Can Europe survive the new wave of populism? – Helle Thorning-Schmidt

Can Europe survive the new wave of populism? – Helle Thorning-Schmidt



I'm here to I hope is still some optimism in all of us because I actually think that there is a little bit of Hope out there but the other day I read that the professor Stephen Hawking thinks that the human species us in this room will have to populate a new planet in only 100 years and we have to do that if the human species is to survive with climate change overdue asteroid strikes epidemics population growth and of course climate change so in hundred years we have to leave this planet of course I have no idea whether this is true or not but there I as so many in this room I don't want to stay under the duvet I want to try every day to understand what is happening in this world where we going because it is true and I think the discussion this morning shows that that sometimes you wake up and you feel that disruption have gone rogue and that is hard to follow what's actually going on and I started counting last night when I thought I was going to say today and there are these six disruptive elements that are changed in the world right now we have a technological revolution we have the breakdown of the economic order we have the breakdown of the political world order we have a democratic crisis in the world we have a humanitarian crisis and we have a climate crisis I won't have time to go into all those different crises but it's just a few words looking at the tech not technological revolution there's no doubt that we are at the beginning of a technological revolution that will change the way we live the way we work the way we relate to one another and perhaps even what it means to be human and we just heard that half a million jobs have already disappeared from the US because of the technological revolution I think we are talking about millions after millions of jobs that will change character and perhaps disappear at the same time we are seeing tectonic shifts in the economic and political world order the economic world order has changed and with that of course a new political world order sets in over the past 20 years we have seen a power shift between the advanced and the emerging nations we are clearly moving away from a unipolar world and also a bipolar world it's not even multipolar anymore it just feels like chaos and I personally had the biggest revelation of this year maybe not the biggest but one of them when I sat in the room in Davos this year listening to see Jinping speaking telling about his vision for for the world this is in the same week this is a same week where Donald Trump is inaugurated as president and I found myself not telling this to anyone of course but I found myself actually being more in agreement with a Chinese president than the American president that was a time when my world turned upside down but the problem with this is that the world does not feel safer for any of us because when power relations like these are unclear there is a tendency to for impunity and unpredictability to really prosper and perhaps most importantly this has a deep impact in how in how we feel citizens and there is no doubt and we've been discussing it this morning that a lot of people do not feel that globalization and international cooperation or the new economic and political world order is actually delivering for them a lot of people were promised a bigger slice of a bigger global pie but they have still not seen that biggest life come their way and I never met a lot of people that are trying to actually explain this phenomenon what it means and of all people is actually Mark Carney the governor of the Bank of England who has expressed this most clearly because he says and I quote despite such immense progress many citizens in advanced economies are facing heightened uncertainty lamenting a loss of control and losing trust in the system to them measures of accurate progress bear little relation to their own experience rather than a golden new era globalization is associated with low wages in securing employment stateless corporations and striking inequalities in the quote and the thing is that people are right inequality is growing just a few figures on that the richest 1% now own 40% of the world's wealth while the bottom half oh no more than 1% this is inequality and in this environment of feeling that I'm not getting a fair deal out of globalization and that the world is a little bit out of control and feeling at the same time that politicians are not actually in control they are not in control of our borders they are not control of our security and perhaps more importantly a lot of people are not convinced that the elite actually cares that the elite and the establishment of which I of course I belong for many years has been leader of my party and Prime Minister people are not convinced that we really could care about preserving their way of life the culture our nation our community and that is what nurtures this take-back controlled movement that we are seeing everywhere and despite the election and result of the elections in France last night we should not forget that it still exists very powerfully the take back control movement is about that Britain is better outside the European Union that we put Austria first France first America first and a solid return to economic nationalism and every part of nationalism actually and what happens now is that it clearly nurtures a language and a defining of your group against another group and always finding someone to blame and what I'm seeing and there perhaps more are these four peaks of people standing straight against each other we have the graduates versus the non grudges that's a very powerful grouping and the language being used is very strong we have set the verses town towns where in industry is disappearing where people don't feel that globalization have benefited them at all we have of course poor versus rich with which we have also always have but now it is worse and then we have young against old and on top of those groups being against each other we have a very strong tendency to actually label the others the Trump voters or the National national voters well they are racist stupid or deplorable the big corporations they are cold-hearted capitalists just in it for the money