A Brief History of Ethiopia

A Brief History of Ethiopia

Ethiopia, a country that’s right here, is
known for being the source of delicious coffee, and a state in Africa that resisted colonisation
for an awe-inspiring amount of time. It’s a Christian country that rejected both
sides of the great schism and developed into its own very unique religion. Their royal family claimed a bloodline back
to king Solomon. So, sit back and enjoy this brief history
of Ethiopia. Hi, I’m Tristan Johnson, and this is Step
Back History. Be sure to click the subscribe button as well
as the bell notification to never miss a new Step Back video or live stream. Ethiopia is a country located here, in a region
called the horn of Africa. It’s very tropical, and since 1993 Ethiopia
has been landlocked. We’ll get into why a bit later, but first,
let’s go back, maybe as far back as we’ve ever gone on Step Back to the first Ethiopians. There have been people in Ethiopia going so
ridiculously far back, that we weren’t even humans. The oldest fossil of a hominid in Ethiopia
is a specimen of an Australopithecus afarensis that archaeologists estimate to be between
2.9 to 3.4 million years old. The language groups in the region split off
from their linguistic roots abound 8 to 10 thousand years ago. The first sign of farming for cereal grains
with ploughs shows up about 5,000 years ago. Probably coming south from Sudan. Around the seventh century CE, we see the
first kingdom in Ethiopia called D’mt. They made their fortunes by trading in objects
like gold, and silver, as well as many peoples and things we would be… less than thrilled
about a country exporting today. This includes ivory, tortoise shells, rhinoceros
horns, and slaves. Their primary customers were traders from
the southern Arabian peninsula, which would be modern-day Yemen. This kingdom declined in 300 BCE, replaced
with city-states. These city-states then reunified under the
power of the state of Aksum. Again Ethiopia thrives because of its location
as a central point of trade between Sudan with the Nile river to the north, sub-Saharan
Africa to the south, and the Arabian peninsula via the sea. Aksum owed a lot of its culture to influence
from the Arabian peninsula. They spoke a language called Ge’ez and wrote
in a modified south Arabian alphabet. It also seems their spiritual world featured
a blend of Arabian and local gods. This suggests a very close cultural exchange
across the red sea. So much so that scholars used to believe that
Arabian immigrants peopled northern Ethiopia in this period, but more scholars today dispute
this. Nevertheless, this exchange is cemented by
one of the most important legends in Ethiopian history. They believed that King Solomon, like king
Solomon from the Bible, married the queen of Sheba and produced the emperor Menilek
I, who would be the progenitor of the Ethiopian royal dynasty. They even still claim to have the arc of the
covenant! By the 5th century CE, Aksum was the dominant
power in Red sea trade. We find lots of coins in this period minted
with the faces of Aksumite Emperors. We even see references to their port towns
in Greco-roman texts. And it’s via trade and contact with Greeks
and Romans that scholars believe Christianity came to Ethiopia around the 5th century CE. Monks came to Ethiopia to preach and eventually
founded the Ethiopian church. Like the Coptic Christians, when deciding
between allegiance with Rome and the early Catholics, or Constantinople and early Orthodox
Christians, the Ethiopians chose none of the above.They broke with both churches and did
not resume relations with them until the mid 20th century. Aksum grew to such an extent that it had several
suzerain kingdoms under its thumb. Even across the Red Sea in Southern Arabia. They extended their power and even sent troops
as far as Yemen to ensure it. This would end when Christianity began to
disappear in southern Arabia due to a Persian invasion, and an Arab attack shortly after
that. The rise of Islam in Arabia sealed the deal. This actually had the effect of cutting off
Ethiopia from Mediterranean trade, which meant their contact with Europe and the middle-east
was shut off. Aksum began to decay without Mediterranean
trade. It responded by focusing on land-based conquests,
pushing south into fertile land there. With them also came the Ethiopian church. A minor lord was able to overturn the Aksumite
dynasty, called the Zagwe dynasty. They initially got flak for not being the
descendants of King Solomon but made up for it by building several beautiful churches
out of rock faces. That being said, they never had complete control
of Ethiopia. People always pointed out that they didn’t
have that King Solomon charm. This boiled over when in 1270 a different
noble rebelled. This noble did some jiggery-pokery and was
able to claim heritage to King Solomon, which made many factions prefer his reign. He had to publish his long-form genealogy,
but eventually his legitimacy was secured. The legend of Menilek I, the Solomon dynasty,
Semitic culture, and their language would become the basis for Ethiopian national unity. It was also around this time that the Ethiopians
found themselves in constant conflict with the spread of Islam. On the edges of the Ethiopian empire, Islam
