Brazil: Media, monopolies and political manipulations – Listening Post

Brazil: Media, monopolies and political manipulations – Listening Post

hello I'm Richard gisbert and you're watching a special edition of The Listening Post coming to you from Rio de Janeiro Brazil is more than two years into a series of political crises that have already led to the downfall of one government that a former President Dilma Rousseff and may well topple another led by current president Michel temer we're in Rio rather than the capital Brasilia because as many people here will tell you this is where the real power lies in Brazil because Rio is where you will find the headquarters of hedge a Globo the biggest most powerful media conglomerate in South America a news organization with the kind of influence that media barons like Rupert Murdoch in the US and Great Britain for Silvio Berlusconi in Italy can only dream of in addition to global we're going to look at the core GTV the second-biggest network in the country whose owner also founded a church that claims almost 2 million followers in Brazil and 8 million worldwide we'll examine broadcasting regulations in Brazil which compared to other countries are slack less regulation means fewer rules not an ideal recipe for responsible journalists and ultimately we'll look at the issue of diversity who gets on Brazilian TV not just the news side but also the entertainment sector for a country in which more than half the population can trace its roots to Africa most of the time the broadcast output looks lily-white the media matter and while the ongoing political power struggles racking Brazil began with a case of state corruption the so called carwash scandal Brazilian news outlets starting with global have played a critical role in this story and its political aftermath Carthon citadels format the media has become a political player that is powerful enough to influence public opinion over the last 10 to 15 years the media took a very clear political position against the government's in power and the country became divided into between those who supported previous government and those who did not want it to remain in power and if you don't come over no Kanchana asked for it was Globo that put thousands and thousands of people in the streets to demonstrate against President Dilma don't think be na kabhi a stylish watch on follow there's money fish starts 20 up on testing Philip II's that's politically not journalistic doing it acted like a political party at the summit of the Brazilian media oligarchy stand the Marino's the richest family in the country and the owners of global globo's conglomerate beams out programming nationwide from the Amazon in the north to iguazu falls in the south and its flagship newscast Jornal Nacional is an agenda setting broadcasting institution and Globo is more than at national TV network in addition to its 122 regionally affiliated TV stations it owns radio networks and a 24-hour news channel it distributes other broadcasters channels on its own satellite in addition to owning the newspapers that gave the company its start back in 1925 there's a well-known political maxim here in brazil that sums up just how powerful how influential global has become it goes like this if Globo doesn't show it it didn't happen journalist you know is without any doubt the highest quality news program in the country it is also extremely conservative both politically and socially there are also numerous examples of politicians having timed specific decisions and speeches so that they might appear on journal national on the same day watch Janata bottarga todos of immigrant aspectus Eva en todo de su promotion to due process Michel temer Jornal Nacional remains the significant national media power associated with political power wanna do sophisticated match consider for a moment that only fifty percent of Brazilians have internet access and that the remaining 50 percent of the poorest of the population you can understand why television has become the most important information source global is the most significant economic and political player in the industry not only because it's the most watched in farthest-reaching but also because it's the media group that has been most favored by the Brazilian state throughout history global and the military government that took power in Brazil in a 1964 cool had a symbiotic relationship global backed that coup and supported the military dictatorship right through until 1985 busts all you need to do is read the headlines of the Old Globe or newspaper from the days following the coup they were celebrating the fall of a constitutional government of an elected government they supported the coup yeah what's that unlike anymore man though the military government put their support behind a media group that was still growing and they facilitated that growth partly by providing public funds and partly by not imposing any wars against the concentration of ownership Judaism is in 2013 almost 30 years after the end of military rule global apologized for backing the coup but not for its coverage of the regime that funk yet them they will hate when you submit regimes for what for you agent video above immediate I'm Jim you love yourself resist a South o'clock and global produced some of its most infamous journalism during that 21 year period in January 1984 hundreds of thousands of demonstrators took to the streets of San Paulo