CIVICS 1O1

CIVICS 1O1


Good afternoon, viewers. I’m Wu Lei Lei. Today on Civics 1O1, we will provide you the
real news which is taken factually and actually. I will accompany you with many kind of informations. Let’s begin with Evelyn in Medan. Good afternoon viewers, my name is Evelyn
Lauwreen, reporting directly in front of Monumen Perjuangan Angkatan 66, which is located in
Stasiun Kereta Api Street, Kesawan, Medan, North Sumatera. This particular monument behind me however,
known as Monumen Perjuangan Angkatan 66, was built to remember Kampung Kolam event that
happened in 1965. Upon the banning of Indonesian Communist Party
after the 30 September event, various youth groups commenced searches to identify and
seize Communist in various areas in Indonesia, including Kampung Kolam. However, the all-prepared Communist Party
members unexpectedly greeted one of the groups of Pemuda Pancasila (PP); and there it happened,
2 of their members, the late Jacob dan Adlin Prawira, were captured, tortured, and killed
by the Communist party members. Angkatan 66 itself, refers to the generation
of young leaders and a new intellectual life following the Fall of Sukarno and the establishment
of Suharto’s New Order in the mid-1960s, which therefore gives this monument its name. hence, this monument was built in the
remembrance, of these 2 noble heroes. So first I am going to talk about Pancasila
as the national identity. So, Pancasila is the foundation of our nation,
agreed upon and entrusted by the founding fathers of Indonesia as our national identity. At the time, Pancasila itself is devised by
Sukarno to mediate the diverse philosophy born in coherence with the diverse population
of Indonesia. As a result, there are some groups of population
that develop other ideology that strays from Pancasila. This incoherence and dissociation of identity
causes a series of tragic events that spilled bloods of fellow Indonesians. Pancasila that bears with it the diversity
of Indonesian people, was tampered by the existence of subgroups that deviate itself
from Pancasila, namely the Communists, according to the canon history. Therefore, as a nation of diverse culture
and ethnicity, there needs to be a uniting factor that is able to identify an individual
as an Indonesian, and that is, Pancasila. As a citizen of Indonesia, knowing the nature
of the ideology of the nation, the Pancasila is worth doing. Indonesia has its own initiative to use ideology
to suit the personality by delving deeply into a culture that has, until chosen Pancasila. Pancasila is not something that is generated
from the idea of ​​a ruling class, but is found as excavated from the life of the
Indonesian people themselves. For example: Indonesia is known for the spirit
of “gotong royong”, cooperation by members of the community, is deeply rooted to our
national identity and it even plays an important role in the early development of Indonesia
as a nation. Therefore, individualistic culture that might
be brought by globalization should be properly filtered out as it is not an advantageous
behavior for the common good. We are all about the “Bhineka Tunggal Ika”
(unity in diversity). Next, I am going to talk about Pancasila as
a system of philosophy.The survival and the success of a nation in achieving its goals
is strongly influenced by the philosophy of the state of the nation. The Five Principles is the guidance and direction
that will be addressed in achieving the ideals of the nation. Without guidance by a philosophy, the direction
that will be addressed by the people will be vague and may be able to weaken the nation. The Five Principles of Philosophy system is
found in a wide range of values ​​of life in society, among others of religious values,
customs of the people of Indonesia have become a culture in daily life. The Five Principles is able to act as a source
of value in political life, and in the economic system, as a source of social and cultural
system. Additionally, The Five Principles is a source
of strength for the nation upholding the state and regularity of social life. Example: In the course of history we can monitor
the actions of the Indonesian nation referring to the values of The Five Principles. Indonesian nation clearly uphold religious
values and humanity, this is clearly stated in the preamble of the 1945 Constitution reflected
in the similarity value to fellow citizens of the nation’s democracy and a just and civilized
humanity in the interaction with other nations. The value of freedom and independence is reflected
in the struggle against oppression and the struggle for independence. The value of encouraging the unity of the
Indonesian nation and finally human actions aimed at realizing the value of solidarity,
social justice for all Indonesian people. Aware that history is the collective experience
of the nation, the nation of Indonesia deserves to uphold and defend The Five Principles of
values for survival as a civilized nation. So, the five principles are first A divinity
that is an ultimate unity, two,a just and civilized humanity, three, the national unity
of Indonesia. Four, democracy predicated on the inherent
wisdom of unanimity arising from deliberation among popular representatives, and social
justice for all Indonesian people Finally, this is the end of my report; I would
