Belgian nationalism | Wikipedia audio article

Belgian nationalism | Wikipedia audio article


Belgian nationalism, sometimes pejoratively
referred to as Belgicism (Dutch: Belgicisme; French: Belgicanisme), is a nationalist ideology. In its modern form it favours the reversal
of federalism and the creation of a unitary state in Belgium. The ideology advocates reduced or no autonomy
for the Flemish Community who constitute Flanders, the French Community of Belgium and the German-speaking
Community of Belgium who constitute Wallonia and the Brussels-Capital Region which is inhabited
by both Walloons and Flemings, and the dissolution of the regional counterparts of each ethnic
group within Belgium. It insists on restoring total sovereignty
to the level of the Belgian state by reverting Belgium to a unitary state, after decades
of state structure reforms that made Belgium a federal state since the 1970s – contrary
to Flemish nationalists who advocate independence of their region, and Walloon, Brussels and
German-speaking regionalists who advocate more autonomy to their respective regions. Belgian nationalists advocate the unity between
all language groups in Belgium, and condemn each perceived chauvinistic or linguistic
discrimination, advocate the knowledge of all official languages (Dutch, French, German)
and a multicultural, tolerant, strong feeling of citizenship. Belgian nationalism is mainly supported by
French-speaking politicians, alongside some socialists, certain circles in Brussels and
some sections of the far right. Because the Flanders region is by large majority
regionalist (although the majority in Flanders do not favor independence of their region)
and because both the Wallonia and Brussels regions and the German community are also
by majority regionalist, there is no popular support for Belgian nationalism in any region
of Belgium, and political parties that support this ideology openly have not gained electoral
support in recent years, so it remains much weaker than the secessionist and regional
nationalisms of the ethnic groups.==Advocates=====
Current===Belgian Union (BUB), a centrist Unionist political
party, officially bilingual but in practice mainly Dutch-speaking. Vivant, Belgian French-speaking liberal political
party incorporates a civic nationalist programme, that advocates bilingualism.===Past===
Front National (National Front) Belgian French-speaking nationalist far-right political party, was
advocating Belgian nationalism, and also tried to attract Flemish voters. The party ceased to exist in 2012. Historically, both the fascist (Francophone)
Rexist Party and (Dutch-speaking) Verdinaso both advocated a version of corporatist identity
centered on Belgian nationalism, until they were banned for collaboration with Nazi Germany
after the Second World War.==See also==
Flemish nationalism – an ideology calling for greater autonomy or independence for Flanders
Walloon nationalism – an ideology calling for greater autonomy or independence for Wallonia
Rattachism – an ideology calling for the separation of Wallonia and its incorporation in France
Greater Netherlands – a hypothetical polity incorporating Flanders and the Netherlands.

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