demanding a return to democracy Globo could not ignore the story but instead of reporting the facts it told its viewers that what they were watching was a celebration fast in Sao Paulo a sadhaka memory Osos Quattro Sentosa tinta Anushka Mazda King Yenta Selena daddies in 1989 in Brazil's first national election in more than two decades a debate took place between globo's favored candidate Fernando Collor and the leftist candidate Lula da Silva actually there were two debates the one that really happened and the version Globo edited heavily and put on the air the way the debate was edited was one of the biggest scandals in Brazilian television history hey there's agua de al Ghul's more metals of their backs it showed the best of Cologne and the worst of Luna mr. McKenzie dr. Rakesh posit theirs is extraneous almost to me there's this Mac sisters after some time the globo's owners became disenchanted with coal ore and so they campaign to get him impeach Bukavu the group global it's not only global it is also true of all the other mainstream media groups that they have been aligned historically with politically conservative interests that defend the status quo supporting the interests of the dominant delete in Brazil if you make a historical analysis they continue to act the same representing the same interests that's what many Brazilians saw in the movement that brought down President Dilma Rousseff last year Globo and other like-minded media groups campaigning to overthrow a democratically elected government which Mundus bombas políticas kiss don't illusory Brasilia mhm akua's de diario counter me against media outlets with political agendas was born globo's reporters in the field were confronted with accusations of backing a coup Jupiter's own a golpe in Portuguese at the same time a term was popularized media outlets were called partido de in Pensacola studies which translates to party of the pro-q press Brazil's powerful media monopolies have grown into what they are largely because of a regulatory vacuum there was no broadcast regulator here which is extraordinary for a country of this size there's no law preventing politicians from owning media outlets so many of them do many countries ban media cross-ownership the same proprietor owning multiple media outlets in the same market again Brazil has no such law in fact the closest thing to a law regulating the media in this country was passed more than half a century ago 1963 and why because that's doing global ones every time a Brazilian congressmen try to change that has his character assassinated by global there is no law the law is whatever global wants to do wanna see the possibility of regulation I was raised in Brazil a few years ago you know what the reaction was from the media they said this was tantamount to censorship they sold the idea that the government wanted to censor the media same food travel a song that media Jumma wash to the Creole machine said hey we'll add where the media knows more Deepak to God piada pronto-si audible miracles are the people's groups that's the argument used by the groups to oppose regulation they accuse anyone who wants to endless oligopoly of trying to censor the content there is a provision in the Brazilian Constitution that says that media cannot be a monopoly or an oligopoly in fact if that had ever been written into regulation we wouldn't be in the situation we find ourselves today in foul acosta somebody's a little a constitution prohibits politicians from controlling broadcasters but there's no legislation to enforce that so there are 40 politicians in Brazil who directly own radio and TV stations you're the mayor of a city and you also end the main newspaper radio or TV station you use the media to remain in power or you reach power and then you acquire media outlets and use what should be a public service for your own political battle pollito ji kissing to the Facebook what sense does it make these days to feel broadcasting with rules when at the same time you have the Internet and heaps of unregulated content regulation does not keep up with the evolution of technology it makes no sense saying that the system is dominated by one party pointing and saying ah but that network has 40% of the market of course someone is always going to be first and someone will always come last it doesn't make sense to regulate television when you can go online and see whatever you want Lula in Dilma had not the political courage to face though they say that they didn't have the political on senses of the political power to do that but in the end when Duma was kicked out of power they recognized that they had made their greatest mistake to Presidente de cámara Dwarka Cunha a Caballero Xie Jia : PG dodea be storage processor impeachment contra Presidente Dilma Rouseff they blinked keep them out of power we contacted Globo to give the company a chance to respond to its critics it chose not to Globo does have its competitors all of them owned by wealthy families or individuals however plurality in media ownership here has failed to deliver a plurality of views media owners in Brazil are without exception white and conservative they compete for audiences but do so mostly from the same political and social points of view via Brazil Jaffe 18 chickeny we see Brazil did not even have a publicly owned TV broadcaster until 10 years ago when Dilma Rousseff's predecessor the aforementioned Lula da Silva was president he