like to apologize if there are any mistakes. Thank you and good-bye. Now I’ll return to Lei-Lei in studio. Next, we will have Kezia in Malang Hi, I’m Kezia Eugenia Hartono, reporting directly from Malang City Hall, at Tugu Street,Malang, East Java. Now I’m going to talk about Pancasila related
to these monuments. First, Pancasila as an ideology. What is pancasila as an ideology? Pancasila as an ideology means that every
value in Pancasila is the goal and the vision of Indonesia. In other words, Indonesia’s vision and mission
is to unite the nation and state by upholding the value of divinity, humanity, unity, democracy,
and justice. As we all know, the implementation of Pancasila
as an ideology has been well manifested. The real example is the way Indonesian respect
each other and live together as one even with many differences of tribes, cultures, races,
languages, and religions. Now as you can see, This Tugu Monument I’m
standing in front of was inaugurated by President Soekarno. This monument was rebuilt on May, 20th 1953
or in National Resurrection day after being destroyed by Dutch. This monument emphasize pancasila as an ideology. The six bamboos banded by four plate with five corner had a meaning of proclamation year,
and it is 45 The eight stairs and the floor with 7 corners
mean the month and the day or 17th August.The six sharp bamboos where one of them higher
than the others and there was creese with jasmine flower means lndonesia unity with
the central government in Java. While the base of Tugu Monument which had
a circle form also means unity. And lastly, the red lotus symbolizes
hope which is the hope that our country can realized their aspiration and goals which
based on Pancasila and hope they can live in prosperity. The second one is Pancasila as political ethics. Pancasila is Indonesia’s original and trustworthy
political ethics which stuck into an ideology of its own, it is closely related to the field
of moral discussion such as the ethics of forms, objects, and political issues. The principles of Pancasila are used as a
tool to analyze moral values of political behavior, such as deciding either an action
or policy is right or wrong, it is the practice of making moral judgments about political
action and political agents. As we could see, Pancasila as political ethics
hasn’t well implemented in Indonesia, there’s still too much violation, fraud, and corruption
with the intention of personal gain. Pancasila is no longer the basis of ethics
in business, but it is used as a shield to protect their wrong deeds. The real and the most often occurred example,
in Indonesia is corruption, many high officials whose still misuse the fund of their people
for their own sake instead of for their citizen’s good. This Malang City Hall on Jl. Tugu has been built since the days of the Dutch. This city hall is the base of Malang that
fulfills the legislative functions of Malang, crafting ordinances and developing policies. The city hall of Malang is a massive building
that host the government staff at day as well as a beautiful scenery with ornamental light
at night. Finally, this is the end of my report, I would
like to apologize if there are any mistakes. Thank you and goodbye. Back to Lei-Lei in studio. Next, we will have Marcella in Jakarta. Good afternoon viewers, I am Marcella Young. Reporting directly from the center of Merdeka
Square, Central Jakarta at Tugu Monas or known as the National Monument. Firstly, I will talk about state, power,
and legitimacy. What are the meaning of state,power, and
legitimacy? And what are the connection between them? State is a nation or territory considered as organized political community or part of federal republic with
its own government. Power is capacity or ability of the government
to control or influence the behavior of others in accordance with their wishes and purposes. Legitimacy is the acceptance and public recognition
of the moral rights of leaders to govern, create and implement the power. From my perspective,
those three concepts can be connected by their similarities which is they’re all the basics
of ruling a country to its full potential and each one can not be complete without the
other, when people or (state) give the legitimacy to the authority of the power leader. The government itself can’t legitimize its
authority. Power without support of legitimacy will not
able to work well because it will be easy to get threats both from outside and inside
of the state. With legitimacy, people or (state) will obey
that power. Now as you can see, the National Monument
I’m standing in front of was inaugurated by President Soekarno. This monument was built to commemorate the
struggle for Indonesian independence. This monument emphasizes the state,powers and legitimacy. The Monument is symbolized that we as Indonesian
people have to take care of the national monument because it is an icon of Jakarta while Jakarta
is a capital city of Indonesia.This Monument is a state asset and state property that controlled
by a government whom has a power and legitimacy not controlled by personal or a single person. Second, I will talk about constitution and
the rule of the law. Rule of the law is the legal principle of
