Christian nationalism is Christianity-affiliated
religious nationalism. Christian nationalists focus primarily on internal politics, such
as passing laws that reflect their view of Christianity and its role in political and
social life. They are actively promoting religious (Christian) and nationalistic discourses in
various fields of social life, from Politics and History, to Culture and Science. In Europe
and the United States, Christian nationalism ranges from conservative to far right-wing.
Christian nationalistic movements often have complex leadership structure, depending on
the nature of their relationship with local Church institutions. Some movements are more
lay oriented, with symbolic clerical participation and indirect support of the local Church structures,
and others are actually led or strongly influenced by local clergy. Involvement of clergy in
various Christian nationalistic movements since the 19th century led to the development
of particular form of Christian nationalism known as clerical nationalism (also known
as clero-nationalism or clerico-nationalism). Some distinctive radicalized forms of clerical
nationalism even led to the rise of clerical fascism on the far-right of the political
spectrum in various European countries specially during the interwar period in the first half
of 20th century.==Brazil==In recent years there has been a growing sentiment
of nationalism between both Catholics and Protestants in Brazil.
Politicians like Magno Malta and Jair Bolsonaro, and political parties like Patriota, until
Jair Bolsonaro left the party, promote ultraconservative ideas, like rejection of LGBT rights, opposition
to abortion, and anti-secularism. Most Christian nationalists in Brazil are
in favor of ecumenism, while attacking and rejecting contact with non-Christians, more
specifically Muslims and atheists.==Canada====Croatia====Germany==
In the background of World War I, German Christian nationalism was reflected by Lutheranism,
romanticism, idealism, and Immanence.==Great Britain==
In the background of World War I, British Christian nationalism was reflected by empiricism,
realism, and individualism.==Lebanon==
The Lebanese Front was a coalition of mainly Christian parties in the Lebanese Civil War.
In the 1980s, Christian nationalism was pursued by the Maronite community. The Maronites sought
to create a Christian mini-state. Christian nationalist Michel Aoun revolted against the
Syrian Lebanese regime in 1990, but was defeated with Syrian Army support; all militias except
pro-Syrian Hezbollah were disarmed by 1991.==Poland==
In Poland, nationalism was always characterized by loyalty to the Roman Catholic Church. Groups
like the National Revival of Poland use slogans like Wielka Polska Katolicka (Great Catholic
Poland) and protest vigorously against legalization of gay marriage and abortion. Conservative
religious groups connected with Radio Maryja are often accused of harboring nationalist
and antisemitic attitudes.==Romania====Russia==
Religious nationalism characterized by communal adherence to Eastern Orthodoxy and national
Orthodox Churches is found in many states of Eastern Europe and in the Russian Federation.
Many Russian Neo-Fascist and Neo-Nazi groups, such as the Russian National Unity, call for
an increased role for the Russian Orthodox Church.==Spain====United States==The US movement was founded by Gerald L. K.
Smith. It sold and distributed, inter alia, The International Jew, and subscribed to the
antisemitic views embodied in The Protocols of the Elders of Zion which it also published.
Founded in 1942, with the purpose to preserve America as a Christian nation being conscious
of a highly organized campaign to substitute Jewish tradition for Christian tradition.
Its purpose was also to oppose communism, one world government and immigration. It also
aimed to fight interracial relationships and all attempts to force the intermixture of
the black and white races. It was effectively a political party, and promoted antisemitic
and racist causes, particularly in St. Louis from the 1940s through the 1950s.==Yugoslavia==
The Yugoslav National Movement (1935–45) has been described as Christian nationalist.==See also==Dominion Theology
Political Catholicism Political religion
Political science of religion Theocracy