created EBC over the objections of private media owners having got its start decades after its competitors EBC has a lot of catching up to do its ratings are microscopic less than a 1% share when it was launched conservatives called EBC lula TV they can't even do that anymore last year president – mayor appointed one of his political allies to run the channel one organization that changed the ownership formula on the private side as a TV network called ecology its owner is a billionaire a dear Macedo he doubles as a church bishop he is the founder of the universal Church of the kingdom of God one of Brazil's biggest evangelical churches and one of the fastest growing churches of its kind anywhere in the world Raziel version of televangelism the use of TV channels by religious figures to reach new audiences got its start in the 1990s various churches like Macedo x' rented airtime on conventional channels like hakura GTV boomer feed the mid or is span of what was in the televangelists saw their congregations grow and raked in more and more donations by 1989 Macedo no longer needed to rent airtime by the hour he and his church had the financial muscle to buy her core G outright ya ye you can guess what happens next when you have a TV network you have power at their Macedo isn't in government but he has power because he has a TV network he speaks to millions of people see so anyone running for election in Brazil has no choice but to ask for the blessings of edit Macedo and the other preachers because they speak to a huge number of people for all voters so then everyone goes to kiss edelman santa's hand not just the right way but the left whenever must say though and the universal Church acquired her core G it caused a chain reaction from then on a race was established in Brazil among other churches to also get TV stations but the economic crisis private television channels increased the practice of renting out airtime to religious groups who can pay so the crisis has ended up pushing private television into the arms of these churches care propagated and the discourse spread by many of these religious leaders is very hostile to those of edited to women's rights nice so much more Stern less bit so it keeps IKEA techology specifically has criminalized afro-brazilian religions portraying them as devil worship some groups have actually won legal cases against heck orgy forcing them to broadcast programs which treat these religions with more respect respect also VSS in joint your possibly a FEMA I can categorically say that these neo-pentecostal evangelical churches are the pinnacle of extreme right-wing reactionary attitudes in Brazil today they modulate the no but as you what moment one might think that Brazil's Church owned or affiliated TV channels would not have that much in common with global and other purely commercial outlets however the content isn't all that different the programming is just as loud women are objectified in much the same way and whether the channel is owned by a businessman in a pinstripe suit or someone broadcasting from an electronic pulpit the politics tend to follow the same lines Elise doesn't want to lose a single centimeter of its privilege it's a very selfish elite and I'm not even talking about a political alliance I'm talking about the true elite which is positioned well above this and yes what I'm talking about is the people who own the mainstream media on the Jews in Turkey did things American when it gets a scene then there are the twin issues of diversity and depiction 54% of the Brazilian population is of African descent you can see the legacy of the slave trade in the faces here Brazil was the last country in the Western world to abolish slavery it did so in 1888 20 years after the US did but despite the fact that more than half this country has African roots you may have noticed that almost all of the faces that you have seen so far in the clips that we've shown you from Brazilian television either corporate media or religious channels have one thing in common they're white Celia television / Ezio if you turn on the TV in Brazil there are hardly any black actors or presenters hardly any black journalists this is across all of the mainstream channels we are not seen there the invisibility of black people in spaces of power is glaring just go to the news room of any newspaper or television station and look at the journalists working there almost all of them are white so the coverage of black people on television or in the Brazilian news must go through the hands and the work of the white Jones DL here for this kind of television reinforce the stereotypes over time it reinforces the myth of racial democracy and that everyone has rights and equality and everything is OK so when certain issues are covered for example when we try to raise the issue of black genocide that every 23 minutes a young black person is murdered in Brazil how does it end up being portrayed it's always shootouts in the peripheries and the criminals were killed there isn't even a narrative that serves to inform the public of the facts in Brazil a country that was the last in the world to abolish slavery the depiction of that Brazilian reality does not just occur in news programming the same can be seen on the entertainment side and the Brazilian soap opera is known as telenovelas telenovelas are an integral part of the Brazilian media story for reasons both social and financial a successful