was spreading and converted a lot of people. By the 13th century, various new Sultan neighbours
unified. At this time, Ethiopia was fighting on all
sides and trying to hang on to the land they would conquer. They even decided to put tariffs on goods
going to the newly unified Muslim region, which resulted in pushback. This resulted in a colossal war when those
unified Muslim territories fell to the sultans of Adal, and their leader Aḥmad ibn Ibrāhīm
al-Ghāzī. He declared holy war upon the Ethiopians and
invaded. It looked like the Ethiopians would lose too,
until, in 1541, the Portuguese showed up to give them muskets. It quickly turned the tide of the war, but
there was a catch. After the mass apostasy to Islam, they now
had to deal with Catholic missionaries. Jesuits came over with the Portuguese on a
mission to bring the Ethiopians into the Catholic church. More religious turmoil occurred over theological
debates, an Emperor needed to abdicate, but Catholicism was resisted with reasonable success. This turmoil eventually led to a period of
feudal anarchy, where the authority of the emperor was fragile. They call this the Age of Princes, and it
would last until 1855. This was a pretty rough time for the average
Ethiopian, think the time when the Shoguns of Japan fought each other for power. The age of princes ended when Kassa, one of
those rulers managed to unify Ethiopia again, crowning himself Emperor Twodros II. This would be the foundation of the modern
country of Ethiopia. He attempted during his reign to enact many
social reforms and consolidate his power. This both overtaxed the citizens of the country
and angered the nobles, so another rebellion picked up. He also tried to reach out to Queen Victoria
to destroy the Islamic religion. The British ignored this, and in anger, Twodros
II imprisoned the British envoy. This led to a British invasion, and to avoid
capture, the emperor committed suicide. It was around this time that Europeans were
beginning to take an extreme interest in conquering Africa, oppressing its people, and ransacking
its resources. The next two successors to Twodros had to
fight Egyptians, and resist attempts from Italy to get a foothold in the region. This includes an attempt by Italy to turn
Ethiopia into a protectorate just by writing into their translation of an agreement between
the two countries. The Victorian age Italians believed that with
their superior European blood or whatever weird race science they bought into would
let them defeat Ethiopia without trying very hard. The Italians were decimated when they attempted
to do so in 1896. This was also when Ethiopia quickly modernised,
getting communication networks, railroads, and systems of schools and hospitals. And this brings us to 1916, and the beginning
of the most influential emperor of Ethiopia, the one you’ve likely heard of, and I’ve
spoken about on his channel ages ago. Haile Selassie I. His birth name was Ras Tafari and began work
as a regent for his female family member who held the crown, Zaudito. He engineered Ethiopia’s entrance to the
league of nations, believing heavily in the idea of collective security. He abolished slavery and hired some key advisers
to modernise the government bureaucracy. By the time Zaudito named him king in 1928,
Ethiopia was booming from the exportation of coffee. This success came at a terrible cost, however. Benito Mussolini, the fascist leader of Italy,
took Ethiopia’s growing power as a sign he needed to invade them before they could
be a real challenge. When the Italians invaded, Haile Selassie
believed that the collective security of the league of nations would come to his aid. When that league of nations decided not to
help out Ethiopia had to fight alone in a seven-month war against the Italians. Their superior air power and use of poison
gas gave the Italians the upper hand, and Haile Selassie had to go into exile. The Italians occupied Ethiopia from 1936 to
1941. During that time Ethiopian resistance fighters
struggled against their Italian occupiers. In 1940, Italy entered into the Second World
War proper, and with that, the British declared Haile Selassie I their full ally. With the help of the British, Haile Selassie
was able to mobilise an Ethiopian military in Sudan and quickly defeated the Italians. They retook the capital Addis Ababa in five
months and reestablished the Ethiopian government. Throughout the 50s, he used support from the
United States, and the global community to reform government to become much more democratic,
but still a monarchy. However, his reluctance to give up power led
to inefficiencies and slow modernisation. Haile Selassie began to become less popular. Ethiopians started to feel that their only
way forward would be to dump the monarchy. In 1960 there was an attempted coup, but he
didn’t take the hint. When Somalia got independence that same year,
Somali nationalists began to fight the government with support from Moscow. So in true proxy war fashion, the Ethiopians
got some help from the US. The situation would just get worse. Eritreans began to rebel, bringing in a variety
of minority groups to their cause. A student movement in the 60s grew in popularity
