Class 10 History: Nationalism in India (Part 3)

Class 10 History: Nationalism in India (Part 3)


Rowlatt Act Feb 1919 Rowlatt Satyagrah was pan Indian first satyagrah. Rowlatt act was passed by Imperial legislative council Aim of bill is to curtail civil liberties of Indians Government was given special authority to supress all political activities in India by arresting political leaders without any cause. to arrest political leaders and send them to jail without trials. Lord Chelmsford was viceroy of India during this time. Gandhiji planned a nationwide satyagrah against Rowlatt act (Black act) Satyagrah of Champaran, Ahemdabad and Kheda were regional satyagrah and not pan indian. Civil disobedience of specific laws. 6 April was decided to be the day of ‘Hartal’. People clashes with police. Shops and services were closed on day of hartal Government decided to supress satyagrah. Two local leaders were arrested in Amritsar (Punjab) People demostrated against their arrest and started attacking government buildings To control the situation government imposed Martial law under command of General Dyer. Martial law was imposed on 10th April 1919 13 April 1919: Day of Baisakhi People gathered in Amritsar’s Jalliawala Bagh to celebrate Baisakhi. General Dyer thought people are gathering for some political agenda. Dyer Blocked all exit points of Jalliawala Bagh and open fired on people there. Hundreds of people were killed. Objective of General: To produce a moral effect. People of North India started attacking government buildings like police staions, railway stations Satyagrahis were made to rub their nose on floor. forced to crawl on streets Finally Gandhiji called off the movement. Gurudev Rabindra Nath Tagore gave his knighthood after Jalliawala Bagh Massacre. After Rowlatt Satyagrah Gandhiji’s Indian Experiments had begun. Government appointed a commission to enquire Jalliawala bagh Massacre. HUNTER COMMISSION Hunter commission submitted wrong data. Hence this commission is called by other name as WHITE WASH COMMISSION Thank you

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