and the political globalist elite they are unpatriotic out of touch in it for themselves and on top of this deep deep political crisis which can also be a democratic crisis we have all the other problems that the prelate have has to try to understand and come to grips with we are in the mid of the worst humanitarian crisis since the Second World War at least 65 million people about the population of this country have been forcibly displaced at the same time we have 20 million people facing starvation across South Sudan Somalia Yemen and Nigeria in the most serious hunger crisis in decades and all this is before we consider the consequences of climate change so there's a lot of problems and they don't seem to be going away but we know that they also get much worse if we don't address them and I believe that the only way to fix all these problems and challenges that I've been talking about now is through more cooperation not less my god is easy to lose all hope when you look at it all together but I really urge you not to I become CEO of Save the Children International it's a big organization big NGO every year we touch the lives of 60 million people 60 million children and I want you not to forget this and Tony said it earlier on as well the world for children is actually better today than it was yesterday children have never been wealthier they have never been more likely to survive their fifth birthday and they have never been better educated and the reason why I'm saying that is that we should never lose hope that it is actually possible to change the world for the better and at these two very powerful things have to happen to change to make that change one we have to start finding the common ground we have to start a new conversation where we listen much harder to each other where we build bridges and find the compassion and our common humanity it is there in short we have to rebuild your trust perhaps listen more than we talk and second we must place true partnerships at the heart of our commitment to rebuild that trust I feel that for too long governments and business have been on diverging paths they are not been talking to each other and the received vision this wisdom has been that each should just keep out of the other's way that would be better regulation bad less affair good and what is the reason we result of this hyper deregulation that we have had over the last many years well it's the subprime crisis it's the crash that almost brought down the whole economic system and what we have to learn from that crash is that we have to change our mindset we have to understand that smart regulation is the only way in which we can build a sustainable economic model that it was good for business and good for people and good for government and I really believe that this is a spirit of partnership that we have to foster and the future are our children and our grandchildren it and even though our blog might not be broken I feel that it is skating on thin ice these years and we have to fix it but the correct question is how do we do that I believe that big cooperation can be a big part of the change part of building the bridges that I'm talking about here and it is not by just by more CSR or more fuel and philanthropy the world have moved away from that no it is about really understanding that business can change the operating practice and policy in a way that both benefit the bottom line of a company and at the same time our advanced economic and social condition in the communities where they operate and are there is a shared value for both business business and community just think of it think of what role this is actually playing in ending poverty for example but just by doing business they're playing that role in the jobs they create in the taxes they paid by the value they create but some vestiges have gone much further than just that they have acted that that includes actually standing up and explaining how for example overseas help can help their businesses and turn help them turn get get more economic growth but it also means that big business now has to understand and this is in the words of Paul Polman who's a leader in this area that there is no business for extreme poverty and that business leaders are actually investing in this business leaders out there right now making the case for foreign aid but some business are taking the revolutionary step these years and I think that is where the change will really come in integrating the sustainable development goals directly into their strategies and investment choices the sustainable development goals are the goals that we adopted almost two years ago if the UN it's all countries that are behind them and those are the new benchmark are where we want to take the world in 2013 and I have met business leaders that actually taking those goals and putting them into their strategy and just imagine what we could achieve in every last every large business in the world could use the esta G's in their general goals and what we have now is basically short term president short term profit that takes president of long term impact but what if every company in the world was to actually introduce triple bottom-line reporting based on people based on planet and based on imagine that in their enumeration packages of every CEO of big corporation what they were actually measured on were those three P's and this is of course a pate opposed to the quarterly surplus that they get measured on now imagine they were measured on those three P's I believe that we need a vanguard of business leaders that have this progressive view of business and I believe that we can completely reimagine the way in which business do their business in 21st century and this could change the world I come to my end but just remind us that what the world needs more than anything right now is that we listen do not label each other and build bridges and I believe that business leaders can be part of that partnerships with business can do good partnership with NGOs with bit with the governments that can actually embody the kind of hope and determination that is still very much alive out there I think we can change the world for the better business can be a part of that let us not lose hope let's build bridges thank you very much

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