and became more radical as the decade progressed. They considered Haile Selassie an agent of
US imperialism, which isn’t an entirely inaccurate statement. By the 70s, the Ethiopian army was maxed out
fighting rebels all around the country. In 1974, several junior military officers
mutinied. Combined, this conflict, drought and the subsequent
famine in 1974 sent Ethiopia into crisis mode. The military mutineers turned into a military
resistance and overthrew Haile Selassie who was very old and senile in September. The new provisional military government was
full of power struggles, infighting, and overwhelming tension. Ethiopia went through three leaders between
September and December of 1974. It eventually… ‘resolved’ with a takeover
by a military leader named Teferi Banti, who declared on December 20, 1974, that Ethiopia
was going to be Socialist. The proxy war reversed. The USSR now supported Ethiopia, and the US
now was best friends with Somalia. While nationalist rebellions didn’t die
down, especially in Eritrea, there was now internal fighting between military groups. This campaign would continue until 1978, killing
or exiling thousands of Ethiopians. As many as 100,000 died, with thousands more
tortured and imprisoned. The surviving leader of this power struggle
was a military leader named Mengistu Haile Mariam. From 1977 to 1991, the new socialist government
of Ethiopia tried to reorganise the country under a USSR model. This was complete with famines created by
brutal land reforms, implementing a command economy, and the forced movement of some 600,000
farmers. All this time, Ethiopia fought various rebel
groups in a guerilla war. In 1991, these rebel groups managed to force
Mengistu to stop this sovietisation of Ethiopia. Not long after, the rebels who had eventually
organised and unified, were able to advance on Addis Ababa, forcing Mengistu to flee to
Zimbabwe. So the early 90s was another period of significant
government changes. This new rebel government decided to lean
on the strength of Ethiopia being their national heterogeneity. They wanted to embrace the immense diversity
of Ethiopia instead of one group trying to rule over all the others. This ethos runs all the way through the Ethiopian
government even today. In their constitution is the notion that Ethiopia
is a nation of nations, where any are free to go if they desire. Eritrea jumped on that right away, legally
separating in May of 1993. Then… more troubles were to come. The government began to love censoring information,
and elections started to become more and more questioned. They also took the poison pill of entering
into the World Bank’s structural adjustment program. It’s a programme of loans to help countries
develop, but comes with a lot of strings attached. The program has left some countries like Ecuador
with all of their natural resources owned by overseas companies, and what little is
left over unevenly distributed because of structural reforms they had to make. It leaves very little for the social services
that make up the bedrock of a functioning country. The program devalued Ethiopia’s currency,
reduced government interference in the markets, cut civil services, and made it easier for
international corporations to syphon money out of the country. In 1994, it adopted its third constitution
in 40 years, and in 1995 created the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia we know today. It sticks out from previous Ethiopian constitutions
by being focused on ethnic autonomy, and devolution, or giving lots of power to local governments. It had its first multiparty election in 1995
but was boycotted by a lot of people who opposed the harassment, arrests, and censorship the
government was committing. In 1998, a dispute over some land between
Ethiopia and Eritrea resulted in a brief conflict. They signed a cease-fire in 2000, and the
UN entered to settle the dispute. They decided to give the land over to Eritrea,
angering Ethiopia, and in 2008 the UN pulled out not resolving the issue. And finally, we come to the present. The 2000s are a time of relative stability
considering, but accusations of government censorship, and interfering in elections is
still commonplace. The 2005 election led to massive protests
as most opposition parties declared it fraudulent. In 2010 they had another election that was
considered better but still had some funny business going on. And the story seemed quite similar in 2015. Ethiopia sounds like a land plagued with problems,
and it certainly has more than its share. But the Ethiopian people are a marvel. Ethiopia is one of the most diverse countries
on earth and has a beautiful array of music, clothing, mythology, and religion. It’s quite amazing. Ok, new thing alert! I somewhat recently opened a new Step Back
Slack server, so if you want to come and chat with other history fans, and yours truly is
often there, go to the link in the doobly do to join in! This video was made possible by these beautiful
people, as well as the rest of my Patrons over at Patreon. I’d especially like to thank Don and Kerry
Johnson as well as Kolbeinn Mani for their generosity. The theme song is by 12Tone, and come back
next time for more Step Back.

