pray for ethiopia

    Peace to the World …………..

  2. How come Simon said nothing in the beginning about our “Independent” Past or the fact that we were the only independent and uncolonized country in Africa,Why Simon???

  3. It’s totally fake news made by the government of Ethiopia, there was no any attempt coups, it was a premeditated act of the ethnocentric government leader Who is standing only for one ethnic group the Oromos and he avoided those who could be a challenge for his dictatorship.

  4. Hi am from ethiopia and really enjoy your channel.But the videos you use to describe the country are as if you are purposefully looking for the worst part of the country.I hope this changes

  5. Canadian provinces also have the legal right to leave Canada. This was taken to the Supreme court when Quebec wanted to separate and was ruled legal.

  6. i am ethiopian. yes we believe and love Abiy very much. He has done more than we expect. we understand that there are many challenges the past government has done and it might take time to sweep those dirty and harmful things. I always thank my God for giving us a leader like him in a time of crisis. We will be a democrat, peaceful and middle income country in a very short time.

  7. Friends! Russia is in deep trouble, extincting. Less then 90 millions of living here, while authorities either repeat fairy-tales about the quarter-century old statistics. With it's rulers, pushing the nation into the "friendly embraces" of terrible China. But if you say "Putin's regime", be acknowledged that it is the most part of rich people, who "fled" from Russia. Some of them made scandals before leaving Russia. Just to show off that they were opposition and therefore had to leave. Don't beleive them and don't provide them cooperation.

    I am not talking about common people. Most of the common people who'd fled ex-Soviet republics are victims. If they are not unexplainably rich.

  8. I hope the whole world stand against Ethiopia to stop Ethnic federalism, otherwise minorities will be continued to be prosecuted. I hope this recist idea won't spread to other countries.

  9. Great information but PM of Ethiopian is no longer messiah. His honeymoon is over and the coup attempt is total false they used that to destroy Amhara names around the world. That false accusations work bc u reported as coup . Anyway during his 1st year 4 to 5 million Ethiopia has been displaced bc ethnicity conflict.I think that showed his leadership is nothing but sweet promise that will never be achieved. Simple he is not fit to lead a lot of ppl die just this year.

  10. Is this guy one of the “none governmental group “ employee? He seems to be a bit happy simply because he kind of smelling that the country might be on the wrong way and his job is secured. Well, what do we expect from them they go to Africa poor and they come back home millionaires. I do not blame you guy but, my government!!

  11. Is this guy one of the “none governmental group “ employee? He seems to be a bit happy simply because he kind of smelling that the country might be on the wrong way and his job is secured. Well, what do we expect from them they go to Africa poor and they come back home millionaires. I do not blame you guy but, my government!!

  12. It’s not just 13 languages 🤦🏾‍♂️ 83 languages do more research about Ethiopia before you release your video and ask elders, don’t just follow the media

  13. He kept on saying 13 tribes.
    And oh God! From a person who has lived in Ethiopia for ever….! Now their is only one tribe ruling the country not three tribes I know in your part of the world people can say what ever they want with minimum consequences but here they become facts so please just check your facts a bit further than BBC & Alejezira.

  14. You forgot to mention the current political unrest always ignited by former power holder's. Overall I'll give you C+ for your report.

  15. Ethnic Oromos made coffee stew* for forever. To say Ethiopians recently started consuming coffee is a mistake. To say Oromos ruled is almost fallacy itself, until the removal of the DERG, publications in Oromo were illegal and suppressed.

  16. Not complaining, but same footage. 0:44 of this video with 7:37 of EE video on DRC.

  17. Hold on, Hold on…did you just say they are the Founders of coffee but they didn not started drinking till recently?. Absolutely wrong!.

  18. ‪#Ethiopia as “Africa’s Yugoslavia” will ultimately collapse for the reason of ethnic hostilities arising throughout‬.

  19. African citizens in Turkey with educations at Middle East Technical University or at medical faculties alumni black people in Ankara Turkey admire Ghana's , Zimbabwe's , Mozambique's economic and overstructrally improvements with skyscrapers in those countries. University educated citizens in those african countries have risen up tremendously.

