Aid, Debt, and Economic Development Unit: Non-Government Organizations (NGOs)

Aid, Debt, and Economic Development Unit: Non-Government Organizations (NGOs)



hey everybody I hope you're doing well today well let's take a look at non-government organizations in their role in aid to developing nations so I just made a list here this is from Jocelyn blanks course companion about different non-government organizations I just want to talk briefly about what they are you know NGOs have come to play this huge role in international development but it's kind of difficult to kind of get your brain around what they do because they do an enormous amount of things they're very diverse in their size and their orientation and their outlook their nationality income and and their successes and often times you might think that something is really successful or a good idea from the development standpoint but then from the reality standpoint it might not actually work out that well so the priorities of NGOs however is to promote economic development or humanitarian ideals or sustainable development and their work might provide emergency relief in case of disasters which is like the most obvious one and I just listed Oxfam Care Mercy Corps CAFO Green Peace Amnesty International's and Doctors Without Borders are like the the main most famous ones right but they basically do two different things NGOs have targeted projects or they work to lobby on behalf of a particular interest like poverty reduction workers rights Human Rights the environment and the other thing is NGOs do one or another of these activities and sometimes both by raising funds and raising awareness these organizations listed here have had an enormous impact on the global political scene as a result of just raising awareness they don't really have any power I mean Amnesty International doesn't really have any power except they can go in and find out some some I don't know atrocities that have been happening or some sort of unsanitary conditions or inhumane conditions where people have been held and have an enormous impact though on the political world right so by putting public pressure on governments or I don't know changing the buying patterns the particular consumers so NGOs are pretty cool organizations also because they don't really have to answer to any sort of populace right they can actually be very focused in what they do they can attack poverty or they can work in areas that official aid can't reach or work with groups that might be isolated from official aid and much of what is done by NGOs focuses on working directly with poor people to enhance their human needs right and of course this can be in many ways literacy programs health programs AIDS prevention agricultural expansion microcredit schemes immunization vocational training anything right and focusing on women is another widely successful non-government organization focus area and you'll see that the advancement of women often has its multiple a factor like almost almost exponential you can maybe say a fact on the well-being of a particular place so non-government organizations they can be all kinds of things and do all kinds of good and you know there is a concern about them also and I experienced this myself I worked at the Peace Corps which of course is not a non-government organization as an agency of the United States but sort of functions completely outside the realm of US political policy at least in theory and I was in the Dominican Republic and I was I was a part of the building of a of a five mile or eight kilometer long rural aqueduct and and the money was funded from the United States Agency for International Development and the local people but was a little community of about a hundred and thirty people they did all the labor so they built the thing I was a you know like a facilitator of the project but then I was just thinking like this is this isn't necessarily good right of course great these 130 people have water I mean that's critical I go you can't deny these people the ability of water if the United States has an extra seventeen thousand dollars to invest in water supplies for people I mean that leads to all of these extra benefits of in terms of sanitation and on and on the obvious things about water but the thing is like who should really be building that aqueduct not like some college-educated kids who come down and facilitate the project from the United States no okay I lived in the community for two years I was actually a beneficiary of the water I went from not having any running water in my little house to having some but the thing is sure than the dominican government be doing that like what would have happened if if if Peace Corps hadn't been working in that particular community would they have never gotten water no at some point they would have gotten water and that probably should have happened in a you know in a more democratic national way and that the citizens of the Dominican Republic in this particular place called los modern eat those go to their government demand water and then the government responds and that might have taken years but that's actually probably in the long run you could argue better for the Dominican Republic because by not having to do that by having Peace Corps there mmm that I contribute to the continuing dysfunction and the relationship between the Dominican government and its people had kinda maybe I'm not sure but in the short run of course come on man that water is like critical to the well-being of society and their people their children in that community that may have not died as a result of having sanitary water the other water supply was from a little spring that was down down the hill down a mountain quite a ways and and it was actually also embedded inside a pigpen sort of like pigs like running around in this particular little pen and that and the water source was right there because that was the water they used for the pigs and was also the water that everybody carried back up the hill so you know come on you can't deny people water but in the long run is that better for the Dominican the evolution of Dominican democracy and the empowerment of its people and the responsibility of the Dominican government to to respond to the needs of their people that's where you go round and round but there's no doubt that non-government organizations have done an enormous amount of good in developing nations and round the world and these are some great examples you see here on the screen alright I hope you found this video to be helpful we'll talk to you a bit

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