100 thoughts on “A Brief History of Ethiopia

  1. There are still so many countries' stories to hear! Watch the whole playlist here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NyN6PGWvkaQ&list=PLnpoOo7lhNnFNn67URWbGzdy9sX5nlHrv

  2. Name of Ethiopia is written 44 times in the bible. It is not only a matter of wealth. It is also a matter of history, independence, military, politics, diplomacy etc… In all perspective you could not found any country which is more influential than ETHIOPIA in Africa. Just remember more than 20 African countries took the colors of the flag of Ethiopia after the battle of Adwa. With regards to the economy now Ethiopia is rising from the ash.

    Ethiopia used the first railway and telecom in Africa, … Coffee first grew in Kaffa region of Ethiopia. The first humans lived in Ethiopia. Today, Ethiopia is Sub-Saharan Africa’s Mightiest Military power, 4th biggest and fastest economy, with no drop of oil.

    Ethiopia defeated Italian colonialists at Adwa, then Africans realized a black man is capable of saying NO to Europeans! Ethiopia (along with Russia) is the only sovereign nation that hasn’t been ruled by a foreign power, (A privilege even the US never enjoyed). Africans knew that it’s possible to be still be Black and yet mighty whilst maintaining one's own culture/tradition. Ethiopia drew its calendar from the beginning (commemorated new millennium just 5 yrs ago -) writes with its own alphabet system (ሀለሐመሠረሰቀበተቸ .. if your Unicode sys captures it), it’s own version of Christianity not dictated by European guns, Then Africans learned it’s possible to draw Black-man’s version of lifestyle.

    The first ‘Azan’ – prayers world wide were screamed in Ethiopia after founder Mohammad and followers were persecuted. Ethiopia rejected Neo-liberalism (the Washington consensus) and adopted DDv’tal State system, recorded upto 3rd fastest growing economy world wide only behind China and India in 2008 when global recession harassed big nations. So Africans discovered that their continent can say No! to western preconditions to survival of their own citizens. Ethiopia is building Africa’s biggest dam – GERD – with 5 bln USD funded by itself to show Africa that it can dream big and satisfy it with a means d/t from only foreign aid.

    Ethiopian Airways: Ethiopia has its airline in 1940s when others were suffering from evils, the first black African to captain those crafts – Ato Alemayehu is Ethiopian. The first black African who won Olympic gold Abebe Bikila in 1950s bare-footed on the streets of Rome, Italy a country that Ethiopia defeated twice within 40 years of colonial aggression – he said he ran bare foot because he “… wanted to show that my country, Ethiopia has always prevailed with courage and commitment.”