law that govern a nation,as opposed to arbitrary decisions by individual government officials. Every state has 2 types of law. First, constitutional governs the state and the state is governed by it,consist of written and unwritten
constitution ,accept interpretations of the constitution, the second
ordinary Constitution is a set of fundamental principles
or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.These
principles are written down into a single set of legal documents that call as a written
constitution but if they are written in a single comprehensive document it’s called
as codified constitution. The purpose of constitution are first,
separating power from the power holder Second, limiting the scope of power and third controlling the power holder in the execution of power. From the perspective of rules of law, constitution
is the basis of legitimacy for the authority of the individual who holds power as a ruler. Finally, this is the end of my report, I would
like to apologize if there are any mistakes. Thank you and good-bye. Go back to Lei-Lei in studio. Next, we will have Vicky in Bangka. Hello viewers, I’m Ni Putu Vicky Tamara
Devi reporting directly from Tugu Pergerakan Kemerdekaan, which is located on Jalan Merdeka,
Tamansari , Bangka Belitung. This monument was built to commemorate the
struggles of the people of Bangka in seizing independence after the proclamation of August
17, 1945. This monument was inaugurated by Bung Hatta
in 1949. The monument’s interesting and unique architecture
reflect the struggles made by different members of society. On the monument, it is written “Letter of
authorization of the return of the Capital of the Republic of Indonesia to Yogyakarta,
handed over by Soekarno to Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX, Media June 1949”. Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms
that belongs to every person in the world, from birth until death, regardless of origin
and beliefs. They can never be taken away, although they
can sometimes be restricted – for example if a person breaks the law, or are in the
interests of national security. Human rights are interdependent and indivisible,
so one right affects the other. When one right improves, it helps the other
rights to advance, and when one right deprives, the other rights will be affected too. The Law of Human Rights in Indonesia, article
1 Law No. 39/1999 says: “The basic human rights are a set of rights inherent in the
essence and being of humans as creatures of the One God and a gift from Him that should
be respected, up kept, and safeguarded by the state, the law, the government, and by
each individual as a token of respect and protection towards the human dignity.” An example of human rights injustice in Indonesia
is the case of a two-year-old toddler who got a broken collarbone after being tortured
by a housemaid which happened in April 2017. The toddler experiences a psychic trauma,
which makes him have to go to therapy. At first, the housemaid lied about the toddler’s
condition, but after seeing the pretty severe situation, the suspect eventually confessed
and was taken away by police and arrested Democracy means “government of the people”,
or a system of governance in which the supreme power belongs to all citizens. The mission is to give the people an effective
power to govern, and the relationship between the majorities and minorities are geared towards
mutual protection. Perfect democracy is a system of power which
is committed to the implementation of the basic human rights and to the independent
law enforcement. Protection against threats is the aim of democracy
in its embodiment in a law state. There are procedures of democracy in different
aspects of state power. The first one is in the political aspect. This includes free election and freedom of opinion. The second is in the economical aspect. This includes recognition of the right to
property, exploitation of natural resources for the higher welfare of the people, and
many more. The third one is in the socio-cultural aspect. This includes freedom of creation and open
culture. Democracy itself is for the pursuit of the
people’s interest and for the safeguard of citizen’s right and dignity. Democracy has numerous features in this respect,
which includes promoting the welfare of the people and securing the respect for people’s
participation. Those features are in line with normative
foundations which includes moral consideration and fair and healthy deliberation. There are 5 models of democracy, liberal,
guided, social, participatory, and constitutional. An example of democracy in Indonesia is Jakarta’s
governor election which happened in April of 2017 which leave former Indonesian education
minister Anies Baswedan to lead over Jakarta’s incumbent governor, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
in the race to lead the Indonesian capital. This was the end of my report. I would like to apologize if there were any
mistakes. Back to Wu Lei Lei in studio. Lastly, we will have Valen in Palembang. Hello people, I am Valen Valerie Indrawan,
reporting directly from Monpera (Monumen Perjuangan Rakyat), at Merdeka Street, Palembang, South
Sumatera. Now I’ll talk about some histories of the
monument. Post-proclamation of independence of Indonesia. As happened in Palembang in December 1946 and January 1947. The Dutch increasingly incentive to destroy
