Assamese nationalism | Wikipedia audio article

Assamese nationalism | Wikipedia audio article


Assam separatist movements are insurgency
movements operating in Northeast India’s oil-rich state of Assam. The conflict started in the 1970s following
tension between the native indigenous Assamese people and the Indian government over alleged
neglect and internal colonisation through its federal centre in Delhi. The conflict has resulted in the deaths of
12,000 United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) members and 18,000 others. The secessionist goals of the separatist movement
in Assam have lacked popular support, with most Assamese sympathizing with the separatist
groups but not empathizing with their goals.Several organisations contribute to the insurgency
including the ULFA, the Adivasi National Liberation Army, Karbi Longri N.C. Hills Liberation Front (KLNLF) and the National
Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) with ULFA perhaps the largest of these groups, and one
of the oldest, having been founded in 1979. The ULFA has attacked Hindi-speaking migrant
workers and a movement exists favouring secession from the Republic of India. The alleged neglect and economic exploitation
by the Indian state are the main reasons behind the growth of this secessionist movement. The ULFA seeks to establish a sovereign Assam
via armed struggle. The Government of India banned the organization
in 1990 and classifies it as a terrorist group, while the US State Department lists it under
“Other groups of concern”. Founded at Rang Ghar, a historic structure
dating to the Ahom kingdom on April 7, 1979, the ULFA has been the subject of military
operations by the Indian Army since 1990, which have continued into the present. In the past two decades some 30,000 people
have died in the clash between the rebels and the government. Though separatist sentiment is considered
strong, it is disputed if the secessionist movement continues to enjoy popular support. Conversely, assertions of Assamese nationalism
are found in Assamese literature and culture. The neglect and exploitation by the Indian
state are common refrains in the Assamese-language media with some reports casting the ULFA leaders
as saviors.Internationally acclaimed Assamese novelist Indira Goswami has tried to broker
peace for several years between the rebels and the government. In a recent development Hiren Gohain, a public
intellectual, has stepped in to expedite the process.==See also==
Operation All Clear 2008 Assam bombings
Bhimajuli Massacre 2009 Guwahati bombings
2009 Assam serial blasts Insurgency in North-East India
Separatist movements of India

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