  3. U think u know Ethiopia wrong, coz all u know is a story which u been told in pub drinking beer with a teenager Ethiopian ,but I am from Ethiopia and u will never understand all the Mistry of our country for example the book of Enoch ,we have even 10000 Mistries so stop ur bla bla MF find ur own history if you have any?

  4. bro ethiopia has no offical religion and second largest population of muslims in sub saharan africa lives in ethiopia and ethiopia is the oldest nation to accept islam!

  5. This is the definition of miss information..mosses married a Ethiopian women Ethiopians we're the first jews and Christians..this guy talks asf Ethiopians were followers and not the inventors and prophets..this is the result of white washing history..when Ethiopians were kings Caucasians were neanderthals

  6. 🇸🇴Somalia 21 million people🇸🇴
    🇪🇹EthiopiaSomalis13 million pp🇪🇹
    🇰🇪Kenyan-Somalis 4 million ppl🇰🇪
    🇩🇯DjaboutiSomalis 1 million ppl🇩🇯
    🌐Somali diaspora 6milion [email protected]🌍
    💙SOMALI-World 45million people💙Ethiopia also known for Its historical name of Cush Republic🇪🇹Kushland Empire🇪🇹Kush nations

  7. You got it wrong. Ethiopia is NOT tropical! Our highlands are cool with an average temperature range from 40 to 70s and our deserts are one of the lowest and hottest on the planet

  8. I wonder how you called this Ethiopian history 😂 because all you said covers Eritrea the most. The D’mt kingdom was in Eritrea and a little bit northern part of Ethiopia. The Aksum most of it was in Eritrea. Most of the Big events you mentioned in history were made in Eritrea. So why the heck would you only name this saying “Ethiopian History”.

  9. The civilization in the east Africa was mainly developed in AXUM and Adulis which is Eritrean and tigray (Aga'azian). Geez starts in Agiazian.
    77% of ethiopia do not even write or have GEEZ letter or sound.
    First, Ethiopia's 47% is oromo (Gala) so r u saying gala people own this history, even them know that they don't related to that language or history.

    Second, Ethiopia 32% are solamia/hadere/welayti/sidama and others. Are you saying they own the history and culture or that languages. For your information many old book even the jesuit book released by vatican used to call them baria. So do not divert the history.
    Only tigray and modern eritrean own this history ok. Some of it amhara of Gonder. That it.

  10. Ethiopia is not Christian nor Muslim country, it is both. Both religions coexist peacefully. Ethiopia is more than habesha people.

  11. 🇪🇹Ethiopia territory or Kushland, if you divide 3 parts,1 part is Oromoland. if you divide 4 parts, 1 part is Somali region. so majority of Ethiopia mass land belongs two native tribes or nations that's Oromoland & Somali people🇪🇹

  12. I like your presentation but a little correction Ethiopia is the Oldest country and Ethiopian alpha bet didn't come from Arab or any other country Ethiopia is the first country to be mentioned in the bible

  13. This is a history of few ethiopians. The country is comprised of 89 ethnic groups each with unique history old as civilization

  14. wow such an amazing story!!! i am Ethiopian and its to ashamed to me that i had some great stories i didn't know before this video!! fantastic job sir!!!

  15. Most of the ancient history in this video is ERITREAN history and not Ethiopian history. For example At 1:27 the Kingdom of D'mt was actually an ERITREAN kingdom just as it's successor Kingdom of Aksum which flourished in 100 BC was Eritrean as well.

    Christianity was introduced to Eritrea via a Nubian slave during the lifetime of Jesus. The orthodox doctrine came to Eritrea in around 200 AD and forcefully replaced the previous Judeo-christian doctrine. The twin brother Kings of Aksum, Ezana and Ozana were baptized as Abreha and Atsbeha in the monastery of Abu Salama near Keren, Eritrea.

    I commend you for trying but please do some serious research before you make a video like this one. Ethiopian History starts after 1000 AD and is not the 3000 year old queen of Sheba fable they want you to believe. This isn't the 11th century for God's sake.