  20. We Ethiopians have more than 86 language and 86 Nation and nationality's … Do some more research .. And no matter is happening in my loved country we will survive … We have been in this situation before but our father's nailed it they become together a gain and we will be … This thing happened because of that stupid PM meles zenawi … Abiy is going to do better

  21. Minor correction: The ruling party is not the "Ethiopian People Liberation Front". Rather it is the "Ethiopian People Revolutionary Democratic Front".

  22. 25% of what you said is rubbish and inaccurate . For instance , the Amhara did not enjoy any privileges in the past 27 years and the “coup” wasn’t an attempt to reinstate any privilege. Do your research deeply !

  23. Good job in attempting to explain a complex country politics.

    Mistakes: Abiy Ahmed was not an army General, but a Colonel.
    – Somali region has completely changed after the old brutal regional president was replaced by a new president who was a progressive human right campaigner.
    … many mistakes…

    Please You really need to try a little harder to get it right.

    Please don't forget the natives who listen to you .

  24. Oh wow, only just saw this video just days before Abiy Ahmed was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Were you perhaps sort of expecting he might have a chance of winning when you made this video? 😆

  25. A correction, there are more than 80 ethnic groups and more than 70 languages. Even more harder. The country is actually going into Ethnic extremism due to poor leadership and tribalistic activists.

  26. Fucking Western liberalist who would love nothing more that Ethiopia to go through hell for the foreseeable future. You people are always crying freedom of this and freedom of that but you know anything about your own country you would know that no freedom is absolute. So many things wrong with this video not to mention you yourself never answered the question, “is Ethiopia ready for democracy?” You people only want the freedom to destroy the people of the world with you liberal philosophy of government.

  27. Yeah, politics sucks in Ethiopia 🇪🇹.
    Abiy Ahmed is the person responsible for the killings of the generals. He wants to control and rule the country like his predecessors.
    Believe me there’s no democracy in Ethiopia 🇪🇹 as I’m writing ✍️ this comment there are political prisoners in the capital Addis Ababa.

  28. Here is what you got wrong
    1) No we didn't start drinking coffee recently. Where did you even get that ?

    2) That party is Ethiopian People Revolutionary Democracy Front, not Ethiopian People Liberation Front.

    3) PM Abiy Ahmed was a colonel not a general.

    4) Oromo and Amhara didn't enjoy privilege for the last 27 years. There was a Tigrayan monopoly on the military/intelligence forces and they used it to target the two majority groups

    5) We have more than 80 Ethnic groups not 13, all with their own languages.

    6) The Sidama's waited for a year as per the constitution for the referendum but the federal government tried to sideline them, that's what brought the conflict.

    7) PM Abiy Ahmed didn't come out of nowhere, he was the fruit of of a 4 year struggle mostly by the Oromo youth. Thousands died to bring the reform forward.

  29. Good job brother thank you please reveal the ethnic political system of TPLF people are suffering and detained and getting killed💚💛❤️🙏🏼

  30. Hey, I'm Ethiopian in Ethiopia and a diehard fan of your channel, i can speak both Afaan Oromoo and Amharic, in case you need my help, I can help

  31. Ya ya until the truth is told one day soon. Next time if you make a video after more researches, you will be able to tell the truth. He betrayed the whole nation and the coup is a strategic murder performed by Abey himself to fully secure his power and control everything in the country. Just like that Abey appeared on TV and said coup has happened and people are killed and he commanded the army to kill the leaders and internet shutdown hundreds of people including activists and politicians were arrested in hours who have no relation or what so ever with the thing, how could Abeys General get killed in Addis by his bodyguard and a state president and leaders within an hour?

  32. do you know how many people displaced Ethiopia2018-2019? Millions displaced and killed thousands people . more 100000 students stoped school .

  33. actually it is the big numbered ethnicities who said we marginalized, tho i believed the Chinese way is the only way out of poverty.

  34. It is still too early to crisis Dr Abiy BUT there are some issues it really worries me. For instance, when the PM was asked about the 50 Orthodox churches being burned, the PM replied by saying he didn't know anything about it. In the recent weeks some journalists were arrested including Eskender Nega and the spokesperson of the PM said again that PM office is not aware of any arrest of journalist. I really don't think PM has a power to do anything bare in mind that Dr Abiy is from TPLF party and he is still acting on behalf of the party therefore he can only carried out its party's policy.