telenovela will capture huge audiences routinely in the tens of millions their plot twists will drive everyday conversation in Brazil for the network's producing them all of which face the economic challenges born of the digital revolution telenovelas are still cash cows one of them Global's Avenida Brasil reportedly delivered ad revenues of about 1 billion dollars of universal and telenovelas have something that Brazilian news programs do not they have international reach globo's flagship newscast Jornal Nacional dominates domestic news ratings here but relatively few people outside Brazil will ever see it telenovelas are an export industry Avenida Brasil has been transmitted in 130 countries in 19 languages in that respect telenovelas are the face that Brazil shows to the world and much like the country's newscasters the faces that get shown are nothing less than a misrepresentation of what Brazil really is because again they're mostly white II must Ellen off in the sole purpose of Brazil we have a rich world a happy world a white world what is it that a soap opera does it enters the general public's home and tells a child who is still growing up what they are not going to be the places they cannot reach Brazilian private television does this every day every day she is a derivative at what is able to example in adaptations of books in which the main characters are black when they make them into TV CDs the custom is white a GK magenta Qadir so my scrap on frizzy children and when we asked why did you put a white actor to play the role of a black character they say it doesn't make a difference and this has happened in some very famous cities in Brazil in the past like essaouira the slave and shiki Mia Gonzaga he's a builder okay okay will you just a name you know talk this curve this curve is look talking fear it may not happen today because now we have a platform where we are able to protest because of the Internet we can make some noise or is you put after a lot of pressure from the black movement you can see little by little black actors gaining leading roles and soap operas my name is commutative however it is an allusion to thing that placing a black person on television solves the problem the way that black people are portrayed in most of the mainstream media follows and legitimizes the structural racism that we have in Brazil on the basis because the successful world the world that works is white and then when the commercials come on a white person comes along as the representative of buying power of acquisitive power the auditable in the circuit I had the basin's Costas mother on their surveys lose nutrition and then afterwards when the news comes on there's a black person robbing there's a black person being arrested so every day private television in Brazil attacks Brazilian they would miss Poston amount finally back to global and the story of the Brazilian TV beauty queen Nayyara Justino as examples of media malpractice in this country go it is nowhere near the worst but it is revealing the title mulata global asa was created by global it's a beauty contest tied to its coverage of brazil's annual carnival that word mulatta which some say has its roots in the word mula meaning mule is considered racist a word loaded with colonial connotations chosen by Globo for a beauty contest ostensibly held to celebrate racial integration viewers get to vote for the global ace and 2014 marked a first the winner nayara juice Tina was dark-skinned and unmistakably black new policy not everyone approved online trolls call Justino a monkey a darky a few months later Globo had Justino replaced it set the results of the vote aside and simply picked another woman Globo insisted that its decision had nothing to do with skin color that the choice came down to artistic fitness for the role it said artistic merit prevails the woman global picked to replace Justino had african roots as well but her skin tone is much lighter and as one of the country's relatively few newsreaders of African descent will tell you in the Brazilian media racial integration has its limits in Somalia I'm a black woman but I have a skin tone that is a little lighter and I can say that I am privileged in this because the darker your skin is the more you have to suffer in Brazil Shuma police officer if it was an official whitening policy in Brazil the initiative that brought European immigrants here after the abolition of slavery was not accidental it was done in order to whiten the population because they believed that within 200 years there would be no more blacks in Brazil but we're still here in this country which still denies its African origins and which runs on the idea that the whiter the better nostalgic want my squad room alone in a way the story of that beauty queen typifies the way global sees Brazil back in 1964 the network supported a military coup that brought down a government resilience had voted for two years ago global called its viewers on to the streets to help to pose another democratically elected government Globo is not even above overturning a public vote for a beauty queen if the choice of the people fails to align with the network's idea of who should represent Brazil you've been watching a special edition of our program on the Brazilian media who they are who they are not and the influence they wield in this the world's fifth most populous countries we'll see you next time here at The Listening Post you