  16. It is very funny to hear this manufactured history of Ethiopia. The country Ethiopia we know today came to be in the 1900s. and in 1960s Haile slasie decides to take over Eritrea and a big land from Somalia and created this big Ethiopia which all Ethiopians talk about , and started claiming all this history to be an Ethiopian history.

  17. Bullshit, Etihopia ruled Seba, Arabian are were Ethiopians, they just mixed themselves with all sorts of people. The kandice, rule Sheba and Seba/Yemen.

  18. I'm visiting Ethiopia in a month and I've been trying to learn more about it so this was incredibly interesting. Thank you!

  19. Who is Ethiopia suffering repeated in heavy stiuation in Emergency 2018.
    Peoples whoare insscionty killing by regme inpower.
    So shame to say Ethiopia is excisty in our worldwide.

  20. Both side of the Euro western wold want something that Ethiopia has. and i hope they never get it. its always been the common practice, of the European, to steal pillage and erase and add to the African history, Because of this Both side even played a liberal trick. labeling the Ethiopian as white Africans. Lol

  21. hey u tried but missed a lots of things man. i know this is new for foreigners but we actually were the first nations of the world and teach civilization for nubians and egyptians, and also they are also ethiopians that immagrated to the north following the nile river. and I can say alots of things but i rather do my own documantary i guess.

  22. Ethiopia is an imperialistic evil country. Ogaden belongs to the somalis! stolen from us from the Britian after italy's lose in WW2. They decided to give this territory to Ethiopia and the NFD to Kenya. smh

  23. What's sad is that African nations don't come to each others aid like they should. Ethiopia should've never had to fight alone.

    It also could be argued that's part of what helped them win because they were underestimated.

    African nations would've never been colonized if they were united.
    In a modern world, they STILL don't seem to understand this. You can have your different tribes, countries, cultures religions, etc, but can STILL be united against common threats WITHIN or from OUTSIDERS.

    Yes, each country has its own problems and every country will ALWAYS have it's problems, however that's no excuse not have UNITY on the most IMPORTANT matters.

    THERE SHOULD BE AN "AFRICAN CONTINENTAL ARMY" and CENTRAL BANK based off of the natural resources. Each country in Africa could contribute a tax to fund it and soldiers. This would keep NATO out as well as terrorists and parasites such as foreign banks and quiet colonizers and quiet imperialism.

    United, Africa could handle ALL if it's OWN problems and could be an example for the world to follow.

  24. But isn't the Ethiopian Christianity part of the Eastern Orthodox Church?
    Interestingly the Ethiopian Empire took inspiration from the Empire of Japan to modernise without westernising.
    It's quite amazing that now Ethiopia is a Federal State with the federated units being formed on the ethno linguistic basis so each ethnic or linguistic group has it's own province with autonomy as is in a Federal system which is a bit like India expect for the Federal system & autonomy for it's states as India unfortunately is Unitary though I wish India becomes Federal too.

  25. Ethiopia is the birth place of humanity one of the oldest civilization the 5th oldest civilization to be exact , with monuments older than Rome they have astounding architectural achievements such as axum,lalibela,fasilades..
    and We're mentioned in the bible and Quran they accepted Christianity before European Islam before the middle east have never Been colonized most western medicine is driven from Ethiopian folk medicine and that's why till this day they learn Geez in German speaking of Geez Ethiopians are the only country in Africa with their own alphabet and numerical system besides the Arabs they were the 1st ones whom domesticated donkeys and camels they also were the main reason why the OAU was made or now known as the AU the most complete version of the bible is the Ethiopian orthodox bible I can go on if you want but smash the like button or just ask for more

  26. I haven’t seen or heard a person narrating the Ethiopian History in less than 30 minutes. I admire you just for that. Ethiopia is a beautiful country and I’m proud to be born and raised there. Thank you for your historical narration, and Shalom.