  35. Just to clerify the amharans never enjoyed superiority in Ethiopia. The guy who killed the amaharn state governor is nothing but idot. I am amharan myself. But I don't support his stupid idea. And for your info. Amhara is least developed part of ethio. Dispit it being the second largest ethnic group in the country there nvr have been conflict with other ethnic groups. But now there are many amharan political parties wagging war against other ethnic groups. I think if they keep up lik that they will end up in a civil war. The political parties are thirsty of power. They will do anything to start a war.

    We better appreciate what we have and live peacefully. Respect others to be respected.

    I support Dr abey

  36. I lije your previous videos but the information you have about Abiy is very wrong. If you want the real info let me know and I will let u know.

  37. Dude, where did you get your "facts"? PM Abiye was never an army General. The reasoning you provided for the killing of officials in Amhara region is totally false and misleading. By the way PM Abiye is half Oromo and half Amhara. His dad, a Muslim Oromo and his mom a Christian Amhara. The fact that PM Abiye asked those, who demanded the right for self rule, to wait for few months was natural. The country was in transition and the justice and election authority were being restructured. The PM has just appointed Bertukan Medekssa to head the election committe. Bertukan was one of the many political prisoners during The previous administration and a victims to The country's corrupt election authority at The time. The PM was really genuine with his demand.

  38. We have 84 ethnic groups not 13
    And we will grow and we will be one of the develop country in the world and I don't understand why the west talk everytime the negative side of our country we will not be divided with ethnic or riligion we are not colonized and we will never be colonized you don't have to care about our country we are enough! think for your own country all what you talking is about ethnic difference we know why you don't want Ethiopia or all Africa to be stable that's what you have done in DRC!!!

  39. Woow look at that Somalis and Eritrean made Ethiopia a landlocked country , 👈

  40. There is no EPLF. If anything, the EPLF stands for the Eritrean People’s Liberations Front. I think you meant the EPRDF.

  41. This video is very misleading.
    Currently, Ethiopia is like Yugoslavia in the 90s, there is rampant ethnic conflicts and tyrant rule under Ayatollah Abiy Ahmed Ali.

  42. Well you forgot to mention what brought Abiy to power, the youth movement called QEERO, which simply means youth. there was a historical peaceful protest some went for over three years non-stop. I this protest more than 6000 civilians were killed. Abiy is the fruit of that peaceful struggle. It is pity those young people who lost their life and be forgotten and only one guy who came out at the end gets the credit.

  43. 1:47 love Ethiopia from israel!!!!!!!!!
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 are….
    years of friendship!

  44. Well researched ! Only few thing, languages are around 83 and the tribes are around 80 but correct about the majority. 👏🏾👏🏾
    keep it coming you always have amazing videos

  45. As an Ethiopian I am pretty disappointed. I quit watching at 3:20 after I heard you say that Ethiopia has 13 ethnicities and 13 languages. SMH

  46. Dude, you need to have more information about ethiopia before you talk, First of all, It was not a one party system, There is an election every 5 years. The problem is many people think the government is cheating. Thats it. and abiy ahmed was not a military general. Come one, Read more

  47. Good that you made the video but you missed a lot of things ..Some facts were not correct..but A for Effort.

    Not 13 languges but more than 80 nit Eplf but EPRDF ….etc

  48. Wow I just lost mad respect @visualpolitik, i read your book the addiction formula which I thought was alright but I don't think you actually know what you are talking about on this. Do more research please you have a big impact.

  49. 1.abiy Ahmed was put on by the former government, he spent his life working under them.
    2. Chinese companies being built in Ethiopia doesnt mean that Ethiopians are stepping out of poverty it means that we are starving tooking at hyundai.
    95% of this video is NOT based on facts or leaves out alot of critical issues so please get your shit together or DONT SPEAK ON IT.

  50. That street video doesn't show the Ethiopia appearance totally. Most of Ethiopia cities is way better than from those old European cities😡

  51. Will somebody tell me why the Western world almost always only show the dirtiest and poorest parts of any African city?

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