45 thoughts on “Brazil: Media, monopolies and political manipulations – Listening Post

  1. wether you choose the right or left the elites always wins like the bank in thw monopoly game , insteadof fighting with one another how about looking at the divide and conquer tactics that a lot of people fall into , the elites gets away and does anything they want that way , both sides are corrupted and blood thirsty and so is the system that caters to them , get your mind out of the box , fear and hate mongering , its simply a paradigm the elite thrives on , peace.

  2. This is very off the mark. Globo was overtaken with leftist agenda at least 15 years ago, they are NOT conservative. Globo received 2 billion USD from the Federal Government in advertisement during the Workers Party rule (2002-2015), they did not back up the impeachment of Rousseff, initially. They never go directly against the government. And so many other lies and omissions in this video. DON'T FALL FOR IT.

  3. Only the fool ones are leading by this channel… I've never seen a documentary so well done like this… good job

  4. Thank you Aljazeera for this journalistic reporting that seems to have been ignored and so vitally important today. If this came out a year earlier, maybe the country could have avoided some the pains it is facing today.

  5. Jamais um presidente vai ser comparado a esse mito chamado lula….ele mudou a minha vida e da minha família….e de milhões…..hoje sou um médico bem remunerado…primeiro Deus….depois,lula………ele é um preso político……covardes…..

  6. Excellent video!!! That is exactly how it is, racist conservative opportunistic! REGULATIONS REGULATIONS!!! They CAN NOT continue to do as they please!

  7. We can even tell that the part about Rousseff was a little part of Al Jazeera's propaganda push. Every news media has their political agenda. Some go extreme. While others are pathological lying corporations.

  8. I live in Brazil the regressives They are destroying my country divided the Brazilians Black class struggle against whites, Homosexual versus heterosexual, poor versus rich there is no justice the former president Luiz Inácio lula da silva is the greatest corrupt politician in the history of Brazil spreading false news of his innocence is a lie journalism in Brazil ended up only political interest

  9. Too bad you don't have a version of this report in Brazilian Portuguese. By the way portuguese is the 6th language most spoken in the world and unfortunately they don't speak English nor Spanish. Do you want to make a difference? Have translated into portuguese ASAP.

  10. Pode-se dizer que a Al Jazeera produziu uma versão resumida e atualizada do documentário britânico "Beyond Citizen Kane" (Channel 4 1993) que escancarou a televisão comercial no Brasil e a sua influência política sobre os brasileiros.

  11. So half of brazil population is pardo's/negro's but the media only shows whites … interesting i never knew brazil was like that

  12. Do you really know the territorial extension of Brazil? Each State is like a whole country around the world. There are States with predominance of white people, and States with great predominance of black people. To end this matter, São Paulo is the state that sustains Brazil and contains almost 1/4 of the entire Brazilian population. And about Globo TV it's okay. Bullshit!

  13. Some of the comments here are telling example of the effects of the ideological monopoly discussed in Al Jazeera's piece. Social communication in Brazil is dominated by (conservative) corporate infotainment. The only outlets doing serious, investigative and adversarial journalism are left-wing blogs and web portals like OutrasPalavras, Viomundo, TheIntercept Brazil, OperaMundi and Carta Capital

  14. There are only six TV channels in Brazil. They basically say the same thing in terms of pollitics: the worse in left, the worse in right. They crush down the local media groups and destroy the belifs that the journalism is the voice of people.

  15. Will Aljazeera please dedicate a special edition of The Listening Post on the decreasing media diversity in the world's fourth most populous nation as well? Lots of potentials in that coverage (e.g. the Broadcast bill set to replace the current Broadcast Law)

  16. Que matéria mais esquerdista! Algumas verdades, vários exageros e mentiras. Por isso que a Al Jazeera não ganha respeito nem no mundo árabe nem no mundo ocidental.

  17. Brazil is dominated by White people in politics business and media. It is a very racist society

  18. As this documentary went on, my salute for its unbiased report diminished. This documentary eventually concentrated on Black vs White…an ugly racist slur the world needs to not utter too much or often, c'mon slavery was over in the last 100 years and since then Blacks are still at it stating how underpriviledged and unfair things are for them yet in the same breath theyre basking in the limelight banking on that unfair tag to elevate themselves to the top. Please dont double-standard and play the game fairly. Just like you've been ased to be treatef fairly on merit and not about your skin colour or heritage. So act like a fair person and stop whining. It makes a double-standard fool of yourself and what people have come to accept and respect you for!

  19. Oh come now AJ, more regulation does not equal better media lol there's enough in this piece to not need to embellish. Pretty ironic that you're sensationalizing a piece on sensationalized journalism… As journalists lol

  20. On the contrary Western media always portraits black people in everything and always as the coolest guys, even thought they are a small proportion of society.. but nobody talks about it

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