  27. 8:52 but Wikipedia tells me Ethiopia was forced to abolish slavery by fascist Italy. Granted Selassie didn't put it back up so I guess it counts.

  28. Fact checks from an Ethiopian:
    -Ethiopia rejected both the Catholic Church & Eastern Orthodoxy because of a disagreement about the nature of Christ. They believed He had 2 souls (1 human & 1 divine) while we just believed he had one. And we don't ONLY have our own religion. We're amongst many Orthodox Churches that are in full communion with each other. Our sister orthodox churches include the Coptics, Syrians, Armenians, Eritreans, and Indian Orthodox Churches.
    -Ethiopia didn't become Christian just because foreigners came to Ethiopia to preach. The apostle Matthew came to Ethiopia and we were jews centuries before along with Israel so we were waiting for the Messiah and were quite ready to be with God on our own. The Europeans are certainly not responsible for teaching us about Christianity, If that was the case, we would've been in communion with them.
    -Also, Ethiopia is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, dating all the way back to 980 BC. We're a 3,000 year old nation.
    -Concerning Islam, Ethiopia is the first nation outside of the Middle East to accept Islam and we even housed the Prophet Mohammed's family in our land. Christians, Jews, and Muslims all currently live peacefully in Ethiopia and have been doing so for over a 1,000 years.
    -Ethiopia and Armenia are also nations that are the first to accept Christianity in general as a state and have the oldest built churches in the world
    -And yes, we were never colonized by Europeans or anyone else ; we were occupied by the Italians in the 30's but were never controlled by them ; it costed us millions of our people, but we still weren't conquered

  29. BRO, I am Ethiopian and thanks for the video. BUT ETHIOPIA is not a COUNTRY which is explained in such a short time. IT WILL TAKE YOU FOREVER. LONG LIVE ETHIOPIA 🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹🇪🇹

  30. 65% Ethiopia muslim
    oromo 100%Muslim
    Afar 100%Muslim
    Seltay 100%Muslim
    Harar 99%Muslim
    wolo 91%Muslim

  31. Haile Selassie was a coward who ran to Europe and also he genocided the Harari and Somali people in Ethiopia because they didnt accept his rule and because they werent Christian most of the Somali-Ethiopian conflict is due to Ethiopia not giving its people rights smh

  32. You have no idea, what Ethiopia was the last 27 years for the majority of Ethiopian. So please do your do delegates before trying to give others the wrong information.

  33. Ethiopia is not only a Christian country  the Orthodox  church Christianity exist before many European countries it could  be because of this Ethiopia is consider as  the Christian country.   But Islam exist  the same as Orthodox  and have lived in peace for centuries. So Ethiopia  is not only a Christian country there  are Muslims, Catholics,  and now different kinds of protestant spreading like insect with the hidden agenda. There are some protestant churches true believers I am not saying all protestants are sects. Hope  Ethiopian historian will look at your history about Ethiopia to correct what needs to be corrected. I am not a historian so I cannot say true or false

  34. Mengestu Russain backed Evil  killed our highly educated officers and the country. The rebels were not only from ethnic minority Tigres there are million Ethiopians who paid a price but the TPLF snatched the victory from other Ethiopians and consider themselves as they are the only heros. This ethnic minorities were backed by Carter the evil Carter buried democracy and Ethiopian in 1997 election. The westerners colonialists have never left Africa and destroying Ethiopia was westerns dream now this is why Carter and other western countries who have interest in Ethiopia backed TPLF

  35. Ethiopia is fascinating to me not because it resisted colonization but because its Axum empire fought with the Persian empire and declined but survived.

  36. This video had great intention. Unfortunately it has several chronological and historical event errors. For eg. the "age of prices" happens two centuries after the Jesuit missionaries incident for completely different reason. I am sure these will be corrected on next videos with proper research. I caution viewers not to use just this video for your history papers.

  37. Minor nickpic, probably just semantics, and someone probably brought this up. It was the daimyo fighting to become shogun. Otherwise great video!

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