the city of Palembang. The battle took place in almost all areas
of Palembang for 5 days and 5 nights. To commemorate the incident, the elders of
the independence fighters of South Sumatra took the initiative to build a memorial monument
(MONPERA). Our founding fathers had been faced such difficulties
to defend this country, as symbolized in this memorial monument (MONPERA). So right now, we, the young generation must
stand together to prevent and face threats from outside or even inside Indonesia. How we prevent those? We must know about geopolitical and geostrategic
also politics and national strategy in Indonesia. Now, I would like to explain a little bit
about those ideas. The first one I will talk about geopolitics
and geostrategic. Geopolitics is the knowledge of geographical
collection (form, position, climate and natural resources) which are used to achieve goals
of one country. Geopolitics in Indonesia can also be referred
to as Indonesia’s national concept or concept of archipelago. It becomes the visional principle in organizing
national life. Meanwhile, geostrategy is a strategy in exploiting the country’s geographical
conditions in determining the policies, objectives, and means to realize the ideals of proclamation
and national goals. Geostrategy or we can call it national defence
is needed to support the success of the main task of government. For example about geopolitics
and geostrategic : Conflict of sipadan and ligitan islands. This incident happened between Malaysia and Indonesia over ownership of those islands. Indonesia has brought this issue to the international
of law court. As a result, Malaysia won. Malaysia are eyeing the natural resources
contained in there. While, Indonesia wanted to defend these islands
because it had been formed by our founding fathers with such difficulties. Indonesia neglects
in terms of maintaining the most important assets that the government must claim and provide protection to what belongs to this nation. It could be culture, social, and territorial
boundaries of state. It should not happen again because islands
are very valuable asset for a state. Indonesian government should be able to maintain
national security in this country. The second one I will talk about politics
and national strategy. Politics comes from the Greek, Polistaia,
“Polis” means state, while “taia” means affairs. Politics is the action of an individual group
about a problem from society or country. Thus, national politics is a common policy
to achieve a national goal. Meanwhile, Strategy derives from the Greek,
strategia, defined as “the art of the general” or the art of a commander who is usually used
in war. War itself is a continuation of politics. National politics is defined as general policy
and policy-making to achieve national goals. Thus, national strategy is a way of implementing
national politics to achieve goals. For the forming of politics and national strategy,
the foundation of the goals of the nation and state is needed. This foundation can be divided into four inseparable types. First, the ideal foundation, pancasila. The second, the constitutional foundation,
UUD NKRI 1945. Third, the doctrine foundations are concept of archipelago, national integrity, and national defence. The fourth, the operational foundation can
be divided into national politics and related to national strategy. Example of politics and national strategy
are national strategy on corruption prevention and eradication (2011-2015) Prevention and Eradication of Corruption is divided into 6 strategies, namely prevention strategy; Law Enforcement Strategy; Strategy of Criminalization
and Harmonization of Regulation Legislation; International Cooperation Strategy and Asset
Deprivation; Education and Culture Strategy Anti Corruption; And last Strategy of Reporting
Mechanism. I as a student, I can give advice to citizen
that citizen should be able to continue the ideals that have been made by founding fathers. To follow their wishes, our country must develop,
be independent, and become a prosperous country. Finally, this is the end of my report, I would
like to apologize if there are any mistakes. Thank you and good-bye. Go back to Lei-Lei in studio. Those are all the news that I could present
to you today. In conclusion, through the above reports,
we can learn a lot information about pancasila. There is no doubt that the pancasila is applied
to all aspects in Indonesia. At the spiritual level, pancasila has an impact
on us, such as National Identity, Philosophy, Ideology. At the same time, it has a deep impact on
the basic knowledge of our real life, such as State, Power, and Legitimacy, Human Rights, and Democracy. Pancasila also affects Indonesian citizens
on the formulation and implementation of laws and national policies by influencing their
spiritual consciousness, such as Constitution & The Rule of Law, Geopolitical and Geostrategic, Politics and The National Strategy. Overall, civics has taught us that it is important
for us Indonesians to always remember pancasila and apply it in our everyday life. At the end, we would like to say thank you
for your attention. See you on the next day in the same time,
in the same program in Civics 1O1. Bye..

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